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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Pamphylia| ▸ |Side||View Options:  |  |  | 

Ancient Greek Coins of Side, Pamphylia

Side was founded by Greeks from Cyme, Aeolis, c. 7th century B.C. The settlers used the local language and over time forgot their native Greek. Excavations have revealed inscriptions written in this language, still undeciphered, dating as late as the 2nd century B.C. The name Side means pomegranate in this indigenous Anatolian language. Under Alexander the Great, then Ptolemaic, then Seleukid rule the city readily adapted Hellenistic culture, grew prosperous, and became an important cultural center. The Treaty of Apamea in 188 B.C. left Side autonomous until 36 B.C. when the city came under the rule of the Roman client King of Galatia, Amyntas. In 25 B.C., Augustus placed Pamphylia and Side in the Roman province of Galatia. Side began another prosperous period as a commercial center trading in olive oil and slaves, and some piracy. Its population grew to 60,000 inhabitants. Wealthy merchants paid for public works, monuments, competitions, games, and gladiator fights. Most of the extant ruins at Side date from this period of prosperity which lasted well into the 3rd century A.D. In the 4th century, Side's defensive walls could not stop successive highlander invasions. In the 5th and 6th centuries, Side experienced a revival, but Arab fleets raided and burned Side during the 7th century. The combination of earthquakes and Arab raids, left the site nearly abandoned by the 10th century, its citizens having emigrated to nearby Antalya.Agora at Side

Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Side, Pamphylia

|Side|, |Philip| |II,| |July| |or| |August| |247| |-| |Late| |249| |A.D.,| |Side,| |Pamphylia|, |pentassarion|
Side was founded by Greeks from Cyme, Aeolis, most likely in the 7th century B.C. The settlers started using the local language and over time forgot their native Greek. Excavations have revealed inscriptions written in this language, still undeciphered, dating from as late as the 2nd century B.C. The name Side is from this indigenous Anatolian language and means pomegranate.
RP92549. Bronze pentassarion, RPC Online VIII T21146 (8 spec.), SNG BnF 869, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG PfPs -, BMC Lycia -, Watson -, VF, excellent centering on a broad flan, mottled green and orange patina, porous, reverse double strike, weight 18.493 g, maximum diameter 36.1 mm, die axis 180o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, Jul/Aug 247 - Late 249 A.D.; obverse AYK K MAPK IOYΛ CEOYHP ΦIΛIΠΠON CEB, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, E (mark of value) right; reverse CI∆HTΩN (N in exergue), Athena standing left, wearing crested Corinthian helmet, extending her right hand toward a tree before her, spear point upward behind in left hand; from the Errett Bishop Collection, big 36 mm bronze, only two sales of this type recorded on Coin Archives in the last two decades; very rare; $700.00 SALE |PRICE| $630.00


Lot 16 Roman Provincial Coins from Side, Pamphylia, 3rd Century A.D.

|Side|, |Lot| |16| |Roman| |Provincial| |Coins| |from| |Side,| |Pamphylia,| |3rd| |Century| |A.D.|, |Lot|
A glance and we think we spotted Gordian III, Philip II, Valerian I, Gallienus, Salonina, and Valerian II.
LT96129. Bronze Lot, Lot 16 Roman provincial coins from Side, Pamphylia, 3rd century A.D., c. 27 - 32 mm, F or better, unattributed to type, no tags or flips, actual coins in the photograph, as-is, no returns; $600.00 SALE |PRICE| $540.00


Side, Pamphylia, c. 145 - 125 B.C.

|Side|, |Side,| |Pamphylia,| |c.| |145| |-| |125| |B.C.|, |tetradrachm|
In 190 B.C. a fleet from Rhodes, supported by Rome and Pergamum, defeated the Seleucid fleet under the command of the fugitive Carthaginian general Hannibal. The Seleucid defeat freed Side from the overlord-ship of the Seleucid Empire. The Treaty of Apamea (188 B.C.) left Side in a state of uncertain freedom. It was during this period of autonomy that Side struck these tetradrachms. It would last until 36 B.C. when the city came under the rule of the Roman client King of Galatia, Amyntas.
GS92896. Silver tetradrachm, SNGvA 4796 (also with anchor c/m); SNG BnF 694; BMC Pamphylia p. 148, 46 (KΛE-YX), Choice VF, well centered, reverse strike a little flat, obverse flattened opposite of countermark, weight 16.505 g, maximum diameter 28.8 mm, die axis 0o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, magistrate Kleuch-, c. 145 - 125 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right in a crested Corinthian helmet; reverse Nike advancing left, wreath extended in right hand, pomegranate in left field, KΛ-E (magistrate's name) divided across field below center; countermark: anchor within incuse rectangle; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 77 (5 May 2019), lot 287; $500.00 SALE |PRICE| $450.00


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D., Side, Pamphylia

|Side|, |Gallienus,| |August| |253| |-| |September| |268| |A.D.,| |Side,| |Pamphylia|, |5| |assaria|
The great ruins of Side are among the most notable in Asia Minor. The well-preserved city walls provide an entrance to the site through the Hellenistic main gate. Next comes the colonnaded street, all that remains of the marble columns are a few broken stubs near the old Roman baths. The street leads to the public bath, restored as a museum displaying statues and sarcophagi from the Roman period. Next is the square agora with the remains of a round Temple of Tyche in the middle. The agora was a trading center where pirates sold slaves. The remains of the theater, which was used for gladiator fights and later as a church, and the monumental gate date back to the 2nd century. The early Roman Temple of Dionysus is near the theater. The fountain gracing the entrance is restored. At the left side are the remains of a Byzantine Basilica. A public bath has also been restored. The remaining ruins of Side include three temples, an aqueduct, and a nymphaeum. The photograph right is of ruins of the temple of Apollo.Temple of Apollo
RP88913. Bronze 5 assaria, SNG Cop 4844 (same obv. die), SNG BnF 924, BMC Lycia p. 160, 110, SNG Pfalz -, SNG Cop -, SNG Righetti -, Lindgren -; c/m: Howgego 805 (169 pcs), VF, well centered on a broad flan, porous, weight 17.834 g, maximum diameter 30.5 mm, die axis 30o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, joint reign, Aug 253 - 260 A.D.; obverse AYT KAI ΠOY ΛI ΓAΛΛIHNOC CE, laureate bust right, wearing paludamentum and cuirass, eagle right with wings open below; countermark on right: E (5 assaria) in 7.5mm round punch obliterating IA (prior mark of value); reverse CI∆HTΩN NEΩKOPΩN, Apollo standing front, head left, wearing short chiton, chlamys and boots, patera in right hand, left hand rests on laurel tipped staff, pomegranate on branch right; scarce; $115.00 SALE |PRICE| $104.00


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D., Side, Pamphylia

|Side|, |Gallienus,| |August| |253| |-| |September| |268| |A.D.,| |Side,| |Pamphylia|, |10| |assaria|
The great ruins of Side are among the most notable in Asia Minor. They cover a large promontory which a wall and a moat separate from the mainland. There are colossal ruins of a theater complex, the largest in Pamphylia, built in the 2nd century A.D. Following Roman design it relies on arches to support the sheer verticals. The Roman style was adopted because Side lacked a convenient hillside that could be hollowed out in the usual Greek fashion more typical of Asia Minor. The stage building was ornately adorned but the decorations and the theater are damaged, in part due to a strong earthquake. The theater was converted into an open-air sanctuary with two chapels during the 5th or 6th century (Byzantine times).Theater at Side
RP92550. Bronze 10 assaria, SNG BnF 891, Waddington 3484, BMC Lycia p. 160, 108, F, well centered, porous, areas of corrosion, weight 15.960 g, maximum diameter 29.5 mm, die axis 180o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, sole reign, 260 - Sep 268 A.D.; obverse AYT KAI ΠOY ΛI EΓNA ΓAΛΛIHNOC CEBA, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, I (mark of value) to right; reverse CI∆HTΩN NEΩKOPΩN, Apollo standing facing, head left, wearing short chiton, chlamys and boots, patera in right hand, left hand rests on laurel tipped staff; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $50.00 SALE |PRICE| $45.00


Side, Pamphylia, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

|Side|, |Side,| |Pamphylia,| |2nd| |-| |1st| |Century| |B.C.|, |AE| |15|
Side was founded by Greeks from Cyme, Aeolis, most likely in the 7th century B.C. The settlers started using the local language and over time forgot their native Greek. Excavations have revealed inscriptions written in this language, still undeciphered, dating from as late as the 2nd century B.C. The name Side is from this indigenous Anatolian language and means pomegranate.
GB93601. Bronze AE 15, SNG BnF 759 ff.; SNG Cop 381 ff.; BMC Lycia p. 172, 51, VF, weight 3.114 g, maximum diameter 15.1 mm, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse head of Athena right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet; reverse pomegranate; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $50.00 SALE |PRICE| $45.00







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REFERENCES|

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