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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Byzantine Coins| ▸ |Heraclean Dynasty| ▸ |Heraclonas||View Options:  |  |  |   

Heraklonas, 4 July 638 - October 641 A.D.

Joint rule as junior emperor with Heraclius (his father) and Heraclius Constantine (his half-brother), 4 July 638 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Joint rule as junior emperor with Heraclius Constantine (his half-brother), 11 January - 20 April 641 A.D.
Sole rule 20 April 641 - September 641 A.D.
Joint rule as senior emperor with Constans II (his nephew), September - October 641 A.D.
Heraklonas was probably born at Lazica while his father was on campaign against Khosrau II of the Sassanid Empire. In 632, Heraclonas was designated Caesar and added to the coinage. He was probably the fourth son of Martina and Heraclius, but the first one born free of physical deformity and eligible for the throne. On 4 July 638, Heraklonas, then age 12, through the influence of his mother Martina, obtained the title of Augustus. The death of his father, followed only 100 days later by the death of his older half-brother, Heraclius Constantine, left Heraklonas as sole ruler. But the suspicion that he and Martina had murdered his older half-brother soon led to a revolt. Heraklonas was forced to accept his young nephew Constans II as co-ruler. Martina intended to balance this setback with the coronation of her younger son as another co-emperor, but this restarted the revolt. Heraklonas and his mother were mutilated (Martina's tongue and Heraklonas' nose were cut off) and they were banished to Rhodes. Heraklonas, then 15 years old, is presumed to have died later that year. Constans II, the son of Heraclius Constantine, became sole emperor.


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.

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In 632, Heraclonas, Heraclius younger son, was designated Caesar and added to the coinage. Heraclonas was seven years old. The Heraclian monogram on the reverse replaces the more typical obverse inscription.
SH56780. Gold solidus, Wroth BMC 76; Tolstoi 410; DOC II part 1, 44f (no examples in the collection, refs Wroth and Tolstoi); SBCV 770; Hahn MIB 53, gVF, light graffiti, weight 4.390 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 180o, 8th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 639(?) - 641; obverse Heraclius with long beard and mustache between his sons, Heraclonas on left and Heraclius Constantine on right, all stand facing, each wears crown and chlamys and holds globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu H (victory of the Emperor, 8th officina), cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, E right, CONOB in exergue, light graffiti in right field; nicely centered, luster in fields; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius, Heraclius Constantine, and Heraclonas, 632 - 641 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
In 632, Heraclonas, Heraclius younger son, was designated Caesar and added to the coinage. Heraclonas was seven years old. The Heraclian monogram on the reverse replaces the more typical obverse inscription.
SH56801. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 36g; SBCV 761; Hahn MIB 42; Wroth BMC -; Tolstoi -; Ratto -, gVF, graffiti, weight 4.391 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 180o, 10th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 636 - 637; obverse Heraclius with long beard and mustache between his sons, Heraclonas on left and Heraclius Constantine on right, all stand facing, each wears crown and chlamys and holds globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu I (victory of the Emperor, 10th officina), cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, I right, CONOB in exergue, graffiti "O∆" below CONOB; nicely centered, luster in fields; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
In 632, Heraclonas, Heraclius younger son, was designated Caesar and added to the coinage. Heraclonas was seven years old. The Heraclian monogram on the reverse replaces the more typical obverse inscription.
SH66466. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 38a; Hahn MIB 44; SBCV 763; Wroth BMC -; Ratto -, gVF, light scratch in reverse lower right field, excellent centering, luster in fields, weight 4.447 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 180o, 6th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 636 - 637(?); obverse Heraclius with long beard and mustache between his sons, Heraclonas on left and Heraclius Constantine on right, all stand facing, each wears crown and chlamys and holds globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu S (victory of the Emperor, 6th officina), cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, I right, CONOB in exergue; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius, Heraclius Constantine, and Heraclonas, 632 - 641 A.D.

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Although Hahn identifies three examples, this type from the 10th officina is missing from the major collections.
SH56794. Gold solidus, DOC II 43 var. (officina I not listed); Ratto 1488 - 1490 var. (same), Tolstoi 383 var. (same), Wroth BMC 60 var. (same); SBCV 769; Hahn MIB 50, aEF, area of flat strike, weight 4.445 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 180o, 10th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 639(?) - 641; obverse Heraclius with long beard and mustache between his sons, Heraclonas on left and Heraclius Constantine on right, all stand facing, each wears crown and chlamys and holds globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu I (victory of the Emperor, 10th officina), cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, no symbol right, CONOB in exergue; rare variant; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius, Heraclius Constantine, and Heraclonas, 632 - 641 A.D.

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In 639, the Islamic Rashidun army invaded Byzantine Egypt with 4,000 men. They captured the strategic town of Pelusium after a two-month siege. Reinforcements from Medina and Sinai Bedouin tribes increased the Arab force to 15,000 men. On 6 July 640, the Arab army surrounded and defeated a Byzantine army, and captured the city of Heliopolis. On 21 December 640, after a seven-month siege the Arabs captured the fortress at Babylon, Egypt. The Arabs laid siege to Alexandria in March 641. The city was heavily fortified with walls within walls, and forts within forts, was well supplied with provisions and food, and with direct access to the sea, men and supplies could be delivered at any time. It is said that Heraclius, the Byzantine emperor, collected a large army at Constantinople and intended to personally march at the head of these reinforcements to Alexandria. Before he could finalize the arrangements, he died. The troops mustered at Constantinople dispersed, no help came to Alexandria, and the city fell in September 641. Thousands of Byzantine soldiers were killed or taken captive while others managed to flee to Constantinople on ships that had been anchored in the port. Some wealthy traders also left. 'Amr is reported to have written to Caliph 'Umar: "We have conquered Alexandria. In this city there are 4,000 palaces, 400 places of entertainment, and untold wealth."
SH56806. Gold solidus, Morrisson 67; Ratto 1488; DOC II part 1, 43a (no examples in the collection, references Ratto 1488); Hahn MIB 50; SBCV 769; Wroth BMC -, EF, weight 4.600 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 639(?) - 641; obverse Heraclius with long beard and mustache between his sons, Heraclonas on left and Heraclius Constantine on right, all stand facing, each wears crown and chlamys and holds globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu B (victory of the Emperor, 2nd officina), cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, no symbol right, CONOB in exergue; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
In 632, Heraclonas, Heraclius younger son, was designated Caesar and added to the coinage. Heraclonas was seven years old. The Heraclian monogram on the reverse replaces the more typical obverse inscription.
SH56788. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 38a; Hahn MIB 44; SBCV 763; Wroth BMC -; Ratto -, gVF, weight 4.447 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 180o, 6th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 636 - 637(?); obverse Heraclius with long beard and mustache between his sons, Heraclonas on left and Heraclius Constantine on right, all stand facing, each wears crown and chlamys and holds globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu S (victory of the Emperor, 6th officina), cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, I right, CONOB in exergue; light scratch in reverse lower right field, excellent centering, luster in fields; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius, Heraclius Constantine, and Heraclonas, 632 - 641 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
In 632, Heraclonas, Heraclius younger son, was designated Caesar and added to the coinage. Heraclonas was seven years old. The Heraclian monogram on the reverse replaces the more typical obverse inscription.
SH56804. Gold solidus, Wroth BMC 71; Tolstoi 401; DOC II part 1, 43f (no examples in the collection, refs Tolstoi); SBCV 769; Hahn MIB 50, aEF, excellent centering, weight 4.426 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 180o, 7th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 639(?) - 641; obverse Heraclius with long beard and mustache between his sons, Heraclonas on left and Heraclius Constantine on right, all stand facing, each wears crown and chlamys and holds globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu Z (victory of the Emperor, 7th officina, Z retrograde), cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, no symbol right, CONOB in exergue; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius, Heraclius Constantine, and Heraclonas, 632 - 641 A.D.

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In April 637, Jerusalem became one of the Arab Caliphate's first conquests. The Rashidun Caliph Umar ibn al-Khattab personally went to the city to receive its submission and prayed on the Temple Mount. Umar ibn al-Khattab also allowed the Jews back into the city and freedom to live and worship. Sixty years later the Dome of the Rock was built, a structure enshrining a stone from which Muhammad is said to have ascended to heaven during the Isra. The oldest part of Jerusalem was settled in the 4th millennium B.C., making it one of the oldest cities in the world. During its long history, Jerusalem has been destroyed twice, besieged 23 times, attacked 52 times, and captured and recaptured 44 times.Dome of the Rock
SH69985. Gold solidus, Morrisson BnF 4; Hahn MIB 43; SBCV 762; DOC II part 1, 37 var. (1st officina not listed); Wroth BMC -; Sommer -, gVF, graffiti on reverse, weight 4.412 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 636 - 637; obverse Heraclius with his sons, all stand facing holding globus cruciger in right; Heraclius with mustache, long beard, and crown; Heraclius Constantine (on right) beardless wearing crown; Heraclonas (on left) wearing plain cap, cross above his head; reverse VICTORIA AVGu A (victory of the Emperor, 1st officina), cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, I right, CONOB+ in exergue; rare; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius, Heraclius Constantine, and Heraclonas, 632 - 641 A.D.

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In 638, Heraclius issued his Ekthesis espousing the Monothelete doctrine (that there is only one will in Christ) and set it forth as the official doctrine of the Eastern Orthodox Church. The Ekthesis was vigorously opposed, notably by Maximus the Confessor.
SH69989. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 41a; Tolstoi 373; Morrisson BnF 62; Sommer 11.32; Hahn MIB 48; SBCV 767; Wroth BMC -, EF, small areas of weak strike, weight 4.373 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 638 - 639; obverse Heraclius in center taller with mustache, long beard; standing with Heraclius Constantine on right, Heraclonas on left, sons beardless and equal height, all wear crown and chlamys, and hold globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu A (victory of the Emperor, 1st officina), cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, IB ligature right, CONOB in exergue; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius, Heraclius Constantine, and Heraclonas, 632 - 641 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
In 632, Heraclonas, Heraclius younger son, was designated Caesar and added to the coinage. Heraclonas was seven years old. The Heraclian monogram on the reverse replaces the more typical obverse inscription.
SH26640. Gold solidus, SBCV 764; Hahn MIB 46, DOC II part 1, 39, gVF, weight 4.402 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, obverse Heraclius with long beard and mustache between his sons, Heraclonas on left and Heraclius Constantine on right, all stand facing, each wears crown and chlamys and holds globus cruciger in right hand; reverse VICTORIA AVGu B (victory of the Emperor, 2nd officina), cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, A right, CONOB in exergue; nicely centered; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES|

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Catalog current as of Sunday, October 20, 2019.
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Byzantine Coins of Heraklonas