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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Geographic - All Periods ▸ Anatolia ▸ Ionia ▸ Magnesia ad MeandrumView Options:  |  |  | 

Magnesia ad Meandrum, Ionia

Magnesia ad Maeandrum was an inland city of Ionia, located on a small tributary of the Maeander River about 12 miles southeast of Ephesus.


Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III Arrhidaeus, 323 - 317 B.C.

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Struck in the name of King Philip III Arrhidaeus, Alexander the Great's half-brother, under the regent Perdikkas. Philip III and Alexander's infant son, Alexander IV, were made joint kings after Alexander's death. Philip was the bastard son of Philip II and a dancer, Philinna of Larissa. Alexander the Great's mother, Olympias, allegedly poisoned her stepson Philip III as a child, leaving him mentally disabled, eliminating him as a rival to Alexander. Neither Philip III nor Alexander IV was capable of actual rule and both were selected only to serve as pawns. The regents held power, while Philip III was actually imprisoned. In 317, Philip was murdered by Olympias to ensure the succession of her grandson.
SL89735. Silver drachm, Price P56, SNG München 947, SNG Cop 1105, HGC 3.1, 974e (S), Müller Alexander -, SNG Alpha Bank -, NGC MS, 5/5 strike, 5/5 surface, fine style (4629644-013), weight 4.26 g, maximum diameter 15.6 mm, die axis 0o, Ionia, Magnesia ad Maeandrum (near Tekin, Turkey) mint, struck under Menander or Kleito, c. 323 - 319 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean lion scalp headdress; reverse Zeus seated left on throne without back, nude to waist, himation around hips and legs, feet on footstool, right leg drawn back, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, IAT monogram left, ΦIΛIΠΠOY downward on right; ex Giessener Munzhandlung D. Gorny GmbH; $750.00 (€660.00)
 


Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C.

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Struck after Alexander the Great's death during the joint reign of Philip III, Alexander's brother, and the infant king Alexander IV, Alexander's son with the Bactrian princess Roxana. The two were made joint kings by Alexander's generals who only intended to use them as pawns. Philip III was imprisoned upon his return to Macedonia, and in 317 B.C. he was executed under orders from Olympias. Alexander IV and his mother Roxana were executed by the boy's regent, Kassander, in 311 B.C. Magnesia also struck nearly identical drachms during this period in the name of Philip. Traditionally coins naming Alexander have been attributed to Alexander III the Great, but the Alexander named on this coin was more likely the infant son of Roxana, Alexander IV.
GS89713. Silver drachm, Hersh 107, Price 1946 corr. (thyrsus left), Müller Alexander 663, SNG Cop -, SNG München -, SNG Alpha Bank -, SNG Saroglos -, VF, light toning, porosity, light corrosion, bumps, light scratches, reverse slightly off center, weight 4.222 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 0o, Ionia, Magnesia ad Maeandrum (near Tekin, Turkey) mint, struck under Menander or Kleito, c. 323 - 319 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, forepaws tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left on throne without back, nude to waist, himation around waist and legs, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, thyrsus behind throne (inner right); $145.00 (€127.60)
 


Die Münzprägung von Magnesia am Mäander in der römischen Kaiserzeit Taschenbuch

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The minting of Magnesia on the Meander in the Roman imperial times.
BK13271. Die Münzprägung von Magnesia am Mäander in der römischen Kaiserzeit Taschenbuch by Sabine Schultz, 1975, in German, 136 pages 37 plates, paperback, used, very good condition; $60.00 (€52.80)
 


Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos II Kallinikos, 246 - 225 B.C.

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The Seleukid Empire was under attack by Egypt when Kallinikos assumed the throne. He lost much of Thrace and coastal Anatolia to Ptolemy III. While he was fighting, his mother made his younger brother Antiochos Hierax joint ruler. Kallinikos agreed to partition the empire; however, Hierax wanted it all and Hierax and his Galatian mercenaries defeated him. Kallinikos managed to retain the lands east of the Tauros. The War of the Brothers weakened the empire, permitting regions such as Parthia to secede. Anatolia was soon lost. Kallinikos died after a fall from his horse.
GY89999. Bronze AE 17, Houghton-Lorber 670, Newell WSM 1484, HGC 9 347 (R2), Choice VF, well centered, dark glossy patina, earthen deposits, weight 4.461 g, maximum diameter 16.5 mm, die axis 0o, Ionia, Magnesia ad Maeandrum (near Tekin, Turkey) mint, 246 - 239 A.D.; obverse head of Artemis right, bow and quiver behind on shoulder; reverse Apollo standing half left, nude, head left, testing arrow in right hand, left hand resting on grounded bow behind, BAΣIΛEΩΣ downward on right, ΣEΛEYKOY downward on left, ME monogram (primary control) outer right, monogram outer left (secondary control), all within meander pattern border; rare; $60.00 (€52.80)
 







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REFERENCES

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Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Deppert-Lippitz, B. Die Münzprägung Milets vom vierten bis ersten Jahrhundert v. Chr. Typos V. (Aarau, 1984).
Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber. (1922 - 1929).
Head, B. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Ionia. (London, 1892).
Hersh, C. "Additions and Corrections to Martin J. Price's 'The Coinage in the name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus'" in Studies Price, pp. 135 - 144, pl. 30.
Imhoof-Blumer, F. Monnaies Grecques. (Paris, 1883).
Jones, M. "The Autonomous Wreathed Tetradrachms of Magnesia on Maeander" in ANSMN 24. (New York, 1979).
Klein, D. Sammlung von griechischen Kleinsilbermünzen und Bronzen, Nomismata 3. (Milano, 1999).
Klose, D.O.A. Die Münzprägung von Smyrna in der römischen Kaiserzeit. AMUGS X. (Berlin, 1987).
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Lindgren, H., & F. Kovacs. Ancient Bronze Coinage of Asia Minor and the Levant. (San Mateo, 1985).
MacDonald, G. Catalogue of Greek Coins in the Hunterian Collection. (Glascow, 1899)
Mionnet, T. E. Description de Médailles antiques grecques et romaines, vol. III. (Paris, 1808).
Müller, L. Die Münzen Des Thracishen Konigs Lysimacus. (Copenhagen, 1858).
Müller, L. Numismatique d'Alexandre le Grand; Appendice les monnaies de Philippe II et III, et Lysimaque. (Copenhagen, 1855-58).
Price, M. J. The Coinage of in the Name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus. (London, 1991).
Schultz, S. Die Münzprägung von Magnesia am Mäander in der Römischen Kaiserzeit. (Berlin, 1975).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 5: Ionia, Caria and Lydia. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, München Staatlische Münzsammlung, Part 20: Ionien 1: (Frühes Elektron-Priene). (Berlin, 1995).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Münzsammlung Universität Tübingen, Part 4: Mysien-Ionien. (Berlin, 1989).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Sammlung Hans Von Aulock, Vol. 1: Pontus, Paphlagonia, Bithynia, Mysia, Troas, Aiolis, Lesbos, Ionia. (Berlin, 1957).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Finland, The Erkki Keckman Collection in the Skopbank, Helsinki, Part II: Asia Minor except Karia. (Helsinki, 1999).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 1: The Muharrem Kayhan Collection. (Istanbul, 2002).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 5: Tire Museum, Vol. 1: Roman Provincial Coins From Ionia, Lydia, Phrygia, etc. (Istanbul, 2011).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 7: Odemis Museum, Vol. 1: Roman Provincial Coins of Ionia, Lydia and etc. (Istanbul, 2012).
Tekin, O. "The Magnesian Hoard. A Preliminary Report" in The Hunterian 2009, pp. 436-439.
Thompson, M. "The Mints of Lysimachus" in Essays Robinson, pp. 163 - 182, pls. 16 - 22.

Catalog current as of Sunday, July 21, 2019.
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Magnesia ad Meandrum