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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Medieval & Modern Coins| ▸ |Germany||View Options:  |  |  | 

Coins of Germany

Germany is today a federal republic consisting of sixteen states. Federalism has a long tradition in German history. The Holy Roman Empire comprised many petty states, numbering more than 300 around 1796. The number of territories was greatly reduced during the Napoleonic Wars (1796-1814). After the Congress of Vienna (1815), 39 states formed the German Confederation. The Confederation was dissolved after the Austro-Prussian War. Prussia and the other states in Northern and Central Germany united as a federal state, the North German Federation, on July 1, 1867. The Southern states Bavaria, Wrttemberg, Baden and Hesse-Darmstadt entered military alliances with Prussia. In the Franco-Prussian War of 1870?71, those states joined the North German Federation. It was consequently renamed to German Empire, and the parliament and Federal Council decided to give the Prussian king the title of German Emperor. The new German Empire included 25 states and the imperial territory of Alsace-Lorraine. After the territorial losses of the Treaty of Versailles, the remaining states continued as republics of a new German federation. These states were gradually de facto abolished and reduced to provinces under the Nazi regime. The creation of the Federal Republic of Germany in 1949 was through the unification of the western states (which were previously under American, British, and French administration) created in the aftermath of World War II.

France, Provincial, Duchy of Lorraine, Charles IV, 1624 - 1634 and 1661 - 1670

|France|, |France,| |Provincial,| |Duchy| |of| |Lorraine,| |Charles| |IV,| |1624| |-| |1634| |and| |1661| |-| |1670||teston|
Lorraine was Duchy of the Holy Roman Empire. Charles IV was Duke of Lorraine from 1624 until his death in 1675, with a brief interruption in 1634, when he abdicated under French pressure in favor of his younger brother, Nicholas Francis. He came to lose his duchy because of his anti-French policy; in 1633. Charles was a casualty of the fierce factional infighting in the French court between the King's brother Gaston d'Orlans, and Cardinal Richelieu, even though technically, Lorraine was subject to the Holy Roman Empire and the Emperor Ferdinand II of Austria. French troops invaded Lorraine in 1634 in retaliation for Charles's support of Gaston d'Orlans and he abdicated and entered the imperial service in the Thirty Years' War and was victorious at the Battle of Nrdlingen. Shortly thereafter, Nicholas Francis too fled into exile and abdicated his claims, which were now taken up once again by Charles, who remained Duke of Lorraine in exile for the next quarter century.Charles_IV
WO99278. Silver teston, de Saulcy ducs p. 17; Boudeau 1557; SCWC KM German States, p. 638, 45 (no refs. note overdate), VF, well centered, irregularly shaped flan, light toning, light marks, flan flaw obv., weight 8.540 g, maximum diameter 30.6 mm, die axis 0o, Nancy mint, 1628/(7?); obverse CAROLVS D: G DVX LOTH MARCH D: C B: G (Charles, by God's grace Duke of Lorraine and Marches, Duke of Calabria, Bar, Guelders), bust right of Charles IV, draped and armored, with a small flat collar, cross of Lorraine above; reverse MONETA NOVA NANCEII CVSA (New coinage made in Nancy), coat of arms shield topped with a ducal crown, intersecting the legend at the top, 1628 (1628/7 overdate?) above, on shield upper row from left to right: Hungary, Naples, Jerusalem, Aragon, bottom row from left to right: Anjou, Gelderland, Flanders and Bar; ex Classical Numismatic Group/Seaby; $300.00 SALE PRICE $270.00


German States, Brunswick-Lneburg, Albert I the Tall, 1252 - 1279

|Germany|, |German| |States,| |Brunswick-Lneburg,| |Albert| |I| |the| |Tall,| |1252| |-| |1279||bracteate|
Albert the Tall, a member of the House of Welf, was Duke of Brunswick-Lneburg from 1252 and the first ruler of the newly created Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbttel from 1269 until his death on 15 August 1279.

Bracteates (a type of coin, not a denomination) were made with very thin metal and were struck using a single die with the flan placed on a leather covered block, thus giving an intaglio reverse.
ME92107. Silver bracteate, Denicke 166, Berger 707, Bonhoff 398, Welter 232 l., VF, toned, cracks, weight 0.741 g, maximum diameter 26.1 mm, die axis 0o, 1252 - 1279; obverse lion walking left, head turned facing, tail curving above, star (control) below between fore and back legs; reverse incuse of the obverse; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00


Meissen, Upper Lusatia Region, Conrad II 1027-1039 - Henry III 1046-1056

|Germany|, |Meissen,| |Upper| |Lusatia| |Region,| |Conrad| |II| |1027-1039| |-| |Henry| |III| |1046-1056||randpfennige| |(rim| |pfennig)|
Meissen (in German Meien) is a town northwest of Dresden on both banks of the Elbe river. Lusatia also known as Sorbia, is a historical region in Central Europe, split between Germany and Poland. The region is the home of the ethnic group of Sorbs.
ME89017. Silver randpfennige (rim pfennig), Kilger MOL A 3:1, embossing weakness, edge, very nice, weight 0.949 g, maximum diameter 14.1 mm, die axis 270o, anonymous mint, c. 1027 - 1056 A.D.; obverse clover leaf cross; reverse small wedge cross with 12 pellets and dotted hooks; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00







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REFERENCES

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Berger, F. Die mittelalterlichen Brakteaten im Kestner-Museum Hannover. (Hannover, 1993).
Bratring, P. ber das Mnzwesen der Stadt Stralsund in neueren Zeiten. (Berlin, 1907).
Dannenberg, H. Die deutschen Mnzen der schsischen und frnkischen Kaiserzeit. (Berlin, 1876 ff.).
Davenport, J. German Talers 1500-1600. (Frankfurt, 1979).
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Krause, C. & C. Mishler. Standard Catalog of World Coins. (Iola, WI, 2010 - ).
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