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Apamea is believed to be the Biblical city Shepham (Num. xxxiv. 11). After the Mithridatic Wars it became a great center for trade, largely carried on by resident Italians and Jews. Apamea is mentioned in the Talmud (Ber. 62a, Niddah, 30b and Yeb. 115b). By order of Flaccus, nearly 45 kilograms of gold, intended by Jews for the Temple in Jerusalem was confiscated in Apamea in 62 B.C. On the outbreak of the Jewish War, the inhabitants of Apamea spared the Jews who lived in their midst, and would not suffer them to be murdered or led into captivity (Josephus, Bell. Jud. ii. 18, § 5).
Side, Pamphylia, c. 220 - 190 B.C., Apamea, Phrygia Countermark
Interesting countermark applied c. 180 B.C. with the introduction of the Cistophoric coinage. On our coin the countermark reads APA (Apamea, Phrygia). Other cities that applied similar countermarks to Attic weight coins are Ephesos, Laodikea, Pergamon, Sardes and Tralles.SH29561. Silver tetradrachm, SNGvA 4790; c/m: see Bauslaugh Countermarks, aVF, weight 16.026 g, maximum diameter 29.9 mm, die axis 0o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, c. 220 - 190 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right in a crested Corinthian helmet, round countermark of bow in case and A−ΠA legend on left; reverse Nike advancing left, wreath extended in right, pomegranate in left field, ∆IO below (magistrate's name); SOLD
Apameia, Phrygia, 88 - 76 B.C.
Apameia was named for Apama, the mother of the founder, the Seleucid king Antiochos I. Apameia suffered frequent earthquakes and one reduced it to ruins early in the first century B.C. In 88 B.C., the city peacefully opened its gates to king Mithradates of Pontos. As a reward, Mithradates granted the city 100 talents for restoration. Kleiner suggests this type is related to Mithradates' gift.SH63588. Silver cistophoric tetradrachm, Kleiner Apameia, issue XI, 19; SNGvA 8337; SNG Cop 154; BMC Phrygia p. 71, 17, VF, weight 12.398 g, maximum diameter 25.4 mm, die axis 45o, Phrygia, Apameia (Dinar, Turkey) mint, 88 - 76 B.C.; obverse Cista mystica with half open lid, from which a snake emerges left, all within ivy wreath; reverse two coiled serpents with heads erect, between them an ornamented bow-case with strap on right, bow sticking out from the top left side of case, snake on the right wrapped around two flutes, AΠA left, MYIΣ/KOY between the snakes heads; SOLD
Apameia, Phrygia, c. 100 - 48 B.C.
Rome received Apameia with the Pergamene Kingdom in 133 B.C., but sold it to Mithridates V of Pontus, who held it till 120 BC. After the Mithridatic Wars it became a great center for trade, largely carried on by resident Italians and Jews. By order of Flaccus, nearly 45 kilograms of gold, intended by Jews for the Temple in Jerusalem was confiscated in Apamea in 62 B.C.GB90319. Bronze AE 26, SNG Cop 161 - 162; SNGvA 3466 - 3467; SNG Munchen 114; BMC Phrygia p. 83, 78 - 82 (none with countermark), aVF, earthen and dark green patina, weight 8.211 g, maximum diameter 26.0 mm, die axis 0o, Phrygia, Apameia (Dinar, Turkey) mint, Kokos, magistrate, c. 100 - 48 B.C.; obverse bust of Athena right, wearing high-crested Corinthian helmet and aegis; c/m: facing bull's head in round punch; reverse eagle alighting right from a basis ornamented with meander pattern, star above, basis flanked on each side by a star above a pileus, AΠAMEΩN above, KOKOY below; ex CNG auction 231 (14 Apr 2010), lot 106 ($180 plus fees); SOLD
Caligula, 16 March 37 - 24 January 41 A.D., Apamea, Phrygia
This type is listed in RPC I and SNG Munchen as Gaius Julius Caesar, and with his bare-headed portrait. Some confusion can be expected with so few known specimens, but the plate coin is laureate in both references. SNGvA correctly identifies the ruler as laureate and Caligula, but attributes it to Aezani.RP84903. Bronze AE 15, RPC I 3130 (2 spec.) corr. (bare head, Gaius Caesar), SNG Munchen 145 corr. (same), SNGvA 8305 (Aezani), BMC Phrygia -, SNG Tübingen -, VF, well centered on a tight flan, earthen deposits, porous, weight 3.743 g, maximum diameter 15.4 mm, die axis 0o, Phrygia, Apameia (Dinar, Turkey) mint, 16 Mar 37 - 24 Jan 41 A.D.; obverse ΓAIOΣ KAIΣAP, laureate head right; reverse facing cult statue of Artemis, with arm supports, MAΣΩNIOΣ POYΦOΣ (magistrate) in two downward lines the first on the right, and second on the left, AΠAMEΩN in exergue; very rare; SOLD
Apameia, Phrygia, c. 88 - 40 B.C.
Rome received Apameia with the Pergamene Kingdom in 133 B.C., but sold it to Mithridates V of Pontus, who held it till 120 BC. After the Mithridatic Wars it became a great center for trade, largely carried on by resident Italians and Jews. By order of Flaccus, nearly 45 kilograms of gold, intended by Jews for the Temple in Jerusalem was confiscated in Apamea in 62 B.C.GB81555. Bronze AE 21, SNG Cop 163; SNGvA 3468; BMC Phrygia p. 76, 37; HGC 7 670, gVF, attractive dark patina, weight 7.886 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 0o, Phrygia, Apameia (Dinar, Turkey) mint, Andronikos, son of Alkios, 88 - 40 B.C.; obverse bust of Athena right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet and aegis; reverse eagle alighting right on to basis ornamented with a maeander pattern, star above, basis flanked by caps of the Dioskouroi with stars above, AΠAMEΩN above, AN∆PONIK AΛKIOY (magistrate) below; SOLD
Apameia, Phrygia, c. 189 - 133 B.C.
The cista mystica was a basket used for housing sacred snakes in connection with the initiation ceremony into the cult of Bacchus (Dionysus). In the Dionysian mysteries a snake, representing the god and possibly symbolic of his phallus, was carried in a cista mystica on a bed of vine leaves. The cista in the mysteries of Isis may also have held a serpent, perhaps associated with the missing phallus of Osiris.GS82048. Silver cistophoric tetradrachm, SNGvA 3448 ff. var. (control marks), SNG Cop 147 - 148 var. (same); BMC Phrygia p. 69, 1 ff. var. (same), VF, weight 11.933 g, maximum diameter 28.3 mm, die axis 180o, Phrygia, Apameia (Dinar, Turkey) mint, obverse cista mystica, half-open lid, from which serpent emerges left, all within ivy-wreath; reverse two coiled snakes flanking bow-case ornamented with floral scroll like an apluster, ligate AΠ monogram (Apameia) outer left, control letters ligate HΠ inner left, club right; rare; SOLD
Apameia, Phrygia, c. 133 - 48 B.C.
Artemis was a goddess of virginity, women's concerns, the hunt and the underworld. The enigmatic cult statue covered in apparent fertility symbols was a unique combination of the Greek virgin-huntress Artemis with an indigenous Anatolian goddess.GB82999. Bronze AE 22, BMC Phrygia p. 80, 69; SNG Cop 183; SGCV II 5121, choice gVF, weight 9.061 g, maximum diameter 22.2 mm, die axis 0o, Phrygia, Apameia (Dinar, Turkey) mint, obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse AΠAME − HPAKΛEI / EΓΛO, cultus-statue of Artemis Anaitis facing; nicely struck, beautiful patina; SOLD
Germanicus, b. 24 May 15 B.C. - d. 10 Oct 19 A.D., Apamea, Phrygia
Apamea is mentioned in the Talmud (Ber. 62a, Niddah, 30b and Yeb. 115b). Christianity was very likely established early in the city. Saint Paul probably visited the place when he went throughout Phrygia.SH58873. Leaded bronze AE 15, RPC I 3134 (8 spec.); SNGvA 3488; Waddington 5705; Imhoof-Blumer KM p. 210, 16; SNG Cop -; BMC Phrygia -, VF, green patina, weight 2.667 g, maximum diameter 15.0 mm, die axis 0o, Phrygia, Apameia (Dinar, Turkey) mint, magistrate Gaius Ioulios Kallikles, 14 - 19 B.C.; obverse ΓEPMANIKOΣ KAIΣAP, bare head right; reverse IOYΛIOΣ KAΛΛIKΛHΣ AΠAMEΩN, Stag standing right on maeander pattern; rare; SOLD
Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Apamea, Phrygia
While playing the flute Athena saw her reflection in the water and disturbed by how her cheeks looked, puffed up while playing, threw away the instrument in disgust. The satyr Marsyas picked up the flute and since it had once been inspired by the breath of a goddess, it played beautifully on its own accord. Elated by his success, Marsyas challenged Apollo to a musical contest. For the prize, the victor could do what he pleased with the vanquished. The Muses were the umpires. Apollo played the cithara and Marsyas the flute. Only after Apollo added his voice to the music of his lyre was the contest decided in his favor. As a just punishment for the presumption of Marsyas, Apollo bound him to an evergreen tree and flayed him alive. His blood was the source of the river Marsyas, and Apollo hung up his skin, like a wine bag, in the cave out of which that river flows.GB68525. Bronze AE 19, RPC I 3137, SNG Cop 208, Nice F, attractive patina, weight 6.790 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 45o, Phrygia, Apameia (Dinar, Turkey) mint, magistrate M. Vettius Nigrus, 54 - 68 A.D.; obverse NEPΩN ΣEBAΣTOΣ, bare head right; reverse EΠI M / OYETTOIOY / NIΓPOY / KOINON / ΦPYΓIAΣ / AΠAMEIΣ, satyr Marsyas standing right, playing double flute, nude but for cloak on shoulders flying behind; SOLD
Apameia, Phrygia, c. 193 - 235 A.D.
Hecate was a chthonic and childbirth goddess originating in Caria, later acquiring triplicate representations and becoming associated with activities such as sorcery.RP82021. Bronze AE 17, BMC Phrygia p. 88, 110, aVF, weight 1.928 g, maximum diameter 16.6 mm, die axis 0o, Phrygia, Apameia (Dinar, Turkey) mint, obverse AΠAMEIA, turreted head of city-goddess right; reverse CΩTEIPA, Hecate triformis, each head wearing polos, and holding torches (a serpent and a key probable too) in her hands; SOLD
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