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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Asian Coins ▸ JapanView Options:  |  |  |   

Coins of Japan

Japan, Shin Kanei Tsuho, Edo Period, 1603 - 1868

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The new Kanei from Ashio, in Shimotsuke Province, were called Ashijisen (the Foot Character Coin) by the people, because the mintmark is the Kanji character for foot. From 1741 to 1745, 40,000 strings per year were cast at the Ashio-dozan copper mines in Asogori county.
JA87076. Copper 1 mon, New Kanei; Shuku Ji (compressed characters) variety; Hartill EJC 4.181, Jones Kanei 142, Ogawa 240, aVF, weight 2.752 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, Sagami Province, Fujisawa, Yoshidajima mint, 1739; obverse kan ei tsu ho; Shuku Ji (compressed characters) variety, left arm of ei horizontal, cursive tsu radical, hooked left foot of ho; reverse plain; $12.00 (10.20)


Japan, Nagasaki Trade Coins, 1659 - 1685, For Trade with Vietnam

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From 1641, under the Sakoku isolationist policy, Nagasaki was the only Japanese port open to trade with Vietnam. Japan traded silver and copper for raw silk, sugar spices and sandalwood. Nagasaki Trade Coins were cast from 1659 to 1685. By law, they could not bear the officially issued Kanei Tsuho inscription. The inscription on this type copies Chinese Northern Song Dynasty cash coins, inscribed Yuan Feng Tong Bao, issued 960 - 1122. The clerical script style on these imitatives is quite different from the Song coins. A string of these trade coins was worth 1 liang of silver in Japan but 10.5 liang of silver in Vietnam! Copies of this type were also cast in Vietnam; their style is even further removed from their Song prototypes.
JA20709. Bronze cash, Hartill EJC 3.172 (copies Northern Song, Yuan Feng Ton Bao, Hartill 16.234), gVF, dark patina, highlighting earthen deposits, weight 2.656 g, maximum diameter 24.0 mm, Nagasaki mint, early issue, 1659 - 1667; obverse Gen Ho Tsu Ho (Vietnamese: Nguyen Phong Thong Bao), li (clerical) script, clockwise, two dot tsu, right horizontal on Gen almost touching vertical right foot; reverse plain; $12.00 (10.20)


Japan, Nagasaki Trade Coins, 1659 - 1685, For Trade with Vietnam

Click for a larger photo
From 1641, under the Sakoku isolationist policy, Nagasaki was the only Japanese port open to trade with Vietnam. Japan traded silver and copper for raw silk, sugar spices and sandalwood. Nagasaki Trade Coins were cast from 1659 to 1685. By law, they could not bear the officially issued Kanei Tsuho inscription. The inscription on this type copies Chinese Northern Song Dynasty cash coins, inscribed Yuan Feng Tong Bao, issued 960 - 1122. The clerical script style on these imitatives is quite different from the Song coins. A string of these trade coins was worth 1 liang of silver in Japan but 10.5 liang of silver in Vietnam! Copies of this type were also cast in Vietnam; their style is even further removed from their Song prototypes.
JA20690. Bronze cash, Hartill EJC 3.171 (copies Northern Song, Yuan Feng Ton Bao, Hartill 16.234), VF, attractive patina, scratches, weight 3.714 g, maximum diameter 24.5 mm, Nagasaki mint, early issue, 1659 - 1667; obverse Gen Ho Tsu Ho (Vietnamese: Nguyen Phong Thong Bao), li (clerical) script, clockwise, two dot Tsu, medium size characters, bao with left closed and right open (horizontal lines within the lower half rectangle touch the left side only); reverse plain; $10.00 (8.50)


Japan, Nagasaki Trade Coins, 1659 - 1685, For Trade with Vietnam

Click for a larger photo
From 1641, under the Sakoku isolationist policy, Nagasaki was the only Japanese port open to trade with Vietnam. Japan traded silver and copper for raw silk, sugar spices and sandalwood. Nagasaki Trade Coins were cast from 1659 to 1685. By law, they could not bear the officially issued Kanei Tsuho inscription. The inscription on this type copies Chinese Northern Song Dynasty cash coins, inscribed Yuan Feng Tong Bao, issued 960 - 1122. The clerical script style on these imitatives is quite different from the Song coins. A string of these trade coins was worth 1 liang of silver in Japan but 10.5 liang of silver in Vietnam! Copies of this type were also cast in Vietnam; their style is even further removed from their Song prototypes.
JA20692. Bronze cash, Hartill EJC 3.176 (copies Northern Song, Yuan Feng Ton Bao, Hartill 16.234), VF, highlighting earthen deposits, weight 3.826 g, maximum diameter 24.9 mm, Nagasaki mint, 1668 - 1685; obverse Gen Ho Tsu Ho (Vietnamese: Nguyen Phong Thong Bao), li (clerical) script, clockwise, one dot Tsu, large characters; reverse plain; $10.00 (8.50)


Japan, Nagasaki Trade Coins, 1659 - 1685, For Trade with Vietnam

Click for a larger photo
From 1641, under the Sakoku isolationist policy, Nagasaki was the only Japanese port open to trade with Vietnam. Japan traded silver and copper for raw silk, sugar spices and sandalwood. Nagasaki Trade Coins were cast from 1659 to 1685. By law, they could not bear the officially issued Kanei Tsuho inscription. The inscription on this type copies Chinese Northern Song Dynasty cash coins, inscribed Yuan Feng Tong Bao, issued 960 - 1122. The clerical script style on these imitatives is quite different from the Song coins. A string of these trade coins was worth 1 liang of silver in Japan but 10.5 liang of silver in Vietnam! Copies of this type were also cast in Vietnam; their style is even further removed from their Song prototypes.
JA20695. Bronze cash, Hartill EJC 3.171 (copies Northern Song, Yuan Feng Ton Bao, Hartill 16.234), VF, small azurite deposits, scratches, weight 4.290 g, maximum diameter 24.2 mm, Nagasaki mint, early issue, 1659 - 1667; obverse Gen Ho Tsu Ho (Vietnamese: Nguyen Phong Thong Bao), li (clerical) script, clockwise, two dot Tsu, medium size characters, bao with left closed and right open (horizontal lines within the lower half rectangle touch the left side only); reverse plain; $10.00 (8.50)


Japan, Nagasaki Trade Coins, 1659 - 1685, For Trade with Vietnam

Click for a larger photo
From 1641, under the Sakoku isolationist policy, Nagasaki was the only Japanese port open to trade with Vietnam. Japan traded silver and copper for raw silk, sugar spices and sandalwood. Nagasaki Trade Coins were cast from 1659 to 1685. By law, they could not bear the officially issued Kanei Tsuho inscription. The inscription on this type copies Chinese Northern Song Dynasty cash coins, inscribed Yuan Feng Tong Bao, issued 960 - 1122. The clerical script style on these imitatives is quite different from the Song coins. A string of these trade coins was worth 1 liang of silver in Japan but 10.5 liang of silver in Vietnam! Copies of this type were also cast in Vietnam; their style is even further removed from their Song prototypes.
JA20698. Bronze cash, Hartill EJC 3.172 (copies Northern Song, Yuan Feng Ton Bao, Hartill 16.234), VF, highlighting earthen deposits, weight 3.723 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, Nagasaki mint, early issue, 1659 - 1667; obverse Gen Ho Tsu Ho (Vietnamese: Nguyen Phong Thong Bao), li (clerical) script, clockwise, two dot tsu, right horizontal on Gen almost touching vertical right foot; reverse plain; $10.00 (8.50)


Japan, Nagasaki Trade Coins, 1659 - 1685, For Trade with Vietnam

Click for a larger photo
From 1641, under the Sakoku isolationist policy, Nagasaki was the only Japanese port open to trade with Vietnam. Japan traded silver and copper for raw silk, sugar spices and sandalwood. Nagasaki Trade Coins were cast from 1659 to 1685. By law, they could not bear the officially issued Kanei Tsuho inscription. The inscription on this type copies Chinese Northern Song Dynasty cash coins, inscribed Yuan Feng Tong Bao, issued 960 - 1122. The clerical script style on these imitatives is quite different from the Song coins. A string of these trade coins was worth 1 liang of silver in Japan but 10.5 liang of silver in Vietnam! Copies of this type were also cast in Vietnam; their style is even further removed from their Song prototypes.
JA20707. Bronze cash, Hartill EJC 3.174 (copies Northern Song, Yuan Feng Ton Bao, Hartill 16.234), aVF, highlighting earthen deposits, weight 3.107 g, maximum diameter 23.9 mm, Nagasaki mint, 1668 - 1685; obverse Gen Ho Tsu Ho (Vietnamese: Nguyen Phong Thong Bao), li (clerical) script, clockwise, two dot Tsu, small characters; reverse plain; $10.00 (8.50)


Japan, Shin Kanei Tsuho, Edo Period, 1603 - 1868

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The very first four mon coins, issued in 1768, had 21 waves on the reverse. Later four mon coins, all with 11 waves on the reverse, can be dated by the type and color of the metal. Meiwa-sen, brassy alloy (68% copper, 24% zinc, and 8% tin), was used for the first 11 wave issue, 1769 - 1788. Bunsei-sen, reddish alloy (75% copper, 15% zinc, and 10% lead), was used for the second issue, 1821 - 1825. Ansei-sen, dark alloy (65% copper, 15% zinc, and 20% lead), was used for the third issue, 1857 - 1859. After 1866, all four mon coins were cast in iron.
JA87037. Brass 4 mon, New Kanei, Meiwa-sen (brassy alloy); Hartill EJC 4.252 or 4.253; Ogawa 329 or 332; Krause C 4.2, weight c. 4.88 g, maximum diameter c. 28 mm, die axis 0o, Musashi Province, Edo, Fukagawa mint, 1769 - 1788; obverse kan ei tsu ho (universal treasure of Kwan Ei); reverse 11 waves; VF or better, quality and patina may vary, minor bumps and scratches, similar to the coins in the photograph, ONE COIN; $8.00 (6.80)


Japan, Nagasaki Trade Coins, 1659 - 1685, For Trade with Vietnam

Click for a larger photo
From 1641, under the Sakoku isolationist policy, Nagasaki was the only Japanese port open to trade with Vietnam. Japan traded silver and copper for raw silk, sugar spices and sandalwood. Nagasaki Trade Coins were cast from 1659 to 1685. By law, they could not bear the officially issued Kanei Tsuho inscription. The inscription on this type copies Chinese Northern Song Dynasty cash coins, inscribed Yuan Feng Tong Bao, issued 960 - 1122. The clerical script style on these imitatives is quite different from the Song coins. A string of these trade coins was worth 1 liang of silver in Japan but 10.5 liang of silver in Vietnam! Copies of this type were also cast in Vietnam; their style is even further removed from their Song prototypes.
JA20706. Bronze cash, Hartill EJC 3.176 (copies Northern Song, Yuan Feng Ton Bao, Hartill 16.234), VF, highlighting earthen deposits, weight 3.591 g, maximum diameter 24.8 mm, Nagasaki mint, 1668 - 1685; obverse Gen Ho Tsu Ho (Vietnamese: Nguyen Phong Thong Bao), li (clerical) script, clockwise, one dot Tsu, large characters; reverse plain; $7.00 (5.95)


Japan, Nagasaki Trade Coins, 1659 - 1685, For Trade with Vietnam

Click for a larger photo
From 1641, under the Sakoku isolationist policy, Nagasaki was the only Japanese port open to trade with Vietnam. Japan traded silver and copper for raw silk, sugar spices and sandalwood. Nagasaki Trade Coins were cast from 1659 to 1685. By law, they could not bear the officially issued Kanei Tsuho inscription. The inscription on this type copies Chinese Northern Song Dynasty cash coins, inscribed Yuan Feng Tong Bao, issued 960 - 1122. The clerical script style on these imitatives is quite different from the Song coins. A string of these trade coins was worth 1 liang of silver in Japan but 10.5 liang of silver in Vietnam! Copies of this type were also cast in Vietnam; their style is even further removed from their Song prototypes.
JA20694. Bronze cash, Hartill EJC 3.174 (copies Northern Song, Yuan Feng Ton Bao, Hartill 16.234), F, highlighting buff earthen fill, mold crack obverse lower right, weight 2.653 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, Nagasaki mint, 1668 - 1685; obverse Gen Ho Tsu Ho (Vietnamese: Nguyen Phong Thong Bao), li (clerical) script, clockwise, two dot Tsu, small characters; reverse plain; $5.00 (4.25)




  



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REFERENCES

Hartill, D. Early Japanese Coins. (Bedfordshire, UK, 2011).
Jacobs, N. & C. Vermeule. Japanese Coinage. (New York, 1972).
Jones, R. Attribution Guide to Shin Kan Ei Tsu Ho. (Kearney, NE, 1984).
Jones, R. History and Guide to the Copper Cash Coinage of Japan. (Kearney, NE, 2007).
Krause, C. & C. Mishler. Standard Catalog of World Coins. (Iola, WI, 2010 - ).
Kudo, Y. Shin Kanei Tsuho Zue. (Sapporo, 1998).
Masuo, T. Honpo Bita Sen Zufu. (Illustrated Catalogue of Our Country's Bita Sen) (Tokyo, 1982).
Masuo, T. Ko Kanei Sen Shi. (Old Kanei Coin Encyclopedia) (Tokyo, 1971).
Mitchiner, M. Oriental Coins and Their Values, Vol. 2: the Ancient and Classical World. (London, 1978).
Mitchiner, M. Oriental Coins and Their Values, Vol. 3: Non-Islamic States & Western Colonies. (London, 1979).
Masuo, T. Honpo Bita Sen Zufu. (Illustrated Catalog of Our Country's Bita Sen). (Tokyo, 1982).
Masuo, T. Ko Kanei Sen Shi. (Tokyo, 1971).
Munro, N. Coins of Japan. (Yokohama, 1904).
Ogawa, Y. Shin Kanei Tsuho, The Catalog of Japanese Coins. (Japan, 1987).
Sakuraki, S, H. Wang, & P. Kornicki. Catalogue of the Japanese Coin Collection (Pre-Meiji) in the British Museum. (London, 2010).

Catalog current as of Monday, July 16, 2018.
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