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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |North Africa| ▸ |Mauretania||View Options:  |  |  | 

Mauretania (Morocco)

Mauretania is a region of Africa, separated from Spain by the straits of Gibraltar, and from Numidia by the river Ampsaga. It is now Morocco. Julius Caesar vanquished its king, Juba, and reduced the country to a Roman province. Augustus later exchanged it with Juba, the son, for Numidia. The region remained under the Romans until about 441 A.D., when Genseric, King of the Vandals, gained possession of it. Valentinian fought for it for three years, with various success; at length, peace was established and they divided Northern Africa between them. At the death of Valentinian, Genseric not only recovered all which he had ceded but overthrew the Empire of the West. Justinian reconquered this territory ninety-five years after the Vandals had permanently occupied it.

Kingdom of Mauretania, Juba II, 25 B.C. - 23 A.D., Possible Ancient Counterfeit

|Mauretania|, |Kingdom| |of| |Mauretania,| |Juba| |II,| |25| |B.C.| |-| |23| |A.D.,| |Possible| |Ancient| |Counterfeit||drachm|NEW
Juba's father, an ally of Pompey, was defeated by Julius Caesar and committed suicide. After Juba II was paraded in his triumph, Caesar, and later Octavian, raised him. He learned Latin and Greek and became a Roman citizen. Juba II accompanied Octavian on campaigns and fought alongside him in the battle of Actium. They became longtime friends and Augustus restored him as King of Numidia. Augustus afterward exchanged Mauretania with Juba, the son, for Numidia.
GS110645. Silver drachm, cf. Alexandropoulos 180, Mazard CNNM 215 (RR), Mller Afrique 59 var. (RXXXXII), SNG Cop -, gF, holed, scratches, scrape, flan defect on neck, low weight and lamination defects suggest this may be a plated counterfeit, weight 1.850 g, maximum diameter 16.23 mm, die axis 270o, Caesarea (Cherchell, Algeria) mint, 16 - 17 A.D.; obverse REX IVBA, diademed head of Juba II right; reverse Capricorn right, cornucopia on its back, rudder below, celestial globe between front hooves, RXXXXIII below; very rare; $160.00 (161.60)


Kingdom of Mauretania, Juba II, 25 B.C. - 23 A.D.

|Mauretania|, |Kingdom| |of| |Mauretania,| |Juba| |II,| |25| |B.C.| |-| |23| |A.D.||drachm|
Juba's father, an ally of Pompey, was defeated by Julius Caesar and committed suicide. After Juba II was paraded in his triumph, Caesar, and later Octavian, raised him. He learned Latin and Greek and became a Roman citizen. Juba II accompanied Octavian on campaigns and fought alongside him in the battle of Actium. They became longtime friends and Augustus restored him as King of Numidia. Augustus afterward exchanged Mauretania with Juba, the son, for Numidia.
GS110644. Silver drachm, Mazard 241, Alexandropoulos MAA 95, SNG Cop 579, Mller Afrique 23 var. (no crescent), gF, holed, plugged, scrapes and scratches, weight 2.133 g, maximum diameter 16.5 mm, die axis 180o, Caesarea (Cherchell, Algeria) mint, 16 - 17 A.D.; obverse REX IVBA, diademed head right; reverse cornucopia, flanked two dangling looped fillets, transverse scepter behind, crescent upper right; scarce; $120.00 (121.20)


Kingdom of Mauretania, Juba II and Cleopatra Selene, 25 B.C. - 23 A.D.

|Mauretania|, |Kingdom| |of| |Mauretania,| |Juba| |II| |and| |Cleopatra| |Selene,| |25| |B.C.| |-| |23| |A.D.||drachm|
After his father's defeat and suicide, Juba II was take to Rome and paraded in Caesar's triumph. He was then raised in Caesar's household where he and Octavian became lifelong friends. He accompanied Octavian on campaigns after Caesar's death even fighting at the battle of Actium against his future wife's parents. Cleopatra Selene was the daughter of Cleopatra VII by Marc Antony. After the battle of Actium, she was raised by Octavia, Octavian's sister. Augustus restored Juba II as the king of Numidia c. 28 B.C. and later arranged for him to marry Cleopatra Selene II giving her a large dowry and appointing her queen.
SL91482. Silver drachm, Mazard 299, SNG Cop 567, Mller Afrique 97, NGC Ch VF, strike 3/5, surface 3/5 (2490384-004), weight 3.212 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 180o, Numidia, Caesarea (Cherchell, Algeria) mint, 20 B.C. - 23 A.D.; obverse REX IVBA (King Juba), diademed head right; reverse BAΣIΛIΣΣA KΛEOΠATPA (Queen Cleopatra), star with six rays around central pellet, within and above a crescent with horns upward; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; NGC| Lookup; scarce; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

Alexandropoulos, J. Les monnaies de l'Afrique antique: 400 av. J.-C. - 40 ap. J.-C. (Toulouse, 2000).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Babelon, J. Catalogue de la collection de Luynes: monnaies greques. (Paris, 1924-1936).
Falbe, C. & J. Lindberg. Numismatique de L'Ancienne Afrique. (Copenhagen, 1860-1862).
Grant, M. From Imperium To Auctoritas, A Historical Study of Aes Coinage In The Roman Empire, 49 BC-AD 14. (Cambridge, 1946).
Mazard, J. Corpus Nummorum Numidiae Mauretaniaeque. (Paris, 1955-1958).
Mller, L. et. al. Numismatique de l'ancienne Afrique. (Copenhagen, 1860-1862).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Vol. 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Strauss, P. Collection Maurice Laffaille - monnaies grecques en bronze. (Ble, 1990).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 8: Egypt, North Africa, Spain - Gaul. (1994).

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