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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Caria| ▸ |Halikarnassus||View Options:  |  |  |   

Ancient Coins of Halicarnassus, Caria

Halicarnassus was in southwest Caria on a picturesque, advantageous site on the Ceramic Gulf. It was famous for the tomb of Mausolus, built about 350 B.C., the origin of the word mausoleum, and one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. During Alexander the Great's siege of Halicarnassus in 334 B.C., the retreating Persians burned the city. Alexander failed to immediately take the citadel, but left it blockaded when he departed. Halicarnassus never fully recovered from the destruction of the siege. In the first century B.C., Cicero described it as almost deserted. The site is now occupied in part by the town of Bodrum; but the ancient walls can still be traced round nearly all their circuit, and the position of several of the temples, the theater, and other public buildings can be fixed with certainty.


Persian Achaemenid Empire, Carian Satrapy, Maussolos, 377 - 353 B.C.

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Mausolus (Maussollos) is best known because his elaborate tomb, the Mausoleum, was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. In 357, Mausolus helped Rhodes and other Athenian allies (Chios, Kos, and Byzantium) revolt against Athens. These cities then became federates of Mausolus.
GS85558. Silver drachm, SNG Cop 591; SNGvA 2362; SNG Keckman 276; SNG Kayhan 874; SGCV II 4956; BMC Caria p. 182, 9; Traité II 97 var. (wreath left on rev.), VF/F, toned, porosity, small lamination defects, weight 3.358 g, maximum diameter 15.1 mm, die axis 0o, Halikarnassos (Bodrum, Turkey) mint, c. 377 - 353 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo facing slightly right; reverse Zeus Labraundos standing right, labrys (double ax) in right hand over right shoulder, grounded long scepter vertical in left hand, MAYΣΣΩΛΛO (Maussollos) downward on right; SOLD


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Ptolemy III Euergetes, 246 - 222 B.C.

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According to Ptolemaic bronze expert Daniel Wolf, "These coins are attributed by Svoronos to Ake-Ptolemaïs (Acre), but modern finds indicate they are most likely from the area near (modern) Bodrum in Turkey." Bodrum was called Halicarnassus, Caria in ancient times and was famous for housing the Mausoleum of Mausolus, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
GP86392. Bronze obol, Svoronos 791 (4 spec., PII); Weiser 79; BMC Ptolemies p. 54, 75; SNG Cop 476 (PII); Malter 102 (PII); Noeske -; Hosking - (all refs. Ake Ptolemais), Choice gVF, well struck on a nice flan, nice dark patina, light earthen deposits, central cavities, weight 13.294 g, maximum diameter 24.3 mm, die axis 0o, Caria (Halicarnassus?) mint, 246 - 222 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Zeus Ammon right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ (of King Ptolemy), eagle standing half left on thunderbolt, head left, wings closed, tripod in left field; ex Pars Coins; scarce; SOLD


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Ptolemy III Euergetes, 246 - 222 B.C.

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According to Ptolemaic bronze expert Daniel Wolf, "These coins are attributed by Svoronos to Ake-Ptolemaïs (Acre), but modern finds indicate they are most likely from the area near (modern) Bodrum in Turkey." Bodrum was called Halicarnassus, Caria in ancient times and was famous for housing the Mausoleum of Mausolus, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
GP84902. Bronze obol, Svoronos 791 (4 spec., PII); Weiser 79; BMC Ptolemies p. 54, 75; SNG Cop 476 (PII); Malter 102 (PII); Noeske -; Hosking - (all refs. Ake Ptolemais), VF, green patina, corrosion, encrustations, reverse slightly off center, central cavities, weight 12.185 g, maximum diameter 24.5 mm, die axis 0o, Caria (Halicarnassus?) mint, 246 - 222 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Zeus Ammon right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ (of King Ptolemy), eagle standing half left on thunderbolt, head left, wings closed, tripod in left field; scarce; SOLD


Halikarnassos, Caria, 5th Century B.C.

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GA83042. Silver obol, SNG Cop 336; SNG Kayhan 75 - 76; SNG Keckman 39 var. (horse left), aVF, weight 0.611 g, maximum diameter 9.0 mm, die axis 90o, Halikarnassos (Bodrum, Turkey) mint, obverse forepart of winged horse right; reverse forepart of goat left; SOLD


Halikarnassos, Caria, 3rd Century B.C.

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Halicarnassus was in southwest Caria on a picturesque, advantageous site on the Ceramic Gulf. It was famous for the tomb of Mausolus, the origin of the word mausoleum, built between 353 B.C. and 350 B.C., and one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. It was part of the Persian Empire until captured by Alexander the Great at the siege of Halicarnassus in 334 B.C. The site is now occupied in part by the town of Bodrum; but the ancient walls can still be traced round nearly all their circuit, and the position of several of the temples, the theatre, and other public buildings can be fixed with certainty.
GB90870. Bronze AE 12, SNG Cop 346; BMC Caria p. 104, 18; Klein 517; SGCV II 4880, aVF, nice patina, weight 1.347 g, maximum diameter 11.5 mm, die axis 0o, Halikarnassos (Bodrum, Turkey) mint, 3rd century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo left; reverse eagle standing left, wings open, lyre left, AΛI upper right; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; SOLD


Halikarnassos, Caria, c. 150 - 50 B.C.

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Halicarnassus on a picturesque, advantageous site on the Ceramic Gulf, was famous for the tomb of Mausolus, the origin of the word mausoleum, and one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. During Alexander the Great's siege of Halicarnassus in 334 B.C., the retreating Persians burned the city. Alexander failed to immediately take the citadel, but left it blockaded when he departed. Halicarnassus never fully recovered from the destruction of the siege. In the first century B.C., Cicero described it as almost deserted. The site is now occupied in part by the town of Bodrum; but the ancient walls can still be traced round nearly all their circuit, and the position of several of the temples, the theater, and other public buildings can be fixed with certainty.
GB30193. Bronze AE 19, BMC Caria p. 104, 20; SNG Cop 354 var. (owl instead of caduceus); SGCV II 4881, VF, weight 5.970 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 0o, Halikarnassos (Bodrum, Turkey) mint, c. 150 - 50 B.C.; obverse bearded head of Poseidon right; reverse AΛIKAP / AΠOΛΛO[...], ornamented trident head, stylized dolphins between prongs, caduceus (control symbol) lower left; SOLD


Halikarnassos, Caria, c. 150 - 50 B.C.

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Halicarnassus on a picturesque, advantageous site on the Ceramic Gulf, was famous for the tomb of Mausolus, the origin of the word mausoleum, and one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. During Alexander the Great's siege of Halicarnassus in 334 B.C., the retreating Persians burned the city. Alexander failed to immediately take the citadel, but left it blockaded when he departed. Halicarnassus never fully recovered from the destruction of the siege. In the first century B.C., Cicero described it as almost deserted. The site is now occupied in part by the town of Bodrum; but the ancient walls can still be traced round nearly all their circuit, and the position of several of the temples, the theater, and other public buildings can be fixed with certainty.
GB30194. Bronze AE 20, SNG Cop 354; BMC Caria p. 104, 20 ff. var. (symbol); SGCV II 4881 var. (volute on each side of handle), VF, weight 6.949 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 0o, Halikarnassos (Bodrum, Turkey) mint, c. 150 - 50 B.C.; obverse bearded head of Poseidon right; reverse AΛIKAP / AΠOΛΛON, ornamented trident head, stylized dolphins between prongs, owl (control symbol) lower left; SOLD


Halikarnassos, Caria, c. 150 - 50 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Halicarnassus on a picturesque, advantageous site on the Ceramic Gulf, was famous for the tomb of Mausolus, the origin of the word mausoleum, and one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. During Alexander the Great's siege of Halicarnassus in 334 B.C., the retreating Persians burned the city. Alexander failed to immediately take the citadel, but left it blockaded when he departed. Halicarnassus never fully recovered from the destruction of the siege. In the first century B.C., Cicero described it as almost deserted. The site is now occupied in part by the town of Bodrum; but the ancient walls can still be traced round nearly all their circuit, and the position of several of the temples, the theater, and other public buildings can be fixed with certainty.
GB38097. Bronze AE 18, cf. BMC Caria p. 104, 20 ff.; SNG Cop 354 ff.; SNG Keckman 42 f.; SNGvA 2525 f. & 8079 ff. (various controls, magistrates), VF, weight 6.839 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 0o, Halikarnassos (Bodrum, Turkey) mint, c. 150 - 50 B.C.; obverse bearded head of Poseidon right; reverse AΛIKAP - YANTA (or similar, magistrate's name), ornamented trident-head, dolphins between prongs, volute on left side of handle, lyre right; SOLD


Halikarnassos, Caria, 3rd - 2nd Century B.C.

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Halicarnassus on a picturesque, advantageous site on the Ceramic Gulf, was famous for the tomb of Mausolus, the origin of the word mausoleum, and one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. During Alexander the Great's siege of Halicarnassus in 334 B.C., the retreating Persians burned the city. Alexander failed to immediately take the citadel, but left it blockaded when he departed. Halicarnassus never fully recovered from the destruction of the siege. In the first century B.C., Cicero described it as almost deserted. The site is now occupied in part by the town of Bodrum; but the ancient walls can still be traced round nearly all their circuit, and the position of several of the temples, the theater, and other public buildings can be fixed with certainty.
GB34926. Bronze AE 17, SNGvA 8085; BMC Caria p. 104, 20 ff. var. (various controls, magistrates); SNG Cop 354 ff. var. (same), VF, weight 7.590 g, maximum diameter 17.0 mm, die axis 45o, Halikarnassos (Bodrum, Turkey) mint, 3rd - 2nd century B.C.; obverse head of Poseidon right; reverse AΛIKA, ornamented trident head, stylized dolphins between prongs, crescent lower left; SOLD


Halikarnassos, Caria, c. 150 - 50 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Halicarnassus on a picturesque, advantageous site on the Ceramic Gulf, was famous for the tomb of Mausolus, the origin of the word mausoleum, and one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. During Alexander the Great's siege of Halicarnassus in 334 B.C., the retreating Persians burned the city. Alexander failed to immediately take the citadel, but left it blockaded when he departed. Halicarnassus never fully recovered from the destruction of the siege. In the first century B.C., Cicero described it as almost deserted. The site is now occupied in part by the town of Bodrum; but the ancient walls can still be traced round nearly all their circuit, and the position of several of the temples, the theater, and other public buildings can be fixed with certainty.
GB38093. Bronze AE 17, BMC Caria p. 104, 20; SGCV II 4881 var. (volute on each side of handle), VF, weight 5.150 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 0o, Halikarnassos (Bodrum, Turkey) mint, c. 150 - 50 B.C.; obverse bearded head of Poseidon right; reverse AΛIKAP AΠOΛ?, ornamented trident-head, dolphins between prongs, volute on right side of handle, caduceus left; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES|

Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
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HNO - |Historia| |Numorum| |Online| |Database| - http://hno.huma-num.fr/
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Halicarnassus