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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Phrygia| ▸ |Eumeneia||View Options:  |  |  | 

Ancient Coins of Eumeneia, Phrygia

Eumenia, Phrygia was founded by Attalus II Philadelphus (159 - 138 B.C.) at the source of the Cludrus, near the Glaucus, and named after his brother Eumenes. Numerous inscriptions and many coins remain to show that Eumenia was an important and prosperous city under Roman rule. As early as the third century its population was in great part Christian, and it seems to have suffered much during the persecution of Diocletian. The remains of Eumenia are located in Denizli Province, Turkey on the shore of Lake Isikli near Civril.


Eumenia, Phrygia, c. 189 - 133 B.C.

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Lindgren plate coin. Eumenia was renamed Fulvia, for Mark Antony's wife, probably on the occasion of Antony's visit east in 41 B.C. The city issued coins with Fulvia's portrait. She was the first non-mythological woman on Roman coins. Fulvia died in 40 B.C. and the name soon reverted to Eumenia. Lindgren attributed this issue to the 2nd century B.C. but a comparison of the female head to Fulvia is hard to ignore.
GB16395. Bronze AE 12, Lindgren III 581 (this coin, otherwise unpublished); cf. RPC I 3141 for a similar portrait, VF, weight 1.051 g, maximum diameter 12.2 mm, die axis 0o, Eumeneia (near Civril, Turkey) mint, c. 189 - 133 B.C.; obverse draped female bust right; reverse EYME/[NE]ΩN, double axe; black patina; extremely rare; SOLD


Eumeneia, Phrygia, 133 - 30 B.C.

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"Philokhoros [Greek historian, c. 3rd century B.C.] says that drinkers not only reveal what they are, but also disclose the secrets of everybody else in their outspokenness. Hence the saying, 'wine is truth also,' and 'wine revealeth the heart of man.' Hence also the tripod as prize of victory in the Dionysia (Festival of Dionysos). For of those who speak the truth we say that they 'speak from the tripod,' and it must be understood that the mixing-bowl is Dionysos' tripod...In these they used to mix their wine, and this is 'the veritable tripod truth.' Wherefore the tripod is proper to Apollon because of its prophetic truth, while to Dionysos it is proper because of the truth of wine." -- Athenaeus, Deipnosophistae 2. 37f -38a
GB82274. Bronze AE 23, BMC Phrygia p. 212, 19; SNG Cop 382; SNG München 203; SNGvA 3583; SNG Tübingen -, VF, weight 7.086 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 0o, Eumeneia (near Civril, Turkey) mint, magistrate Mikkalos Apollo[...], 133 - 30 B.C.; obverse head of young Dionysos right, wreathed with ivy; reverse tripod lebes with three handles, star above center, star above snake-entwined labrys left, star above filleted laurel-branch right, EYMENEΩN downward on right, MIKKAΛO / AΠOΛΛ[...] (magistrate's name) downward in two lines on left; SOLD


Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Eumenia, Phrygia

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Eumenia was renamed Fulvia, for Mark Antony's wife, probably on the occasion of Antony's visit east in 41 B.C. The city issued coins with Fulvia's portrait. She was the first non-mythological woman on Roman coins. Fulvia died in 40 B.C. and the name soon reverted to Eumenia.
RP55043. Bronze AE 21, RPC I 3149, SNG Cop 394, BMC Phrygia p. 217, 41, F, weight 3.672 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 0o, Eumeneia (near Civril, Turkey) mint, c. 54 - 55 A.D.; obverse NEPΩN ΣEBAΣTOΣ, bare head right; obscure countermark; reverse EYMENEΩN IOYΛIOΣ KΛEΩN APXIEPEYΣ AΣIAΣ, Apollo standing left, raven in right, labrys over shoulder in left; struck by Julius Cleon, archiereus of Asia; SOLD


Domitia, Wife of Domitian, 81 - 96 A.D., Eumeneia, Phrygia

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Domitia Longina was the daughter of the famous general Cnaeus Domitius Corbulo and was taken from her husband and married to Domitian in 70 A.D. In 83 A.D. she was exiled for her affair with the actor Paris. Later Domitian seems to have forgiven her, as ancient sources indicate her as a part of the plot that ended the emperor's life. She died in the reign of Trajan or Antoninus Pius.
RP84551. Bronze AE 15, RPC II 1388 (8 spec.), SNG Newham Davis 315, Lindgren III 588, vA Phrygiens -, BMC Phrygia -, SNGvA -, SNG Cop -, aVF, dark patina, porosity, weight 2.654 g, maximum diameter 15.1 mm, die axis 0o, Eumeneia (near Civril, Turkey) mint, 81 - 96 A.D.; obverse ∆OMITIA CEBACTH, draped bust right, hair rolled in front and in que behind; reverse KΛ TEPENT YΛΛA APXIE (Kl. Terent. Hylla, αρχιερέας (high priest or priestess), counterclockwise from upper left), Cybele seated left on throne, patera in extended right hand, resting left forearm and hand upon tympanum (drum) at near side; EYME-NEΩN, in fields, starting downward on right, ending downward on left; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 42 (3 Apr 2016), lot 519; ex Dr. P. Vogl collection, ex Bankhaus Aufhäuser (sold 30 Dec 1992, with dealer's ticket); rare; SOLD


Agrippina Junior, Augusta 50 - March 59 A.D., Eumeneia, Phrygia

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Struck by magistrate Bassa Kleonos. Obverse countermarked with double-headed axe, with serpent around the handle, in rectangular punch, c. 4 x 6 mm, Howgego 374 (11 pcs, 2 of which from Agrippina Jr.).
RP23218. Bronze AE 17, BMC Phrygia 44 - 46, SGICV 536, RPC I 3151, VF/F, weight 2.808 g, maximum diameter 17.1 mm, die axis 0o, Eumeneia (near Civril, Turkey) mint, c. 54 - 59 A.D.; obverse AΓPIΠΠINA ΣEBAΣTH, draped bust right; reverse BAΣΣA KΛEΩNOΣ EYMENΩN, Kybele enthroned left, phiale extended in right, left arm resting on drum; SOLD


Eumeneia, Phrygia, 133 - 30 B.C.

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"Philokhoros [Greek historian, c. 3rd century B.C.] says that drinkers not only reveal what they are, but also disclose the secrets of everybody else in their outspokenness. Hence the saying, ‘wine is truth also,’ and ‘wine revealeth the heart of man.’ Hence also the tripod as prize of victory in the Dionysia (Festival of Dionysos). For of those who speak the truth we say that they ‘speak from the tripod,’ and it must be understood that the mixing-bowl is Dionysos' tripod...In these they used to mix their wine, and this is ‘the veritable tripod truth.’ Wherefore the tripod is proper to Apollon because of its prophetic truth, while to Dionysos it is proper because of the truth of wine." -- Athenaeus, Deipnosophistae 2. 37f -38a
GB90168. Bronze AE 24, BMC Phrygia p. 212, 19; SNG Cop 382; SNG München 203; SNGvA 3583; SNG Tübingen -, VF, fine style, corrosion, weight 7.946 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 0o, Eumeneia (near Civril, Turkey) mint, magistrate Mikkalos Apollo[...], 133 - 30 B.C.; obverse head of young Dionysos right, wreathed with ivy; reverse tripod lebes with three handles, star above center, star above snake-entwined labrys left, star above filleted laurel-branch right, EYMENEΩN downward on right, MIKKAΛO / AΠOΛΛ[...] (magistrate's name) downward in two lines on left; SOLD


Eumeneia, Phrygia, c. 165 - 133 B.C.

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Eumenia, Phrygia was founded by Attalus II Philadelphus (159 - 138 B.C.) at the source of the Cludrus, near the Glaucus, and named after his brother Eumenes. Numerous inscriptions and many coins remain to show that Eumenia was an important and prosperous city under Roman rule. As early as the third century its population was in great part Christian, and it seems to have suffered much during the persecution of Diocletian. The remains of Eumenia are located in Denizli Province, Turkey on the shore of Lake Isikli near Civril.
GB79791. Bronze AE 15, SNG Cop 377; BMC Phrygia p. 211, 1 ff.; SGCV II 5138; SNGvA -, aVF, high relief, black patina with brassy high points, tight flan, reverse die damaged, weight 3.718 g, maximum diameter 14.6 mm, die axis 0o, Eumeneia (near Civril, Turkey) mint, c. 165 - 133 B.C.; obverse head of Zeus right wreathed with oak; reverse EYME/NEΩN in two lines within oak wreath; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; SOLD


Eumeneia, Phrygia, c. 165 - 133 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Eumenia, Phrygia was founded by Attalus II Philadelphus (159 - 138 B.C.) at the source of the Cludrus, near the Glaucus, and named after his brother Eumenes. Numerous inscriptions and many coins remain to show that Eumenia was an important and prosperous city under Roman rule. As early as the third century its population was in great part Christian, and it seems to have suffered much during the persecution of Diocletian. The remains of Eumenia are located in Denizli Province, Turkey on the shore of Lake Isikli near Civril.
GB82392. Bronze AE 18, BMC Phrygia p. 211, 5; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -, VF, weight 3.844 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 225o, Eumeneia (near Civril, Turkey) mint, c. 165 - 133 B.C.; obverse head of Zeus right wreathed with oak; reverse EYME/NEΩN in two lines within oak wreath, ∆I below; SOLD


Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D., Eumeneia, Phrygia

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Coins of Eumeneia from the Severan Period are quite rare. Most of the major museum collections don't have even a single example. The city also seems to have produced some quasi-autonomous coinage during this time. Our coin is not listed in any of the references examined and is likely unpublished and possibly unique.
RP83403. Bronze AE 23, BMC Phrygia -, SNG Cop -, SGICV -, Lindgren -, SNG Hunterian -, SNGvA -, SNG Österreich -, SNG Righetti -, SNG Tüb -, SNG München -, VF, weight 6.592 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 0o, Eumeneia (near Civril, Turkey) mint, obverse IOYΛIA CEBAC, draped bust right; reverse EYMENEΩN AXAIΩN, Dionysos standing facing, head left, thyrsos in left, kantharos in right, panther at feet; unpublished in the many references checked; extremely rare; SOLD


Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Eumenia, Phrygia

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Eumenia, Phrygia was founded by Attalus II Philadelphus (159 - 138 B.C.) at the source of the Cludrus, near the Glaucus, and named after his brother Eumenes. Numerous inscriptions and many coins remain to show that Eumenia was an important and prosperous city under Roman rule. As early as the third century its population was in great part Christian, and it seems to have suffered much during the persecution of Diocletian. The remains of Eumenia are located in Denizli Province, Turkey on the shore of Lake Isikli near Civril.
RP21890. Bronze AE 19, RPC I 3149, VF, weight 5.031 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 0o, Eumeneia (near Civril, Turkey) mint, c. 54 - 55 A.D.; obverse NEPΩN ΣEBAΣTOΣ, bare head right; reverse EYMENEΩN IOYΛIOΣ KΛEΩN APXIEPEYΣ AΣIAΣ, Apollo standing left, holding raven and labrys; Ex-Peus, 10/2000 #777 sold for 200 DM plus commissions; SOLD








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REFERENCES|

Babelon, E. Traité des Monnaies Grecques et Romaines. (Paris, 1901-1932).
Bloesch, H. Griechische Münzen in Winterthur, Vol. 2: Bosporus, Pontus, Armenia, Paphlagonia, Bithynia, Mysia, Troas, Phrygia.... (Winterthur, 1987).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Brett, A. Catalogue of Greek Coins, Boston Museum of Fine Arts. (Boston, 1955).
Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber, Vol. III, Part 2. (London, 1929).
Head, B. A Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum, Phrygia. (London, 1906).
Hoover, O. Handbook of Coins of Northern and Central Anatolia, Pontos, Paphlagonia, Bithynia, Phrygia...5th to 1st Centuries BC. HGC 7. (Lancaster, PA, 2012).
Imhoof-Blumer, F. Kleinasiatische Münzen. (Vienna, 1901-2).
Lindgren, H. Lindgren III: Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Lindgren, H. & F. Kovacs. Ancient Bronze Coins of Asia Minor and the Levant. (San Mateo, 1985).
Roman Provincial Coinage Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Vol. 2: Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 6: Phrygia to Cilicia. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, München Staatlische Münzsammlung, Part| 24: Phrygien. (Berlin, 1989).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Münzsammlung Universität Tübingen, Part| 6: Phrygien-Kappadokien; Römische Provinzprägungen in Kleinasien. (Berlin, 1998).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Sammlung Hans Von Aulock, Vol. 2: Caria, Lydia, Phrygia, Lycia, Pamphylia. (Berlin, 1962).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain I, Part 2, The Newham Davis Coins in the Marischal College Aberdeen. (London, 1936).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain IV, Fitzwilliam Museum, Leake and General Collections, Part 6: Asia Minor: Pontus-Phrygia. (London, 1965).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XII, The Hunterian Museum, Univ. of Glasgow, Part 1: Roman Provincial Coins: Spain-Kingdoms of Asia Minor. (Oxford, 2004).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Österreich, Sammlung Leypold, Kleinasiatische Münzen der Kaiserzeit, Vol. II: Phrygia-Commagene. (Vienna, 2004).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Schweiz II, Katalog der Sammlung Jean-Pierre Righetti im Bernischen Historischen Museum. (Bern, 1993).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 5: Tire Museum (Izmir), Vol. 1: Roman Provincial Coins From Ionia, Lydia, Phrygia, etc. (Istanbul, 2011).
von Aulock, H. Münzen und Städte Phrygiens. (Tübingen, 1987).

Catalog current as of Saturday, August 24, 2019.
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Eumeneia