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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Medieval & Modern Coins| ▸ |Germany||View Options:  |  |  |   

Coins of Germany

Germany is today a federal republic consisting of sixteen states. Federalism has a long tradition in German history. The Holy Roman Empire comprised many petty states, numbering more than 300 around 1796. The number of territories was greatly reduced during the Napoleonic Wars (1796-1814). After the Congress of Vienna (1815), 39 states formed the German Confederation. The Confederation was dissolved after the Austro-Prussian War. Prussia and the other states in Northern and Central Germany united as a federal state, the North German Federation, on July 1, 1867. The Southern states Bavaria, Württemberg, Baden and Hesse-Darmstadt entered military alliances with Prussia. In the Franco-Prussian War of 1870?71, those states joined the North German Federation. It was consequently renamed to German Empire, and the parliament and Federal Council decided to give the Prussian king the title of German Emperor. The new German Empire included 25 states and the imperial territory of Alsace-Lorraine. After the territorial losses of the Treaty of Versailles, the remaining states continued as republics of a new German federation. These states were gradually de facto abolished and reduced to provinces under the Nazi regime. The creation of the Federal Republic of Germany in 1949 was through the unification of the western states (which were previously under American, British, and French administration) created in the aftermath of World War II.


German States, City of Nurnberg, Joseph II Holy Roman Emperor, 1779

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Nurnberg, in northern Bavaria, was made a free city in 1219. A mint was established that same year. The city distinguished by medieval architecture such as the fortifications and stone towers of its Altstadt (Old Town). At the northern edge of the Altstadt, surrounded by red-roofed buildings, stands Kaiserburg Castle. The Hauptmarkt (central square) contains the Schöner Brunnen, the gilded “beautiful fountain” with tiers of figures, and Frauenkirche, a 14th-century Gothic church.
WO88346. Silver Thaler, SCWC KM 351, Davenport Talers 2495, Kellner 350, EF, toned, weight 28.022 g, maximum diameter 41.7 mm, die axis 0o, Nurnberg mint, 1779; obverse X • EINE FEINE MARCK • 1779 (tenth of a fine mark), view of city from the east, radiant triangle (eye of God) above, NURNBERG • over K • R • (G. Knoll, mintmaster and G. Riedner, engraver) in exergue; reverse IOSEPHVS II • D • G • - ROM • IMP • SEMP • AVG • (Joseph II, by the grace of God, Emperor of Rome, always Augustus), crowned double-headed eagle with crowned city arms shield within order chain on breast, each head nimbate, sword in right claw and scepter in left; rare; SOLD


German Empire, Prussia, Kaiser Wilhem II, 15 June 1888 ? 9 November 1918

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Mintage 5,815,000. Gold .900, actual gold weight - 0.2305 oz.
SH73975. Gold 20 Mark, Jaeger 252, Friedberg 3831; SCWC KM521, VF, weight 7.904 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 0o, Berlin mint, 1894-A; obverse WILHELM II DEUTSCHER KAISER KONIG V. PREUSSEN, head of Kaiser Wilhem II right, A below; reverse DEUTSCHES REICH 1912 / * 20 MARK *, crowned imperial eagle (type III); inscribed edge lettering: GOTT MIT UNS; ex CNG e-auction 345, part of lot 735; ex Patrick H. James Collection; SOLD


Germany, Weimar Republic, 5 Reichsmark, Graf Zeppelin, 1930 D

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Commemorating the Graf Zeppelin world flight in 1929. Designer: F. Krischker, mintage: 56,000.
WO87715. Silver 5 Reichsmark, SCWC KM 68.2, AU-UNC, weight 25.0 g, maximum diameter 37.0 mm, die axis 0o, Munich, Bavarian Central mint, 1930-D; obverse DEUTCHES REICH 1930 5 REICHSMARK, imperial eagle; reverse GRAF ZEPPELIN WELTFLUG 1929, zeppelin in front of globe, small D (mintmark) below; scarce; SOLD


Germany, Ulm, War of Spanish Succession, Siege Issue, 1704 A.D.

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This interesting piece was struck in 1704 while the city of Ulm was under siege by the Bavarian General Thüngen.
WO47150. Silver Gulden Klippe, KM 90, Nau 156b, Schön 4, VF, jewelry loop, weight 5.593 g, maximum diameter 40.1 mm, die axis 0o, Ulm mint, 1704 A.D.; obverse MONETA • ARGENT : REIP : VLMENSIS, civic coat of arms within elaborate frame, cherub on top; reverse DA • PACEM • NOBIS • DOMINE •, double-headed imperial eagle facing, crowned, wings spread, globus cruciger on chest; scarce; SOLD


Nuremberg, Guildmaster Hans Krauwinckel, 'School Rechenmeisterl' Type Jetton, 1586 - 1635

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Hans Krauwinckel, was a famous maker of jetons, with representatives in Paris and Amsterdam. This type may have been made for use in schools to teach accounting.

Reckoning counters or jetons were used by government officers and merchants for performing financial calculations on a chequer board in a manner similar to using an abacus. Columns were marked with values and rows with transaction details. The system was particularly useful because denominations were not based on the decimal system. The adoption of Arabic numerals, the decimal system, and recognising zero as a value replaced counting boards with written calculations in the 17th century.
ME47149. Brass jeton, Stalzer 22, VF, holed, weight 4.590 g, maximum diameter 28.6 mm, die axis 0o, obverse HANS KRAUWINCKEL IN NVR (Hans Krauwinckel in Nuremberg), Rechenmeister seated facing, at his counting table, with a pointed beard and moustache, wearing a jacket with voluminous sleeves; reverse * FLEISIGE . RECHNVNG . MACHT . RICHTIKEIT (Diligent accounting makes for accuracy), Alphabet arranged in five lines within a circular inner border; SOLD


Prussia, Wilhelm I and Augusta, 1861 - 1888

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This issue commemorates the coronation of Wilhelm I and Augusta.
WO58777. Silver Thaler, SCWC KM 488, EF, toned, weight 18.448 g, maximum diameter 33.0 mm, die axis 0o, 1861; obverse WILHELM KOENIG AUGUSTA KOENIGIN V. PREUSSEN, crowned and draped jugate busts of Wilhelm and Augusta right; reverse SUUM CUIQUE KROENUNGS THALER 1861, WRAR WRAR around imperial eagle; SOLD


City of Hamburg, Lower Saxony, Germany, 1468 - 1500

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Hamburg has been destroyed, or nearly so, many times. In 845, 600 Viking ships sailed up the River Elbe and destroyed Hamburg, at that time a town of around 500 inhabitants. In 1030, King Mieszko II Lambert of Poland burned down the city. Valdemar II of Denmark raided and occupied Hamburg in 1201 and in 1214. The Black Death killed at least 60% of the population in 1350. Hamburg experienced several great fires, most notably in 1284 and 1842, and on 23 July 1943 Allied firebombing completely destroyed entire boroughs. Still, today it is the second largest city in Germany and the eighth largest city in the European Union.
WO90120. Silver shilling, Jesse 521, Gaedechens 906 ff., VF, weight 2.138 g, maximum diameter 25.4 mm, die axis 225o, Hamburg mint, after the recess of 1468; obverse + MOnETA o nOVA hAMBVRGEn', Castle of Hamburg; reverse + SIGNO CRVCIS SALVEMVR, ornamented cross fourchée with quatrefoil and nettle leaf at center, lis in each quarter; ex Manfred Olding-Münznehdl; SOLD


Archbishopric of Mainz, Adolph II of Nassau, 1461 - 1475

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In 1459 Adolph was defeated in the election to the Archbishopric of Mainz by Theodoric of Isenburg-Büdingen. In 1461, following Theodoric's confrontational reforms, Pope Pius II declared Adolph the archbishop. When the city of Mainz and its and cathedral chapter remained loyal to Theodoric, Adolph declared war. The devastating Mainzer Feud continued for a year until Adolph captured the city on 28 October 1462. He had about 400 citizens killed, and another 400 fled. Adolph revoked Mainz's privileges and the status as an Imperial City. Adolph died in Eltville in 1475 and was buried in the Eberbach Abbey.
ME90130. Silver hohlpfennig bracteate, Slg. Walther 156, VF, uneven strike, toned, weight 0.198 g, maximum diameter 14.9 mm, die axis 0o, Mainz mint, 1461 - 1475; obverse A flanked by annulets above coat of arms of Mainz and Nassau, pellets around; reverse incuse of obverse; ex Manfred Olding-Münznehdl; rare; SOLD


Naumburg on the Saale, Saxony, Henry IV (HRE), 11 November 1050 - 7 August 1106

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The first written record of Naumburg dates from 1012, when it was mentioned as the new castle of the Ekkehardinger, the Margrave of Meissen. It was founded at the crossing of two trade-routes. The successful foundation of a Propstei Church on the site of the later Naumburger Cathedral was mentioned in the Merseburg Bishops' Chronicles in 1021. In 1028 Pope John XIX gave his approval for the transfer of the bishopric from Zeitz to Naumburg. The foundation of the Cathedral school is dated to 1030. Naumburg has been known as a city since 1144.
ME90132. Silver randpfennige (rim pfennig), Dannenberg 1347 var., VF, weight 1.045 g, maximum diameter 12.9 mm, die axis 315o, Naumburg (Saale) mint, 1056 - 1106; obverse plain cross, annulet in each of two diagonally opposite quarters, pellets in the other two quarters, circle of dots around; reverse cross comprised of four wedges; SOLD


Braunschweig, Lower Saxony, Germany, 1296 - 1498

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During the Middle Ages Braunschweig was an important center of trade, one of the economic and political centers in Northern Europe and a member of the Hanseatic League from the 13th century to the middle of the 17th century. By the year 1600, Braunschweig was the seventh largest city in Germany. Although formally one of the residences of the rulers of the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg, a constituent state of the Holy Roman Empire, Braunschweig was de facto ruled independently by a powerful class of patricians and the guilds throughout much of the Late Middle Ages and the Early modern period.
ME90119. Silver Bracteate, Denicke 300, Berger 945, VF, weight 0.448 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 0o, Braunschweig mint, 1296 - 1498; obverse lion standing left, head turned back right, crescent with horns right above lions back; reverse incuse of obverse; ex Manfred Olding-Münznehdl; rare; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES|

Arnold, P., H. Küthmann, & D. Steinhilber. Großer deutscher Münzkatalog. (Augsburg, 1993).
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Berger, F. Die mittelalterlichen Brakteaten im Kestner-Museum Hannover. (Hannover, 1993).
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Dannenberg, H. Die deutschen Münzen der sächsischen und fränkischen Kaiserzeit. (Berlin, 1876 ff.).
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Dr. Busso Peus Nachf. Sammlung Dr. F. Bonhoff, auction 293 (Frankfurt, 27 Oct 1977).
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Fritz Rudolf Künker Münzhandlung. The De Wit Collection of Medieval Coins, catalogs of public auction, 4 parts, (Osnabruck, 2007 - 2008).
Habich, G. Die deutschen Schaumünzen des XVI. Jahrhunderts. Band I - IV . (Munich, 1929).
Jesse, W. "Hamburgs Anteil an der deutschen Münz- und Geldgeschichte" in Zeitschrift des Vereins für Hamburger Geschichte 38 (1939). p. 47-74.
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Menadier, J. Deutsche Münzen. (Berlin, 1891 ff.).
Menzel, P. Deutschsprachige Notmünzen und Geldersatzmarken im In und Ausland. (Gütersloh, 2005).
Mertens, E. Sammlung Arthur Löbbecke - Deutsche Brakteaten. (Halle, 1925).
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Prokisch, B. Die Münzen und Medaillen des Deutschen Ordens in der Neuzeit. (Vienna, 2006).
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Schulten, W. Deutsche Münzen aus der Zeit Karls V. (Frankfurt, 1974).
Waschinski, E. Brakteaten und Denare des Deutschen Ordens in Frankf. (Munich, 1934).

Catalog current as of Monday, August 19, 2019.
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German Coins