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Roman Provincial Coins of Thrace and the Black Sea Area
Julius Marinus, Father of Philip the Arab, Philippopolis, Arabia
Philip the Arab was born in a small village in Provincia Arabia. After he became emperor, he renamed it Philippopolis and an extensive construction program began changing the village to a city. Among its coins are this rare type that honors Julius Marinus, Philip's father.SH15300. Bronze AE 23, SNG ANS 1402, Spijkerman 2, BMC Arabia p. 42, 2, Fair, holed, weight 6.513 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 180o, Philippopolis (Plovdiv, Bulgaria) mint, 244 - 249; obverse ΘEΩ MAPINΩ, Julius Marinus' bust right, carried by eagle; reverse ΦIΛIΠΠOΠOΛITΩN KOΛΩNIAΣ S - C, Roma standing left, patera in right hand, spear in left hand, shield at feet right; rare; SOLD
Byzantium, Thrace, c. 170 - 100 B.C., Restoration of Lysimachos' Type
In the years following his death Alexander the Great came to be the subject of cult worship throughout the Mediterranean basin. His corpse was appropriated by Ptolemy I who transported it to Egypt, initially interring it at Memphis, then to a mausoleum and center of worship in Alexandria. It survived until the 4th century A.D. when Theodosius banned paganism, only to disappear without trace.SH67479. Silver tetradrachm, Arslan-Lightfoot 731, Thompson -, Müller -, SNG -, Armenak Hoard -, Meydancikkale Hoard -, et al. -, VF, well centered, obv porous, small spots of silver oxide encrustation, weight 16.743 g, maximum diameter 32.5 mm, die axis 0o, Byzantium (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 170 - 100 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Alexander the Great wearing the horn of Ammon; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, Athena enthroned left, left arm on shield decorated with Gorgoneion, transverse spear against right side, Nike crowning name in right, monogram left, BY on throne, trident left flanked by dolphins in exergue; very rare variant; SOLD
Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Perinthus, Thrace
In 46 A.D., after the death of the Thracian king Rhoemetalces III and after an unsuccessful anti-Roman revolt, the Thracian Kingdom was annexed by Claudius as the Roman province of Thracia. Perinthus was made the capital of Roman Thracia. All the Latin coins of Perinthus are rare. BMC does not list Perinthus mint, but identifies this type as "barbarous." RIC notes the existence of Balkan sestertii, dupondii, and asses but does not catalog them.SH30710. Copper as, RPC I Supp. S-1760a, VF/F, fantastic portrait, weight 11.846 g, maximum diameter 25.9 mm, die axis 45o, Heraclea Perinthos (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, obverse NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG, laureate head right; reverse Neptune standing half left, dolphin in right, long vertical trident in left, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field; very rare; SOLD
Kingdom of Bosporus, Rheskuporis II, 211 - 228 A.D.
Bosporus retained semi-independent status under this line of kings until the 4th century A.D. Some references list this ruler as Rheskuporis III.SH08302. Electrum stater, Anokhin 635d, Frolova pl. XLVII, 11, SGICV 5483 var, Choice VF, weight 7.35 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 0o, 218 - 219 A.D.; obverse BACIΛEωOC PHCKOYΠOPI∆OC, laureate draped and cuirassed bust right holding trident; reverse laureate draped bust of Elagabalus seen from behind, date EIΦ (= Era of Bosphoros year 515 = 218/219 A.D.); nicely toned, full circle of dots on both obverse and reverse; SOLD
Maroneia, Thrace, Roman Rule, 146 - 45 B.C.
Maroneia was on the Aegean coast about midway between the mouths of the Hebrus and the Nestus rivers. The city was named after Maron, sometimes identified as a son of Dionysos, who in the Odyssey gives Odysseus the wine with which he intoxicates Polyphemos. In the era of Ancient Greece and Rome, Maroneia was famous for its wine production. The wine was esteemed everywhere; it was said to possess the odor of nectar, and to be capable of mixture with twenty or more times its quantity with water. That the people of Maroneia venerated Dionysus, we learn not just from its famous Dionysian Sanctuary, the foundations of which can still be seen today, but also from the city's coins.GS73524. Silver tetradrachm, Schönert-Geiss Maroneia 1079 (V33/R97); BMC Thrace p. 128, 56 ff. var. (right monogram); SNG Cop 638 var. (same); SGCV I 1635 var. (monograms), VF, broad flan, light toning, minor flan crack, weight 15.949 g, maximum diameter 36.4 mm, die axis 0o, Maroneia (Maroneia-Sapes, Greece) mint, 146 - 45 B.C.; obverse head of Dionysos right wreathed in ivy and grapes; reverse ∆IONYΣOY ΣΩTHPOΣ MAPONITΩN, Dionysos standing half left, nude, bunch of grapes in right, two narthex stalks and cloak in left, ΩΠA monogram lower left, A lower right; SOLD
Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Perinthus, Thrace
The obverse centering mark, style, flan, lack of concavity, 12:00 die axis and Balkan patina identify this as a product of the Balkan mint. The Britannicus sestertii, which also have the head both left and right, are from the same Latin legend mint.
Ex-Gorny 10/02 #2068 where it was described as Rome Mint.
cf. CNG 12/05 #298 for a right-facing sestertius of this mint and this reverse described as “probably unique.”SH17105. Orichalcum sestertius, unpublished, RIC I -; RPC I -; BMCRE I -; Cohen -; Von Kaenel, "Britannicus, Agrippina Minor und Nero in Thrakien," SNR 63 (1984) -, VF, double struck, obverse slightly off-center on a broad flan, dull brown patina, weight 27.290 g, maximum diameter 38.0 mm, die axis 0o, Heraclea Perinthos (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, obverse NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P, large laureate head left, small centering mark; reverse Nero and companion on horseback, DECVRSIO in exergue, S C at sides; probably unique; SOLD
Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Odessos Thrace
RP04788. Bronze medallion, SNG Cop 679 (same dies), VF, weight 28.65 g, maximum diameter 36.7 mm, die axis 0o, Odessos mint, obverse AYT K M ANT ΓOP∆IANOC AYΓ, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust left, raising right, holding globe in left; reverse O∆HCCEITΩN, Gordian standing left, radiate, spear in left, offering over lit altar from patera in right hand; huge beautiful bronze; SOLD
Pertinax, 31 December 192 - 28 March 193 A.D., Tomis, Moesia Inferior
This puzzling reverse, perhaps either a procession or a mythological scene, remains unexplained.SH46863. Bronze tetrassaria, Varbanov I 4791, AMNG I/II 2732, Moushmov 1869, SNG Cop -, BMC Thrace -, F, weight 10.633 g, maximum diameter 27.5 mm, die axis 180o, Tomis (Constanta, Romania) mint, 193 A.D.; obverse AYT K Π EΛB ΠEPTINAZ, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse MHTPOΠ ΠONTOY TOMEΩC, uncertain male (the emperor?) in a cart pulled left by an ox, led by woman with a plectrum in right and a lyre in left, ∆ (mark of value)above; extremely rare; SOLD
Maroneia, Thrace, Roman Rule, 146 - 45 B.C.
In the era of Ancient Greece and Rome, Maroneia was famous for its wine production. The wine was esteemed everywhere; it was said to possess the odor of nectar, and to be capable of mixture with twenty or more times its quantity with water. That the people of Maroneia venerated Dionysus, we learn not just from its famous Dionysian Sanctuary, the foundations of which can still be seen today, but also from the city's coins. -- WikipediaSH63895. Silver tetradrachm, Schönert-Geiss 995; SNG Delepierre 802; BMC Thrace p. 128, 49 ff. (monogram); SNG Cop 637 - 638 var. (same), VF, flan flaw reverse center, weight 16.430 g, maximum diameter 31.9 mm, die axis 0o, Maroneia (Maroneia-Sapes, Greece) mint, 146 - 45 B.C.; obverse head of Dionysos right wreathed in ivy and grapes; reverse ∆IONYΣOY ΣΩTHPOΣ MAPONITΩN, Dionysos standing half left, nude, bunch of grapes in right, two narthex stalks and cloak in left, ΩΠA monogram lower left, TAM monogram lower right; SOLD
Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Thrace
CNG noted of another coin with this obverse die: "Although this type was also struck at Rome, the style and the fabric suggest a Thracian origin. The massive portrait bears a strong resemblance to published examples from the region (cf. RPC II 526), and the lack of concavity in the flan is more consistent with the known Thracian issues."
Curtis Clay disagrees stating, "This Minerva-advancing reverse type never appears on Thracian-mint sestertii."
Portraits of Domitian as Caesar under Titus have a realism that shares features with those of Vespasian and Titus. This is an exceptional example. RB26136. Orichalcum sestertius, cf. RIC II 157a (Titus); RPC II -; cf. BMCRE 232 (Titus); cf. BN 240; Cohen -; cf. CNG 5/04, 1413 and 1/05 , 1012 (both same obv die), gVF, weight 26.845 g, maximum diameter 35.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome or Thracian mint, as caesar, 80 - 81 A.D.; obverse CAES DIVI AVG VESP F DOMIT[I]AN COS VII, laureate head right; reverse Minerva standing right, brandishing spear in right hand, shield in left, S - C; flan crack, nice dark patina, bold portrait; SOLD
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (London, 1992 - ). Corpus Nummorum Thracorum - http://www.corpus-nummorum.eu/
Imhoof-Blumer, F. ed. Die antiken Münzen Nord-Griechenlands. (Berlin, 1898 - 1913).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins: European Mints. (San Mateo, 1989).
Lindgren, H. Lindgren III: Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Mionnet, T. Description de Médailles antiques grecques et romaines. (Paris, 1806-1837).
Mouchmov, N. Antichnitie Moneti na Balkanskitiia Poluostrov i Monetite Tsare. (1912).
Poole, R. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
Roman Provincial Coinage Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Austria, Klagenfurt, Landesmuseum für Kärnten, Sammlung Dreer, Part 3: Thracien-Macedonien-Päonien. (Klagenfurt, 1990). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Münzsammlung Universität Tübingen, Part 2: Taurische Chersones-Korkyra. (Berlin, 1982). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain VII, Manchester University Museum. (London, 1986). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain IX, British Museum, Part 1: The Black Sea. (London, 1993). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XI, The William Stancomb Collection of Coins of the Black Sea Region. (Oxford, 2000). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, United States, The Collection of the ANS, Part 7: Macedonia 1 (Cities, Thraco-Macedonian Tribes, Paeonian kings). (New York, 1997).
Varbanov, I. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, Volume II: Thrace (from Abdera to Pautalia). (Bourgas, Bulgaria, 2005).
Varbanov, I. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, Volume III: Thrace (from Perinthus to Trajanopolis), Chersonesos Thraciae, Insula Thraciae, Macedonia. (Bourgas, Bulgaria, 2007).
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