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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Medieval & Modern Coins| ▸ |Austria||View Options:  |  |  | 

Coins of Austria

The origins of Austria date back to the time of the Roman Empire when a Celtic kingdom was conquered by the Romans in approximately 15 B.C. and later became Noricum, a Roman province, in the mid-1st century AD?an area which mostly encloses today's Austria. In 788 A.D., the Frankish king Charlemagne conquered the area and introduced Christianity. Under the native Habsburg dynasty, Austria became one of the great powers of Europe. In 1867, the Austrian Empire was reformed into Austria-Hungary. The Austro-Hungarian Empire collapsed in 1918 with the end of World War I. The First Austrian Republic was established in 1919. In the 1938 Anschluss, Austria was occupied and annexed by Nazi Germany. This lasted until the end of World War II in 1945, after which Austria was occupied by the Allies and its former democratic constitution was restored. In 1955, the Austrian State Treaty re-established Austria as a sovereign state, ending the occupation. In the same year, the Austrian Parliament created the Declaration of Neutrality which declared that the country would become permanently neutral.

Austrian States, Duchy of Styria, Otakar IV, 1164 - 1192 A.D.

|Austria|, |Austrian| |States,| |Duchy| |of| |Styria,| |Otakar| |IV,| |1164| |-| |1192| |A.D.||pfennig|
The Duchy of Styrea was a herzogtum, a march or frontier country in what is now modern Austria, ruled by a duke. The medieval Otakar dynasty ruled Styria from 1056 to 1192. Childless and deathly ill, Ottokar IV, who had contracted leprosy while on crusade, was the first but also the last Otakars to rule as a duke. The Duchy of Styrea remained a part of the Holy Roman Empire until the empire was dissolved in 1806. Other varieties of this type have rings or pellets vice crosses on the obverse and the star is not always present on the reverse.
ME89023. Silver pfennig, CNA I B73, crosses/star variant, F, light toning, weight 0.400 g, maximum diameter 15.6 mm, Fischau (Bad Fischau, Austria) mint, 1164 - 1192 A.D.; obverse ornament of five lilies, five crosses in the angles; reverse horse and rider right, horseman holding trained sword, star upper left; $100.00 (€94.00)

Austria, Leopold V, Archduke of Further Austria, 1626 - 1632

|Austria|, |Austria,| |Leopold| |V,| |Archduke| |of| |Further| |Austria,| |1626| |-| |1632||Thaler|
Leopold V, Archduke of Further Austria, Bishop of Passau and of Strasbourg, until he resigned to get married. was the son of Archduke Charles II of Inner Austria, and the younger brother of Emperor Ferdinand II. The Archduchy of Austria was a major principality of the Holy Roman Empire and the nucleus of the Habsburg Monarchy. With its capital at Vienna, the archduchy was centered at the Empire's southeastern periphery. The obverse legend abbreviates Latin, "Leopoldus Dei Gratia Archidux Austriae Dux Burgundiae Sacrae Caesaraea Majestatis et Reliquorum." The reverse legend abbreviates Latin, "Archiducum Gubernator Plenarius Comes Tirolis."
WO95139. Silver Thaler, SCWC KM 264.5, Moser-Tursky 422, Davenport Talers 3330, Voglhuber 175, Choice EF, toned, weight 28.496 g, maximum diameter 42.8 mm, die axis 0o, Hall mint, 1621; obverse LEOPOLDVS D:G:ARCHID:AUSTRIAE DVX BVRG:S:CAES:M:ET RELIQ:, bare-headed, mantled bust right, 16-Z1 divided across field; reverse ARCHIDVC:GVBERNATOR PLENARIVS COM:TIROL: Archiducum pilot plenary count of Tyrol, crowned composite arms with ornaments; SOLD

Austrian States, Duchy of Carinthiam, Bernhard II von Spanheim, 1202 - 1256

|Austria|, |Austrian| |States,| |Duchy| |of| |Carinthiam,| |Bernhard| |II| |von| |Spanheim,| |1202| |-| |1256||pfennig|
Bernhard von Spanheim was Duke of Carinthia for 54 years. He was a patron of chivalry and minnesang, a tradition of lyric and song writing with love as the main subject. Bernhard's reign marked the emergence of the Carinthian duchy as an effective territorial state.
ME92143. Silver pfennig, CNA I Cb12, Luschin 199, gVF, toned, uneven strike with some areas weak, tight flan, weight 0.645 g, maximum diameter 15.7 mm, die axis 90o, St. Veit (Sankt Veit an der Glan, Austria) mint, c. 1204 - 1208; obverse + DVX CARINTHIE (off flan), helmeted and armored half-length bust of duke facing, head right, cross scepter in right hand, struck over quadratum supercusum; reverse SANT - VEIT, head of St. Vitus facing, wearing ornate hat; ex Münzenhandlung W. Rittig (Schwelm, Germany); SOLD

Holy Roman Empire, Leopold I the Hogmouth, 18 July 1658 - 5 May 1705, Counterfeit From the Time

|Bohemia|, |Holy| |Roman| |Empire,| |Leopold| |I| |the| |Hogmouth,| |18| |July| |1658| |-| |5| |May| |1705,| |Counterfeit| |From| |the| |Time||3| |Kreuzer|
The obverse legends translates, "Leopold, by God Grace, Emperor of the Romans always august, King of Germany, Hungary and Bohemia." Similar coins were struck in Austria, Bohemia, and Silesia, but this coin has an impossible combination of a Bohemian reverse legend, the arms of Vienna Austria, the and a privy mark that is not listed. It can only be an unofficial counterfeit. We do not know why the counterfeiter made a completely new impossible type instead of just copying an official coin.
WO99072. Silver 3 Kreuzer, Apparently unpublished, gF, porous, small edge chip, weight 0.882 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 0o, unofficial mint, 1699 - 1705; obverse LEOPOLDVS D G R I S A G H B R (Leopoldus, Dei Gratia, Romanorum Imperator Semper Augustus, Germaniae, Hungariae Bohemiaeque Rex), laureate and draped bust right, 3 (denomination) in frame below; reverse GER HVN BO-HEMIA REX 16-99 (Germaniae Hungariae Bohemiaeque Rex), arms of Vienna on breast of crowned imperial two headed eagle, crown breaking date above, (G:B) (privy mark) below; ex Zeus auction 16 (26 Feb 2021), lot 883; SOLD



Corpus Nummorum Austriacorum. (Vienna, 1994-1999).
Davenport, J. The Talers of the Austrian Noble Houses. (Galesburg, 1972).
Domanig, K. Porträtmedaillen des Erzhauses österreich von Kaiser Friedrich III bis Kaiser Franz II. (Vienna, 1869).
Frey, A. The Dated European Coinage prior to 1501. (New York, 1915).
Friedberg, A. & I. Friedberg. Gold Coins of the World, From Ancient Times to the Present. (2009).
Herinek, L. Osterreichische Münzprägungen. (Vienna, 1984).
Kenis, Y. Catalogue des Medailles et Jetons des Pays-Bas Autrichiens 1714-1794. (Bruxelles, 2000).
Koch, B. Der Wiener Pfennig. (Vienna, 1983).
Krause, C. & C. Mishler. Standard Catalog of World Coins. (Iola, WI, 2010 - ).
Levinson, R. The early dated coins of Europe 1234-1500. (Williston, VT, 2007).
Luschin, A. Wiener Münzen im Mittelalter. (Vienna and Liepzig, 1913).
Miller zu Aichholz, V., A. Loehr & E. Holzmair. Österreichische Münzprägungen. (Vienna, 1948).
Moser, H. & H. Tursky. Die Münzstätte Hall in Tirol. (Innsbruck, 1981).
Pohl, A. Die Grenzland-Prägung, Münzprägung in Österreich und Ungarn im 15. Jahrhundert. (Graz, 1972).
Szego, A. The Coinage of Medieval Austria 1156 - 1521. (reprint, 1995).
Voglhuber, R. Taler und Schautaler des Erzhauses Habsburg 1484 - 1896. (Frankfurt/Main, 1971).

Catalog current as of Monday, December 4, 2023.
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