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Roman Civil Wars, Revolt of Galba, Governor of Spain, April - June 68 A.D.
Galba lived in Tarraco for eight years. This coin was issued by Galba as governor of Spain in revolt against Nero. The obverse is copied from Republican denarii struck in 62 B.C. by the moneyer L. Scribonius Libo.SH63560. Silver denarius, RIC I 9 (R4), RSC II 396, BMCRE I 9, SRCV I 2072, F, toned, weight 3.515 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 225o, Tarraco(?) mint, Apr - Jun 68 A.D.; obverse BON EVENT, young female head (Bonus Eventus) right, fillet around forehead; reverse ROM RENASC, Roma standing right in military garb, Victory on globe in right hand, eagle-tipped scepter over left shoulder in left; bargain priced for this interesting R4 rarity implying the restoration of the Republic!, from the Jyrki Muona Collection; very rare (R4); SOLD
Carthago Nova, Iberia, c. 237 - 206 B.C.
In order to force Hannibal to retreat from Italy, Scipio Africanus attacked Carthaginian Spain and took Carthago Nova in 209 B.C. References most often identify this type as Punic, struck before 209 B.C., but they also note that the head is "Roman style." Some authorities believe, as we do, that this type may have been struck after 209, under Roman rule. Carthaginian coins sometimes depicted Barcid generals. This coin possibly depicts the Roman general Scipio Africanus.GB50947. Bronze AE 24, Villaronga-Benages 609 (R2), Villaronga MCH 282, Villaronga CNH 69, Burgos 552, SNG BM Spain 127 - 128, VF, green patina, earthen deposits, weight 11.793 g, maximum diameter 23.9 mm, die axis 0o, Carthago Nova mint, perhaps Roman Occupation, 209 - 206 B.C.; obverse bare male head (Scipio Africanus?) left; reverse horse standing right, palm tree in background center on far side of horse; SOLD
Caligula, 16 March 37 - 24 January 41 A.D.
Although the style of coinage struck at Western branch mints is different from coins struck at Rome, references and sales listings often attribute them to Rome. This Caligula type is extremely rare. Nearly all were probably overstruck by Claudius. None of the hundreds of Caligula asses on Coin Archives share this Western branch style.SH72086. Copper as, cf. RIC I 38, Cohen I 27, BMCRE I p. 154, 46, SRCV I 1803 (all Rome mint), NGC Ch VF, strike 5/5, surface 4/5 (4162104-002), removed from slab but NGC tag included, weight 11.111 g, maximum diameter 27.2 mm, die axis 270o, "Western Branch" mint, 37 - 38 A.D.; obverse C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT, bare head left; reverse VESTA, Vesta enthroned left, patera extended in right, long scepter transverse in left, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field; extremely rare; SOLD
Carthago Nova, Iberia, c. 237 - 206 B.C.
In order to force Hannibal to retreat from Italy, Scipio Africanus attacked Carthaginian Spain and took Carthago Nova in 209 B.C. References most often identify this type as Punic, struck before 209 B.C., but they also note that the head is "Roman style." Some authorities believe, as we do, that this type may have been struck after 209, under Roman rule. Carthaginian coins sometimes depicted Barcid generals. This coin possibly depicts the Roman general Scipio Africanus.GB60656. Bronze AE 26, Villaronga-Benages 609 (R2), Villaronga MCH 282, Villaronga CNH 69, Burgos 552, SNG BM Spain 127 - 128, VF, Green patina, edge splits, weight 9.765 g, maximum diameter 25.7 mm, die axis 0o, Carthago Nova mint, perhaps Roman Occupation, 209 - 206 B.C.; obverse bare male head (Scipio Africanus?) left; reverse horse standing right, palm tree in background center on far side of horse; SOLD
Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Carthago Nova, Hispania Tarraconensis; Caligula Reverse
Caligula's father Germanicus, the nephew and adopted son of Emperor Tiberius, was a successful general and one of Rome's most beloved public figures. The young Gaius was nicknamed Caligula, meaning "little soldier's boot," by his father's soldiers while accompanying him during his campaigns in Germania. When Germanicus died, his wife Agrippina the Elder became entangled in a bitter feud with Tiberius, which led to the destruction of her family, with Caligula as the sole male survivor. In 31 A.D., unscathed by the deadly intrigues, Caligula accepted Tiberius' invitation to join him on the island of Capri. In 33 A.D., Tiberius gave Caligula an honorary quaestorship. Caligula succeeded his great-uncle and adoptive grandfather in 37 A.D.SH55436. Bronze AE 26, RPC I 182, SNG Cop 502, Choice VF, weight 9.013 g, maximum diameter 25.4 mm, die axis 225o, Carthago Nova mint, 33 - 37 A.D.; obverse TI CAESAR DIV AVGV F AVG P M, bare head left; reverse C CAESAR TI N QVINQ IN V I N K, bare head of Caligula left; great patina, nice for issue; very rare; SOLD
Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.
The reverse legend refers to sacrifices Augustus made to Jupiter prior to his departure for Gaul in 16 B.C. The reverse legend abbreviates, "Vota Publica Suscepta Pro Salute et Reditu Iovi Optimo Maximo Sacrata," which means, "public sacrifices have been made to holy Jupiter, the best and greatest, for the well-being and the [safe] return [of the Emperor]."SH67476. Silver denarius, RSC I 321 (also Mars head right var.), BMCRE I 441 (same), BnF I 1238 (same), RIC I 150a (R2), Hunter I 187, SRCV I 1641, F, reverse legend not fully struck, weight 3.242 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 180o, Colonia Patricia (Cordoba, Spain) mint, 17 - 16 B.C.; obverse S P Q R CAESARI AVGVSTO, bare head right, line border; reverse VOT P SVSC PRO SAL ET RED I O M SACR, Mars standing half left, head right, helmeted, nude but for cloak from shoulders and over left arm, vexillum vertical before him in right hand, parazonium over left shoulder in left hand, linear border; rare; SOLD
Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Posthumous Commemorative, Emerita, Hispania Lusitania
Mérida, Spain was founded by P. Carisius in 25 B.C., as Emerita Augusta, the name referring to the discharged soldiers who populated the city, by order of Augustus to protect a pass and a bridge over the Guadiana river. The city became an important city in the Roman Empire and the capital of Lusitania province. Mérida preserves more important ancient Roman monuments than any other city in Spain (including a triumphal arch of the age of Trajan).RP55447. Bronze dupondius, RPC I 25 corr. (same dies, C A E in obverse legend missing from description and, apparently on the three specimens known to the authors), aVF, weight 21.690 g, maximum diameter 31.5 mm, die axis 270o, Emerita (Merida, Spain) mint, posthumous, reign of Tiberius, 14 - 37 A.D.; obverse DIVVS • AVG[VSTVS • PATER •] C • A • E •, radiate head right; reverse AVGVSTA EMERITA, city gate, with two arches, flanked by two towers, ethnic on gate above arches; extremely rare; SOLD
Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Turiaso, Hispania Terraconensis
Issued by the Duumviri Mn. Sulpicius Lucanus and M. Sempronius Front(us?). RP49341. Bronze as, Villaronga-Benages 3286a, SNG Lorichs 1871, RPC I 413, Burgos 2455 var. (...IMP P P R), SNG Cop -, VF, weight 13.510 g, maximum diameter 28.8 mm, die axis 180o, Turiaso mint, 19 Aug 14 - 16 Mar 37 A.D.; obverse TI CAESAR AVG F AVGVSTVS IMP PONT, laureate head right; reverse MVN TVRIASO MN SVLP LVCAN M SEMP FRONT, II VIR within oak wreath; scarce; SOLD
Caligula, 16 March 37 - 24 January 41 A.D., Carthago Nova, Hispania Tarraconensis
In older references the bust of Salus is identified as that of Caesonia, 4th wife of Caligula. The female bust has also been identified as Antonia by Grant and Livia by Etienne. Beltran identifies Salus as the tutelary goddess of Carthago Nova and does not link the features to any member of the royal family.
Struck under duumvirs quinquennals: Cnaeus Atel. Flac. and Cnaeus Pom. Flac.RB90608. Bronze as, Villaronga-Benages 3155, RPC I 185, SNG Cop 503, SNG München 72, Villaronga 1127, Burgos 613, Vagi 563, F, clear portraits, partial legends, areas of verdigris, pitting, weight 12.563 g, maximum diameter 28.3 mm, die axis 135o, Carthago Nova mint, c. 40 A.D.; obverse C CAESAR AVG GERMANIC IMP P M TR P COS, laureate head of Caligula right; reverse CN ATEL FLAC CN POM FLAC II VIR Q V I N, draped bust of Salus (Caesonia as Salus?) right, SAL - AVG across fields; ex Stacks Coin Galleries auction, Sep 2008, lot 350; ex Tinchant; rare; SOLD
Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Celsa, Hispania Tarraconensis
Kelse was an Iberian town of the Ilergetes tribe on the Ebro river. It was refounded by Lepidus as a Roman colonia, probably during his second term as governor of Hispania Citerior around 44 - 42 B.C., but perhaps during his first term, in 48 - 47 B.C. He named it Victrix Julia Lepida to honor Julius Caesar and himself. After Lepidus' fall, around 36 B.C., the name reverted in part to its former Iberian name, to Colonia Victrix Julia Celsa.SH76398. Bronze as, Villaronga-Benages 3164c, RPC I 273, SNG Cop 540; L. Baggius and Mn. Flavius Festus, duoviri, Choice VF, nice centering and strike, nice green patina, some porosity, weight 11.408 g, maximum diameter 27.8 mm, die axis 210o, Celsa mint, c. 14 - 5 B.C.; obverse AVGVSTVS DIVI F, laureate head right; reverse bull right, L BACCIO above, C V I CEL (Colonia Victrix Iulia Celsa) downward on left, II VIR (dumvir) horizontal on right, MN FESTO (MN ligate) in exergue, no dots (control marks); from the Jeff Michniak Collection; SOLD
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