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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Provincial| ▸ |Roman Phoenicia||View Options:  |  |  |   

Roman Provincial Coins of Phoenicia
Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Tyre, Phoenicia

|Trajan|, |Trajan,| |25| |January| |98| |-| |8| |or| |9| |August| |117| |A.D.,| |Tyre,| |Phoenicia|, |tetradrachm|
SH09037. Silver tetradrachm, Prieur 1478, Choice EF, a touch flat on high points, very nice metal, weight 14.69 g, maximum diameter 27.2 mm, die axis 180o, Tyre mint, 103 - 109 A.D.; obverse AVTOKP KAIC NEP - TPAIANOC CEB ΓEPM, laureate head right, eagle below, club in front, palm-branch behind; reverse ∆HMAPX - EΞ YΠAT B (holder of Tribunitian power, consul for the 2nd time), laureate bust of Melqart draped in lion-skin; rare; SOLD


Tyre, Phoenicia, 69 - 68 B.C., Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver

|30| |Pieces| |of| |Silver|, |Tyre,| |Phoenicia,| |69| |-| |68| |B.C.,| |Judas'| |30| |Pieces| |of| |Silver|, |shekel|
Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver
"Then one of the 12, called Judas Iscariot, went unto the chief priests, and said unto them, 'What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you?' And they covenanted with him for 30 pieces of silver." Matthew 26:14-15. Shekels of Tyre were the only currency accepted at the Jerusalem Temple and are the most likely coinage with which Judas was paid for the betrayal of Christ.

The Temple Tax Coin
"..go to the sea and cast a hook, and take up the fish that first cometh up; and when thou has opened his mouth, thou shalt find a piece of money: that take, and give unto them [the temple tax collectors] for me and thee." Since the tax was one half shekel per man the coin would have to be a shekel to pay the tax for both Jesus and Peter. Matthew 17:24-27
SH71896. Silver shekel, Cohen Dated 919 (R3), HGC 10 357, Hendin 1618, Rouvier -, BMC Phoenicia -, SNG Cop -, aEF, area of weak strike, weight 14.358 g, maximum diameter 28.5 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre mint, 69 - 68 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle standing left, head left, right foot on ship's ram, wings closed, palm frond under right (far) wing, date HN (year 58) over club left, ΦΛ monogram right, Aramaic beth between legs; SOLD


Jerusalem or Tyre, 12 - 11 B.C., Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver

|30| |Pieces| |of| |Silver|, |Jerusalem| |or| |Tyre,| |12| |-| |11| |B.C.,| |Judas'| |30| |Pieces| |of| |Silver|, |shekel|
Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver
"Then one of the 12, called Judas Iscariot, went unto the chief priests, and said unto them, 'What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you?' And they covenanted with him for 30 pieces of silver." - Matthew 26:14-15. Shekels of Tyre were the only currency accepted at the Jerusalem Temple and are the most likely coinage with which Judas was paid for the betrayal of Christ.

After the coinage of Tyre was debased under Roman control, some experts believe Herod the Great began to strike "Tyre" shekels in Jerusalem. These coins were of cruder fabric and style, but maintained the silver purity required to pay the temple tax. The Jerusalem shekels have the letters KP or KAP to the right of the eagle and dates range from PH (18/17 B.C.) to PKE (69/70 A.D.). The Greek letters KP or KAP are probably an abbreviation for KAICAP, Greek for Caesar.
SH91534. Silver shekel, RPC I 4645; BMC Phoenicia p. 248, 192 var. (beth vice aleph); Baramki 79 var. (same); Rouvier 2088 var. (same); Cohen DCA 920/115; HGC 10 357, VF, dark old collection patina, cleaning scratches, a few spots of mild corrosion, flan crack, weight 13.712 g, maximum diameter 26.1 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre or Jerusalem mint, 12 - 11 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle left, right foot on ship's ram, transverse palm frond on far side, PIE (year 115) over club left, KP (Caesar) over BN (control) right, Phoenician letter aleph (control) between legs; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; SOLD


Tyre, Phoenicia, 39 - 38 B.C., Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver

|30| |Pieces| |of| |Silver|, |Tyre,| |Phoenicia,| |39| |-| |38| |B.C.,| |Judas'| |30| |Pieces| |of| |Silver|, |shekel|
Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver
"Then one of the 12, called Judas Iscariot, went unto the chief priests, and said unto them, 'What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you?' And they covenanted with him for 30 pieces of silver."- Matthew 26:14-15. Shekels of Tyre were the only currency accepted at the Jerusalem Temple and are the most likely coinage with which Judas was paid for the betrayal of Christ.

The Temple Tax Coin
"..go to the sea and cast a hook, and take up the fish that first cometh up; and when thou has opened his mouth, thou shalt find a piece of money: that take, and give unto them [the temple tax collectors] for me and thee." Since the tax was one half shekel per man the coin would have to be a shekel to pay the tax for both Jesus and Peter." - Matthew 17:24-27
SH91531. Silver shekel, RPC I 4627, Cohen DCA 919/88 (R2), Baramki 77, Rouvier 2067, HGC 10 357, BMC Phoenicia -, VF/aEF, old collection toning, nice style, obverse cleaning scratches, small edge split, weight 14.148 g, maximum diameter 29.1 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre mint, 39 - 38 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle left, right foot on ship's ram, transverse palm frond on far side, ΠH (year 88) over club left, BN (control) right, Phoenician letter beth (control) between legs; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; rare year; SOLD


Tyre, Phoenicia, 80 - 79 B.C., The Temple Tax Coin

|The| |Temple| |Tax| |Coin|, |Tyre,| |Phoenicia,| |80| |-| |79| |B.C.,| |The| |Temple| |Tax| |Coin|, |half| |shekel|
Half Shekel - the currency of the Jerusalem Temple.

At the Great Temple in Jerusalem the annual tax levied on Jews was 1/2 shekel per male. The 1/2 shekel and shekel were not always used in everyday commerce, but were the only coins accepted by the temple. Many taxpayers required a currency exchange, so money changers set up in the Temple court. Jesus found this business and their shouting (advertising rates) offensive, so he threw over their tables.
SH86530. Silver half shekel, HGC 10 358; Cohen DCA 921 (S); BMC Phoenicia p. 251, 226 var. (different monogram right); cf. Rouvier 2131 (this year and monogram, shekel), aVF, centered, toned, scrapes, edge chips and lamination defects, corrosion, rough, weight 5.430 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 0o, Phoenicia, Tyre mint, 80 - 79 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle standing left, right foot on ship's ram, palm frond behind, ZM (year 47) over club left, ΦIΛ monogram right, Aramaic letter bet between legs; from the David Cannon Collection, ex Beast Coins; SOLD


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Tyre, Phoenicia

|Trajan|, |Trajan,| |25| |January| |98| |-| |8| |or| |9| |August| |117| |A.D.,| |Tyre,| |Phoenicia|, |tetradrachm|
SH08919. Silver tetradrachm, Prieur 1495, BMC Phoenicia 11, toned aEF, Tyre mint, 103 - 109 A.D.; obverse AVTOKP KAIC NEP TPAIANOC CEB ΓEPM ∆AK, laureate head right, eagle below, club in front; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞ YΠAT E (holder of Tribunitian power, consul for the 5th time), laureate bust of Melqart draped in lion-skin; SOLD


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Dora, Phoenicia

|Trajan|, |Trajan,| |25| |January| |98| |-| |8| |or| |9| |August| |117| |A.D.,| |Dora,| |Phoenicia|, |AE| |24|
Dora, on the coast eight miles north of Caesarea, was a Canaanite city. It fell to the Philistines early in the 12th century B.C. Solomon appointed the son of Abinadab as overseer of Dor (I Kings 4:11). In the Persian period Dor was a Sidonian colony. In Hellenistic times it was a Ptolemaic seaport and royal fortress, once besieged by Antiochus VII, (1 Macc. 15. 11-14). Under the Romans, Dora was a free city. See also Josh 11:2, 17:11; and Judg 1:27.
SH09078. Bronze AE 24, RPC Online III 3916 (11 spec.); BMC Phoenicia p. 117, 33; Meshorer Dora 34, De Saulcy 4, Rouvier 770, Sofaer 30, Rosenberger II 25, aVF, beautiful green patina with attractive natural earthen highlighting, weight 12.41 g, maximum diameter 24.3 mm, die axis 0o, Dora mint, 111 - 112 A.D.; obverse AVT KAIC NEP TPAIANOC CEB ΓEPM ∆AK, laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder, star under chin; reverse turreted and veiled bust of the city-goddess Tyche right, ∆Ω-P (Dora) divided across field, POE (year 175) below, all within oak wreath; rare; SOLD


Tyre, Phoenicia, c. 100 B.C. - 50 A.D., Ancient Counterfeit

|30| |Pieces| |of| |Silver|, |Tyre,| |Phoenicia,| |c.| |100| |B.C.| |-| |50| |A.D.,| |Ancient| |Counterfeit|, |shekel|
For numismatic and historical background, see D. Hendin, "Bronze Shekel of Jerusalem Recently Discovered," The Celator (November 1992), pp. 36-37.
SH26352. Fouree silver plated shekel, cf. BMC Phoenicia p. 247, 198 ff. and Hendin 919, aVF, rough, silver plating lost, weight 10.660 g, maximum diameter 23.3 mm, die axis 0o, Judaean mint, first half of first century A.D.; obverse laureate bust of Melkart right; reverse eagle standing left on prow, club before; SOLD


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Laodiceia, Phoenicia

|Caracalla|, |Caracalla,| |28| |January| |198| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.,| |Laodiceia,| |Phoenicia|, |tetradrachm|
SH26927. Silver tetradrachm, Prieur 1167, gVF, weight 12.746 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 0o, 209 - 211 A.D.; obverse AVT KAI ANTΩNEINOC CE, laureate and draped bust right; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞ YΠATOC TO Γ (holder of Tribunitian power, consul for the 3rd time), facing eagle, head left holding wreath in beak, star between legs; SOLD


Mark Antony, Triumvir and Imperator, 42 - 31 B.C., Akko-Ptolemais, Phoenicia

|Phoenicia|, |Mark| |Antony,| |Triumvir| |and| |Imperator,| |42| |-| |31| |B.C.,| |Akko-Ptolemais,| |Phoenicia|, |AE| |26|
In 38 B.C. (or 37 B.C.), Mark Antony, Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus and Marcus Lepidus signed the Treaty of Tarentum, extending the Second Triumvirate until 33 B.C.
RP72123. Bronze AE 26, RPC I 4740; Seyrig Monnayage 19; Sofaer pl. 7, 118; Kadman 73; Rouvier 993; Rosenberger -, aF, rough, earthen encrustations, weight 10.071 g, maximum diameter 25.6 mm, die axis 0o, Galilee, Ake Ptolemais (Acre, Israel) mint, 39 - 38 B.C.; obverse bare head of Antony right, within laurel wreath; reverse Tyche standing left on prow of galley, head right, apluster and rudder in right hand, cornucopia and palm in left, L IA / KAI AΣY (year 11 of Caesarian Era) upper left, ΠTOΛE/MAEΩN / IEPAΣ (sacred Ptolemais) in three horizontal lines on right; rare; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES|

American Numismatic Society Collections Database - http://numismatics.org/search/search.
Baramki, D. The Coin Collection of the American University of Beirut Museum. (Beirut, 1974).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Cohen, E. Dated Coins of Antiquity: A comprehensive catalogue of the coins and how their numbers came about. (Lancaster, PA, 2011).
Duyrat, F. Arados Hellénistique: Étude historique et monétaire. (Beirut, 2005).
Hendin, D. Guide to Biblical Coins. (Amphora, 2010).
Hill, G. Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum: Phoenicia. (London, 1910).
Hoover, O. Handbook of Coins of the Southern Levant: Phoenicia, Southern Koile Syria (Including Judaea), and Arabia, Fifth to First Centuries BC. HGC 10. (Lancaster, PA, 2010).
Lindgren, H. & F. Kovacs. Ancient Bronze Coins of Asia Minor and the Levant. (San Mateo, 1985).
Lindgren, H. Lindgren III: Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Meshorer, Y. "The Coins of Dora" in INJ 9 (1986).
Prieur, M. & K. Prieur. The Syro-Phoenician Tetradrachms and their fractions from 57 BC to AD 258. (Lancaster, PA, 2000).
Rouvier, J. "Numismatique des Villes de la Phénicie" in Journal International d'Archéologie Numismatique. (Athens, 1900-1904).
RPC Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/.
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 7: Cyprus to India. (New Jersey, 1981).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, France, Bibliothèque National, Collection Jean et Marie Delepierre. (Paris, 1983).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XII, The Hunterian Museum, Univ. of Glasgow, Part 2: Roman Provincial Coins: Cyprus-Egypt. (Oxford, 2008).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Schweiz II, Katalog der Sammlung Jean-Pierre Righetti im Bernischen Historischen Museum. (Bern, 1993).

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