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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Denominations| ▸ |Imperial Quadrantes||View Options:  |  |  | 

Roman Imperial Quadrantes

Quadrantes, like quinarii, were issued only occasionally, perhaps exclusively for imperial distributions. Suetonius reported that, from the roof of the Basilica Julia "Caligula threw coins among the people." Perhaps the small coins below were personally thrown to the crowd by an Emperor at a similar event. The most common theme for the quadrans was the modius, a Roman grain container. This coin was probably redeemable for a modius of grain. The so-called 'anonymous quadrantes' date from the late 1st century to the mid-2nd century A.D., from the reign of Domitian to the reign of Antoninus Pius. The usual anonymous types are the head of a deity on the obverse with a reverse related to that deity. The most common anonymous type, for example, has the helmeted head of Minerva on the obverse and an owl on the reverse.

Roman Empire, Anonymous, Time of Domitian to Antoninus Pius, c. 80 - 161 A.D.

|Imperial| |Quadrantes|, |Roman| |Empire,| |Anonymous,| |Time| |of| |Domitian| |to| |Antoninus| |Pius,| |c.| |80| |-| |161| |A.D.||quadrans|
The Romans regarded Jupiter as the equivalent of Greek Zeus, and in Latin literature and Roman art, the myths and iconography of Zeus are adapted under the name Iuppiter. In the Greek-influenced tradition, Jupiter was the brother of Neptune and Pluto. Each presided over one of the three realms of the universe: sky, the waters, and the underworld.
RB80991. Copper quadrans, RIC II p. 216, 5; Cohen VIII p. 269, 14 var. (no drapery); SRCV I 2916 var. (Jupiter laureate, eagle head right), Choice VF, very nice green patina, weight 3.69718 g, maximum diameter 18.44 mm, die axis 270o, Rome mint, probably 138 - 161 A.D.; obverse diademed and draped bust of Jupiter right; reverse eagle standing half right on thunderbolt, head turned back left, wings open, S - C (senatus consulto) low across fields; SOLD


Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Moneyers Pulcher, Taurus and Regulus

|Augustus|, |Augustus,| |16| |January| |27| |B.C.| |-| |19| |August| |14| |A.D.,| |Moneyers| |Pulcher,| |Taurus| |and| |Regulus||quadrans|
RB19489. Copper quadrans, RIC I 424, Cohen I 527, BnF I 606, VF, weight 2.656 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 8 B.C.; obverse PVLCHER•TAVRVS•REGVLVS, simpulum and lituus; reverse III•VIR•A•A•A•F•F•, around large S C; scarce; SOLD


Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D.

|Claudius|, |Claudius,| |25| |January| |41| |-| |13| |October| |54| |A.D.||quadrans|
PNR may stand for pondus nummi restitutum (the weight of the coinage restored) or ponderum norma restituta (the standard of weights restored). This interesting obverse likely commemorates a weight improvement for certain denominations.
RB40005. Copper quadrans, RIC I 91, aVF, weight 2.183 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, obverse TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG, hand holding scales above letters PNR; reverse PON M TR P IMP P P COS II (high priest, holder of Tribunitian power, imperator, father of the country, consul for the 2nd time), legend around large S C (senatus consulto); SOLD







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REFERENCES|

Besombes, P. Monnaies de l'Empire romain, IV Trajan (98-117 après J.-C.). Catalogue Bibliothèque nationale de France. (Paris, 2008).
Carradice, I. & T. Buttrey. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. II, Part 1: From AD 69 to 96. (London, 2007).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 1: Pompey to Domitian. (Paris, 1880).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 2: Nerva to Antoninus Pius. (Paris, 1883).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 3: Marcus Aurelius to Clodius Albinus. (Paris, 1883).
Giard, J. Monnaies de l'Empire romain, I Auguste. Catalogue Bibliothèque nationale de France. (Paris, 1998).
Giard, J. Monnaies de l'Empire romain, II De Tebère à Néron. Catalogue Bibliothèque nationale de France. (Paris, 1988).
Hendin, D. Guide to Biblical Coins, 5th Edition. (Amphora, 2010).
King, C. "Quadrantes from the river Tiber" in NC 1975, pp. 56-90.
Lindgren, H. Lindgren III: Ancient Greek Bronze Coins from the Lindgren Collection. (Quarryville, 1993).
Mattingly, H. & R. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 1: Augustus to Vitellius. (London, 1923).
Mattingly, H. & R. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 2: Vespasian to Domitian. (London, 1930).
Mattingly, H. & R. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 3: Nerva to Hadrian. (London, 1936).
Mattingly, H. & R. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 4: Antoninus Pius to Commodus. (London, 1940).
Mattingly, H. & E. Sydenham. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. II: Vespasian to Hadrian. (London, 1926).
Mlasowsky, A. Die antiken Tesseren im Kestner Museum Hannover. (Hannover, 1991).
Mac Dowall, D. The Western Coinages of Nero. ANSNNM 161. (New York, 1979).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. I. Augustus to Nerva. (Oxford, 1962).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. II. Trajan to Commodus. (London, 1971).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, The Millennium Edition, Volume One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. II: The Accession of Nerva to the Overthrow of the Severan Dynasty AD 96 - AD 235. (London, 2002).
Simic, V. & M. Vasic. "La monnaie des mines romaines de I'llyrie" in RN 1977.
Strack, P. Untersuchungen zur römischen Reichsprägung des zweiten Jahrhunderts, Teil II: Die Reichsprägung zur Zeit des Hadrian. (Stuttgart, 1933).
Sutherland, C. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. I, From 39 BC to AD 69. (London, 1984).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
von Kaenel, H. Münzprägung und Münzbildnis des Claudius. AMUGS XI. (Berlin, 1986).
Weigel, R. "The anonymous quadrantes reconsidered" in Annotazioni Numismatiche, supplemento XI. (Milan, 1998).
Woytek, B. Die Reichsprägung des kaisers Traianus (98-117). MIR 14. (Vienna, 2010).

Anonymous Follis references: RIC II pp. 216 - 219; Cohen VIII pp. 267 - 271; SRCV I p. 519 - 520.

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