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Kos is a Greek island 40 by 8 kilometers, 4 km off the coast of Bodrum, Turkey, and ancient Caria. In mythology, the island was visited by Hercules. The island was home to a famous sanatoria of Asclepius. Other chief sources of wealth were its wines and silk manufacture. Aristotle mentions silk weaving by the women of the island. Silk garments were manufactured in large factories by women slaves. During the Greco-Persian Wars it twice expelled the Persians. In the 5th century, it joined the Delian League. After the revolt of Rhodes, it served as the chief Athenian station in the south-eastern Aegean. In 366 B.C., a democracy was instituted. After helping to weaken Athenian power, in the Social War (357-355 B.C.), it fell for a few years to the king Mausolus of Caria. In 366 B.C., the capital was transferred from Astypalaia to the newly built town of Kos. In the Hellenistic age, Kos attained the zenith of its prosperity. Its allies the Ptolemies used it as a naval outpost to oversee the Aegean. As a seat of learning, it arose as a provincial branch of the museum of Alexandria, and became a favorite resort for the education of the princes of the Ptolemaic dynasty. Among its most famous sons were the physician Hippocrates, the painter Apelles, the poets Philitas and, perhaps, Theocritus.
Kos, Carian Islands, c. 345 - 340 B.C.
Herakles was traveling by sea when Hera, who hated him, sent a storm, sinking his boats. Hercules and only a few friends survived, swimming to Kos. Once ashore they asked a shepherd for food and shelter. The shepherd refused and insulted Hercules and they fought. People from nearby Antimachia joined the fight against Hercules. Hercules and his friends slipped into a house, disguised as women, and escaped. Another town welcomed Hercules and declared war on Antimachia. Hercules killed the king of Antimachia and married the newly elected king's sister, Halkiopi. Their son, Thessalos, would later be the king of Kos and Nisyros.SH53580. Silver didrachm, Pixodarus Hoard p. 234, 2a (A1/P23, this coin); SNG Keckman 287; BMC Caria p. 195, 19; SNG Cop 619; HGC 6 1305 (R1), Choice gVF, toned, nice style, struck in high relief, well centered, tight flan cutting off ethnic, weight 6.850 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 0o, Kos mint, c. 345 - 340 B.C.; obverse bearded head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean lion scalp headdress; reverse veiled female (Halkiopi?) head left, AΓ[H] (magistrate) behind, [KΩION] below; ex Garth R. Drewry Collection; ex Coin Galleries auction 14 April 1993, lot 317; ex Superior Galleries auction 31 May 1989, lot 6081; ex Pixodarus Hoard; rare; SOLD
Kos, Carian Islands, c. 345 - 340 B.C.
Herakles was traveling by sea when Hera, who hated him, sent a storm, sinking his boats. Hercules and only a few friends survived, swimming to Kos. Once ashore they asked a shepherd for food and shelter. The shepherd refused and insulted Hercules and they fought. People from nearby Antimachia joined the fight against Hercules. Hercules and his friends slipped into a house, disguised as women, and escaped. Another town welcomed Hercules and declared war on Antimachia. Hercules killed the king of Antimachia and married the newly elected king's sister, Halkiopi. Their son, Thessalos, would later be the king of Kos and Nisyros.SH75288. Silver tetradrachm, Pixodarus Hoard, Cos, p. 232, 3a (A2/P2), pl. 37; SNG Keckman 286; SNG Cop 619 var. (Herakles left); SNGvA 2751 var. (same); HGC 6 1303 (R2), VF/aVF, corrosion on reverse, weight 14.675 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 0o, Kos mint, 345 - 340 B.C.; obverse bearded head of Herakles left, wearing Nemean lion scalp headdress; reverse KΩION, veiled female (Halkiopi?) head left, HP (magistrate) behind, KΩION below; ex Naville Numismatics (London), auction 14 (12 Apr 2015), lot 87; ex NAC, auction 78 (26-27 May 2014), lot 1508 (from a private Australian collection and privately purchased in 1999); very rare variety of rare type; SOLD
Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Cos, Carian Islands, Ex John Quincy Adams Collection
Ex John Quincy Adams Collection, 6th President of the United States, and His Descendants, ex Massachusetts Historical Society Collection, ex Stack’s Sale, 5-6 March 1971.JA47620. Bronze AE 16, RPC I 2733, F, weight 2.776 g, maximum diameter 15.6 mm, die axis 0o, Caria, Cos mint, Nikagoras Da, c. 10 B.C. - 10 A.D.; obverse ΣEBAΣTOΣ, head of Augustus right; reverse KΩIΩN NIKAΓO, head of Herakles right laureate in lion skin; comes with a John Quincy Adams Collection tag from the Stack's Sale; very scarce; SOLD
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