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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Medieval & Modern Coins| ▸ |Ireland||View Options:  |  |  | 

Coins of Ireland

Great Britain and Ireland, James I, 1603 - 1625

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James was King of Scotland from 1567 and in 1603 he succeeded Elizabeth I, uniting England, Scotland, and Ireland. He based himself in England and reigned in all three kingdoms for 22 years, using the title King of Great Britain and Ireland, until his death in 1625 at the age of 58. Under James, the "Golden Age" of Elizabethan literature and drama continued, with writers such as William Shakespeare contributing to a flourishing literary culture. He sponsored the translation of the Bible that was named after him: the Authorized King James Version. In 1607, Jamestown was founded in Virginia, and in 1620 Plymouth was founded in the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
WO66255. Silver sixpence, SCBC-SII 6514, gVF, weight 2.173 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, bell mintmark, London Tower mint, 1st coinage, 1603 - 1604; obverse IACOBVS D G ANG SCO FRA ET HIB REX (James, by the Grace of God, King of England, Scotland, France and Ireland), crowned bust right, VI behind; reverse TVEATVR VNITA DEVS (God upholds the united), crowned Irish harp; SOLD


Ireland, James II, 1685 - 1691, Williamite War "Gunmoney"

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James II struck base metal coins called gunmoney because the metal was in part obtained from old cannons. He promised that once he was back in power he would call in the coins, one month's worth at a time, and exchange them for proper silver coins. After James was defeated the coins continued to circulate but at a value based on copper.
WO88340. Bronze crown, SCBC-SII 6578B, VF, weakly struck areas and undertype effects, overstruck on a 1690 half-crown with clear date, weight 13.004 g, maximum diameter 33.2 mm, die axis 0o, Dublin mint, 1690; obverse IAC•II•DEI•GRA•MAG•BRI•FRA•ET•HIB•RIX (James II, by the Grace of God, King of Great Britain, France, and Ireland), James on horseback left, holding sword; reverse CHRIS-TO•VICTO-RI•TRI-VMPHO• ([in] Christ victorious triumph), crowned cruciform coats-of-arms around large crown at center, ANO - DOM divided across upper quarters, 16-90 divided across lower quarters; rare; SOLD


Ireland, Elizabeth I, 1558 - 1603, 2 Coin Lot

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1) Ireland, Queen Elizabeth, 1602, copper penny (1.82g, 20.0mm), mintmark martlet, SCBC-SII 6510A, aVF.
2) Ireland, Queen Elizabeth, 1601, copper halfpenny (0.76g, 16.4mm), mintmark six-pointed star, SCBC-SII 6511, Fine.
LT89280. Copper Lot, 1602 copper penny and 1601 copper half penny, London, Tower mint (for use in Ireland) mint, obverse (mintmark) ELIZAB D' G' AN' FR: ET: HIBER RE (Elizabeth, by the Grace of God, Queen of England, France and Ireland), quartered coat-of-arms (passant lions and fleurs-de-lis), flanked by E - R (Elizabetha Regina); reverse POSVI DEV ADIVTOREM MEV (I have made God my helper), crowned Irish harp, flanked by date; lot is ex Baldwin’s auction 42 (26 Sep 2005), lot 1220 (sold for £100/$177 plus fees); SOLD


Ireland, James II, 1685 - 1691; 'Williamite War "Gunmoney"

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James II struck base metal coins called gunmoney because the metal was in part obtained from old cannons. He promised that once he was back in power he would call in the coins, one month's worth at a time, and exchange them for proper silver coins. After James was defeated the coins continued to circulate but at a value based on copper.
WO58745. Bronze half crown, SCBC-SII 6580B, VF, centers weak, scratches, weight 9.671 g, maximum diameter 28.8 mm, die axis 0o, Dublin mint, May 1690; obverse IACOBVS II DEI GRATIA (James II by the Grace of God), laureate bust left; reverse MAG BR FRA ET HIB REX (King of Great Britain, France and Ireland) 1690, crown, J - R across field XXX above, MAY below; SOLD


Ireland, George I, 1714 - 1727, William Wood Coinage, Circulated in Colonial America

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Hoping to make a profit, Wood obtained the Royal Patent to produce his 'Hibernia' coins in 1722. They were minted both in London and Bristol for use in Ireland. Woods coinage was so unpopular in Ireland that it was recalled and shipped off for use in the American Colonies.
WO54827. Copper half penny, SCBC-SII 6601, F, weight 7.376 g, maximum diameter 26.3 mm, die axis 180o, 1723; obverse GEORGIUS • DEI • GRATIA • REX • (George, by the Grace of God, King), laureate bust right; reverse HIBERNIA • 1723 •, Hibernia seated left, branch in right hand, resting left on lyre; SOLD


Ireland, George I, 1714 - 1727, William Wood Coinage, Circulated in Colonial America

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Hoping to make a profit, Wood obtained the Royal Patent to produce his 'Hibernia' coins in 1722. They were minted both in London and Bristol for use in Ireland. Woods coinage was so unpopular in Ireland that it was recalled and shipped off for use in the American Colonies.
WO50830. Copper SCBC-SII 6601, F, porous, cracked, weight 7.188 g, maximum diameter 26.1 mm, die axis 180o, 1723; obverse GEORGIUS DEI GRATIA REX (George, by the Grace of God, King), laureate bust right, WC countermark; reverse HIBERNIA 1723, Hibernia seated left, branch in right hand, resting left on lyre; SOLD


Ireland, James II, 1685 - 1691; 'Williamite War "Gunmoney"

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Found in Canada or Northern New England.

James II returned from France, where he had fled, to Ireland with plans to recover his throne from his son-in-law and daughter, William and Mary. Short of silver, he issued base metal coins called gunmoney because the metal was, in part, obtained from old cannons. The coins are marked with the year and month they were issued. James promised that once he was back in power he would call in the coins, one month's worth at a time, and exchange them for proper silver coins. After James was defeated, although officially demonetized, the coins continued to circulate but at a much reduced value based on copper.

Although dated 1689, this coin was actually struck between the 1st and 25th of March 1690. The calendar in use at the time was what is called "old style" - or OS - where the new year started on March 26th.
WO34059. Bronze half crown, SCBC-SII 6579, Fair, weight 11.197 g, maximum diameter 31.8 mm, die axis 0o, Dublin mint, struck Mar 1 - 25, 1690; obverse IACOBVS II DEI GRATIA (James II by the Grace of God), laureate bust left; reverse MAG BR FRA ET HIB REX (King of Great Britain, France and Ireland) 1689, crown, 1689 above, MAR below; SOLD


Ireland, James II, Civil War, Limerick Siege Money, 1691

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After the Battle of the Boyne in July 1690 the mint at Limerick continued to strike coins in the name of James II until the city fell to William on 3 October 1691. Just prior to and during the Siege of Limerick, the mint issued halfpennies and farthings over-struck on gunmoney coins and dated 1691.
SH66257. Copper farthing, SCBC-SII 6596, EF, typical flat strike, overstruck on gunmoney, weight 5.098 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 0o, Limerick mint, 1691; obverse IACOBVS II DEI GRATIA (James II by the Grace of God), laureate bust left; reverse HIBERNIA 1691 (normal N), Hibernia seated left, cross in right, resting left on Irish harp; SOLD


Ireland, James II, 1685 - 1691; 'Williamite War "Gunmoney"

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James II returned from France, where he had fled, to Ireland with plans to recover his throne from his son-in-law and daughter, William and Mary. Short of silver, he issued base metal coins called gunmoney because the metal was in part obtained from old cannons. The coins are marked with the year and month they were issued. James promised that once he was back in power he would call in the coins, one month's worth at a time, and exchange them for proper silver coins. After James was defeated, although officially demonetized, the coins continued to circulate but at a much reduced value based on copper.
WO58743. Bronze half crown, SCBC-SII 6580F, EF, edge flaw, weight 9.407 g, maximum diameter 29.2 mm, die axis 0o, Dublin or Limerick mint, Jul 1690; obverse IACOBVS II DEI GRATIA (James II by the Grace of God), laureate bust left; reverse MAG BR FRA ET HIB REX (King of Great Britain, France and Ireland) 1690, crown, J - R across field XXX above, JULY below; SOLD


Ireland, James II, 1685 - 1691; 'Williamite War "Gunmoney," Gold Plated Marriage Treizain

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Gold plated, most likely to serve as a marriage treizain, a medal blessed and exchanged by couples on the day of their marriage. This custom lasted until the 19th century.
WO58746. Bronze half crown, SCBC-SII 6580D, aEF, gold plated, weight 11.940 g, maximum diameter 29.6 mm, die axis 0o, Dublin or Limrick mint, Jun 1690; obverse IACOBVS II DEI GRATIA (James II by the Grace of God), laureate bust left; reverse MAG BR FRA ET HIB REX (King of Great Britain, France and Ireland) 1690, Crown and crossed scepters, XXX above, June below, J - R in field; SOLD








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REFERENCES|

Krause C. & Mishler, C. Standard Catalog of World Coins. (Iola, WI, 2010 - )
Spink. Coins of Scotland, Ireland and the Islands (Jersey, Guernsey, Man, and Lundy) Pre-Decimal Issues, Standard Catalogue of British Coins. (Cambridge, 2003).
Timmins, P. Gunmoney: The Emergency Coinage of 1689 - 1691 for the Irish Campaign of James II. (Dublin, 2017).

Catalog current as of Friday, November 22, 2019.
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Ireland Coins