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In March 297, Maximian began an offensive against nomadic Berber tribes that were harassing settlements in North Africa. He spent the winter of 297 - 298 resting in Carthage. Not content to drive them back into their homelands in the Atlas Mountains, from which they could continue to wage war, Maximian ventured deep into Berber territory. The terrain was unfavorable, the Berbers were skilled at guerrilla warfare, but Maximian pressed on. He killed as many as he could and drove the remainder back into the Sahara. On 10 March 298, he made a triumphal entry into Carthage. Inscriptions there record the people's gratitude to Maximian, hailing him, as "redditor lucis aeternae" (restorer of the eternal light). Maximian returned to Italy in early 299 to celebrate another triumph in Rome.RB93352. Bronze follis, RIC VI Carthago 26b, SRCV IV 14336, cf. Cohen VII 28 (obv. leg.), Hunter V -, Choice gVF, well centered, some silvering, weight 9.462 g, maximum diameter 27.4 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Carthage mint, as caesar, c. 298 A.D.; obverse MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, laureate head right; reverse FELIX ADVENT AVGG NN (Happy arrival of our emperors), Africa standing facing, head left, wearing elephant scalp headdress, standard in right hand, elephant tusk in left hand, lion on top of bull carcass at feet on left, I (for Iovi - Diocletian and his caesar Galerius were the "Jovian" rulers) left, PK∆ in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; SOLD
Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D.
This reverse is a good example of how the Romans used the coins as propaganda media: Commodus (who claimed to be Hercules reincarnated) maintains the grain supply (clasps hands with Africa, the largest grain supplier of that time).RS95351. Silver denarius, RIC III 259a (R), RSC II 643, BMCRE IV 356, Hunter II 67, SRCV II 5687, Choice F, well centered, flow lines, bumps, edge ragged with small splits/cracks, weight 2.544 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 192 A.D.; obverse L AEL AVREL COMM AVG P FEL, laureate head right; reverse PROVIDENTIAE AVG (to the foresight of the Emperor), Africa (on left) standing right, wearing elephant scalp headdress, lion crouching right at feet on far side, sistrum in right hand, offering grain to Hercules with right hand; Hercules (on right) standing left, nude, right foot on prow, receiving grain with right hand, club in left hand resting on tree stump; rare; SOLD