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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Pamphylia| ▸ |Side||View Options:  |  |  |   

Ancient Greek Coins of Side, Pamphylia

Side was founded by Greeks from Cyme, Aeolis, c. 7th century B.C. The settlers used the local language and over time forgot their native Greek. Excavations have revealed inscriptions written in this language, still undeciphered, dating as late as the 2nd century B.C. The name Side means pomegranate in this indigenous Anatolian language. Under Alexander the Great, then Ptolemaic, then Seleukid rule the city readily adapted Hellenistic culture, grew prosperous, and became an important cultural center. The Treaty of Apamea in 188 B.C. left Side autonomous until 36 B.C. when the city came under the rule of the Roman client King of Galatia, Amyntas. In 25 B.C., Augustus placed Pamphylia and Side in the Roman province of Galatia. Side began another prosperous period as a commercial center trading in olive oil and slaves, and some piracy. Its population grew to 60,000 inhabitants. Wealthy merchants paid for public works, monuments, competitions, games, and gladiator fights. Most of the extant ruins at Side date from this period of prosperity which lasted well into the 3rd century A.D. In the 4th century, Side's defensive walls could not stop successive highlander invasions. In the 5th and 6th centuries, Side experienced a revival, but Arab fleets raided and burned Side during the 7th century. The combination of earthquakes and Arab raids, left the site nearly abandoned by the 10th century, its citizens having emigrated to nearby Antalya.Agora at Side


Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander the Great, 336 - 323 B.C.

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Possible lifetime issue with beautiful style.
SH27864. Gold stater, Price -, Müller Alexander -, cf. Price 2948 ff. for ∆I symbol on tetradrachm and drachm, cf. Price table IX 2957 for style and iconography, EF, weight 8.559 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain (Side, Pamphylia?) mint, c. 325 - 320 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right in crested Corinthian helmet decorated with griffin; reverse BA−ΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Nike standing left holding wreath and ship's mast, DI monogram lower left; very rare; SOLD


Side, Pamphylia, c. 155 - 36 B.C.

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In the 12th century A.D., Side temporarily established itself once more as a large city. An inscription found on the site of the former ancient city shows a considerable Jewish population in early Byzantine times. However, Side was abandoned again after being sacked. Its population moved to Antalya, and Side became known as Eski Adalia ("Old Antalya") and was buried.
SH21612. Silver tetradrachm, Arslan-Lightfoot 554 - 572 (same obverse die), SNG Cop 400, SNGvA 4797, SNG BnF 695, gVF, golden toning, weight 16.480 g, maximum diameter 27.9 mm, die axis 0o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, obverse head of Athena right in a crested Corinthian helmet; reverse Nike advancing left, extending wreath in right hand, pomegranate left, KΛE-YX (magistrate's name) below; fantastic Nike!; SOLD


Side, Pamphylia, c. 155 - 36 B.C.

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In the 4th century A.D., even Side's defensive walls could not stop successive invasions of highlanders from the Taurus Mountains. During the 5th and 6th centuries, Side experienced a revival, and became the seat of the Bishopric of Eastern Pamphylia. Arab fleets, nevertheless, raided and burned Side during the 7th century, contributing to its decline. The combination of earthquakes, Christian zealots and Arab raids, left the site abandoned by the 10th century, its citizens having emigrated to nearby Antalya.
SH29564. Silver tetradrachm, SNG Cop 400, SNGvA 4797, SNG BnF 695, aEF, weight 16.056 g, maximum diameter 29.5 mm, die axis 0o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, obverse head of Athena right in a crested Corinthian helmet; reverse Nike advancing left, extending wreath in right hand, pomegranate left, KΛE-YX (magistrate's name) below; nice style for the late issue!; SOLD


Side, Pamphylia, c. 220 - 190 B.C., Seleukid Royal Countermark

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Side tetradrachms often bear Seleukid anchor countermarks. Often the coins had very little wear (and thus circulation) before countermarking. Houghton and Lorber do not attribute the countermark to a specific ruler, but it seems likely the countermarks are related to Antiochos III's offensive into Asia Minor, Thrace and Greece and the subsequent war with Rome in 190 B.C.
SH30035. Silver tetradrachm, SNGvA 4792; BMC Lycia p. 149, 50; SNG BnF -; SNG Cop -; countermark: Houghton-Lorber II 63, VF, attractive style, marks and scratches, small spots of light corrosion, some flattening on the upper reverse from countermarking, weight 16.499 g, maximum diameter 28.8 mm, die axis 0o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, c. 220 - 190 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right in a crested Corinthian helmet, countermarked with anchor in oval incuse; reverse Nike advancing left, wreath extended in right, pomegranate in left field, CT (magistrate's initials) below; SOLD


Side, Pamphylia, c. 155 - 36 B.C.

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The great ruins of Side are among the most notable in Asia Minor. They cover a large promontory which a wall and a moat separate from the mainland. There are colossal ruins of a theater complex, the largest in Pamphylia, built in the 2nd century A.D. Following Roman design it relies on arches to support the sheer verticals. The Roman style was adopted because Side lacked a convenient hillside that could be hollowed out in the usual Greek fashion more typical of Asia Minor. The stage building was ornately adorned but the decorations and the theater are damaged, in part due to a strong earthquake. The theater was converted into an open-air sanctuary with two chapels during the 5th or 6th century (Byzantine times).Theater at Side
SH29573. Silver tetradrachm, SNG Cop 400, SNGvA 4797, SNG BnF 695, EF, weight 16.148 g, maximum diameter 28.0 mm, die axis 0o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, obverse head of Athena right in a crested Corinthian helmet; reverse Nike advancing left, extending wreath in right hand, pomegranate left, KΛE-YX (magistrate's name) below; SOLD


Side, Pamphylia, c. 155 - 36 B.C.

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In 190 B.C. a fleet from Rhodes, supported by Rome and Pergamum, defeated the Seleucid fleet under the command of the fugitive Carthaginian general Hannibal. The Seleucid defeat freed Side from the overlord-ship of the Seleucid Empire. The Treaty of Apamea (188 B.C.) left Side in a state of uncertain freedom. It was during this period of autonomy that Side struck these tetradrachms. It would last until 36 B.C. when the city came under the rule of the Roman client King of Galatia, Amyntas.
SH21652. Silver tetradrachm, Arslan-Lightfoot 505 ff., gVF, weight 16.179 g, maximum diameter 30.2 mm, die axis 0o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, obverse head of Athena right in a crested Corinthian helmet; reverse Nike advancing left, extending wreath in right hand, pomegranate left, KΛE-YX (magistrate's name) below; SOLD


Side, Pamphylia, c. 220 - 190 B.C.

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In 190 B.C. a fleet from Rhodes, supported by Rome and Pergamum, defeated the Seleucid fleet under the command of the fugitive Carthaginian general Hannibal. The Seleucid defeat freed Side from the overlord-ship of the Seleucid Empire. The Treaty of Apamea (188 B.C.) left Side in a state of uncertain freedom. It was during this period of autonomy that Side struck these tetradrachms. It would last until 36 B.C. when the city came under the rule of the Roman client King of Galatia, Amyntas.
SH29471. Silver tetradrachm, SNGvA 4792; BMC Lycia p. 149, 50; SNG BnF -; SNG Cop -; countermark: Houghton-Lorber II 63, VF, weight 16.641 g, maximum diameter 28.6 mm, die axis 0o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, c. 200 - 190 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right in a crested Corinthian helmet; reverse Nike advancing left, extending wreath in right hand, pomegranate over XT (magistrate) on left; SOLD


Side, Pamphylia, c. 205 - 100 B.C.

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In 190 B.C. a fleet from Rhodes, supported by Rome and Pergamum, defeated the Seleucid fleet under the command of the fugitive Carthaginian general Hannibal. The Seleucid defeat freed Side from the overlord-ship of the Seleucid Empire. The Treaty of Apamea (188 B.C.) left Side in a state of uncertain freedom. It was during this period of autonomy that Side struck these tetradrachms. It would last until 36 B.C. when the city came under the rule of the Roman client King of Galatia, Amyntas.
SH56740. Silver tetradrachm, SNGvA 4779; BMC Lycia p. 146, 22; SNG BnF -; SNG Cop -, VF, weight 15.944 g, maximum diameter 33.7 mm, die axis 0o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, 205 - 100 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right in a crested Corinthian helmet; reverse Nike advancing left, extending wreath in right hand, pomegranate / winged thunderbolt / AP monogram (magistrate) left; corrosion on edge, reverse center a bit flat; SOLD


Side, Pamphylia, 370 - 360 B.C.

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Apollo's lover Coronis was pregnant with his child, Asclepius. A white raven which he had left to watch her informed him that she had an affair. Angered that the bird had not pecked out her lover's eyes, Apollo flung a curse scorching its feathers, which is why all ravens are black today. Apollo also had Coronis killed but saved the child.
SH63575. Silver stater, Atlan 112, SNG BnF 644; SNGvA 4771, De Luynes 2762; Traité II 1538; BMC Lycia p. 146, 17 var., SGCV II 5430, F, flat strike, weight 10.434 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 0o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, 370 - 360 B.C.; obverse Athena standing to left, wreath bearing Nike in right hand, spear and shield in left, pomegranate before; reverse Apollo standing left, wearing chiton, pouring libation from phiale on to lighted altar, long laurel branch vertical behind in left, raven standing left at feet behind, Pamphylian letter left and script right; SOLD


Side, Pamphylia, c. 155 - 36 B.C.

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In 190 B.C. a fleet from Rhodes, supported by Rome and Pergamum, defeated the Seleucid fleet under the command of the fugitive Carthaginian general Hannibal. The Seleucid defeat freed Side from the overlord-ship of the Seleucid Empire. The Treaty of Apamea (188 B.C.) left Side in a state of uncertain freedom. It was during this period of autonomy that Side struck these tetradrachms. It would last until 36 B.C. when the city came under the rule of the Roman client King of Galatia, Amyntas.
SH21613. Silver tetradrachm, Arslan-Lightfoot 418 (same obverse die), SNG Cop 400, SNGvA 4797, SNG BnF 695, gVF, golden toning, weight 16.322 g, maximum diameter 31.8 mm, die axis 0o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, obverse head of Athena right in a crested Corinthian helmet; reverse Nike advancing left, extending wreath in right hand, pomegranate left, KΛE-YX (magistrate's name) below; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES|

Babelon, E. La collection Waddington au cabinet des médailles. (Paris, 1897-1898).
Brett, A. Catalogue of Greek Coins, Boston Museum of Fine Arts. (Boston, 1955).
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Cohen, E. Dated Coins of Antiquity: A comprehensive catalogue of the coins and how their numbers came about. (Lancaster, PA, 2011).
Colin, H. Die Münzen von Perge in Pamphylien aus hellenistischer Zeit. (Köln, 1996).
Franke, P. & M. Noellé. Die Homonoia-Münzen Kleinasiens und der thrakischen Randgebiete. (Saarbrücken, 1997).
Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber, Vol. III, Part 2. (London, 1929).
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RPC Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/
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Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XII, The Hunterian Museum, Univ. of Glasgow, Part 1: Roman Provincial Coins: Spain-Kingdoms of Asia Minor. (Oxford, 2004).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Österreich, Sammlung Leypold, Kleinasiatische Münzen der Kaiserzeit, Vol. II: Phrygia - Commagene. (Vienna, 2004).
Thompson, M. "The Mints of Lysimachus," in Essays Robinson.

Catalog current as of Sunday, August 18, 2019.
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Side Coins