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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Afghanistan to India||View Options:  |  |  | 

Ancient Coins of Afghanistan to India
Kushan Empire, Kipunadha, c. 335 - 350 A.D.

|Kushan| |Empire|, |Kushan| |Empire,| |Kipunadha,| |c.| |335| |-| |350| |A.D.||denara|NEW
Kipunada was probably the last ruler of the Kushan Empire around 335-350. The beginning of his rule coincides with the invasion of the Sasanians as far as northwestern India. Kipunada was probably only a local ruler in the area of Taxila, in western Punjab.

Ardoxsho is the Iranic goddess of wealth. Analogies have been drawn with the Buddhism deity Hariti, Persian goddess Anahita, the Greek Tyche, the Roman Fortuna and the Hindu Shri.
WA110114. debased gold denara, ANS Kushan 1683 - 1687, Mitchiner ACW 3591, Gbl Kushan 596, aVF, highly debased, tight flan, weight 7.508 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain mint, c. 335 - 350 A.D.; obverse Kipunadha standing facing, head left wearing nimbus, diadem and conical hat, sacrificing over altar from right hand, trident in raised left hand, filleted trident to left, Brahmi inscriptions, KiPaNaDa right; reverse goddess Ardoxsho enthroned facing, nimbate, voluminous robe and long scarf, diadem wreath in extended right hand, cornucopia cradled in left arm; $200.00 SALE PRICE $180.00


Scythians, Dahae of Choresmia, c. 130 - 1 B.C.

|Afghanistan| |to| |India|, |Scythians,| |Dahae| |of| |Choresmia,| |c.| |130| |-| |1| |B.C.||drachm|
Dahaeans were a confederacy of three Ancient Iranian tribes who lived in the region to the immediate east of the Caspian Sea. They spoke an Eastern Iranian language.
SH62929. Silver drachm, Mitchiner IGIS 5, 671; Mitchiner ACW 355, VF, weight 1.373 g, maximum diameter 14.2 mm, obverse diademed bearded bust right, κω∆ behind; reverse HOΛOVKVO (or similar), soldier standing facing, spear vertical in right; rare; SOLD


Baktria, Diodotus I as Satrap for Antiochus II Theos, c. 255 - 250 B.C.

|Bactrian| |Kingdom|, |Baktria,| |Diodotus| |I| |as| |Satrap| |for| |Antiochus| |II| |Theos,| |c.| |255| |-| |250| |B.C.||stater|
Diodotus I was the Seleukid governor of Baktro-Sogdiana early in Antiochos II's reign. His first coinage was issued with the Seleukid monarch's portrait. He then issued coins, like this one, with his own portrait, yet retaining the name of Antiochos as king. Diodotus' territory was so remote that he was king in all but title. About 250 B.C., he took the title too and issued coins as king in his own name (BAΣIΛEΩΣ ∆IO∆OTOY).

Recent scholarship shows that Ai Khanoum (Greek name uncertain) was the principal mint of the region, located on the frontier between Afghanistan and the former Soviet Union.
SH33186. Gold stater, Houghton-Lorber I 630, Newell ESM 723, SGCV II 7497, gVF, obverse test cut, weight 8.310 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180o, Ai Khanoum mint, obverse diademed head of middle-aged Diodotus I right; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY, Zeus striding left, naked, aegis over extended left arm, hurling fulmen with raised right, wreath over eagle inner left; rare; SOLD


Baktrian Kingdom, Eukratides I Megas, c. 171 - 145 B.C.

|Bactrian| |Kingdom|, |Baktrian| |Kingdom,| |Eukratides| |I| || |Megas,| |c.| |171| |-| |145| |B.C.||tetradrachm|
Eucratides I Megas replaced the Euthydemid dynasty with his own. He fought the Indo-Greek kings, the easternmost Hellenistic rulers in northwestern India, temporarily holding territory as far as the Indus, until he was defeated and pushed back to Bactria. His vast coinage suggests a rule of considerable importance.
SH70829. Silver tetradrachm, Bopearachchi-Rahman 241; Bopearachchi 6E; SNG ANS 465; HGC 12 131; Mitchiner IGIS I 177ee; SNG Cop 272 - 273 var. (monogram), gVF, porous in areas, weight 16.771 g, maximum diameter 32.5 mm, die axis 0o, Pushkalavati(?) mint, c. 171 - 145 B.C.; obverse diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, wearing crested helmet adorned with bull's horn and ear; all within bead-and-reel border; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ MEΓAΛOY EYKPATI∆OY, the Dioskouroi on rearing horses right, each holds a spear in his right, and palm fronds in left; monogram below horses; ex CNG Auctions 291, lot 166; SOLD


Bactrian Kingdom, Eukratides I, c. 171 - 145 B.C.

|Bactrian| |Kingdom|, |Bactrian| |Kingdom,| |Eukratides| |I,| |c.| |171| |-| |145| |B.C.||tetradrachm|
Eucratides I Megas replaced the Euthydemid dynasty with his own. He fought the Indo-Greek kings, the easternmost Hellenistic rulers in northwestern India, temporarily holding territory as far as the Indus, until he was defeated and pushed back to Bactria. His vast coinage suggests a rule of considerable importance.
SH16820. Silver tetradrachm, Bopearachchi Srie 6Z; SNG ANS 473; Mitchiner IGIS Type 177l, Choice VF, weight 16.521 g, maximum diameter 33.6 mm, die axis 0o, obverse helmeted, draped and diademed bust right, fillet border; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ MEΓAΛOY EYKPATI∆OY, Dioskouroi on horseback rearing right, each holding palm frond and spear, monogram lower right; ex CNG; SOLD







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REFERENCES

Alram, M. Iranisches Personennamenbuch: Nomina Propria Iranica In Nummis. (Vienna, 1986).
Bopearachchi, O. Indo-Greek, Indo-Scythian and Indo-Parthian Coins in the Smithsonian Institution. (Washington D.C., 1993).
Bopearachchi, O. Monnaies Grco-Bactriennes et Indo-Grecques. (Paris, 1991).
Bopearachchi, O & A. ur Rahman. Pre-Kushana Coins in Pakistan. (Karachi, 1995).
Cribb, J. "Numismatic Evidence for Kushano-Sasanian Chronology" in Studia Iranica 19 (1990).
Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber, Vol III, Part 2. (London, 1926).
Friedberg, A. & I. Gold Coins of the World, From Ancient Times to the Present, 8th ed. (2009).
Frhlich, C. Monnaies indo-scythes et indo-parthes, Catalogue raisonn Bibliothque nationale de France. (Paris, 2008).
Gardner, P. The Coins of the Greek and Scythic Kings of Bactria and India in the British Museum. (London, 1886).
Gbl, R. Mnzprgung des Kusanreiches. (Wien, 1984).
Gupta, P. & T. Hardaker. Punchmarked Coinage of the Indian Subcontinent - Magadha-Mauryan Series. (Mumbai, 2014).
Hoover, O. Handbook of Coins of Baktria and Ancient India...5th Century BC to First Century AD. HGC 12. (Lancaster, PA, 2013).
Kritt, B. Dynastic Transitions in the Coinage of Bactria: Antiochus-Diodotus-Euthydemus. CNS 4. (Lancaster, 2001).
Lahiri, A. Corpus of Indo-Greek Coins. (Calcutta, 1965).
Mitchiner, M. Ancient Trade and Early Coinage. (London, 2004).
Mitchiner, M. Indo-Greek and Indo-Scythian Coinage. 9 Vols. (London, 1975-1976).
Mitchiner, M. Oriental Coins and Their Values, Vol. 3: Non-Islamic States & Western Colonies. (London, 1979).
Mitchiner, M. Oriental Coins: the Ancient and Classical World. (London, 1978).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Vol. 2: Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Senior, R. Indo-Scythian Coins and History. 3 Vols. (London, 2001).
Senior, R. The Coinage of Hermaios and its imitations struck by the Scythians. CNS 3. (Lancaster, PA, 2000).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 7: Cyprus to India. (New Jersey, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 9: Graeco-Bactrian and Indo-Greek Coins. (New York, 1998).
Whitehead, R. Catalog of Coins in the Panjab Museum, Lahore, Vol. I: Indo-Greek Coins. (Oxford, 1914).

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