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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Provincial| ▸ |Roman Hispania||View Options:  |  |  | 

Roman Provincial Coins of Hispania

Hispania was the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula and its provinces. Roman armies invaded the Iberian peninsula in 218 B.C. and used it as a training ground for officers and as a proving ground for tactics during campaigns against the Carthaginians, the Iberians, the Lusitanians, the Gallaecians and other Celts. It was not until 19 B.C. that Augustus was able to complete the conquest. Under the Roman Republic, Hispania was divided into two provinces: Hispania Citerior and Hispania Ulterior. During the Principate, Hispania Ulterior was divided into two new provinces, Baetica and Lusitania, while Hispania Citerior was renamed Hispania Tarraconensis. Subsequently, the western part of Tarraconensis was split off, first as Hispania Nova, later renamed "Callaecia" (or Gallaecia, whence modern Galicia). From Diocletian's Tetrarchy (A.D. 284) onwards, the south of remaining Tarraconensis was again split off as Carthaginensis, and probably then too the Balearic Islands and all the resulting provinces formed one civil diocese under the vicarius for the Hispaniae (that is, the Celtic provinces). Aqueduct of Segovia

Iberia / Hispania, c. 200 - 1 B.C., Lot of 11 Bronze Coins

|Greek| |Bulk| |Lots|, |Iberia| |/| |Hispania,| |c.| |200| |-| |1| |B.C.,| |Lot| |of| |11| |Bronze| |Coins||Lot|
The following list was provided by the consignor and has not been verified by FORVM:
1) Carteia, Spain, AE20, Neptune standing left, RPC I 122, F, ex RBW
2) p2338) Carteia, Spain, AE17, dolphin / rudder, RPC I 119, aVF, ex RBW
3) Obulco, Spain, AE35, SNG BM Spain 1405, F/Fair, punch on rev.
4) Turiaso, Spain, c. 150 BC, head right / horseman right, F-VF
5) Castulo, Spain, AE26 (12.69g), bare male head right / sphinx right, SNG Cop 211, VF, deep split or cut
6) Carteia, Spain, AE17, turreted head of Tyche right / D D winged figure on dolphin right, RPC I 116, F, ex RBW
7) Another, also ex RBW
8) Castulo, AE29, sphinx right, F, porous
9) Ulia, Spain, AE29, female head right, crescent below, palm before / VLIA framed by branches, Burgos 1977, F, edge chip
10) Gades, AE16, head of Melqart left / dolphin right, F
11) Spain, AE34, male head right / helmeted griffin or sphinx, Fair
LT96155. Bronze Lot, Lot of 11 Bronze Coins from Iberia / Hispania, c. 200 - 1 B.C., unattributed to type, no tags or flips, the actual coins in the photograph, as-is, no returns, 11 coins; $150.00 SALE PRICE $135.00


Carmo, Hispania Ulterior, c. 200 - 150 B.C.

|Hispania|, |Carmo,| |Hispania| |Ulterior,| |c.| |200| |-| |150| |B.C.||AE| |33|
Carmo, Hispania Ulterior (modern Carmona), is 33 km east of Seville. It belonged to the Turduli tribe and appears to have been a municipium, appearing in Agrippa's account as oppidum civium romanorum or latinorum. Surprisingly, while Caesar called it one of the most important towns in Baetica, it is not mentioned by Mela and Pliny. Its early remains are buried in the area extending from the present Ayuntamiento to the Plaza de Abastos, where there is a large dolmen. Some graves from the Carthaginian period, with rich grave goods, have been discovered. The name of a certain Urbanibal, of Carthaginian descent, who lived during the Roman period, is preserved on a funeral urn discovered in the Roman cemetery and today in the Carmona museum. Remains of the Roman period include part of the wall, a large temple, the Roman cemetery containing underground tombs, and an amphitheater which is partly cut out of the rock and dates from the last quarter of the 1st century B.C. Sculptures and inscriptions have been found in the town and in the necropolis.
GB98534. Bronze AE 33, Villaronga-Benages ACIP 2382 (R1); Villaronga CNH p. 382, 2; SNG BM Spain 1573 ff.; SNG Lorichs 202 ff.; SNG Cop VIII 138, aVF, porous, reverse off center, light earthen deposits, weight 21.446 g, maximum diameter 32.5 mm, die axis 270o, Carmo (Carmona, Seville) mint, c. 200 - 150 B.C.; obverse helmeted male head right, myrtle wreath border; reverse CARMO, between two horizontal lines, grain ear right above, another grain ear right below; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00


Sejanus, Pretorian Prefect of Tiberius, Damnatio Memoriae, Bibilis, Spain, 31 A.D.

|Roman| |Hispania|, |Sejanus,| |Pretorian| |Prefect| |of| |Tiberius,| |Damnatio| |Memoriae,| |Bibilis,| |Spain,| |31| |A.D.||provincial| |as|
Under Augustus, Bilbilis was given the status of Municipium becoming Augusta Bilbilis and thus enjoyed many privileges under Roman law, including bestowing Roman citizenship on all its inhabitants. Coins were minted in the city under Augustus, Tiberius and Caligula with "Augusta Bilbilis" on the reverse along with the governor's name. One type struck under Tiberius, named Lucius Aelius Sejanus as consul on the reverse. The town must have flourished with Sejanus as benefactor, but was ultimately hurt with his demise when he was proved to be a traitor. All Sejanus' statues and monuments were subject to "damnatio memoriae." His name was even removed from coins, as seen on this example.Bilbilis
RP08927. Copper provincial as, RPC I 398, Burgos 196, SNG Cop 620, Choice gVF, weight 10.87 g, maximum diameter 28.3 mm, die axis 180o, Bilbilis (near Calatayud, Spain) mint, 31 A.D.; obverse TI CAESAR DIVI AVGVSTI F AVGVSTVS, laureate head right; reverse MVN AVGVSTA BILBILIS TI CAESARE V L AELIO SEIANO (L AELIO SEIANO erased in Damnatio Memoriae!), COS in laurel wreath; rare; SOLD


Caligula, 16 March 37 - 24 January 41 A.D., Caesaraugusta, Hispania Tarraconensis

|Caligula|, |Caligula,| |16| |March| |37| |-| |24| |January| |41| |A.D.,| |Caesaraugusta,| |Hispania| |Tarraconensis||provincial| |dupondius|
Caesaraugusta is today Zaragoza, Spain. It began as Salduie, a village settled by the Sedetani, an Iberian tribe. Augustus founded Caesaraugusta on the site to settle army veterans from the Cantabrian wars. The city did not decline significantly during the last centuries of the Roman Empire and was captured peacefully by the Goths in the 5th century.
SH58654. Orichalcum provincial dupondius, RPC I 370, SNG Cop 561, aVF, porosity, weight 10.267 g, maximum diameter 28.4 mm, die axis 270o, Caesaraugusta (Zaragoza, Spain) mint, obverse G CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS IMP, Laureate head left; reverse LICINIANO ET GERMANO II VIR, around large C C A; rare; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

Alvarez-Burgos, F. La Moneda Hispanica desde sus origines hasta el Siglo V. (Madrid, 2008).
American Numismatic Society Collections Database (ANSCD) - http://numismatics.org/search/search.
Burgos, A. La moneda hispanica desde sus origenes hasta el siglo V. (Madrid, 2008).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Delgado, A. Catalogeu des monnaies et des medailles antiques du moyen age et des temps modernes, composant le cabinet numismatique de feu Mr. Gustave Daniel de Lorichs. (Madrid, 1857). Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins: European Mints from the Lindgren Collection. (San Mateo, 1989).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Ripolles, P. Las acuaciones provinciales romanas de Hispania. (Madrid, 2010).
Roman Provincial Coins (RPC) Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/.
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, The Millennium Edition, Volume One, The Republic and The Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 8: Egypt, North Africa, Spain - Gaul. (1994).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Mnchen Staatlische Mnzsammlung, Part 1: Hispania. Gallia Narbonensis. (Berlin, 1968).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Mnzsammlung Universitt Tbingen, Part 1: Hispania-Sikelia. (Berlin, 1981).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume IX, British Museum, Part 2: Spain. (London, 2002).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XII, The Hunterian Museum, University of Glasgow, Part 1: Roman Provincial Coins: Spain-Kingdoms of Asia Minor. (Oxford, 2004).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Hispania I, Madrid. Museo Arqueolgico Nacional. Ciudades Feno-pnicas.. (1994 - 2004).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Sweden, Vol. II: Stockholm, Part 6, National Museum of Monetary History, The G.D. Lorichs Collection. (Stockholm, 2003).
Villaronga, L. Corpus Nvmmvm Hispaniae Anti Avgvsti Aetatem. (Madrid, 1994).
Villaronga, L. La Monedas Hispano-Cartaginesas. (Barcelona, 1973).
Villaronga, L. & J. Benages. Ancient Coinage of the Iberian Peninsula: Greek / Punic / Iberian / Roman. (Barcelona, 2011).
Vives, A. La moneda Hispanica. (Madrid, 1926).

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