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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Medieval & Modern Coins| ▸ |Austria||View Options:  |  |  | 

Coins of Austria

The origins of Austria date back to the time of the Roman Empire when a Celtic kingdom was conquered by the Romans in approximately 15 B.C. and later became Noricum, a Roman province, in the mid-1st century AD?an area which mostly encloses today's Austria. In 788 A.D., the Frankish king Charlemagne conquered the area and introduced Christianity. Under the native Habsburg dynasty, Austria became one of the great powers of Europe. In 1867, the Austrian Empire was reformed into Austria-Hungary. The Austro-Hungarian Empire collapsed in 1918 with the end of World War I. The First Austrian Republic was established in 1919. In the 1938 Anschluss, Austria was occupied and annexed by Nazi Germany. This lasted until the end of World War II in 1945, after which Austria was occupied by the Allies and its former democratic constitution was restored. In 1955, the Austrian State Treaty re-established Austria as a sovereign state, ending the occupation. In the same year, the Austrian Parliament created the Declaration of Neutrality which declared that the country would become permanently neutral.

Austrian States, Duchy of Styria, Otakar IV, 1164 - 1192 A.D.

|Austria|, |Austrian| |States,| |Duchy| |of| |Styria,| |Otakar| |IV,| |1164| |-| |1192| |A.D.||pfennig|
The Duchy of Styrea was a herzogtum, a march or frontier country in what is now modern Austria, ruled by a duke. The medieval Otakar dynasty ruled Styria from 1056 to 1192. Childless and deathly ill, Ottokar IV, who had contracted leprosy while on crusade, was the first but also the last Otakars to rule as a duke. The Duchy of Styrea remained a part of the Holy Roman Empire until the empire was dissolved in 1806. Other varieties of this type have rings or pellets vice crosses on the obverse and the star is not always present on the reverse.
ME89023. Silver pfennig, CNA I B73, crosses/star variant, F, light toning, weight 0.400 g, maximum diameter 15.6 mm, Fischau (Bad Fischau, Austria) mint, 1164 - 1192 A.D.; obverse ornament of five lilies, five crosses in the angles; reverse horse and rider right, horseman holding trained sword, star upper left; $120.00 SALE PRICE $108.00


Austrian States, Duchy of Styria, Otakar IV, 1164 - 1192 A.D.

|Austria|, |Austrian| |States,| |Duchy| |of| |Styria,| |Otakar| |IV,| |1164| |-| |1192| |A.D.||pfennig|NEW
The Duchy of Styrea was a herzogtum, a march or frontier country in what is now modern Austria, ruled by a duke. The medieval Otakar dynasty ruled Styria from 1056 to 1192. Childless and deathly ill, Ottokar IV, who had contracted leprosy while on crusade, was the first but also the last Otakars to rule as a duke. The Duchy of Styrea remained a part of the Holy Roman Empire until the empire was dissolved in 1806. Other varieties of this type have rings or pellets vice crosses on the obverse and the star is not always present on the reverse.
ME91990. Silver pfennig, CNA I B73, crosses/star variant, aVF, toned, double struck, weight 0.407 g, maximum diameter 15.0 mm, Fischau (Bad Fischau, Austria) mint, 1164 - 1192 A.D.; obverse floral-geometric pattern of five lilies within five lobes, five small crosses in the angles; reverse rider with trained sword to the right, star upper left; $120.00 SALE PRICE $108.00


Austrian States, Duchy of Carinthia, Bernhard von Spanheim, 1202 - 1256

|Austria|, |Austrian| |States,| |Duchy| |of| |Carinthia,| |Bernhard| |von| |Spanheim,| |1202| |-| |1256||pfennig|NEW
The Duchy of Carinthia was located in southern Austria and parts of northern Slovenia. It was separated from the Duchy of Bavaria in 976. Carinthia remained a state of the Holy Roman Empire until its dissolution in 1806, though from 1335 it was ruled within the Austrian dominions of the Habsburg dynasty. Bernhard von Spanheim was Duke of Carinthia for 54 years from 1202 until his death in 1256. A patron of chivalry and minnesang (lyric and song writing), Bernhard's reign marked the emergence of the Carinthian duchy as an effective territorial principality.
ME92748. Silver pfennig, CNA I Cb17, VF, toned, rounded-rectangular flan, typical uneven strike, weight 0.701 g, maximum diameter 16.16 mm, die axis 0o, St. Veit (Sankt Veit an der Glan) mint, c. 1250 - 1256; obverse Duke Bernhard standing, facing in chain mail holding sword and shield, struck over raised square (quadratum supercusum); reverse +SANCTVS, cross fourche, five pointed star with center pellet (floret?) in each quarter; ex Reinhard Schimmer (Nurnberg); $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00


Holy Roman Empire, Leopold I the Hogmouth, 18 July 1658 - 5 May 1705, Counterfeit From the Time

|Bohemia|, |Holy| |Roman| |Empire,| |Leopold| |I| |the| |Hogmouth,| |18| |July| |1658| |-| |5| |May| |1705,| |Counterfeit| |From| |the| |Time||3| |Kreuzer|NEW
The obverse legends translates, "Leopold, by God Grace, Emperor of the Romans always august, King of Germany, Hungary and Bohemia." Similar coins were struck in Austria, Bohemia, and Silesia, but this coin has an impossible combination of a Bohemian reverse legend, the arms of Vienna Austria, the and a privy mark that is not listed. It can only be an unofficial counterfeit. We do not know why the counterfeiter made a completely new impossible type instead of just copying an official coin.
WO99072. Silver 3 Kreuzer, Apparently unpublished, gF, porous, small edge chip, weight 0.882 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 0o, unofficial mint, 1699 - 1705; obverse LEOPOLDVS D G R I S A G H B R (Leopoldus, Dei Gratia, Romanorum Imperator Semper Augustus, Germaniae, Hungariae Bohemiaeque Rex), laureate and draped bust right, 3 (denomination) in frame below; reverse GER HVN BO-HEMIA REX 16-99 (Germaniae Hungariae Bohemiaeque Rex), arms of Vienna on breast of crowned imperial two headed eagle, crown breaking date above, (G:B) (privy mark) below; ex Zeus auction 16 (26 Feb 2021), lot 883; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00


Duchy of Austria, Albrecht I of Habsburg, 1282 - 1308 A.D.

|Austria|, |Duchy| |of| |Austria,| |Albrecht| |I| |of| |Habsburg,| |1282| |-| |1308| |A.D.||pfennig|NEW
Albert I of Habsburg was a Duke of Austria and Styria from 1282 and King of Germany from 1298 until his assassination. He was on the way to suppress a revolt in Swabia when he was murdered on 1 May 1308, by his nephew Duke John, afterwards called "the Parricide" or "John Parricida," whom he had deprived of his inheritance.

The raised square on the reverse (quadratum supercusum) was the result of a minting technique popular in the region in this period. The blank was not a round cast flan, but started as a square cut from a sheet. The square was hammered more or less round by exactly four strokes. A square section in the center, the quadratum supercusum, was left with the original thickness.
ME92046. Silver pfennig, CNA I B198, aVF, toned, off center, the usual weak strike, weight 0.623 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 0o, sterreich (Austria) mint, 1298 - 1308 A.D.; obverse six lis point floriated star with six point star in center, all within shallow round incuse; reverse panther left (weakly struck with only traces visible, as is normal on the type) on lozenge (quadratum supercusum); ex Mnzhandlung Ritter (Dsseldorf); rare; $50.00 SALE PRICE $45.00


Duchy of Austria, Frederick the Handsome, 1308 - 1330 A.D.

|Austria|, |Duchy| |of| |Austria,| |Frederick| |the| |Handsome,| |1308| |-| |1330| |A.D.||pfennig|NEW
Friedrich der Schne from the House of Habsburg, was Duke of Austria and Styria from 1308 as Frederick I as well as King of Germany (King of the Romans) from 1314 (anti-king until 1325) as Frederick III until his death.

The raised square on the reverse (quadratum supercusum) was the result of a minting technique popular in the region in this period. The blank was not a round cast flan, but started as a square cut from a sheet. The square was hammered more or less round by exactly four strokes. A square section in the center, the quadratum supercusum, was left with the original thickness.
ME89597. Silver pfennig, CNA I B229, aVF, crude, weight 0.645 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, Weiner Neustadt mint, 1308 - 1330 A.D.; obverse half-length bust of crowned king facing, holding garland in both hands; reverse eagle (weakly struck) on lozenge (quadratum supercusum); ex Spartan Numismatics; $30.00 SALE PRICE $27.00







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REFERENCES

Corpus Nummorum Austriacorum. (Vienna, 1994-1999).
Davenport, J. The Talers of the Austrian Noble Houses. (Galesburg, 1972).
Domanig, K. Portrtmedaillen des Erzhauses sterreich von Kaiser Friedrich III bis Kaiser Franz II. (Vienna, 1869).
Friedberg, A. & I. Friedberg. Gold Coins of the World, From Ancient Times to the Present. (2009).
Herinek, L. Osterreichische Mnzprgungen. (Vienna, 1984).
Kenis, Y. Catalogue des Medailles et Jetons des Pays-Bas Autrichiens 1714-1794. (Bruxelles, 2000).
Koch, B. Der Wiener Pfennig. (Vienna, 1983).
Krause, C. & C. Mishler. Standard Catalog of World Coins. (Iola, WI, 2010 - ).
Luschin, A. Wiener Mnzen im Mittelalter. (Vienna and Liepzig, 1913).
Miller zu Aichholz, V., A. Loehr & E. Holzmair. sterreichische Mnzprgungen. (Vienna, 1948).
Moser, H. & H. Tursky. Die Mnzsttte Hall in Tirol. (Innsbruck, 1981).
Szego, A. The Coinage of Medieval Austria 1156 - 1521. (reprint, 1995).
Voglhuber, R. Taler und Schautaler des Erzhauses Habsburg 1484 - 1896. (Frankfurt/Main, 1971).

Catalog current as of Thursday, June 30, 2022.
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