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The Temple Tax Coin, Tyre KP Type Half Shekel, Jerusalem or Tyre Mint, 36 - 37 A.D.
At the Great Temple in Jerusalem the annual tax levied was 1/2 shekel per male. The 1/2 shekel and shekel were the only coins accepted by the temple. Some experts believe that after the coinage of Tyre was debased under Roman control, Herod the Great began to strike "Tyre" shekels in Jerusalem. These coins were of cruder fabric and style, but maintained the silver purity required to pay the temple tax. The "Jerusalem" shekels have the letters KP or KAP to the right of the eagle and dates range from PH (18/17 B.C.) to PKE (69/70 A.D.). The Greek letters KP or KAP are probably an abbreviation for KAICAP, Greek for Caesar.
SH94461. Silver half shekel, RPC I 4695, Prieur 1465, BMC Phoenicia -, aVF, attractive style, toned, bumps and marks, die wear, closed edge crack, weight 6.244 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre or Jerusalem mint, 36 - 37 A.D.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle standing left, right foot on ship's ram, palm frond behind, PΞB (year 162) over club left, KP over monogram right, Aramaic letter between legs; ex Forum (2010), ex Temple Tax Hoard; $775.00 (€713.00)
Lot of 5 Herodian Kings of Judaea Bronze Prutot, c. 37 B.C. - 44 A.D.
Prutot (singular: prutah) of Herod the Great and his son Herod Archelaus.JD97396. Bronze Lot, Lot of five prutot of Herodian Kings of Judaea, Samaria, etc., 14.5 - 17.8mm, gF or better, Jerusalem mint, c. 37 B.C. - 44 A.D.; the actual coins in the photograph, no flips or tags; $290.00 (€266.80)
Lot of 20 Prutot, Judean Kingdom, Herod Agrippa I, 37 - 44 A.D.
Agrippa was son of Aristobulus and Bernice, a grandson of Herod the Great. He spent his boyhood at the imperial court in Rome. His friend Caligula bestowed former territories of Philip and Herod Antipas. Claudius bestowed Judaea. He had James, the brother of John, executed (Acts 12:1-2) and imprisoned Peter (Acts 12:3-5).LT68228. Bronze Lot, Hendin 1244, lot of 20 prutot (singular: prutah), Jerusalem mint, 41 - 42 A.D.; obverse AΓPIΠA BACIΛEWC (King Agrippa), umbrella-like canopy with fringes; reverse three heads of barley between two leaves, L - ς (year 6) divided across field; actual coins in the photograph, as is, no returns; $270.00 (€248.40)
Lot of 20 Prutot, Judean Kingdom, Herod Agrippa I, 37 - 44 A.D.
Agrippa was son of Aristobulus and Bernice, a grandson of Herod the Great. He spent his boyhood at the imperial court in Rome. His friend Caligula bestowed former territories of Philip and Herod Antipas. Claudius bestowed Judaea. He had James, the brother of John, executed (Acts 12:1-2) and imprisoned Peter (Acts 12:3-5).LT68227. Bronze Lot, Hendin 1244, lot of 20 prutot (singular: prutah), Jerusalem mint, 41 - 42 A.D.; obverse AΓPIΠA BACIΛEWC (King Agrippa), umbrella-like canopy with fringes; reverse three heads of barley between two leaves, L - ς (year 6) divided across field; actual coins in the photograph, as is, no returns; $270.00 (€248.40)
Judaean Kingdom, Herod Agrippa II, c. 49 - 95 A.D., Diva Poppaea and Diva Claudia Commemorative
This is the only coin ever issued in the name of Claudia, Nero's daughter, who died in infancy, 63 A.D. Poppaea was described as a "god fearer" by Josephus and she may have interceded with Nero on behalf of the Judaeans.JD97400. Bronze AE 21, RPC I 4846, Hendin 1270, Rosenberger III 47, Sofaer Collection 87, SNG ANS 858, SGICV 2058, Vagi 746, F, green patina, rough bumps and marks, light highlighting earthen deposits, tight flan, a little off center, weight 6.936 g, maximum diameter 21.0 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea Paneas mint, reign of Nero, 65 A.D.; obverse DIVA POPPAEA AVG, temple with two columns of Diva Poppaea, female figure seated left within; reverse DIVA CLAVD NER F, round hexastyle temple of Diva Claudia, female figure standing left within; rare; $270.00 (€248.40)
Herod Archelaus, Ethnarch of Samaria, Judea, and Idumea, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.
This is a scarcer variety with the inscriptions transposed. EΘNOPXOY (Ethnarch) is usually on the reverse and HPω∆HC (of Herod) is usually on the obverse. BMC Palestine lists 15 specimens of the usual variety and only one of this variety.JD97424. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1196a; BMC Palestine p. 233, 26; Meshorer TJC 74; RPC I 4917 var. (Ethnarch on rev., Herod on obv. - the usual type), gF, broad flan, highlighting earthen deposits, a little off center, part of edge ragged, weight 2.098 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.; obverse EΘNOPXOY (Ethnarch), bunch of grapes, with leaf on left; reverse tall helmet with crest and neck straps viewed from the front, small caduceus in lower left field, HPω∆HC (of Herod) below; scarce; $225.00 (€207.00)
Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Caesarea Maritima, Judaea Under Agrippa II
This Judaea Capta type was minted at Caesarea Maritima, Judaea. Caesarea, built by Herod the Great about 25 - 13 B.C., was named to flatter Augustus Caesar. It became the capital of Iudaea Province and the residence of the Roman procurators and governors including Pontius Pilatus, praefectus and Antonius Felix. In 66 A.D., the desecration of the local synagogue led to the disastrous Jewish revolt. After the revolt was suppressed, 2500 Jewish captives were slaughtered at Caesarea in Gladiatorial games held by Titus to celebrate his victory. Today, Caesarea's ruins lie on Israel's Mediterranean coast about halfway between Tel Aviv and Haifa, on the site of Pyrgos Stratonos ("Straton's Tower").RP96395. Bronze AE 14, RPC Online II 2303 (5 spec.); Hendin 1453; Carradice INJ pl. 3, 22; Kadman -; BMC Palestine -; SNG Cop -, aF, rough dark green patina, light encrustations, weight 1.739 g, maximum diameter 13.5 mm, die axis 180o, Caesarea Maritima mint, struck under Agrippa II, c. 81 - 82 A.D.; obverse DOMITIANVS CAESAR DIVI F AV, laureate head right; reverse rudder, no inscription; from the J. Berlin Caesarea Collection; rare; $150.00 (€138.00)
Titus, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D., Caesarea, Judaea, Judea Capta
This Judaea Capta type was minted at Caesarea Maritima, Judaea. After Herod's death, Caesarea was the seat of the Roman procurator and capital of Roman Palestine for about 500 years. A riot in 66 A.D. between Syrians and Jews in the city led to the First Jewish Revolt. Paul was delivered to Caesarea when his life was threatened in Jerusalem (Acts 9:30). From Caesarea, Paul departed to Tarsus, his birthplace. Paul met the church in Caesarea (Acts 18:22; 21:8,16). Finally, Paul was taken prisoner (Acts 23:23,33) and returned to Caesarea where he was tried before Festus and King Agrippa (Acts 25:1-4; 24:6-13)JD97374. Bronze AE 22, Hendin 1446, RPC II 2311, SNG ANS 466, Meshorer TJC 381a, F, dark patina, highlighting earthen deposits, a little off center, rough areas, weight 9.861 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea Maritima mint, as caesar, 71 - 73 A.D.; obverse AYTOKP TITOC KAICAP, laureate head right; reverse IOY∆AIAΣ EAΛWKYIAΣ (Greek: Judaea Captured), Nike (Victory) standing right, nude to waist, left foot on helmet, writing on a shield hung on a palm tree; ex Naville Numismatics; $150.00 (€138.00)
The First Jewish Revolt, 66 - 70 A.D.
By 68, Jewish resistance in the north had been crushed. Vespasian made Caesarea Maritima his headquarters and methodically proceeded to clear the coast. In the winter of 68, Titus set up camp at Jericho and cut off escape routes toward Jerusalem.JD97437. Bronze prutah, Kadman III 12; Meshorer TJC 196a, Hendin 1360; SNG ANS 427; Sofaer Collection pl. 222, 11, VF, green patina, red earthen highlighting, legends not fully struck, obverse edge beveled, casting void flaw (pit), remnants of pre-strike casting sprues, weight 2.304 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 180o, Jerusalem mint, year 2, 67 - 68 A.D.; obverse Paleo-Hebrew: Year two, amphora with fluted body, narrow neck, broad rim, and two small curved handles; reverse Paleo-Hebrew: The freedom of Zion, vine leaf on small branch with tendril; $135.00 (€124.20) ON RESERVE
Judaea, Pontius Pilate, Roman Prefect Under Tiberius, 26 - 36 A.D.
Pontius Pilate is chiefly known for the part he played in the trial and crucifixion of Jesus. Scholars disagree on the date of this type. If the "S" is actually a retrograde (backward) "Z," the date is year 17 or 30 A.D. If the "S" is actually the Greek letter stigma, the date is year 16 or 29 A.D.JD97417. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1342a, Meshorer TJC 333b, RPC I 4968 var. (LIZ), SGICV 5623 var. (LIZ), aVF, nice green patina, highlighting lighter green deposit, reverse edge beveled, casting void edge flaw, remnants of pre-strike casting sprues, weight 2.058 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, Jerusalem mint, 29 or 30 A.D.; obverse TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC, lituus (augural wand); reverse LIς (year 16) or LIZ (Z retrograde, year 17) within wreath; $125.00 (€115.00) ON RESERVE
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