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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Medieval & Modern Coins| ▸ |Austria||View Options:  |  |  | 

Coins of Austria

The origins of Austria date back to the time of the Roman Empire when a Celtic kingdom was conquered by the Romans in approximately 15 B.C. and later became Noricum, a Roman province, in the mid-1st century AD?an area which mostly encloses today's Austria. In 788 A.D., the Frankish king Charlemagne conquered the area and introduced Christianity. Under the native Habsburg dynasty, Austria became one of the great powers of Europe. In 1867, the Austrian Empire was reformed into Austria-Hungary. The Austro-Hungarian Empire collapsed in 1918 with the end of World War I. The First Austrian Republic was established in 1919. In the 1938 Anschluss, Austria was occupied and annexed by Nazi Germany. This lasted until the end of World War II in 1945, after which Austria was occupied by the Allies and its former democratic constitution was restored. In 1955, the Austrian State Treaty re-established Austria as a sovereign state, ending the occupation. In the same year, the Austrian Parliament created the Declaration of Neutrality which declared that the country would become permanently neutral.

Austrian States, Duchy of Styria, Otakar IV, 1164 - 1192 A.D.

|Austria|, |Austrian| |States,| |Duchy| |of| |Styria,| |Otakar| |IV,| |1164| |-| |1192| |A.D.||pfennig|
The Duchy of Styrea was a herzogtum, a march or frontier country in what is now modern Austria, ruled by a duke. The medieval Otakar dynasty ruled Styria from 1056 to 1192. Childless and deathly ill, Ottokar IV, who had contracted leprosy while on crusade, was the first but also the last Otakars to rule as a duke. The Duchy of Styrea remained a part of the Holy Roman Empire until the empire was dissolved in 1806. Other varieties of this type have rings or pellets vice crosses on the obverse and the star is not always present on the reverse.
ME89023. Silver pfennig, CNA I B73, crosses/star variant, F, light toning, weight 0.400 g, maximum diameter 15.6 mm, Fischau (Bad Fischau, Austria) mint, 1164 - 1192 A.D.; obverse ornament of five lilies, five crosses in the angles; reverse horse and rider right, horseman holding trained sword, star upper left; $120.00 SALE PRICE $96.00


Austrian States, Duchy of Styria, Otakar IV, 1164 - 1192 A.D.

|Austria|, |Austrian| |States,| |Duchy| |of| |Styria,| |Otakar| |IV,| |1164| |-| |1192| |A.D.||pfennig|
The Duchy of Styrea was a herzogtum, a march or frontier country in what is now modern Austria, ruled by a duke. The medieval Otakar dynasty ruled Styria from 1056 to 1192. Childless and deathly ill, Ottokar IV, who had contracted leprosy while on crusade, was the first but also the last Otakars to rule as a duke. The Duchy of Styrea remained a part of the Holy Roman Empire until the empire was dissolved in 1806. Other varieties of this type have rings or pellets vice crosses on the obverse and the star is not always present on the reverse.
ME91990. Silver pfennig, CNA I B73, crosses/star variant, aVF, toned, double struck, weight 0.407 g, maximum diameter 15.0 mm, Fischau (Bad Fischau, Austria) mint, 1164 - 1192 A.D.; obverse floral-geometric pattern of five lilies within five lobes, five small crosses in the angles; reverse rider with trained sword to the right, star upper left; $120.00 SALE PRICE $96.00


Austrian States, Duchy of Carinthia, Bernhard von Spanheim, 1202 - 1256

|Austria|, |Austrian| |States,| |Duchy| |of| |Carinthia,| |Bernhard| |von| |Spanheim,| |1202| |-| |1256||pfennig|
The Duchy of Carinthia was located in southern Austria and parts of northern Slovenia. It was separated from the Duchy of Bavaria in 976. Carinthia remained a state of the Holy Roman Empire until its dissolution in 1806, though from 1335 it was ruled within the Austrian dominions of the Habsburg dynasty. Bernhard von Spanheim was Duke of Carinthia for 54 years from 1202 until his death in 1256. A patron of chivalry and minnesang (lyric and song writing), Bernhard's reign marked the emergence of the Carinthian duchy as an effective territorial state.
ME92748. Silver pfennig, CNA I Cb17, VF, toned, rounded-rectangular flan, typical uneven strike, weight 0.701 g, maximum diameter 16.2 mm, die axis 0o, St. Veit (Sankt Veit an der Glan) mint, c. 1250 - 1256; obverse Duke Bernhard standing, facing in chain mail holding sword and shield, struck over raised square (quadratum supercusum); reverse +SANCTVS, cross fourche, five pointed star with center pellet (floret?) in each quarter; ex Reinhard Schimmer (Nurnberg); $80.00 SALE PRICE $64.00


Austrian States, Duchy of Merania, Berthold IV, c. 1182 - 1204 A.D.

|Austria|, |Austrian| |States,| |Duchy| |of| |Merania,| |Berthold| |IV,| |c.| |1182| |-| |1204| |A.D.||pfennig|
In 1186, Berthold accompanied Emperor Frederick's son Henry VI to Italy and his marriage with Constance of Sicily. In 1189, he led the third division of the imperial army and was its standard-bearer on the Third Crusade.
ME92117. Silver pfennig, CNA Ch3, VF, toned, clashed and worn reverse die, weight 0.747 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 0o, Windischgrtz (Slovenj Gradec, Slovenia) mint, 1188 - 1204 A.D.; obverse castle with two towers, wall and gate, star above center; reverse standing duke with sword and flag, struck over lozenge (quadratum supercusum); $50.00 SALE PRICE $40.00 ON RESERVE


Federal State of Austria, 1934

|Austria|, |Federal| |State| |of| |Austria,| |1934||50| |groschen|
The First Austrian Republic lasted until 1933 when the chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss established an autocratic regime tending towards Italian fascism. He was assassinated in July 1934 and his successor, Kurt Schuschnigg, acknowledged Austria as a "German state" and that Austrians were "better Germans" but wished for Austria to remain independent. Austria remained pseudo-independent until 1938 when Hitler reunified Austria with the German Reich.
WO92163. Copper-Nickel 50 groschen, SCWC KM 2850, EF, light toning, weight 5.558 g, maximum diameter 24.0 mm, die axis 0o, 1934; obverse · OESTERREICH · (clockwise above), 50 GROSCHEN (counterclockwise below), 50 in a square border within round inner border; reverse Austria coat of arms: double-headed eagle, haloed, Austrian escutcheon on breast, wings spread 19-34 below divided by tail; $30.00 SALE PRICE $24.00







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REFERENCES

Corpus Nummorum Austriacorum. (Vienna, 1994-1999).
Davenport, J. The Talers of the Austrian Noble Houses. (Galesburg, 1972).
Domanig, K. Portrtmedaillen des Erzhauses sterreich von Kaiser Friedrich III bis Kaiser Franz II. (Vienna, 1869).
Frey, A. The Dated European Coinage prior to 1501. (New York, 1915).
Friedberg, A. & I. Friedberg. Gold Coins of the World, From Ancient Times to the Present. (2009).
Herinek, L. Osterreichische Mnzprgungen. (Vienna, 1984).
Kenis, Y. Catalogue des Medailles et Jetons des Pays-Bas Autrichiens 1714-1794. (Bruxelles, 2000).
Koch, B. Der Wiener Pfennig. (Vienna, 1983).
Krause, C. & C. Mishler. Standard Catalog of World Coins. (Iola, WI, 2010 - ).
Levinson, R. The early dated coins of Europe 1234-1500. (Williston, VT, 2007).
Luschin, A. Wiener Mnzen im Mittelalter. (Vienna and Liepzig, 1913).
Miller zu Aichholz, V., A. Loehr & E. Holzmair. sterreichische Mnzprgungen. (Vienna, 1948).
Moser, H. & H. Tursky. Die Mnzsttte Hall in Tirol. (Innsbruck, 1981).
Pohl, A. Die Grenzland-Prgung, Mnzprgung in sterreich und Ungarn im 15. Jahrhundert. (Graz, 1972).
Szego, A. The Coinage of Medieval Austria 1156 - 1521. (reprint, 1995).
Voglhuber, R. Taler und Schautaler des Erzhauses Habsburg 1484 - 1896. (Frankfurt/Main, 1971).

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