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Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.

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Gallienus was the first Roman emperor to commission primarily cavalry units, the Comitatenses, that could be dispatched anywhere in the Empire in short order. He also forbade senators from becoming military commanders. These policies undermined senatorial power, as equestrian commanders rose to prominence. These reforms and the decline in senatorial influence not only helped Aurelian to salvage the Empire, but they also make Gallienus one of the emperors most responsible for the creation of the Dominate, along with Septimius Severus, Diocletian, and Constantine I.
RA87019. Billon antoninianus, AHG 250 (this coin), GŲbl MIR 1687m (Samosata), RIC V-1 J456 (Antioch), Cohen V 1310, SRCV III 10414 var. (obv legend), VF, well centered, porous, edge cracks, weight 3.393 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 180o, Syrian mint, 255 - 256 A.D.; obverse IMP C P LIC GALLIENVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse VIRTVS AVGG (valor of the two emperors), Valerian (on left) and Gallienus standing confronted; Valerian holds scepter in right, globe in left; Gallienus offering Victory in right, transverse spear in left; $35.00 (Ä29.75)

Catalog current as of Monday, January 21, 2019.
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