Coins and Antiquities Consignment Shop
  10% Off Store-Wide Sale Until 5 July!!! All Items Purchased From Forum Ancient Coins Are Guaranteed Authentic For Eternity!!! Please Call Us If You Have Questions 252-646-1958 Expert Authentication - Accurate Descriptions - Reasonable Prices - Coins From Under $10 To Museum Quality Rarities 10% Off Store-Wide Sale Until 5 July!!! All Items Purchased From Forum Ancient Coins Are Guaranteed Authentic For Eternity!!! Internet Challenged? We Are Happy To Take Your Order Over The Phone 252-646-1958 Explore Our Website And Find Joy In The History, Numismatics, Art, Mythology, And Geography Of Coins!!!

×Catalog Main Menu
Fine Coins Showcase

Antiquities Showcase
New & Reduced


Show Empty Categories
Shop Search
Shopping Cart
My FORVM
Contact Us
About Forum
Shopping at Forum
Our Guarantee
Payment Options
Shipping Options & Fees
Privacy & Security
Forum Staff
Selling Your Coins
Identifying Your Coin
FAQs
zoom.asp
   View Categories
Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Featured Collections| ▸ |Louis G Estate Collection||View Options:  |  |  | 

The Louis G. Estate Collection of Frankish Greek Coins

The Louis G Estate collection includes a remarkable variety of Frankish Greece (Frankokratia) deniers, including great rarities. After Constantinople was conquered during the Fourth Crusade in 1204, Greece was divided among the Crusaders. The Latin Empire held Constantinople and Thrace, while Greece itself was divided into the Kingdom of Thessalonica, the Principality of Achaea, and the Duchy of Athens. The Venetians controlled the Duchy of the Archipelago in the Aegean, and the Despotate of Epirus was established as one of the three Byzantine Greek successor states. Michael VIII restored the empire in 1261, having also regained the Kingdom of Thessalonica. By his death in 1282, Michael had taken back the Aegean islands, Thessaly, Epirus, and most of Achaea, including the Crusader fortress of Mystras, which became the seat of a Byzantine despotate. However, Athens and the northern Peloponnese remained in Crusader hands. With the exception of the Ionian Islands and some isolated forts which remained in Venetian hands until the turn of the 19th century, the final end of the Frankokratia in the Greek lands came with the Ottoman conquest, chiefly in the 14th to 16th centuries.Frankokratia_Map

Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Mahaut (Maud) of Hainaut, 1316 - 1318

|Crusaders|, |Crusaders,| |Frankish| |Greece,| |Principality| |of| |Achaea,| |Mahaut| |(Maud)| |of| |Hainaut,| |1316| |-| |1318||denier| |tournois|
This was one of very few medieval coin types minted under female authority. In 1313, Philip I of Taranto, in compensation for breaking their engagement, granted Achaea to Maud and gave her hand to Louis of Burgundy. The principality was, however, possessed by another claimant, Ferdinand of Majorca. At the Battle of Manolada on 5 July 1316, Ferdinand was killed and Louis took control. He was poisoned soon after, leaving 23-year-old Maud in charge. Rule was soon disputed by varying claimants and Maud was dispossessed of her fief by 1318, in which year John, Duke of Durazzo, abducted the princess and forced her to marry him. She did not give him children, however, and he repudiated her in 1321. Maud married again to Hugh de La Palice and retired to Aversa, where she died in 1331.Arms_of_Achaea
CR88478. Billon denier tournois, Malloy Crusaders p. 367, 39; Metcalf Crusades type MA3a, aVF, toned, light deposits, tight flan, weight 0.722 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 270o, Corinth(?) mint, 1316 - 1318; obverse + MAhAVTA P Ach', cross patte within inner border; reverse DE CLARENCIA (R with a large wedge foot = Corinth?), castle tournois surmounted by cross dividing legend, surmounted by cross, small cross below castle; from the Louis G Estate; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00


Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Charles II of Anjou, 1285 - 1289

|Crusaders|, |Crusaders,| |Frankish| |Greece,| |Principality| |of| |Achaea,| |Charles| |II| |of| |Anjou,| |1285| |-| |1289||denier| |tournois|NEW
Charles II succeeded his father, Charles I, in Achaea as well as Sicily (now reduced to the Kingdom of Naples), but he was a prisoner in Aragonese hands. In the interim, the rule of Achaea devolved upon a series of baillis chosen from the Morean nobility. Not long after his release and coronation in 1289, he granted the Principality to Isabelle of Villehardouin upon her marriage with Florent of Hainaut, in part to redress the greedy application of the Treaty of Viterbo at William's death. However, he retained feudal overlordship over the Principality, and his grant provided that neither Isabelle nor any daughter who was her heir might marry without his consent.Charles_II_of_Anjou
CR96937. Billon denier tournois, Malloy Crusaders p. 360, 12 (S); Metcalf Crusades pl. 39, 942; Tzamalis Frankish KA101; Schlumberger XII 17, aF, light toning, flan flaws, weight 0.469 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 135o, Clarentza mint, 1285 -1289; obverse + KRPRINC ACh (curly foot R = Clarentza mint), cross patte within inner border; reverse :DE: CLARENCIA (colons indicate double x stops, DE probably abbreviates denarius, curly foot R = Clarentza mint), castle tournois surmounted by cross dividing legend; from the Louis G Estate; scarce; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00


Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Philip I of Taranto, 1307 - 1313

|Crusaders|, |Crusaders,| |Frankish| |Greece,| |Principality| |of| |Achaea,| |Philip| |I| |of| |Taranto,| |1307| |-| |1313||denier| |tournois|
In 1306 Charles II of Naples gave his son Philip I of Taranto the title "Despot of Romania." Romania referred to Frankish lands previously ruled by the Byzantine Empire (the Romans), including: Albania, Corfu, the Principality of Achaia, the Duchy of Athens, the Duchy of the Archipelago, and the Despotate of Epirus. Coins were struck for Philip with this title at Lepanto (Naupaktos), in Epirus, across the Gulf of Corinth from Patras. In 1313, Philip abandoned his claim to Epirus and claimed the defunct Latin Empire of Constantinople instead as the inheritance of his wife Catherine II of Valois, Princess of Achaea.Philip_I_of_Taranto
CR88488. Billon denier tournois, Malloy Crusaders p. 364, 26a; Metcalf Crusades type PT2, aVF, well centered, toned, struck with clashed, crude and worn dies, weight 0.716g g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 225o, Clarentza mint, 1307 - 1313; obverse + Ph'SPACh'TARDR (Philippus princeps Achaie, Taranti, despotus Romanie, rounded letters, C closed by bar),, cross patte within inner border; reverse D'.CLARENCIA:, castle tournois surmounted by cross dividing legend, spire in the form of a triangle, surmounted by cross, no marks in fields; from the Louis G Estate; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00


Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Despotate of Epirus, Philip I of Taranto, 1294 - 1312

|Crusaders|, |Crusaders,| |Frankish| |Greece,| |Despotate| |of| |Epirus,| |Philip| |I| |of| |Taranto,| |1294| |-| |1312||denier| |tournois|NEW
Philip received Lepanto in 1294 as a dowry from his wife Thamar. In 1306 Charles II of Naples gave his son Philip I of Taranto the title "Despot of Romania." Romania referred to Frankish lands previously ruled by the Byzantine Empire (the Romans), including: Albania, Corfu, the Principality of Achaia, the Duchy of Athens, the Duchy of the Archipelago, and the Despotate of Epirus. Coins were struck for Philip with this title at Lepanto (Naupaktos), in Epirus, across the Gulf of Corinth from Patras. In 1313, Philip abandoned his claim to Epirus and claimed the defunct Latin Empire of Constantinople instead as the inheritance of his wife Catherine II of Valois, Princess of Achaea.Frankokratia_Map
CR96934. Billon denier tournois, Metcalf Crusaders DR2(b)i, pl. 43, 1117; Malloy Crusaders p. 398, 113 var. (stops), F, well centered, strike a little weak, light deposits, tiny edge splits, weight 0.741 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 270o, Lepanto (Nafpaktos, Greece) mint, c. 1307 - 1313; obverse + (pierced crosslet) Ph'S P. ACh' TAR D' R (Philippus princeps Achaie, Taranti, despotus Romanie, rounded letters, C closed by bar), cross patte within inner border; reverse ⚜ NEPANTI CIVIS (rounded letters, C closed by bar), castle tournois, surmounted by a cross dividing legend, fleur-de-lis below; from the Louis G Estate; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00


Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Duchy of Athens, Guy II de La Roche, 1287 - 1308

|Crusaders|, |Crusaders,| |Frankish| |Greece,| |Duchy| |of| |Athens,| |Guy| |II| |de| |La| |Roche,| |1287| |-| |1308||denier|NEW
Guy II de la Roche was the Duke of Athens from 1287, the last duke of his family. He succeeded as a minor on the death of his father, William I, at a time when the duchy of Athens had exceeded the Principality of Achaea in wealth, power, and importance. Guy was originally under the tutorship and regency of his mother, Helena Angelina Komnene, who was forced to make submission to Isabella of Villehardouin. In 1299, Guy was engaged to Matilda, daughter of Isabella and and her husband, Florent of Hainaut. Charles objected, as his permission had not been sought, but Pope Boniface VIII intervened on the young couple's behalf. In 1307, Guy was made bailli of Achaea by its new prince, Philip I of Taranto. He governed well, but for barely a year. He died, 5 October 1308, at the age of twenty-eight, but was respected and renowned for his chivalry and manners.Frankokratia_Map
CR96941. Billon denier, cf. Metcalf Crusades 1e & pl. 42, 1071 - 1072; Malloy Crusaders p. 388, 94, F, porous, tight irregularly shaped flan, small edge splits, edge chip, weight 0.677 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 270o, Thebes mint, majority, 1294 - 1308; obverse +:GVIDVX:ATENES:, cross patte within inner border; reverse uThEBAHI:CIVISu (u = small crescent with horns up), castle tournois surmounted by cross dividing legend; from the Louis G Estate; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00


Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Duchy of Athens, Guy II de La Roche, 1287 - 1308

|Crusaders|, |Crusaders,| |Frankish| |Greece,| |Duchy| |of| |Athens,| |Guy| |II| |de| |La| |Roche,| |1287| |-| |1308||denier|NEW
Guy II de la Roche was the Duke of Athens from 1287, the last duke of his family. He succeeded as a minor on the death of his father, William I, at a time when the duchy of Athens had exceeded the Principality of Achaea in wealth, power, and importance. Guy was originally under the tutorship and regency of his mother, Helena Angelina Komnene, who was forced to make submission to Isabella of Villehardouin. In 1299, Guy was engaged to Matilda, daughter of Isabella and and her husband, Florent of Hainaut. Charles objected, as his permission had not been sought, but Pope Boniface VIII intervened on the young couple's behalf. In 1307, Guy was made bailli of Achaea by its new prince, Philip I of Taranto. He governed well, but for barely a year. He died, 5 October 1308, at the age of twenty-eight, but was respected and renowned for his chivalry and manners.Frankokratia_Map
CR96943. Billon denier, cf. Metcalf Crusades 1e & pl. 42, 1071 - 1072; Malloy Crusaders p. 388, 94, F, uneven strike with parts of legends weak, small encrustations, ragged edge with small split and chips, weight 0.516 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 90o, Thebes mint, majority, 1294 - 1308; obverse :+:GVI·DVX:ATENES, cross patte within inner border; reverse uThEBAHI:CIVISu (u = small crescent with horns up), castle tournois, surmounted by cross dividing legend; from the Louis G Estate; scarce; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00







CLICK HERE TO SEE MORE FROM THIS CATEGORY - FORVM's PRIOR SALES


REFERENCES|

Malloy, A., I.Preston, & A. Seltman. Coins of the Crusader States, 2nd Edition. (New York, 2004).
Metcalf, D. Coinage of the Crusaders and the Latin East in the Ashmolean Museum Oxford. (London, 1995).
Metcalf, D. "The Pylia Hoard: Denier Tournois of Frankish Greece" in MN 17 (New York, 1971).
Schlumberger, G. Numismatique de l'Orient latin. (1878; supplement 1882; reprinted: Graz, 1954).
Tzamalis, A. "The first period of the Frankish tornesio. New evidence from an old hoard" in NK 9-10 (1990-1).


Catalog current as of Saturday, July 2, 2022.
Page created in 1.234 seconds.
All coins are guaranteed for eternity