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Apamea is believed to be the Biblical city Shepham (Num. xxxiv. 11). After the Mithridatic Wars it became a great center for trade, largely carried on by resident Italians and Jews. Apamea is mentioned in the Talmud (Ber. 62a, Niddah, 30b and Yeb. 115b). By order of Flaccus, nearly 45 kilograms of gold, intended by Jews for the Temple in Jerusalem was confiscated in Apamea in 62 B.C. On the outbreak of the Jewish War, the inhabitants of Apamea spared the Jews who lived in their midst, and would not suffer them to be murdered or led into captivity (Josephus, Bell. Jud. ii. 18, § 5).
Apameia, Phrygia, c. 88 - 40 B.C.
Rome received Apameia with the Pergamene Kingdom in 133 B.C., but sold it to Mithridates V of Pontus, who held it till 120 BC. After the Mithridatic Wars it became a great center for trade, largely carried on by resident Italians and Jews. By order of Flaccus, nearly 45 kilograms of gold, intended by Jews for the Temple in Jerusalem was confiscated in Apamea in 62 B.C.GB93764. Bronze AE 25, SNG Cop 167; SNG Munchen 116; BMC Phrygia p. 86, 97; HGC 7 670; SNGvA -, aVF, brassy high points with toned recesses, obverse slightly off center, light scratches, weight 8.633 g, maximum diameter 24.5 mm, die axis 45o, Phrygia, Apameia (Dinar, Turkey) mint, c. 88 - 40 B.C.; obverse bust of Athena right, wearing high-crested Corinthian helmet and aegis; reverse eagle alighting right from a basis ornamented with meander pattern, star above, basis flanked on each side by a star above a pileus, AΠAMEΩN above, ΦAINIΠΠOY / ∆PAKONTO ([magistrate] Phainippos, son of Drakon) in two lines below; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $100.00 SALE |PRICE| $90.00
Apameia, Phrygia, c. 88 - 40 B.C.
Artemis was a goddess of virginity, women's concerns, the hunt and the underworld. The enigmatic cult statue covered in apparent fertility symbols was a unique combination of the Greek virgin-huntress Artemis with an indigenous Anatolian goddess.GB93762. Bronze AE 20, SNG Cop 177; SNGvA 8338; SNG Ashmolean 960; BMC Phrygia p. 76, 40; Weber 7026; HGC 7 672, aVF, brassy high points with toned recesses, tight flan, light marks, weight 6.409 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 0o, Apameia (Dinar, Turkey) mint, c. 88 - 40 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse cultus-statue of Artemis Anaitis standing facing, wearing kalathos and veil, arm supports, AΠAME downward on right, AN∆PON / AΛKIO (Androni(kos), son of Alkion, [eglogistes]) in two downward lines on left; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $80.00 SALE |PRICE| $72.00 ON RESERVE
Apameia, Phrygia, 150 - 140 B.C.
Apameia was named for Apama, the mother of the founder, the Seleucid king Antiochos I.
The cista mystica was a basket used for housing sacred snakes in connection with the initiation ceremony into the cult of Bacchus (Dionysus). In the Dionysian mysteries a snake, representing the god and possibly symbolic of his phallus, was carried in a cista mystica on a bed of vine leaves. The cista in the mysteries of Isis may also have held a serpent, perhaps associated with the missing phallus of Osiris.SH63587. Silver cistophoric tetradrachm, Kleiner-Noe, issue XI, 21; SNGvA 3451 and 8333; cf. BMC Phrygia p. 69, 7 (no star); SNG Cop -, VF, uneven toning, weight 12.522 g, maximum diameter 28.0 mm, die axis 0o, Phrygia, Apameia (Dinar, Turkey) mint, 150 - 140 B.C.; obverse Cista mystica with half open lid, from which a snake emerges left, all within ivy wreath; reverse two coiled serpents with heads erect, between them an ornamented bow-case with strap on right, bow sticking out from the top left side of case, snake on the right wrapped around two flutes, AΠA monogram left, pileus surmounted by star right; interesting ornate cista mystica; SOLD
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