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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Lydia| ▸ |Other Lydia||View Options:  |  |  |   

Ancient Coins of Lydia (Other Cities and Uncertain Mints)

Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Bagis, Lydia

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RP80388. Bronze medallion, Gorny Auktion 147, lot 1839; Waddington Voyage 2; SNG Cop -; BMC Lydia -; SNGvA -, F, weight 30.672 g, maximum diameter 40.9 mm, die axis 180o, Bagis mint, 28 Jun 198 - 8 Apr 217 A.D.; obverse AYK MAYP AN - TΩNEINOC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse KAIΣAPEΩN, the Emperor wearing military attire and holding spear, astride prancing horse right, led by Nike, with two enemies below horse, BAΓHNΩN in exergue; attractive huge bronze medallion!; very rare; SOLD


Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D., Hierocaesarea, Lydia

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An interesting reverse depicting a mythological scene: Leto and her children Artemis and Apollo. The two were fathered by Zeus, arousing Hera's jealousy. Leto was banned from giving birth on earth or sea, but found the island of Delos, which supposedly was not connected to either.
SH37276. Bronze medallion, BMC Lydia -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, Imhoof-Blumer LS -, VF, weight 24.976 g, maximum diameter 36.4 mm, die axis 180o, Hierocaesarea mint, Mar/Apr 177 - 31 Dec 192 A.D.; obverse AVT KAI Λ AVPH KOMMO∆O, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse EΠI[...]OY[...] APTEMI∆OPOY APX[...] IEPOKAICAPEΩN, Artemis standing half-right wearing chiton; Leto standing half-left holding patera; Apollo standing half-left, naked, resting left hand on lyre; nice armored bust, HUGE 36 mm coin!; extremely rare; SOLD


Agrippina Junior, Augusta 50 - March 59 A.D., Hierocaesaraea, Lydia

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Hierocaesarea (from the Greek for "sacred" and the Latin for "Caesar's") was located seven or eight miles southeast of Thyatira, on the left bank of the Koum-Chai, a tributary of the Hermus (between the modern Turkish villages of Beyova and Sasova). The town is mentioned by Ptolemy (VI, ii, 16). Judging from its coins, it worshiped the goddess Artemis Persica.
RP76969. Bronze AE 19, RPC I 2387; BMC Lydia p. 106, 22; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -, SNG München -, SNG Tüb -, gVF, attractive portrait, nice green patina, weight 5.928 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 0o, Hierocaesaraea mint, c. 50 - March 59 A.D.; obverse AΓPIΠΠINA ΣEBAΣTH, draped bust right, hair in long plait down back of neck and looped at end, long loosely curled lock down side of neck; reverse AΓPIΠΠINA ΘEAN CEBACTHN, Artemis Persica standing facing, wearing long chiton, with right hand drawing arrow from quiver on right shoulder, left hand on hip, stag at her side on left; ex Pecunem, Gitbud & Naumann auction 34 (2 Aug 2015), lot 664; very rare; SOLD


Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D., Nysa, Lydia

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The ruins of ancient Nysa lie a few kilometers beyond the present village of Sultanhisar, Turkey on the south slope of Mt. Messogis. The site is on the Izmir-Denizli highway, not far from Aydin, in the lovely valley of the Büyük Menderes River, formerly the ancient Meander. The city of Nysa was unique in that it was built on both sides of a ravine made by a mountain stream. An amphitheater straddled the stream, and a bridge connected the two parts of the city.
SL72897. Bronze AE 22, Regling Nysa 109, BMC Lydia -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG München -, SNG Tüb -, SNG Hunterian -, SNG Leypold -, Imhoof-Blumer LS -, NGC XF, strike 5/5, surface 4/5, weight 7.51 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 0o, Lydia, Nysa (near Sultanhisar, Turkey) mint, as caesar, c. 170 - 176 A.D.; obverse Λ AYPH KOMO∆OC, young, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse NYCA-EWN, Tyche standing left, kalathos on head, holding rudder by tiller in right, cornucopia in left; ex Heritage Auctions, lot 61053; extremely rare; SOLD


Maionia, Lydia, c. 161 - 217 A.D.

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Omphale was queen of the Lydian Kingdom, the wife of Tmolus, the oak-clad mountain king. After he was gored to death by a bull, she continued to reign on her own. She bought Herakles from Hermes, who sold him after an oracle declared Hercules must be sold into slavery for three years. Hercules had sought the oracle to learn what he must do to purify himself, after he murdered his friend Iphitus and stole the Delphic tripod. As a slave, Herakles was forced to do women's work and even wear women's clothing and hold a basket of wool while Omphale and her maidens did their spinning. Meanwhile, Omphale wore the skin of the Nemean Lion and carried Herakles' olive-wood club. But it was also during his stay in Lydia that Herakles captured the city of the Itones and enslaved them, killed Syleus who forced passersby to hoe his vineyard, and captured the Cercopes. He buried the body of Icarus and took part in the Calydonian Boar Hunt and the Argonautica. After some time, Omphale freed Herakles and took him as her husband. The Greeks did not recognize Omphale as a goddess. Omphale's name, connected with omphalos, a Greek word meaning navel (or axis), may, however, represent a Lydian earth goddess. Herakles' servitude and marriage may represent the servitude of the sun to the axis of the celestial sphere, the spinners being Lydian versions of the Moirae. This myth may have been an attempt to explain why the priests of Herakles wore female clothing.
GB88933. Bronze AE 19, SNG Cop 222 (this rev. legend arrangement); Lindgren-Kovacs 749 (same); BMC Lydia p. 129, 17 (same); SNG Mün 302 (same); RPC Online IV 1325, Choice EF, superb depiction of Herakles, well centered on a broad flan, dark patina, a few scratches, weight 4.058 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 0o, Maeonia mint, c. 161 - 217 A.D.; obverse bearded head of Herakles left; reverse MAIONΩN, Omphale advancing right, draped in Hercules’ lion skin, carrying his club in her left hand over her left shoulder; SOLD


Maionia, Lydia, c. 161 - 217 A.D.

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Omphale was queen of the Lydian Kingdom, the wife of Tmolus, the oak-clad mountain king. After he was gored to death by a bull, she continued to reign on her own. She bought Herakles from Hermes, who sold him after an oracle declared Hercules must be sold into slavery for three years. Hercules had sought the oracle to learn what he must do to purify himself, after he murdered his friend Iphitus and stole the Delphic tripod. As a slave, Herakles was forced to do women's work and even wear women's clothing and hold a basket of wool while Omphale and her maidens did their spinning. Meanwhile, Omphale wore the skin of the Nemean Lion and carried Herakles' olive-wood club. But it was also during his stay in Lydia that Herakles captured the city of the Itones and enslaved them, killed Syleus who forced passersby to hoe his vineyard, and captured the Cercopes. He buried the body of Icarus and took part in the Calydonian Boar Hunt and the Argonautica. After some time, Omphale freed Herakles and took him as her husband. The Greeks did not recognize Omphale as a goddess. Omphale's name, connected with omphalos, a Greek word meaning navel (or axis), may, however, represent a Lydian earth goddess. Herakles' servitude and marriage may represent the servitude of the sun to the axis of the celestial sphere, the spinners being Lydian versions of the Moirae. This myth may have been an attempt to explain why the priests of Herakles wore female clothing.
GB83463. Bronze AE 19, SNG Cop 222; SNGvA 3011; SNG München 302; BMC Lydia p. 129, 17; SNG Tüb -, VF, superb style, well centered, light marks and corrosion, weight 4.380 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, Maeonia mint, c. 161 - 217 A.D.; obverse bearded head of Herakles left; reverse MAIONΩN, Omphale advancing right, draped in Hercules’ lion skin, carrying his club in her left hand over her left shoulder; SOLD


Plotina, Augusta 105 - 129 A.D., Wife of Trajan, Gordus-Julia, Lydia

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"The colonial coins of Plotina are, according to Vaillant, of the highest degree of rarity. Amongst those bearing Latin inscriptions are issues from Cassendreia in Macedonia, and Corinth in Achaia." -- Dictionary of Roman Coins
GB84174. Bronze AE 16, SNG München 189; BMC Lydia p. 92, 18; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -, F, tight flan, edge cracks, weight 3.191 g, maximum diameter 16.0 mm, die axis 0o, Gordus-Julia mint, magistrate Poplius, c. 112 - 117 B.C.; obverse ΠΛWTEINA CEBACTH, draped bust right, hair in plait behind; reverse EΠI ΠOΠΛIOY ΓOP∆HNW, Zeus seated left on throne, patera in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand; rare; SOLD


Sabina, Augusta 128 - c. 136 A.D., Wife of Hadrian, Tmolus, Lydia

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The primary reference for Tmolus is: Foss, C. "A neighbor of Sardis: the city of Tmolus and its successors" in Classical Antiquity, vol. 1, no. 2 (Oct. 1982), pp. 178-201, available online: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25010770

Foss wrote that the small city of Tmolus was first authorized to strike coins under Hadrian. He believed that Tmolus issued coinage only very sporadically and the coins were probably struck at the mint of their neighbor Sardis.
RP85354. Bronze AE 19, RPC Online III 2388 (5 spec.); SNG Cop 635; NC 1903, p. 337, 29 and pl. X, 12 rev.; Foss Tmolus p. 181, type I, VF, grainy surface, edge split, weight 4.542 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 190o, struck for Tmolus at Sardis(?) mint, 128 - c. 136 A.D.; obverse CEBACTH CABEINA, draped bust right, wearing stephane; reverse TMΩΛITΩN, Apollo standing right, nude, bow in right hand, arrow in left hand; very rare; SOLD


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Hierocaesarea, Lydia

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Coins of this city are scarce and this type appears to be unpublished.
RP27530. Bronze AE 21, BMC Lydia -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, Weber -, F, weight 5.381 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 0o, Hierocaesarea mint, 25 Jan 98 - 8/9 Aug 117 A.D.; obverse VNEPBAN TPAIANON, laureate head right; reverse IEPOKAI-CAPEΩN, Nike advancing right, wreath in extended right hand, palm frond over left shoulder in left hand; very rare; SOLD


Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Nysa, Lydia

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Diomedianos, named in the reverse legend, was a priest, probably of Pluto and Kore, and a magistrate, probably a grammateus. The celebrated Plutonion, a temple of Pluto and Kore, and the cave Charonion, were located on the territory of Nysa at Acharaka. Kore (Persephone) was innocently picking flowers when Pluto (Hades), god of the Underworld, burst through a cleft in the earth and abducted her. While Ceres (Demeter) searched desperately for her daughter she neglected the earth and caused nothing to grow. Jupiter (Zeus), pressed by the cries of hungry people, determined to force Pluto to return Kore. However, Pluto had tricked Kore into eating pomegranate seeds, and because anyone who consumed food or drink in the Underworld was doomed to spend eternity there, she is forced return to the underworld for a period each year. Explaining the seasons - when Ceres and her daughter are reunited, the Earth flourishes with vegetation and color, but for the months each year when Kore returns to the underworld, the earth becomes barren.
RP86875. Bronze AE 19, RPC I 2668 (4 spec.), Regling Nysa 60, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, BMC Lydia -, aF, dark patina, types clear but legends off flan/obscure, weight 6.166 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 0o, Lydia, Nysa (near Sultanhisar, Turkey) mint, magistrate/priest Diomedianos, Oct 54 - Jun 68; obverse NEPΩN KAIΣAP, bare head right; reverse NYΣAEΩN ∆IOMH∆IANOΣ, Pluto (Hades) standing in galloping quadriga right, abducting Kore (Persephone) held in his right arm; extremely rare - missing from most major collections, Coin Archives records only one example sold at auction in the last two decades; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES|

Babelon, E. La collection Waddington au cabinet des médailles. (Paris, 1897-1898).
Bloesch, H. Griechische Münzen In Winterthur. (Winterthur, 1987).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber, Vol. III, Part 1. (London, 1926).
Head, B. Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum, Lydia. (London, 1901).
Imhoof-Blumer, F. "Die Münzen der Kilbianer in Lydien" in NZ 20 (1888).
Imhoof-Blumer, F. Kleinasiatische Münzen. (Vienna, 1901-2).
Imhoof-Blumer, F. Lydische Stadtmünzen, neue Untersuchungen. (Geneva and Leipzig, 1897).
Klein, D. Sammlung von griechischen Kleinsilbermünzen und Bronzen, Nomismata 3. (Milano, 1999).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Lindgren, H & F. Kovacs. Ancient Bronze Coinage of Asia Minor and the Levant. (San Mateo, 1985).
Mionnet, T. Description de Médailles antiques grecques et romaines, Vol. 4. Lydia - Armenia. (Paris, 1809).
Radet, G. La Lydie et le Monde grec. (1893).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Vol. 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Spier, J. "Notes on Early Electrum Coinage and a Die-Linked Issue from Lydia" in Studies Price. (London, 1998).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 5: Ionia, Caria, and Lydia. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, München Staatlische Münzsammlung, Part 23: Lydien. (Berlin, 1997).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Münzsammlung Universität Tübingen, Part 5: Karien und Lydien. (Berlin, 1994).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Sammlung Hans Von Aulock, Vol. 2: Caria, Lydia, Phrygia, Lycia, Pamphylia. (Berlin, 1962).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Finland, The Erkki Keckman Collection in the Skopbank, Helsinki, Part II: Asia Minor except Karia. (Helsinki, 1999).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain VI, Corpus Christi College Cambridge, The Lewis Collection II: The Greek Imperial Coins. (1992).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XII, The Hunterian Museum, University of Glasgow, Part 2: Roman Provincial Coins: Cyprus-Egypt. (Oxford, 2008).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Österreich, Sammlung Leypold, Kleinasiatische Münzen der Kaiserzeit. Vol. I. Pontus - Lydien. (Vienna, 2000).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Schweiz II. Münzen der Antike. Katalog der Sammlung Jean-Pierre Righetti im Bernischen Historischen Museum. (1993).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 1: The Muharrem Kayhan Collection. (Istanbul, 2002).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 5: Tire Museum (Izmir), Vol. 1: Roman Provincial Coins From Ionia, Lydia, Phrygia, etc. (Istanbul, 2011).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 7: Odemis Museum, Vol. 1: Roman Provincial Coins of Ionia, Lydia and etc. (Istanbul, 2012).
Waddington, W. "Voyage en Asie Mineure au point de vue numismatique" in Review Numismatic (Paris, 1853).

Catalog current as of Thursday, August 22, 2019.
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