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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Provincial| ▸ |Roman Phoenicia||View Options:  |  |  | 

Roman Provincial Coins of Phoenicia
Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., Tyre, Phoenicia

|Phoenicia|, |Valerian| |I,| |October| |253| |-| |c.| |June| |260| |A.D.,| |Tyre,| |Phoenicia||dichalkon|
Romans refounded Tyre as a colony in 64 B.C., when Pompey annexed Phoenicia to the Roman Empire. Tyre flourished under the Rome and remained a Roman port city, even under the Byzantine Empire, until the 7th century when it was taken by Muslim conquest.
RP96396. Bronze dichalkon, BMC Phoenicia p. 289, 465 var. (murex shell on right); Rouvier -; Baramki AUB -; SNG Hunt -; SNG Cop -, F, rough dark green patina, earthen deposits, weight 16.345 g, maximum diameter 27.5 mm, die axis 0o, Phoenicia, Tyre (Lebanon) mint, Oct 253 - Jun 260 A.D.; obverse IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS AVG, laureate bust right; reverse COL TVRO METR, river-god (Adonis?) standing facing, head left, nude to waist, himation around hips and legs, right hand dropping incense on flaming altar at her feet on left, long grounded reed vertical in left hand, murex shell on left; from the J. Berlin Caesarea Collection, 1971 Caesarea Maritima surface find; Coin Archives records only one specimen of the type at auction in the last two decades; extremely rare; $280.00 SALE PRICE $252.00


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Tyre, Phoenicia

|Roman| |Phoenicia|, |Trajan,| |25| |January| |98| |-| |8| |or| |9| |August| |117| |A.D.,| |Tyre,| |Phoenicia||tetradrachm|
 
SH08919. Silver tetradrachm, Prieur 1495, BMC Phoenicia 11, toned aEF, Phoenicia, Tyre (Lebanon) mint, 103 - 109 A.D.; obverse AVTOKP KAIC NEP TPAIANOC CEB ΓEPM ΔAK, laureate head right, eagle below, club in front; reverse ΔHMAPX EΞ YΠAT E (holder of Tribunitian power, consul for the 5th time), laureate bust of Melqart draped in lion-skin; SOLD


Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., Tyre, Phoenicia

|Roman| |Phoenicia|, |Valerian| |I,| |October| |253| |-| |c.| |June| |260| |A.D.,| |Tyre,| |Phoenicia||dichalkon|
Dido, the founder and first queen of Carthage, is primarily known from Virgil's Aeneid. Upon succeeding their father as king of Tyre, Dido's brother Pygmalion had her husband Sichaeus killed in a plot to seize his immense wealth. Dido, with a large group of friends and followers, escaped Tyre, carrying with them all of Sichaeus' treasure. As depicted on the reverse of this coin, Dido made a sacrifice at the temple of Melqart-Hercules before leaving. The reverse on some other Valerian types, we know of one example struck with this same obverse die, depict Dido in Carthage beginning construction.
RP75357. Bronze dichalkon, Unpublished in the many references examined by Forum, cf. SNG Righetti 2354 (radiate and cuirassed bust), Rouvier 2503 (same), VF, well centered, porous, flan adjustment marks, weight 11.064 g, maximum diameter 28.9 mm, die axis 180o, Phoenicia, Tyre (Lebanon) mint, Oct 253 - Jun 260 A.D.; obverse IMP CP LIC VALERIANVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse COL TVRO MET, Dido standing right, kalathos on head, extending both hands toward a distyle temple of Melqart-Hercules in perspective to upper right, club within the temple, flaming column altar at her feet, murex shell on right below temple; from the J. Berlin Caesarea Collection; the best of the few examples of the type known to Forum; extremely rare; SOLD


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Laodiceia, Phoenicia

|Roman| |Phoenicia|, |Caracalla,| |28| |January| |198| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.,| |Laodiceia,| |Phoenicia||tetradrachm|
SH26927. Silver tetradrachm, Prieur 1167, gVF, weight 12.746 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 0o, 209 - 211 A.D.; obverse AVT KAI ANTΩNEINOC CE, laureate and draped bust right; reverse ΔHMAPX EΞ YΠATOC TO Γ (holder of Tribunitian power, consul for the 3rd time), facing eagle, head left holding wreath in beak, star between legs; SOLD


Tyre, Phoenicia, 69 - 68 B.C., Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver

|30| |Pieces| |of| |Silver|, |Tyre,| |Phoenicia,| |69| |-| |68| |B.C.,| |Judas'| |30| |Pieces| |of| |Silver||shekel|
Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver
"Then one of the 12, called Judas Iscariot, went unto the chief priests, and said unto them, 'What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you?' And they covenanted with him for 30 pieces of silver." Matthew 26:14-15. Shekels of Tyre were the only currency accepted at the Jerusalem Temple and are the most likely coinage with which Judas was paid for the betrayal of Christ.

The Temple Tax Coin
"..go to the sea and cast a hook, and take up the fish that first cometh up; and when thou has opened his mouth, thou shalt find a piece of money: that take, and give unto them [the temple tax collectors] for me and thee." Since the tax was one half shekel per man the coin would have to be a shekel to pay the tax for both Jesus and Peter. Matthew 17:24-27
SH71896. Silver shekel, Cohen DCA 919/58 (R3), HGC 10 357, Hendin 6650, Rouvier -, BMC Phoenicia -, SNG Cop -, Baramki AUB -, aEF, area of weak strike, weight 14.358 g, maximum diameter 28.5 mm, die axis 0o, Phoenicia, Tyre (Lebanon) mint, 69 - 68 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle standing left, head left, right foot on war galley ram, wings closed, palm frond under right (far) wing, date ΗN (year 58) over club left, ΦΛ monogram right, Aramaic beth between legs; SOLD


Tyre, Phoenicia, 80 - 79 B.C., The Temple Tax Coin

|The| |Temple| |Tax| |Coin|, |Tyre,| |Phoenicia,| |80| |-| |79| |B.C.,| |The| |Temple| |Tax| |Coin||half| |shekel|
Half Shekel - the currency of the Jerusalem Temple.

At the Great Temple in Jerusalem the annual tax levied on Jews was 1/2 shekel per male. The 1/2 shekel and shekel were not always used in everyday commerce, but were the only coins accepted by the temple. Many taxpayers required a currency exchange, so money changers set up in the Temple court. Jesus found this business and their shouting (advertising rates) offensive, so he threw over their tables.
SH86530. Silver half shekel, HGC 10 358; Cohen DCA 921 (S); BMC Phoenicia p. 251, 226 var. (different monogram right); cf. Rouvier 2131 (this year and monogram, shekel), aVF, centered, toned, scrapes, edge chips and lamination defects, corrosion, rough, weight 5.430 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 0o, Phoenicia, Tyre (Lebanon) mint, 80 - 79 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle standing left, head left, wings closed, right talon on war galley ram, palm frond transverse right behind, ZM (year 47) over club left, ΦIΛ monogram right, Aramaic letter bet between legs; from the David Cannon Collection, ex Beast Coins; SOLD


Tyre, Phoenicia, 28 - 27 B.C., The Temple Tax Coin

|The| |Temple| |Tax| |Coin|, |Tyre,| |Phoenicia,| |28| |-| |27| |B.C.,| |The| |Temple| |Tax| |Coin||half| |shekel|
Half Shekel - the currency of the Jerusalem Temple

At the Great Temple in Jerusalem the annual tax levied on Jews was 1/2 shekel per male. The 1/2 shekel and shekel were not always used in everyday commerce, but were the only coins accepted by the temple. Many taxpayers required a currency exchange, so money changers set up in the Temple court. Jesus found this business and their shouting (advertising rates) offensive, so he threw over their tables.
SL99233. Silver half shekel, HGC 10 358, Cohen DCA 921 (date not reported), RPC Online I -, Rouvier -, BMC Phoenicia -, Prieur -,, NGC F, strike 4/5, surface 2/5 (4278765-004), weight 6.72 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, Phoenicia, Tyre (Lebanon) mint, 38 - 37 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle standing left, head left, wings closed, right talon on war galley ram, palm frond transverse right behind, ΠΘ (year 89) over club on left, BN right, Phoenician beth between legs; NGC| Lookup; very rare year; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

American Numismatic Society Collections Database - http://numismatics.org/search/search.
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