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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Provincial| ▸ |Roman Hispania||View Options:  |  |  | 

Roman Provincial Coins of Hispania

Hispania was the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula and its provinces. Roman armies invaded the Iberian peninsula in 218 B.C. and used it as a training ground for officers and as a proving ground for tactics during campaigns against the Carthaginians, the Iberians, the Lusitanians, the Gallaecians and other Celts. It was not until 19 B.C. that Augustus was able to complete the conquest. Under the Roman Republic, Hispania was divided into two provinces: Hispania Citerior and Hispania Ulterior. During the Principate, Hispania Ulterior was divided into two new provinces, Baetica and Lusitania, while Hispania Citerior was renamed Hispania Tarraconensis. Subsequently, the western part of Tarraconensis was split off, first as Hispania Nova, later renamed "Callaecia" (or Gallaecia, whence modern Galicia). From Diocletian's Tetrarchy (A.D. 284) onwards, the south of remaining Tarraconensis was again split off as Carthaginensis, and probably then too the Balearic Islands and all the resulting provinces formed one civil diocese under the vicarius for the Hispaniae (that is, the Celtic provinces). Aqueduct of Segovia

Iberia / Hispania, c. 200 - 1 B.C., Lot of 11 Bronze Coins

|Greek| |Bulk| |Lots|, |Iberia| |/| |Hispania,| |c.| |200| |-| |1| |B.C.,| |Lot| |of| |11| |Bronze| |Coins||Lot|
The following list was provided by the consignor and has not been verified by FORVM:
1) Carteia, Spain, AE20, Neptune standing left, RPC I 122, F, ex RBW
2) p2338) Carteia, Spain, AE17, dolphin / rudder, RPC I 119, aVF, ex RBW
3) Obulco, Spain, AE35, SNG BM Spain 1405, F/Fair, punch on rev.
4) Turiaso, Spain, c. 150 BC, head right / horseman right, F-VF
5) Castulo, Spain, AE26 (12.69g), bare male head right / sphinx right, SNG Cop 211, VF, deep split or cut
6) Carteia, Spain, AE17, turreted head of Tyche right / D D winged figure on dolphin right, RPC I 116, F, ex RBW
7) Another, also ex RBW
8) Castulo, AE29, sphinx right, F, porous
9) Ulia, Spain, AE29, female head right, crescent below, palm before / VLIA framed by branches, Burgos 1977, F, edge chip
10) Gades, AE16, head of Melqart left / dolphin right, F
11) Spain, AE34, male head right / helmeted griffin or sphinx, Fair
LT96155. Bronze Lot, Lot of 11 Bronze Coins from Iberia / Hispania, c. 200 - 1 B.C., unattributed to type, no tags or flips, the actual coins in the photograph, as-is, no returns, 11 coins; $135.00 SALE PRICE $122.00


Sejanus, Pretorian Prefect of Tiberius, Damnatio Memoriae, Bibilis, Spain, 31 A.D.

|Roman| |Hispania|, |Sejanus,| |Pretorian| |Prefect| |of| |Tiberius,| |Damnatio| |Memoriae,| |Bibilis,| |Spain,| |31| |A.D.||provincial| |as|
Under Augustus, Bilbilis was given the status of Municipium becoming Augusta Bilbilis and thus enjoyed many privileges under Roman law, including bestowing Roman citizenship on all its inhabitants. Coins were minted in the city under Augustus, Tiberius and Caligula with "Augusta Bilbilis" on the reverse along with the governor's name. One type struck under Tiberius, named Lucius Aelius Sejanus as consul on the reverse. The town must have flourished with Sejanus as benefactor, but was ultimately hurt with his demise when he was proved to be a traitor. All Sejanus' statues and monuments were subject to "damnatio memoriae." His name was even removed from coins, as seen on this example.Bilbilis
RP08927. Copper provincial as, RPC I 398, Burgos 196, SNG Cop 620, Choice gVF, weight 10.87 g, maximum diameter 28.3 mm, die axis 180o, Bilbilis (near Calatayud, Spain) mint, 31 A.D.; obverse TI CAESAR DIVI AVGVSTI F AVGVSTVS, laureate head right; reverse MVN AVGVSTA BILBILIS TI CAESARE V L AELIO SEIANO (L AELIO SEIANO erased in Damnatio Memoriae!), COS in laurel wreath; rare; SOLD


Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Turiaso, Hispania Terraconensis

|Roman| |Hispania|, |Tiberius,| |19| |August| |14| |-| |16| |March| |37| |A.D.,| |Turiaso,| |Hispania| |Terraconensis||provincial| |as|
Issued by the Duumviri Mn. Sulpicius Lucanus and M. Sempronius Front(us?).
RP49341. Bronze provincial as, Villaronga-Benages 3286a, SNG Lorichs 1871, RPC I 413, Burgos 2455 var. (...IMP P P R), SNG Cop -, VF, weight 13.510 g, maximum diameter 28.8 mm, die axis 180o, Turiaso (Tarazona, Spain) mint, 19 Aug 14 - 16 Mar 37 A.D.; obverse TI CAESAR AVG F AVGVSTVS IMP PONT, laureate head right; reverse MVN TVRIASO MN SVLP LVCAN M SEMP FRONT, II VIR within oak wreath; scarce; SOLD


Caligula, 16 March 37 - 24 January 41 A.D.

|Caligula|, |Caligula,| |16| |March| |37| |-| |24| |January| |41| |A.D.||as|
Although the style of coinage struck at Western branch mints is different from coins struck at Rome, references and sales listings often attribute them to Rome. This Caligula type is extremely rare. Nearly all were probably overstruck by Claudius. None of the hundreds of Caligula asses on Coin Archives share this Western branch style.
SH72086. Copper as, cf. RIC I 38, Cohen I 27, BMCRE I p. 154, 46, SRCV I 1803 (all Rome mint), NGC Ch VF, strike 5/5, surface 4/5 (4162104-002), removed from slab but NGC tag included, weight 11.111 g, maximum diameter 27.2 mm, die axis 270o, 'Western Branch' mint, 37 - 38 A.D.; obverse C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS PON M TR POT, bare head left; reverse VESTA, Vesta enthroned left, patera extended in right, long scepter transverse in left, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field; NGC| Lookup; extremely rare; SOLD


Caligula, 16 March 37 - 24 January 41 A.D., Caesaraugusta, Hispania Tarraconensis

|Caligula|, |Caligula,| |16| |March| |37| |-| |24| |January| |41| |A.D.,| |Caesaraugusta,| |Hispania| |Tarraconensis||provincial| |dupondius|
Caesaraugusta is today Zaragoza, Spain. It began as Salduie, a village settled by the Sedetani, an Iberian tribe. Augustus founded Caesaraugusta on the site to settle army veterans from the Cantabrian wars. The city did not decline significantly during the last centuries of the Roman Empire and was captured peacefully by the Goths in the 5th century.
SH58654. Orichalcum provincial dupondius, RPC I 370, SNG Cop 561, aVF, porosity, weight 10.267 g, maximum diameter 28.4 mm, die axis 270o, Caesaraugusta (Zaragoza, Spain) mint, obverse G CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS IMP, Laureate head left; reverse LICINIANO ET GERMANO II VIR, around large C C A; rare; SOLD


Caligula, 16 March 37 - 24 January 41 A.D., Carthago Nova, Hispania Tarraconensis

|Hispania|, |Caligula,| |16| |March| |37| |-| |24| |January| |41| |A.D.,| |Carthago| |Nova,| |Hispania| |Tarraconensis||provincial| |as|
In older references the bust of Salus is identified as that of Caesonia, 4th wife of Caligula. The female bust has also been identified as Antonia by Grant and Livia by Etienne. Beltran identifies Salus as the tutelary goddess of Carthago Nova and does not link the features to any member of the royal family.

Struck under duumvirs quinquennals: Cnaeus Atel. Flac. and Cnaeus Pom. Flac.
RB90608. Bronze provincial as, Villaronga-Benages 3155, RPC I 185, SNG Cop 503, SNG Munchen 72, Villaronga 1127, Burgos 613, Vagi 563, F, clear portraits, partial legends, areas of verdigris, pitting, weight 12.563 g, maximum diameter 28.3 mm, die axis 135o, Carthago Nova (Cartagena, Spain) mint, c. 40 A.D.; obverse C CAESAR AVG GERMANIC IMP P M TR P COS, laureate head of Caligula right; reverse CN ATEL FLAC CN POM FLAC II VIR Q V I N, draped bust of Salus (Caesonia as Salus?) right, SAL - AVG across fields; ex Stacks Coin Galleries auction, Sep 2008, lot 350; ex Tinchant; rare; SOLD


Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.,Ebora, Hispania Lusitania

|Hispania|, |Augustus,| |16| |January| |27| |B.C.| |-| |19| |August| |14| |A.D.,Ebora,| |Hispania| |Lusitania||AE| |26|
Ebora (Evora Portugal today) was conquered by Rome in 57 B.C. Julius Caesar called it Liberalitas Julia (Julian generosity). A flourishing city at the junction of several important routes, Pliny the Elder visited Ebora during his travels through Gaul and Lusitania and mentioned it in his book Naturalis Historia. A monumental Corinthian temple in the center of town dates from the first century. Ebora fell under the rule of the Visigothic king Leovirgild in 584.
RP62930. Bronze AE 26, RPC I 51, SNG Cop 397, F, weight 9.879 g, maximum diameter 26.2 mm, die axis 180o, Ebora (Evora, Portugal) mint, obverse AVG P M PERM CAES, bare head left; reverse LIBERALITATIS IVLIAE EBOR, inscription in four lines within wreath; potentially active corrosion; rare; SOLD


Caligula, 16 March 37 - 24 January 41 A.D., Segobriga, Hispania Tarraconensis

|Hispania|, |Caligula,| |16| |March| |37| |-| |24| |January| |41| |A.D.,| |Segobriga,| |Hispania| |Tarraconensis||provincial| |semis|
Segobriga is a former Roman city near Saelices, in the province of Cuenca in Spain. It is possibly one of the most important archaeological sites of the Spanish Meseta. The name Segbriga derives from two words: "Sego" meaning victory and "briga" meaning city fortress. The translation would be "City of the Victory" or "Victorious City." The site includes an amphitheatre, theater, the city walls and gates, two thermal buildings or Roman baths, and the Forum. There is also a necropolis, and the circus (Roman race track) is being excavated - its outline can be seen from the top of the hill.
SH79771. Bronze provincial semis, Villaronga-Benages 3246, RPC I 476, Alvarez-Burgos 2191 2192, SNG Cop 631, F, scratches, weight 4.798 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, Segobriga (near Saelices, Spain) mint, 16 Mar 37 - 24 Jan 41 A.D.; obverse C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS IMP, laureate head left; reverse SEGO/BRIGA in two lines within oak wreath; very rare; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

Alvarez-Burgos, F. La Moneda Hispanica desde sus origines hasta el Siglo V. (Madrid, 2008).
American Numismatic Society Collections Database (ANSCD) - http://numismatics.org/search/search.
Burgos, A. La moneda hispanica desde sus origenes hasta el siglo V. (Madrid, 2008).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Delgado, A. Catalogeu des monnaies et des medailles antiques du moyen age et des temps modernes, composant le cabinet numismatique de feu Mr. Gustave Daniel de Lorichs. (Madrid, 1857). Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins: European Mints from the Lindgren Collection. (San Mateo, 1989).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Ripolles, P. Las acuaciones provinciales romanas de Hispania. (Madrid, 2010).
Roman Provincial Coins (RPC) Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/.
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, The Millennium Edition, Volume One, The Republic and The Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 8: Egypt, North Africa, Spain - Gaul. (1994).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Mnchen Staatlische Mnzsammlung, Part 1: Hispania. Gallia Narbonensis. (Berlin, 1968).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Mnzsammlung Universitt Tbingen, Part 1: Hispania-Sikelia. (Berlin, 1981).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume IX, British Museum, Part 2: Spain. (London, 2002).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XII, The Hunterian Museum, University of Glasgow, Part 1: Roman Provincial Coins: Spain-Kingdoms of Asia Minor. (Oxford, 2004).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Hispania I, Madrid. Museo Arqueolgico Nacional. Ciudades Feno-pnicas.. (1994 - 2004).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Sweden, Vol. II: Stockholm, Part 6, National Museum of Monetary History, The G.D. Lorichs Collection. (Stockholm, 2003).
Villaronga, L. Corpus Nvmmvm Hispaniae Anti Avgvsti Aetatem. (Madrid, 1994).
Villaronga, L. La Monedas Hispano-Cartaginesas. (Barcelona, 1973).
Villaronga, L. & J. Benages. Ancient Coinage of the Iberian Peninsula: Greek / Punic / Iberian / Roman. (Barcelona, 2011).
Vives, A. La moneda Hispanica. (Madrid, 1926).

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