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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Ionia| ▸ |Magnesia ad Meandrum||View Options:  |  |  | 

Magnesia ad Meandrum, Ionia

Magnesia ad Maeandrum was an inland city of Ionia, located on a small tributary of the Maeander River about 12 miles southeast of Ephesus.


Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III Arrhidaeus, 323 - 317 B.C.

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Struck in the name of King Philip III Arrhidaeus, Alexander the Great's half-brother, under the regent Perdikkas. Philip III and Alexander's infant son, Alexander IV, were made joint kings after Alexander's death. Philip was the bastard son of Philip II and a dancer, Philinna of Larissa. Alexander the Great's mother, Olympias, allegedly poisoned her stepson Philip III as a child, leaving him mentally disabled, eliminating him as a rival to Alexander. Neither Philip III nor Alexander IV was capable of actual rule and both were selected only to serve as pawns. The regents held power, while Philip III was actually imprisoned. In 317, Philip was murdered by Olympias to ensure the succession of her grandson.
SL89735. Silver drachm, Price P56, SNG München 947, SNG Cop 1105, HGC 3.1, 974e (S), Müller Alexander -, SNG Alpha Bank -, NGC MS, 5/5 strike, 5/5 surface, fine style (4629644-013), weight 4.26 g, maximum diameter 15.6 mm, die axis 0o, Ionia, Magnesia ad Maeandrum (near Tekin, Turkey) mint, struck under Menander or Kleito, c. 323 - 319 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean lion scalp headdress; reverse Zeus seated left on throne without back, nude to waist, himation around hips and legs, feet on footstool, right leg drawn back, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, IAT monogram left, ΦIΛIΠΠOY downward on right; ex Giessener Munzhandlung D. Gorny GmbH; $750.00 (€660.00)
 


Magnesia ad Meandrum, Ionia, c. 145 - 70 B.C.

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Magnesia ad Maeandrum was an inland city of Ionia, located on a small tributary of the Maeander River about 12 miles southeast of Ephesus. "..the temple of Artemis Leukophryene, which in the size of its shrine and in the number of its votive offerings is inferior to the temple at Ephesos, but in the harmony and skill shown in the structure of the sacred enclosure is far superior to it. And in size it surpasses all the sacred enclosures in Asia except two, that at Ephesos (to Artemis) and that at Didymoi (to Apollo)" -- Strabo, Geography 14. 1. 40.
GB91731. Bronze AE 21, SNGvA 2041, SNG München 602, SNG Fitzwilliam 4514, Lindgren III 371, SNG Cop -, Choice VF, dark patina with highlighting earthen deposits, weight 12.257 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 0o, Magnesia ad Maeandrum (near Tekin, Turkey) mint, c. 145 - 70 B.C.; obverse head of Artemis right, bow and quiver behind shoulder; reverse stag standing right on meander pattern, head down, MAΓNHTΩN above, ΠAYΣANIAΣ / MHTPO∆ΩPOΣ (Pausanias, son of Metrodoros [magistrate]) in two lines in the exergue; only three sales of this type recorded on Coin Archives in the last two decades; very rare; $250.00 (€220.00)
 


Persian Achaemenid Empire, Magnesia ad Maeandrum, Ionia, Archepolis, c. 459 - 412 B.C.

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Archeptolis was a satrap of Magnesia on the Maeander, Ionia for the Persian Achaemenid Empire, c. 459 to 412 B.C. He succeeded his father, the Athenian general Themistocles, and the rule of this father and son has been called "a Greek dynasty in the Persian Empire." Archeptolis is said to have married his half-sister Mnesiptolema (daughter of Themistocles from his second wife). Archeptolis had several sisters and three brothers. One brother, Cleophantus, was possibly the ruler of Lampsacus. Pausanias later wrote that the sons of Themistocles returned to Athens where they dedicated a painting of Themistocles in the Parthenon and erected a bronze statue to Artemis Leucophryene, the goddess of Magnesia, on the Acropolis. They may have returned from Ionia in old age, after 412 B.C., when the Persians took firm control of the Greek cities of Asia. They may have been expelled by the Achaemenid satrap Tissaphernes sometime between 412 and 399 B.C.
GS92802. Silver tetartemorion, apparently unpublished in this denomination but more than 20 specimens known from auctions, cf. Nollé-Wenninger 2A (trihemiobol), aVF, well centered, toned, struck with worn dies, weight 0.208 g, maximum diameter 6.2 mm, die axis 45o, Ionia, Magnesia ad Maeandrum (near Tekin, Turkey) mint, c. 459 - 412 B.C.; obverse diademed and bearded male head right; reverse eagle flying left within linear square border within incuse square; rare; $110.00 (€96.80)
 


Magnesia ad Maeander, Ionia, c. 190 - 30 B.C.

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Magnesia ad Maeandrum was an inland city of Ionia, located on a small tributary of the Maeander River about 12 miles southeast of Ephesus. "..the temple of Artemis Leukophryene, which in the size of its shrine and in the number of its votive offerings is inferior to the temple at Ephesos, but in the harmony and skill shown in the structure of the sacred enclosure is far superior to it. And in size it surpasses all the sacred enclosures in Asia except two, that at Ephesos (to Artemis) and that at Didymoi (to Apollo)" -- Strabo, Geography 14. 1. 40.
GB89370. Bronze AE 17, SNG Cop 853; SNG Tübingen 2958; BMC Ionia p. 164, 47, aVF, green patina, scratches, light earthen deposits, weight 5.575 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 0o, Magnesia ad Maeandrum (near Tekin, Turkey) mint, c. 190 - 30 B.C.; obverse stag standing right, star above left, MAΓNHT below; reverse cult statue of Artemis Leukophryene facing, KPATINOΣ (magistrate Kratinos) downward on left, EYKΛHΣ (magistrate Eukles) downward on right; rare; $100.00 (€88.00)
 


Magnesia ad Maeandrum, Ionia, c. 350 - 320 B.C.

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Magnesia ad Maeandrum was an inland city of Ionia, located on a small tributary of the Maeander River about 12 miles southeast of Ephesus. "..the temple of Artemis Leukophryene, which in the size of its shrine and in the number of its votive offerings is inferior to the temple at Ephesos, but in the harmony and skill shown in the structure of the sacred enclosure is far superior to it. And in size it surpasses all the sacred enclosures in Asia except two, that at Ephesos (to Artemis) and that at Didymoi (to Apollo)" -- Strabo, Geography 14. 1. 40.
GS90991. Silver hemidrachm, Weber 5996; BMC Ionia p. 159, 11; SNG Kayhan 414 ff. var. (different magistrate); SNG Cop 809 var. (same), F, toned, tight flan, weight 1.316 g, maximum diameter 12.3 mm, die axis 45o, Magnesia ad Maeandrum (near Tekin, Turkey) mint, c. 350 - 320 B.C.; obverse Cavalryman on horseback prancing right, wearing helmet, cuirass, and chlamys, holding couched spear; reverse bull butting left atop Maeander pattern, MAΓN above, stalk of grain right, MIKYΘOΣ (magistrate) below; $100.00 (€88.00)
 


Magnesia ad Meandrum, Ionia, c. 350 - 190 B.C.

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Magnesia ad Maeandrum was an inland city of Ionia, located on a small tributary of the Maeander River about 12 miles southeast of Ephesus.
GB89330. Bronze AE 11, cf. BMC Ionia, 160, 17 - 18; SNG Cop 802; SNGvA 7920; SNG München 593; SNG Kayhan 408, aVF, dark green-brown patina, some roughness , weight 1.288 g, maximum diameter 11.0 mm, die axis 0o, Magnesia ad Meandrum (near Tekin, Turkey) mint, c. 350 - 190 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo left, hair rolled; reverse forepart of rushing bull right, MAΓ above, meander pattern at truncation, magistrate name(?) behind; ex CNG e-auction 400 (28 Jun 2017), lot 212; $95.00 (€83.60)
 


Magnesia ad Maeandrum, Ionia, c. 350 - 190 B.C.

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Magnesia ad Maeandrum was an inland city of Ionia, located on a small tributary of the Maeander River about 12 miles southeast of Ephesus. "..the temple of Artemis Leukophryene, which in the size of its shrine and in the number of its votive offerings is inferior to the temple at Ephesos, but in the harmony and skill shown in the structure of the sacred enclosure is far superior to it. And in size it surpasses all the sacred enclosures in Asia except two, that at Ephesos (to Artemis) and that at Didymoi (to Apollo)" -- Strabo, Geography 14. 1. 40.
GB91735. Bronze AE 13, cf. BMC Ionia p. 161, 26 (same magistrate, AE16, meander border); SNG Cop 815 (same); SNGvA -; SNG München -; SNG Tübingen -, VF, green patina, minor encrustations, obverse a little off center, weight 2.214 g, maximum diameter 12.8 mm, die axis 0o, Magnesia ad Maeandrum (near Tekin, Turkey) mint, c. 350 - 190 B.C.; obverse armed horseman in chlamys prancing right, holding couched spear; reverse humped bull butting left, MAΓN above, KY∆POKΛHΣ (magistrate) below; $70.00 (€61.60)
 


Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos II Kallinikos, 246 - 225 B.C.

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The Seleukid Empire was under attack by Egypt when Kallinikos assumed the throne. He lost much of Thrace and coastal Anatolia to Ptolemy III. While he was fighting, his mother made his younger brother Antiochos Hierax joint ruler. Kallinikos agreed to partition the empire; however, Hierax wanted it all and Hierax and his Galatian mercenaries defeated him. Kallinikos managed to retain the lands east of the Tauros. The War of the Brothers weakened the empire, permitting regions such as Parthia to secede. Anatolia was soon lost. Kallinikos died after a fall from his horse.
GY89999. Bronze AE 17, Houghton-Lorber 670, Newell WSM 1484, HGC 9 347 (R2), Choice VF, well centered, dark glossy patina, earthen deposits, weight 4.461 g, maximum diameter 16.5 mm, die axis 0o, Ionia, Magnesia ad Maeandrum (near Tekin, Turkey) mint, 246 - 239 A.D.; obverse head of Artemis right, bow and quiver behind on shoulder; reverse Apollo standing half left, nude, head left, testing arrow in right hand, left hand resting on grounded bow behind, BAΣIΛEΩΣ downward on right, ΣEΛEYKOY downward on left, ME monogram (primary control) outer right, monogram outer left (secondary control), all within meander pattern border; rare; $60.00 (€52.80)
 


Magnesia ad Maeandrum, Ionia, c. 400 - 350 B.C.

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Magnesia ad Maeandrum was an inland city of Ionia, located on a small tributary of the Maeander River about 12 miles southeast of Ephesus.
GS92037. Silver hemiobol, SNG Kayhan 397 var. (M-A), BMC Ionia -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG Tüb -, SNG München -, SNG Keckman -. Klein -, Rosen -, VF, toned, obverse off center, earthen deposits, porosity, weight 0.320 g, maximum diameter 7.2 mm, Magnesia ad Maeandrum (near Tekin, Turkey) mint, c. 400 - 350 B.C.; obverse bull butting right, meander pattern below; reverse star with eight rays and central pellet, M−A−Γ between rays; very rare; $50.00 (€44.00)
 


Magnesia ad Meandrum, Ionia, c. 350 - 190 B.C.

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Magnesia ad Maeandrum was an inland city of Ionia, located on a small tributary of the Maeander River about 12 miles southeast of Ephesus. "..the temple of Artemis Leukophryene, which in the size of its shrine and in the number of its votive offerings is inferior to the temple at Ephesos, but in the harmony and skill shown in the structure of the sacred enclosure is far superior to it. And in size it surpasses all the sacred enclosures in Asia except two, that at Ephesos (to Artemis) and that at Didymoi (to Apollo)" -- Strabo, Geography 14. 1. 40.
GB89276. Bronze AE 14, SNG Cop 804; cf. BMC Ionia, 160, 17 - 18 (magistrate name illegible or off flan); SNGvA 7920 (same); SNG Tüb -, SNG Kayhan, aVF, pitting, reverse rough, weight 2.197 g, maximum diameter 14.1 mm, die axis 30o, Magnesia ad Maeandrum (near Tekin, Turkey) mint, c. 350 - 190 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo left, hair rolled; reverse forepart of rushing bull right, meander pattern behind truncation, MAΓ above, ∆HMHTPIOΣ (magistrate) below; $40.00 (€35.20)
 







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REFERENCES|

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Catalog current as of Monday, December 9, 2019.
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Magnesia ad Meandrum