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Side was founded by Greeks from Cyme, Aeolis, c. 7th century B.C. The settlers used the local language and over time forgot their native Greek. Excavations have revealed inscriptions written in this language, still undeciphered, dating as late as the 2nd century B.C. The name Side means pomegranate in this indigenous Anatolian language. Under Alexander the Great, then Ptolemaic, then Seleukid rule the city readily adapted Hellenistic culture, grew prosperous, and became an important cultural center. The Treaty of Apamea in 188 B.C. left Side autonomous until 36 B.C. when the city came under the rule of the Roman client King of Galatia, Amyntas. In 25 B.C., Augustus placed Pamphylia and Side in the Roman province of Galatia. Side began another prosperous period as a commercial center trading in olive oil and slaves, and some piracy. Its population grew to 60,000 inhabitants. Wealthy merchants paid for public works, monuments, competitions, games, and gladiator fights. Most of the extant ruins at Side date from this period of prosperity which lasted well into the 3rd century A.D. In the 4th century, Side's defensive walls could not stop successive highlander invasions. In the 5th and 6th centuries, Side experienced a revival, but Arab fleets raided and burned Side during the 7th century. The combination of earthquakes and Arab raids, left the site nearly abandoned by the 10th century, its citizens having emigrated to nearby Antalya.
Lot 16 Roman Provincial Coins from Side, Pamphylia, 3rd Century A.D.
A glance and we think we spotted Gordian III, Philip II, Valerian I, Gallienus, Salonina, and Valerian II.LT96129. Bronze Lot, Lot 16 Roman provincial coins from Side, Pamphylia, 3rd century A.D., c. 27 - 32 mm, F or better, unattributed to type, no tags or flips, the actual coins in the photograph, as-is, no returns; $485.00 (€397.70)
Side, Pamphylia, c. 155 - 36 B.C.
In the 12th century A.D., Side temporarily established itself once more as a large city. An inscription found on the site of the former ancient city shows a considerable Jewish population in early Byzantine times. However, Side was abandoned again after being sacked. Its population moved to Antalya, and Side became known as Eski Adalia ("Old Antalya") and was buried.SH21612. Silver tetradrachm, Arslan-Lightfoot 554 - 572 (same obv. die), SNG Cop 400, SNGvA 4797, SNG BnF 695, gVF, golden toning, weight 16.480 g, maximum diameter 27.9 mm, die axis 0o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, obverse head of Athena right in a crested Corinthian helmet; reverse Nike advancing left, extending wreath in right hand, pomegranate left, KΛE-YX (magistrate's name) below; fantastic Nike!; SOLD
Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Side, Pamphylia
Side was founded by Greeks from Cyme, Aeolis, most likely in the 7th century B.C. The settlers started using the local language and over time forgot their native Greek. Excavations have revealed inscriptions written in this language, still undeciphered, dating from as late as the 2nd century B.C. The name Side is from this indigenous Anatolian language and means pomegranate.RP92549. Bronze pentassarion, RPC Online VIII T21146 (8 spec.), SNG BnF 869, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG PfPs -, BMC Lycia -, Watson -, VF, excellent centering on a broad flan, mottled green and orange patina, porous, reverse double strike, weight 18.493 g, maximum diameter 36.1 mm, die axis 180o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, Jul/Aug 247 - Late 249 A.D.; obverse AYK K MAPK IOYΛ CEOYHP ΦIΛIΠΠON CEB, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, E (mark of value) right; reverse CI∆HTΩN (N in exergue), Athena standing left, wearing crested Corinthian helmet, extending her right hand toward a tree before her, spear point upward behind in left hand; from the Errett Bishop Collection, big 36 mm bronze, only two sales of this type recorded on Coin Archives in the last two decades; very rare; SOLD
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