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Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Tyre, Phoenicia
After the legate of the Third Legion Gallica, quartered at Tyre, unsuccessfully attempted to usurp the throne, Elagabalus stripped the city of its colony status. Reverse legends on the city's coinage changed from SEP IM TVRP COLO to simply TVRIORVM. Colony status was returned by Severus Alexander. RY89285. Bronze AE 26, Rouvier 2377; BMC Phoenicia p. 277, 410; Baramki AUB 246; Lindgren II 2379, aF, centered on a tight flan, earthen deposits, weight 9.384 g, maximum diameter 26.2 mm, die axis 0o, Phoenicia, Tyre (Tyre, Lebanon) mint, 219 - 11 Mar 222 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES M AV ANTONINVS, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse TYRIORVM, Dido (founder and first queen of Carthage) standing left on deck of galley sailing right, short scepter in extended right hand, cornucopia in left hand, helmsman at stern steering with rudder to her left, sailor to her right, stern decorated with a shield and aphlaston, two murex shells in exergue; ex Agora auction 53 (5 April 2016), lot 99; rare; $70.00 SALE |PRICE| $63.00
Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Berytus, Phoenicia
The ceremonial founding of a new Roman colony included plowing a furrow, the pomerium, a sacred boundary, around the site of the new city.
Rouvier notes that this type is very often incorrectly attributed to earlier emperors as the legend is frequently missing and the portrait resembles those of Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius, and Nerva. RP84807. Bronze AE 26, Sawaya cf. 540 (D98/-, unlisted reverse die); RPC Online III 3832 (23 spec.); BMC Phoenicia p. 64, 814; SNG Cop 95; Baramki AUB 52; Rouvier 520, F, tight flan, reverse slightly off center, weight 14.082 g, maximum diameter 26.1 mm, die axis 0o, Berytus (Beirut, Lebanon) mint, 98 - 102 A.D.; obverse IMP NER TRAIAN CAES - AVG GERM P P, laureate head right; reverse •COL / IVL - AVG - FEL - BER• (Colonia Julia Augusta Felix Berytus, FEL is upside down in exergue), veiled founder-priest plowing right with two oxen, plowing sacred pomerium around city; $50.00 SALE |PRICE| $45.00
Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., Tyre, Phoenicia
Dido, the founder and first queen of Carthage, is primarily known from Virgil's Aeneid. Upon succeeding their father as king of Tyre, Dido's brother Pygmalion had her husband Sichaeus killed in a plot to seize his immense wealth. Dido, with a large group of friends and followers, escaped Tyre, carrying with them all of Sichaeus' treasure. As depicted on the reverse of this coin, Dido made a sacrifice at the temple of Melqart-Hercules before leaving. The reverse on some other Valerian types, we know of one example struck with this same obverse die, depict Dido in Carthage beginning construction.RP75357. Bronze dichalkon, Unpublished in the many references examined by Forum, cf. SNG Righetti 2354 (radiate and cuirassed bust), Rouvier 2503 (same), VF, well centered, porous, flan adjustment marks, weight 11.064 g, maximum diameter 28.9 mm, die axis 180o, Tyre mint, Oct 253 - Jun 260 A.D.; obverse IMP CP LIC VALERIANVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse COL TVRO MET, Dido standing right, kalathos on head, extending both hands toward a distyle temple of Melqart-Hercules in perspective to upper right, club within the temple, flaming column altar at her feet, murex shell on right below temple; from the J. Berlin Caesarea Collection; the best of the few examples of the type known to Forum; extremely rare; SOLD
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