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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Pamphylia| ▸ |Side||View Options:  |  |  | 

Ancient Greek Coins of Side, Pamphylia

Side was founded by Greeks from Cyme, Aeolis, c. 7th century B.C. The settlers used the local language and over time forgot their native Greek. Excavations have revealed inscriptions written in this language, still undeciphered, dating as late as the 2nd century B.C. The name Side means pomegranate in this indigenous Anatolian language. Under Alexander the Great, then Ptolemaic, then Seleukid rule the city readily adapted Hellenistic culture, grew prosperous, and became an important cultural center. The Treaty of Apamea in 188 B.C. left Side autonomous until 36 B.C. when the city came under the rule of the Roman client King of Galatia, Amyntas. In 25 B.C., Augustus placed Pamphylia and Side in the Roman province of Galatia. Side began another prosperous period as a commercial center trading in olive oil and slaves, and some piracy. Its population grew to 60,000 inhabitants. Wealthy merchants paid for public works, monuments, competitions, games, and gladiator fights. Most of the extant ruins at Side date from this period of prosperity which lasted well into the 3rd century A.D. In the 4th century, Side's defensive walls could not stop successive highlander invasions. In the 5th and 6th centuries, Side experienced a revival, but Arab fleets raided and burned Side during the 7th century. The combination of earthquakes and Arab raids, left the site nearly abandoned by the 10th century, its citizens having emigrated to nearby Antalya.Agora at Side

Side, Pamphylia, c. 155 - 36 B.C.

|Side|, |Side,| |Pamphylia,| |c.| |155| |-| |36| |B.C.||tetradrachm|
In the 12th century A.D., Side temporarily established itself once more as a large city. An inscription found on the site of the former ancient city shows a considerable Jewish population in early Byzantine times. However, Side was abandoned again after being sacked. Its population moved to Antalya, and Side became known as Eski Adalia ("Old Antalya") and was buried.
SH21612. Silver tetradrachm, Arslan-Lightfoot 554 - 572 (same obv. die), SNG Cop 400, SNGvA 4797, SNG BnF 695, gVF, golden toning, weight 16.480 g, maximum diameter 27.9 mm, die axis 0o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, obverse head of Athena right in a crested Corinthian helmet; reverse Nike advancing left, extending wreath in right hand, pomegranate left, KΛE-YX (magistrate's name) below; fantastic Nike!; SOLD


Side, Pamphylia, 155 - 36 B.C.

|Side|, |Side,| |Pamphylia,| |155| |-| |36| |B.C.||tetradrachm|
Authenticity and grade guaranteed by
Independent Coin
Grading Company (ICG)
.
SL00890. Silver tetradrachm, SGCV II 5432; BMC Lycia, p. 148, 43 & pl. 37, 6; SNG Cop 400, SNGvA 4797, SNG BnF 695, Arslan-Lightfoot 274-275 (same obv die), gEF (ICG EF45), weight 16.03 g, maximum diameter 29.5 mm, die axis 0o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, obverse head of Athena right in a crested Corinthian helmet; reverse Nike advancing left holding wreath, pomegranate in left field, KΛE-YX below (magistrate name); SOLD


Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander the Great, 336 - 323 B.C.

|Alexander| |the| |Great|, |Macedonian| |Kingdom,| |Alexander| |the| |Great,| |336| |-| |323| |B.C.||stater|
Possibly struck during Alexander's lifetime.
SH33205. Gold stater, Price 2963, Mller Alexander 1477, gVF, weight 8.566 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain (Side, Pamphylia?) mint, c. 325 - 320 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right wearing earring, necklace, and crested Corinthian helmet decorated with a coiled snake, hair in ringlets; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Nike standing left, wreath in right hand, stylus in left, ΦI and Λ lower left; mint luster in recesses; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

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Watson, G. "A Hoard of Roman Provincial Bronzes from Pamphylia" in NC 174. (London, 2014), pp. 307 - 316, pls. 45 - 49.

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