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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Hellenistic Monarchies| ▸ |Indo-Scythian Kingdom||View Options:  |  |  | 

Indo-Scythian

Alexander's successors in India became increasingly isolated and eventually became an island of Hellenic people, completely cut off from their western kinsman. Surrounded on all sides, they succumbed to the superior numbers of local people and disappeared from history.

Indo-Scythian Kingdom, Azes II, c. 35 B.C. - c. 5 A.D.

|Indo-Scythian| |Kingdom|, |Indo-Scythian| |Kingdom,| |Azes| |II,| |c.| |35| |B.C.| |-| |c.| |5| |A.D.||tetradrachm|
 
WA26697. Silver tetradrachm, Senior 98.354T (same obverse die), Mitchiner IGIS vol. 6, 848d; Frhlich, series 12, 273 var. (different obverse letter), HGC 12 637, gVF, weight 9.725 g, maximum diameter 23.7 mm, die axis 180o, North Eastern Province mint, 20 - 1 B.C.; obverse BANTΣIΛΕΩΣ BANTΣIΛΕΩN MANTΓANTΛOY ANTZOY, king on horseback riding right, holding whip, Kharosthi control letter I right; reverse Kharosthi legend: Maharajasa rajadirajasa mahatasa Ayasa (of Great King, King of Kings Azes the Great), Pallas standing right, spear over shoulder and shield on her left side, right extended, Kharosthi control marks left and right; SOLD


Indo-Scythian Kingdom, Azes II, c. 35 B.C. - 5 A.D.

|Indo-Scythian| |Kingdom|, |Indo-Scythian| |Kingdom,| |Azes| |II,| |c.| |35| |B.C.| |-| |5| |A.D.||drachm|
Azes II may have been the last Indo-Scythian king in the northern Indian subcontinent (Pakistan). Indo-Scythian rule crumbled under the conquests of the Kushans who expanded into India to create the Kushan Empire. Senior and Hoover now believe Azes II did not exist and attribute all Azes coins to Azes I or as posthumous imitative issues. A type attributed to Azes I has been found overstruck on a coin traditionally attributed to Azes II, supporting their hypothesis.
WA72209. Silver drachm, Frhlich 276; Mitchiner IGIS, volume 6, 848k; Senior 98.374, HGC 12 637, VF, weight 9.514 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, die axis 315o, Taxila Sirsukh mint, c. 35 B.C. - 5 A.D.; obverse BANTΣIΛΕΩΣ BANTΣIΛΕΩN MΕΓANTΛOY ANTZOY, king riding right on horseback, raising right hand, whip over shoulder in left hand, Karosthi letter Sam before horse; reverse Kharosthi legend: Maharajasa rajatirajasa mahatasa Ayasa (of great king, king of kings, Azes the Great), Pallas Athena standing right, raising right hand, shield on left arm, transverse spear in left hand, Karosthi monogram left, Karosthi monogram right; SOLD


Indo-Scythian Kingdom, Azes II, c. 35 - 5 B.C.

|Indo-Scythian| |Kingdom|, |Indo-Scythian| |Kingdom,| |Azes| |II,| |c.| |35| |-| |5| |B.C.||tetradrachm|
Azes II may have been the last Indo-Scythian king in the northern Indian subcontinent (modern day Pakistan). Indo-Scythian rule crumbled under the conquests of the Kushans who expanded into India to create the Kushan Empire. Senior and Hoover now believe Azes II did not exist and attribute all Azes coins to Azes I or as posthumous imitative issues. A type attributed to Azes I has been found overstruck on a coin traditionally attributed to Azes II, supporting their hypothesis.
WA57599. Silver tetradrachm, Senior 98.329T; Mitchiner IGIS 6, 8489i; Frhlich 274; Mitchiner ACW 2368 var. (obv control letter), HGC 12 637, gVF, weight 8.974 g, maximum diameter 23.2 mm, die axis 45o, obverse BANTΣIΛΕΩΣ BANTΣIΛΕΩN MΕΓANTΛOY ANTZOY, king on horseback riding right, holding whip, Kharosthi letter ti (control letter) before horse; reverse Kharosthi legend: Maharajasa rajadirajasa mahatasa Ayasa (of great king, king of kings, Azes the Great), Pallas standing right, raising right hand, spear over left shoulder and shield on left arm, monograms in left and right fields, Kharosthi letter va upper right; SOLD


Indo-Parthian, Gondophares I, c. 19 - 46 A.D.

|Afghanistan| |to| |India|, |Indo-Parthian,| |Gondophares| |I,| |c.| |19| |-| |46| |A.D.||drachm|
Gondophares I was the founder of the Indo-Parthian Kingdom and its most prominent king, ruling c. 19 - 46 A.D. He belonged to a line of local princes that had governed the Parthian province of Drangiana since its disruption by the Indo-Scythians, c. 129 B.C. During his reign, his kingdom became independent from Parthian authority and was transformed into an empire, which encompassed Drangiana, Arachosia, and Gandhara. He is known from the Acts of Thomas, the Takht-i-Bahi inscription, and his coins. He was succeeded in Drangiana and Arachosia by Orthagnes, and in Gandhara by his nephew Abdagases I.
WA93636. Copper drachm, Senior 222.4D; Mitchiner ACW 2638; Mitchiner IGIS vol. 8, 1142b; BMC Bactria p. 103, 5 ff., VF, very nice for the type, well centered and struck, thick small flan, weight 2.395 g, maximum diameter 12.2 mm, Pathankot or Jammu area mint, c. 30 - 46 A.D.; obverse blundered Greek: BACIΛIOHCΛCC (king), diademed bearded head right, two diadem ties, pearl collar, dots behind neck; reverse Kharoshti in degraded and abbreviated Brahmi script: Maharaja Mahata Devavrata Gudavharasa (great king, devoted to the gods, Gondophares), Athena standing right, round shield (appearing as a circle) in left hand, preparing to hurl spear with right hand, control marks: Z (stra) in left field, (ho) in right field; from the Errett Bishop Collection; scarce; SOLD


Western Kshatrapas, Rudrasena II, 256 - 278 A.D.

|Afghanistan| |to| |India|, |Western| |Kshatrapas,| |Rudrasena| |II,| |256| |-| |278| |A.D.||drachm|
Rudrasena II, c. 256 - 278, was the 19th ruler of the Kshatrapa dynasty (Western Satraps). The Kshatrapa dynasty seems to have reached a high level of prosperity under his rule. The Western Kshatrapas were Indo-Scythian (Saka) rulers of the regions of Sindh, Makran, Saurashtra and Malwa (in modern Sindh, Balochistan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh of India and Pakistan), c. 35 - 412 A.D. The Western Satraps were contemporaneous with the Kushans who ruled the northern Indian subcontinent, and were possibly vassals of the Kushans. They were also contemporaneous with the Satavahana who ruled in Central India. They are called "Western Satraps" in modern historiography in order to differentiate them from the "Northern Satraps", who ruled in Punjab and Mathura until the 2nd century. The power of the Western Satraps declined in the 2nd century after they were defeated by the Satavahana dynasty. The kingdom survived, but was ultimately destroyed by Chandragupta II of the Gupta Empire in 412 A.D. Altogether, there were 27 independent Western Satrap rulers during a period of about 350 years.
WA93637. Silver drachm, Senior 354.19D, Mitchiner ACW 2724, VF, light toning, tight flan, weight 2.182 g, maximum diameter 12.3 mm, die axis 90o, 256 - 278 A.D.; obverse bust right with close-fitting headdress, Brahmi script date behind: 179 (year of the Saka era); reverse Brahimi script legend: Rajnah Kshatrapasa Viradamaputrasa Rajno Mahakshatrapasa Rudrasenasa, three-arched hill, river below, crescent moon above, four pellets above right; from the Errett Bishop Collection; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

Bopearachchi, O. Indo-Greek, Indo-Scythian and Indo-Parthian Coins in the Smithsonian Institution. (Washington D.C., 1993).
Bopearachchi, O. Monnaies Grco-Bactriennes et Indo-Grecques. (Paris, 1991).
Bopearachchi, O & A. ur Rahman. Pre-Kushana Coins in Pakistan. (Karachi, 1995).
Frhlich, C. Monnaies indo-scythes et indo-parthes, Catalogue raisonn Bibliothque nationale de France. (Paris, 2008).
Mitchiner, M. Indo-Greek and Indo-Scythian Coinage. (London, 1975-1976).
Mitchiner, M. Oriental Coins: the Ancient and Classical World. (London, 1978).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Senior, R. Indo-Scythian Coins and History. (London, 2001).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 7: Cyprus to India. (New Jersey, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 9: Graeco-Bactrian and Indo-Greek Coins. (New York, 1998).

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