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Divided into numerous tribes, the Thracians did not recognize themselves as a single group. Thrace and Thracians were names given them by the Greeks. The Thracians did not form a lasting political organization until the Odrysian state was founded in the 5th century B.C. The 4th century was a time of strife and Macedonian encroachment. The coins of the Thracian rulers, which were struck in the Greek cities of the kingdom, are so scarce that they may have been struck more symbolic of regal authority than to meet the needs of trade.
|Seuthes was the high priest of the Cabeiri, and the king of the Odrysian Thracians. He revolted against Macedonia about 325 B.C., after Alexander's governor Zopyrion was killed in battle against the Getae. Seuthes was apparently subdued by Antipater, but after Alexander died in 323 B.C. he again took up arms in opposition to the new governor Lysimachus. They fought to a draw and both withdrew, but ultimately Seuthes acknowledged Lysimachus' authority. In 320 B.C., Seuthes III moved the Odrysian kingdom to central Thrace and built his capital city at Seuthopolis. In 313 B.C. he supported Antigonus I against Lysimachus, occupying the passes of Mount Haemus, but was again defeated and forced to submit to Lysimachus. After Lysimachus died in 281 B.C., Thrace came under the suzerainty of Ptolemy Keraunos.|