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Roman Provincial Coins of Thrace and the Black Sea Area
Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Philippopolis, Thrace
Nomos described this coin as, "An extraordinary piece, especially with remains of its original silver plating. Some marks from cleaning, otherwise, about extremely fine."SH85458. Bronze medallion, okatassarion or quinarius; SNG Cop 784; Varbanov III 1721 (R8); Mionnet I, p. 419, 358 (R6); Mouchmov 5428 (all same dies), aEF, cleaning marks, areas of light corrosion, weight 38.718 g, maximum diameter 40.8 mm, die axis 15o, Philippopolis mint, 218 - 222 A.D.; obverse AYT K M AYPΛ ANTΩNEINOC CEB, laureate, draped, and cuirassed three-quarter length bust of Elagabalus left; reverse MHTPOΠOΛEΩC ΦIΛIΠΠOΠOΛEΩC NEΩ KOPOY, youthful Herakles standing left, nude but for lion's skin draped around his left forearm, resting his right hand on the handle of a club set on the ground and holding an apple in his left hand; big 40.8mm bronze!, ex Nomos AG, auction 10 (18 May 2015), lot 115 (realized approximately $4686 including buyers fee); extremely rare; SOLD
Julius Marinus, Father of Philip the Arab, Philippopolis, Arabia
Philip the Arab was born in a small village in Provincia Arabia. After he became emperor, he renamed it Philippopolis and an extensive construction program began changing the village to a city. Among its coins are this rare type that honors Julius Marinus, Philip's father.SH15300. Bronze AE 23, SNG ANS 1402, Spijkerman 2, BMC Arabia p. 42, 2, Fair, holed, weight 6.513 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 180o, Philippopolis (Plovdiv, Bulgaria) mint, 244 - 249; obverse ΘEΩ MAPINΩ, Julius Marinus' bust right, carried by eagle; reverse ΦIΛIΠΠOΠOΛITΩN KOΛΩNIAΣ S - C, Roma standing left, patera in right hand, spear in left hand, shield at feet right; rare; SOLD
Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Odessos, Moesia Inferior
As first noticed by von Sallet in the Berlin Catalogue, the obverse die of this coin was also used to strike medallions for Marcianopolis and Tomis (see AMNG Marcianopolis 1098 note).SH85459. Bronze medallion, hexassarion; Varbanov 4434 (R8, same dies), AMNG I/II 2315 (4 specimens), EF, nice dark green patina, well centered on a broad flan, marks and scratches, weight 25.655 g, maximum diameter 36.8 mm, die axis 180o, Odessos (Varna, Bulgaria) mint, 29 Jul 238 - 25 Feb 244 A.D.; obverse AVT K M ANT ΓOP∆-IANOC AVΓ, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust left, almost half-length, seen from front, raising right hand in greeting, globe in left hand; reverse O∆HC-C-EITON, On the left, Hygeia standing right, holding phiale in her left hand from which she feeds snake held in her right; to right, Asklepios standing left, holding serpent-entwined staff in his right hand; ex Stack's NYINC auction (9 Jan 2015), lot 261; ex Heritage Long Beach Signature Sale (25 Sep 2013), lot 23297; ex Heritage-Gemini VIII (14 Apr 2011), lot 406; SOLD
Byzantium, Thrace, c. 170 - 100 B.C., Restoration of Lysimachos' Type
In the years following his death Alexander the Great came to be the subject of cult worship throughout the Mediterranean basin. His corpse was appropriated by Ptolemy I who transported it to Egypt, initially interring it at Memphis, then to a mausoleum and center of worship in Alexandria. It survived until the 4th century A.D. when Theodosius banned paganism, only to disappear without trace.SH67479. Silver tetradrachm, Arslan-Lightfoot 731, Thompson -, Müller -, SNG -, Armenak Hoard -, Meydancikkale Hoard -, et al. -, VF, well centered, obv porous, small spots of silver oxide encrustation, weight 16.743 g, maximum diameter 32.5 mm, die axis 0o, Byzantium (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 170 - 100 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Alexander the Great wearing the horn of Ammon; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, Athena enthroned left, left arm on shield decorated with Gorgoneion, transverse spear against right side, Nike crowning name in right, monogram left, BY on throne, trident left flanked by dolphins in exergue; very rare variant; SOLD
Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Perinthus, Thrace
In 46 A.D., after the death of the Thracian king Rhoemetalces III and after an unsuccessful anti-Roman revolt, the Thracian Kingdom was annexed by Claudius as the Roman province of Thracia. Perinthus was made the capital of Roman Thracia. All the Latin coins of Perinthus are rare. BMC does not list Perinthus mint, but identifies this type as "barbarous." RIC notes the existence of Balkan sestertii, dupondii, and asses but does not catalog them.SH30710. Copper as, RPC I Supp. S-1760a, VF/F, fantastic portrait, weight 11.846 g, maximum diameter 25.9 mm, die axis 45o, Heraclea Perinthos (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, obverse NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG, laureate head right; reverse Neptune standing half left, dolphin in right, long vertical trident in left, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field; very rare; SOLD
Kingdom of Bosporus, Rheskuporis II, 211 - 228 A.D.
Bosporus retained semi-independent status under this line of kings until the 4th century A.D. Some references list this ruler as Rheskuporis III.SH08302. Electrum stater, Anokhin 635d, Frolova pl. XLVII, 11, SGICV 5483 var, Choice VF, weight 7.35 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 0o, 218 - 219 A.D.; obverse BACIΛEωOC PHCKOYΠOPI∆OC, laureate draped and cuirassed bust right holding trident; reverse laureate draped bust of Elagabalus seen from behind, date EIΦ (= Era of Bosphoros year 515 = 218/219 A.D.); nicely toned, full circle of dots on both obverse and reverse; SOLD
Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Perinthus, Thrace
The obverse centering mark, style, flan, lack of concavity, 12:00 die axis and Balkan patina identify this as a product of the Balkan mint. The Britannicus sestertii, which also have the head both left and right, are from the same Latin legend mint.
Ex-Gorny 10/02 #2068 where it was described as Rome Mint.
cf. CNG 12/05 #298 for a right-facing sestertius of this mint and this reverse described as “probably unique.”SH17105. Orichalcum sestertius, unpublished, RIC I -; RPC I -; BMCRE I -; Cohen -; Von Kaenel, "Britannicus, Agrippina Minor und Nero in Thrakien," SNR 63 (1984) -, VF, double struck, obverse slightly off-center on a broad flan, dull brown patina, weight 27.290 g, maximum diameter 38.0 mm, die axis 0o, Heraclea Perinthos (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, obverse NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P, large laureate head left, small centering mark; reverse Nero and companion on horseback, DECVRSIO in exergue, S C at sides; probably unique; SOLD
Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Nikopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior
Asclepius learned the secrets of healing after seeing one snake bring another herbs. Woman seeking fertility, and the sick and injured, slept in his temples where snakes were left to crawl on the floor and provide healing. Nearby excavations found 2nd c. bronze surgical instruments and a case containing a variety of medicines.RP29741. Bronze AE 26, Varbanov I 3978a, EF, superb portrait, upper reverse flat, weight 11.319 g, maximum diameter 26.1 mm, die axis 180o, Nicopolis ad Istrum (Nikyup, Bulgaria) mint, cos. legate Ti. Flavius Novius Rufus, 218 - 222; obverse AVT K AVPH ANTΩNEINOC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse YΠ NOBIOY POYΦOY NIKOΠOΛITΩN ΠΠOC ICTPON, Asklepios standing facing, head left, resting right hand on snake-entwined staff, left hand on hip; SOLD
Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Odessos Thrace
RP04788. Bronze medallion, SNG Cop 679 (same dies), VF, weight 28.65 g, maximum diameter 36.7 mm, die axis 0o, Odessos mint, obverse AYT K M ANT ΓOP∆IANOC AYΓ, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust left, raising right, holding globe in left; reverse O∆HCCEITΩN, Gordian standing left, radiate, spear in left, offering over lit altar from patera in right hand; huge beautiful bronze; SOLD
Pertinax, 31 December 192 - 28 March 193 A.D., Tomis, Moesia Inferior
This puzzling reverse, perhaps either a procession or a mythological scene, remains unexplained.SH46863. Bronze tetrassaria, Varbanov I 4791, AMNG I/II 2732, Moushmov 1869, SNG Cop -, BMC Thrace -, F, weight 10.633 g, maximum diameter 27.5 mm, die axis 180o, Tomis (Constanta, Romania) mint, 193 A.D.; obverse AYT K Π EΛB ΠEPTINAZ, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse MHTPOΠ ΠONTOY TOMEΩC, uncertain male (the emperor?) in a cart pulled left by an ox, led by woman with a plectrum in right and a lyre in left, ∆ (mark of value)above; extremely rare; SOLD
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (London, 1992 - ). Corpus Nummorum Thracorum - http://www.corpus-nummorum.eu/
Imhoof-Blumer, F. ed. Die antiken Münzen Nord-Griechenlands. (Berlin, 1898 - 1913).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins: European Mints. (San Mateo, 1989).
Lindgren, H. Lindgren III: Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Mionnet, T. Description de Médailles antiques grecques et romaines. (Paris, 1806-1837).
Mouchmov, N. Antichnitie Moneti na Balkanskitiia Poluostrov i Monetite Tsare. (1912).
Poole, R. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
Roman Provincial Coinage Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Austria, Klagenfurt, Landesmuseum für Kärnten, Sammlung Dreer, Part 3: Thracien-Macedonien-Päonien. (Klagenfurt, 1990). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Münzsammlung Universität Tübingen, Part 2: Taurische Chersones-Korkyra. (Berlin, 1982). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain VII, Manchester University Museum. (London, 1986). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain IX, British Museum, Part 1: The Black Sea. (London, 1993). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XI, The William Stancomb Collection of Coins of the Black Sea Region. (Oxford, 2000). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, United States, The Collection of the ANS, Part 7: Macedonia 1 (Cities, Thraco-Macedonian Tribes, Paeonian kings). (New York, 1997).
Varbanov, I. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, Volume II: Thrace (from Abdera to Pautalia). (Bourgas, Bulgaria, 2005).
Varbanov, I. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, Volume III: Thrace (from Perinthus to Trajanopolis), Chersonesos Thraciae, Insula Thraciae, Macedonia. (Bourgas, Bulgaria, 2007).
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