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LT97475. Lot of 29 coins of Japan, China, Hong Kong, etc., ex Numismatik Naumann auction 96 (1 Nov 2020), lot 950; as-is, no returns; $325.00 (€299.00)
Japan, Nagasaki Trade Coins, 1659 - 1685, For Trade with Vietnam
From 1641, under the Sakoku isolationist policy, Nagasaki was the only Japanese port open to trade with Vietnam. Japan traded silver and copper for raw silk, sugar spices and sandalwood. Nagasaki Trade Coins were cast from 1659 to 1685. By law, they could not bear the officially issued Kanei Tsuho inscription. The inscription on this type copies Chinese Northern Song Dynasty cash coins, inscribed Yuan Feng Tong Bao, issued 960 - 1122. The clerical script style on these imitatives is quite different from the Song coins. A string of these trade coins was worth 1 liang of silver in Japan but 10.5 liang of silver in Vietnam! Copies of this type were also cast in Vietnam; their style is even further removed from their Song prototypes.JA93040. Bronze cash, Hartill EJC 3.176 (copies Northern Song, Yuan Feng Ton Bao, Hartill 16.234), weight c. 3.1 g, maximum diameter c. 23 mm, Nagasaki mint, 1668 - 1685; obverse Gen Ho Tsu Ho (Vietnamese: Nguyen Phong Thong Bao), li (clerical) script, clockwise, one dot Tsu, large characters; reverse plain; many varieties in the lot, Fine or better, quality and patina varies, some with minor flaws, bumps, scratches, encrustations, similar to the coins in the photograph, ONE COIN; $8.00 (€7.36)
The very first four mon coins, issued in 1768, had 21 waves on the reverse. Later four mon coins, all with 11 waves on the reverse, can be dated by the type and color of the metal. Meiwa-sen, brassy alloy (68% copper, 24% zinc, and 8% tin), was used for the first 11 wave issue, 1769 - 1788. Bunsei-sen, reddish alloy (75% copper, 15% zinc, and 10% lead), was used for the second issue, 1821 - 1825. Ansei-sen, dark alloy (65% copper, 15% zinc, and 20% lead), was used for the third issue, 1857 - 1859. After 1866, all four mon coins were cast in iron.JA92358. Brass 4 mon, New Kanei; Meiwa-sen (brassy alloy); Nami (wave) cash; Jones Kanei 201; Hartill EJC 4.250; Jacobs-Vermeule K601, gVF, light marks, weight 4.431 g, maximum diameter 27.5 mm, die axis 0o, Musashi Province, Edo, Sendashinden Fukagawa mint, 1768 - 1769; obverse kan ei tsu ho, long right leg of kan; reverse twenty-one waves; SOLD
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