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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Lydia| ▸ |Philadelphia||View Options:  |  |  | 

Ancient Coins of Philadelphia, Lydia

Alasehir, Turkey began as one of the first ancient cities with the name Philadelphia. It was established in 189 B.C. by King Eumenes II of Pergamon (197-160 B.C.). Eumenes II named the city for the love of his brother, who would be his successor, Attalus II (159-138 B.C.). His loyalty earned him the nickname "Philadelphos," literally meaning "one who loves his brother." The city is perhaps best known as the site of one of the seven churches of Asia in the Book of Revelation.

Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Philadelphia, Lydia

|Philadelphia|, |Domitian,| |13| |September| |81| |-| |18| |September| |96| |A.D.,| |Philadelphia,| |Lydia||AE| |15|
Several ancient cities were named Philadelphia, but this one is the sixth among the seven churches listed by John in the Book of Revelation. A letter to the Philadelphian church is recorded in Revelation 3:7-13. According to which, the Philadelphian Christians were suffering persecution by the local Jews. The city's history of earthquakes may lie behind the reference to making her church a temple pillar. Philadelphia shares with Smyrna the distinction of receiving nothing but praise from Christ, except Smyrna was warned of temptation lasting "ten days," while Philadelphia was promised a total exemption from temptation. This explains why modern Protestant churches sometimes use "Philadelphia" as a component in the local church's name as a way of emphasizing its faithfulness.
RP99402. Bronze AE 15, GRPC Lydia III 219; RPC Online II 1331; SNG Leypold 1126; BMC Lydia p. 197, 62; Winterthur 3863, aF, green patina, a little off center, corrosion, weight 2.462 g, maximum diameter 14.7 mm, die axis 180o, Philadelphia (Alasehir, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 79 - 81 A.D; obverse ∆OMITIAN KAICAP, bare headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse ΦΛLBI ΦIΛA∆EΛFEΩN, Apollo standing half right, head right, wearing long belted chiton, plectrum in right hand low at side, kithara (lyre) in left hand and arm; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00


Tiberius Gemellus, Caesar, 35 - 37 A.D., Philadelphia (Neocaesarea), Lydia

|Philadelphia|, |Tiberius| |Gemellus,| |Caesar,| |35| |-| |37| |A.D.,| |Philadelphia| |(Neocaesarea),| |Lydia||AE| |14|
RPC notes all examples of this type were struck with a single obverse die. The obverse right side legend is illegible on all known examples. RPC attributes this type as uncertain but likely Gemellus' uncle, the emperor Tiberius. Vagi attributes it as certainly Tiberius Gemmellus. Forum sees a very strong resemblance between the portrait on this coin and busts of Gemellus and agrees with Vagi.

Tiberius Julius Caesar Nero, known as Tiberius Gemellus, born 19 A.D., died 37 or 38 A.D., was the son of Drusus and Livilla, Tiberius' grandson, and Caligula's cousin. Gemellus is a nickname meaning "the twin". His twin, Tiberius Germanicus Caesar, died in infancy. Tiberius made Caligula and Gemellus joint-heirs but favored Caligula because Livilla had been Sejanus' lover and he believed Gemellus was really Sejanus' son. Caligula adopted Gemellus as heir after becoming emperor, but soon ordered him killed for an alleged plot.
SH80385. Bronze AE 14, RPC I 3017 (Tiberius), Vagi 480, SNG Cop 373, Winterthur 3855, aVF, nice patina and portrait, soft strike from 3:00 to 6:00 on the reverse, weight 2.920 g, maximum diameter 14.0 mm, die axis 180o, Philadelphia-Neocaesarea (Alasehir, Turkey) mint, 35 - 37 A.D.; obverse TIBEPION CEBACTON, bare head right; reverse NEOKEC-APEIC, winged fulmen (thunderbolt); very rare; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

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