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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Phrygia| ▸ |Apameia||View Options:  |  |  |   

Ancient Greek Coins of Apameia

Apamea is believed to be the Biblical city Shepham (Num. xxxiv. 11). After the Mithridatic Wars it became a great center for trade, largely carried on by resident Italians and Jews. Apamea is mentioned in the Talmud (Ber. 62a, Niddah, 30b and Yeb. 115b). By order of Flaccus, nearly 45 kilograms of gold, intended by Jews for the Temple in Jerusalem was confiscated in Apamea in 62 B.C. On the outbreak of the Jewish War, the inhabitants of Apamea spared the Jews who lived in their midst, and would not suffer them to be murdered or led into captivity (Josephus, Bell. Jud. ii. 18, § 5). Great Colonnade at Apamea


Side, Pamphylia, c. 220 - 190 B.C., Apamea, Phrygia Countermark

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Interesting countermark applied c. 180 B.C. with the introduction of the Cistophoric coinage. On our coin the countermark reads APA (Apamea, Phrygia). Other cities that applied similar countermarks to Attic weight coins are Ephesos, Laodikea, Pergamon, Sardes and Tralles.
SH29561. Silver tetradrachm, SNGvA 4790; c/m: see Bauslaugh Countermarks, aVF, weight 16.026 g, maximum diameter 29.9 mm, die axis 0o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, c. 220 - 190 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right in a crested Corinthian helmet, round countermark of bow in case and A−ΠA legend on left; reverse Nike advancing left, wreath extended in right, pomegranate in left field, ∆IO below (magistrate's name); SOLD


Apameia, Phrygia, 150 - 140 B.C.

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Apameia was named for Apama, the mother of the founder, the Seleucid king Antiochos I.

The cista mystica was a basket used for housing sacred snakes in connection with the initiation ceremony into the cult of Bacchus (Dionysus). In the Dionysian mysteries a snake, representing the god and possibly symbolic of his phallus, was carried in a cista mystica on a bed of vine leaves. The cista in the mysteries of Isis may also have held a serpent, perhaps associated with the missing phallus of Osiris.
SH63587. Silver cistophoric tetradrachm, Kleiner-Noe, issue XI, 21; SNGvA 3451 and 8333; cf. BMC Phrygia p. 69, 7 (no star); SNG Cop -, VF, uneven toning, weight 12.522 g, maximum diameter 28.0 mm, die axis 0o, Phrygia, Apameia (Dinar, Turkey) mint, 150 - 140 B.C.; obverse Cista mystica with half open lid, from which a snake emerges left, all within ivy wreath; reverse two coiled serpents with heads erect, between them an ornamented bow-case with strap on right, bow sticking out from the top left side of case, snake on the right wrapped around two flutes, AΠA monogram left, pileus surmounted by star right; interesting ornate cista mystica; SOLD


Apameia, Phrygia, 88 - 76 B.C.

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Apameia was named for Apama, the mother of the founder, the Seleucid king Antiochos I. Apameia suffered frequent earthquakes and one reduced it to ruins early in the first century B.C. In 88 B.C., the city peacefully opened its gates to king Mithradates of Pontos. As a reward, Mithradates granted the city 100 talents for restoration. Kleiner suggests this type is related to Mithradates' gift.
SH63588. Silver cistophoric tetradrachm, Kleiner Apameia, issue XI, 19; SNGvA 8337; SNG Cop 154; BMC Phrygia p. 71, 17, VF, weight 12.398 g, maximum diameter 25.4 mm, die axis 45o, Phrygia, Apameia (Dinar, Turkey) mint, 88 - 76 B.C.; obverse Cista mystica with half open lid, from which a snake emerges left, all within ivy wreath; reverse two coiled serpents with heads erect, between them an ornamented bow-case with strap on right, bow sticking out from the top left side of case, snake on the right wrapped around two flutes, AΠA left, MYIΣ/KOY between the snakes heads; SOLD


Apameia, Phrygia, 88 - 76 B.C.

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Apameia was named for Apama, the mother of the founder, the Seleucid king Antiochos I. Apameia suffered frequent earthquakes and one reduced it to ruins early in the first century B.C. In 88 B.C., the city peacefully opened its gates to king Mithradates of Pontos. As a reward, Mithradates granted the city 100 talents for restoration. Kleiner suggests this type is related to Mithradates' gift.
SH69293. Silver cistophoric tetradrachm, Kleiner Apameia, VI, 9; BMC Phrygia p. 71, 15; SNGvA -; SNG Cop -, VF, obverse struck with a worn die, weight 12.378 g, maximum diameter 23.4 mm, die axis 0o, Phrygia, Apameia (Dinar, Turkey) mint, magistrate Dionysios, 88 - 76 B.C.; obverse Cista mystica with half open lid, from which a snake emerges left, all within ivy wreath; reverse two coiled snakes with heads erect, ornamented bow-case between them with strap on right, bow emerging from top left side of case, snake wrapped around two flutes on the right, AΠA left (off flan), ∆IONY/ΣIOY between the snake heads; SOLD


Apameia, Phrygia, c. 100 - 48 B.C.

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Rome received Apameia with the Pergamene Kingdom in 133 B.C., but sold it to Mithridates V of Pontus, who held it till 120 BC. After the Mithridatic Wars it became a great center for trade, largely carried on by resident Italians and Jews. By order of Flaccus, nearly 45 kilograms of gold, intended by Jews for the Temple in Jerusalem was confiscated in Apamea in 62 B.C.
GB90319. Bronze AE 26, SNG Cop 161 - 162; SNGvA 3466 - 3467; SNG München 114; BMC Phrygia p. 83, 78 - 82 (none with countermark), aVF, earthen and dark green patina, weight 8.211 g, maximum diameter 26.0 mm, die axis 0o, Phrygia, Apameia (Dinar, Turkey) mint, Kokos, magistrate, c. 100 - 48 B.C.; obverse bust of Athena right, wearing high-crested Corinthian helmet and aegis; c/m: facing bull's head in round punch; reverse eagle alighting right from a basis ornamented with meander pattern, star above, basis flanked on each side by a star above a pileus, AΠAMEΩN above, KOKOY below; ex CNG auction 231 (14 Apr 2010), lot 106 ($180 plus fees); SOLD


Caligula, 16 March 37 - 24 January 41 A.D., Apamea, Phrygia

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This type is listed in RPC I and SNG Munchen as Gaius Julius Caesar, and with his bare-headed portrait. Some confusion can be expected with so few known specimens, but the plate coin is laureate in both references. SNGvA correctly identifies the ruler as laureate and Caligula, but attributes it to Aezani.
RP84903. Bronze AE 15, RPC I 3130 (2 spec.) corr. (bare head, Gaius Caesar), SNG München 145 corr. (same), SNGvA 8305 (Aezani), BMC Phrygia -, SNG Tübingen -, VF, well centered on a tight flan, earthen deposits, porous, weight 3.743 g, maximum diameter 15.4 mm, die axis 0o, Phrygia, Apameia (Dinar, Turkey) mint, 16 Mar 37 - 24 Jan 41 A.D.; obverse ΓAIOΣ KAIΣAP, laureate head right; reverse facing cult statue of Artemis, with arm supports, MAΣΩNIOΣ POYΦOΣ (magistrate) in two downward lines the first on the right, and second on the left, AΠAMEΩN in exergue; very rare; SOLD


Apameia, Phrygia, c. 88 - 40 B.C.

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Rome received Apameia with the Pergamene Kingdom in 133 B.C., but sold it to Mithridates V of Pontus, who held it till 120 BC. After the Mithridatic Wars it became a great center for trade, largely carried on by resident Italians and Jews. By order of Flaccus, nearly 45 kilograms of gold, intended by Jews for the Temple in Jerusalem was confiscated in Apamea in 62 B.C.
GB81555. Bronze AE 21, SNG Cop 163; SNGvA 3468; BMC Phrygia p. 76, 37; HGC 7 670, gVF, attractive dark patina, weight 7.886 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 0o, Phrygia, Apameia (Dinar, Turkey) mint, Andronikos, son of Alkios, 88 - 40 B.C.; obverse bust of Athena right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet and aegis; reverse eagle alighting right on to basis ornamented with a maeander pattern, star above, basis flanked by caps of the Dioskouroi with stars above, AΠAMEΩN above, AN∆PONIK AΛKIOY (magistrate) below; SOLD


Apameia, Phrygia, c. 189 - 133 B.C.

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The cista mystica was a basket used for housing sacred snakes in connection with the initiation ceremony into the cult of Bacchus (Dionysus). In the Dionysian mysteries a snake, representing the god and possibly symbolic of his phallus, was carried in a cista mystica on a bed of vine leaves. The cista in the mysteries of Isis may also have held a serpent, perhaps associated with the missing phallus of Osiris.
GS82048. Silver cistophoric tetradrachm, SNGvA 3448 ff. var. (control marks), SNG Cop 147 - 148 var. (same); BMC Phrygia p. 69, 1 ff. var. (same), VF, weight 11.933 g, maximum diameter 28.3 mm, die axis 180o, Phrygia, Apameia (Dinar, Turkey) mint, obverse cista mystica, half-open lid, from which serpent emerges left, all within ivy-wreath; reverse two coiled snakes flanking bow-case ornamented with floral scroll like an apluster, ligate AΠ monogram (Apameia) outer left, control letters ligate HΠ inner left, club right; rare; SOLD


Apameia, Phrygia, c. 133 - 48 B.C.

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Artemis was a goddess of virginity, women's concerns, the hunt and the underworld. The enigmatic cult statue covered in apparent fertility symbols was a unique combination of the Greek virgin-huntress Artemis with an indigenous Anatolian goddess.
GB82999. Bronze AE 22, BMC Phrygia p. 80, 69; SNG Cop 183; SGCV II 5121, choice gVF, weight 9.061 g, maximum diameter 22.2 mm, die axis 0o, Phrygia, Apameia (Dinar, Turkey) mint, obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse AΠAME − HPAKΛEI / EΓΛO, cultus-statue of Artemis Anaitis facing; nicely struck, beautiful patina; SOLD


Germanicus, b. 24 May 15 B.C. - d. 10 Oct 19 A.D., Apamea, Phrygia

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Apamea is mentioned in the Talmud (Ber. 62a, Niddah, 30b and Yeb. 115b). Christianity was very likely established early in the city. Saint Paul probably visited the place when he went throughout Phrygia.
SH58873. Leaded bronze AE 15, RPC I 3134 (8 spec.); SNGvA 3488; Waddington 5705; Imhoof-Blumer KM p. 210, 16; SNG Cop -; BMC Phrygia -, VF, green patina, weight 2.667 g, maximum diameter 15.0 mm, die axis 0o, Phrygia, Apameia (Dinar, Turkey) mint, magistrate Gaius Ioulios Kallikles, 14 - 19 B.C.; obverse ΓEPMANIKOΣ KAIΣAP, bare head right; reverse IOYΛIOΣ KAΛΛIKΛHΣ AΠAMEΩN, Stag standing right on maeander pattern; rare; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES|

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de Callataÿ, F. "Le premier monnayage de la cité d'Amastris (Paphlagonie)" in SNR 2004.
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Head, B. A Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum, Phrygia. (London, 1906).
Hoover, O. Handbook of Coins of Northern and Central Anatolia, Pontos, Paphlagonia, Bithynia, Phrygia...5th to 1st Centuries BC. HGC 7. (Lancaster, PA, 2012).
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Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XII, The Hunterian Museum, Univ. of Glasgow, Part 1: Roman Provincial Coins: Spain-Kingdoms of Asia Minor. (Oxford, 2004).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Österreich, Sammlung Leypold, Kleinasiatische Münzen der Kaiserzeit, Vol. II: Phrygia-Commagene. (Vienna, 2004).
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Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 5: Tire Museum (Izmir), Vol. 1: Roman Provincial Coins From Ionia, Lydia, Phrygia, etc. (Istanbul, 2011).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, August 20, 2019.
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Apameia