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Koinon of Macedonia

The Macedonian Koinon (community) was the political organization governing the autonomous Roman province of Macedonia and was responsible for issuing coinage. The individual cities, as members of the Koinon, sent representatives to participate in popular assembly several times each year.

The high point of the year was celebrations and matches in honor of Alexander and the Roman emperor held in Beroea (modern Verria) located about 75 km. west of Thessaloniki. This was the provincial center of the emperor cult, with the appropriate temple and privileges, first granted to the Koinon by Nerva. The title Neokoros, or "temple guardians" was highly prized and thus advertised on coins. Under Elagabalus, the Koinon received a second Neokorie, indicated by B (the Greek number two) or rarely ΔIC (double in Greek). The title was rescinded but later restored by Severus Alexander, probably in 231 A.D.


Koinon of Macedonia, Reign of Gordian III, c. 231 - 247 A.D., Portrait of Alexander the Great

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The Macedonian Koinon (community) was the political organization governing the autonomous Roman province of Macedonia and was responsible for issuing coinage. The individual cities, as members of the Koinon, sent representatives to participate in popular assembly several times each year.

The high point of the year was celebrations and matches in honor of Alexander the Great and the Roman emperor held in Beroea (modern Verria) located about 75 km. west of Thessaloniki. This was the provincial center of the emperor cult, with the appropriate temple and privileges, first granted to the Koinon by Nerva. The title Neokoros, or "temple guardians" was highly prized and thus advertised on coins. Under Elagabalus, the Koinon received a second neokorie, indicated by B (the Greek number two) or rarely ∆IC (double in Greek). The title was rescinded but later restored by Severus Alexander, probably in 231 A.D.

RP67773. Bronze AE 25, AMNG III 608; SNG Cop 1368; BMC Macedonia p. 25, 131, weight 11.295 g, maximum diameter 24.9 mm, die axis 270o, Macedonia, Beroea(?) mint, reign of Gordian III, c. 238 - 244 A.D.; obverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, diademed head of Alexander the Great right; reverse KOINON MAKE∆ONΩN B NE, table with lion's feet, upon it two agonistic urns each containing palm; scarce; SOLD


Koinon of Macedonia, Reigns of Elagabalus - Gordian III, c. 218 - 244 A.D., Alexander and Bucephalus

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Plutarch tells the story of how, in 344 B.C. Philonicus the Thessalian, a horse dealer, offered a massive wild stallion to Alexander's father, King Philip II. Since no one could tame the animal, Philip was not interested. Alexander, however, seeing that the horse was afraid of his own shadow, promised to pay for the horse himself should he fail to tame it. He was given a chance and surprised all by subduing it. Alexander spoke soothingly to the horse and turned it towards the sun so that it could no longer see its shadow. Eventually, Bucephalus allowed Alexander to ride him. Embarrassed, Philip commented, "O my son, look thee out a kingdom equal to and worthy of thyself, for Macedonia is too little for thee." Alexander named the horse Bucephalus because the horse's head seemed "as broad as a bull's." Bucephalus died of battle wounds in 326 B.C., in Alexander's last battle. Alexander founded the city of Bucephala (thought to be the modern town of Jhelum, Pakistan) in memory of his wonderful horse.
RP82537. Bronze AE 25, cf. AMNG III 512 ff.; BMC Macedonia p. 24, 120 ff.; SNG Cop 1355, VF, weight 9.380 g, maximum diameter 25.1 mm, die axis 90o, Macedonia, Beroea(?) mint, c. 218 - 244 A.D.; obverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, diademed head of Alexander the Great right; reverse KOINON MAKE∆ONΩN [...], Alexander riding his horse Bucephalus right; rare; SOLD


Koinon of Macedonia, Portrait of Alexander the Great, c. 238 - 244 A.D.

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The Macedonian Koinon (community) was the political organization governing the autonomous Roman province of Macedonia and was responsible for issuing coinage. The individual cities, as members of the Koinon, sent representatives to participate in popular assembly several times each year.

The high point of the year was celebrations and matches in honor of Alexander the Great and the Roman emperor held in Beroea (modern Verria) located about 75 km. west of Thessaloniki. This was the provincial center of the emperor cult, with the appropriate temple and privileges, first granted to the Koinon by Nerva. The title Neokoros, or "temple guardians" was highly prized and thus advertised on coins. Under Elagabalus, the Koinon received a second neokorie, indicated by B (the Greek number two) or rarely ∆IC (double in Greek). The title was rescinded but later restored by Severus Alexander, probably in 231 A.D.

RP65229. Bronze AE 26, AMNG III 608; SNG Cop 1368; BMC Macedonia p. 25, 131, VF, weight 12.855 g, maximum diameter 25.8 mm, die axis 45o, Macedonia, Beroea(?) mint, reign of Gordian III, c. 238 - 244 A.D.; obverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, diademed head of Alexander the Great right; reverse KOINON MAKE∆ONΩN B NE, table with lion's feet, upon it two agonistic urns each containing palm; slightly rough, area of corrosion on obverse, struck with an excellent reverse die; scarce; SOLD


Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D., Koinon of Macedonia

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The Macedonian Koinon (community) was the political organization governing the autonomous Roman province of Macedonia and responsible for issuing coinage. Member cities sent representatives to participate in the popular assembly. The Koinon held celebrations and games annually at Beroea (modern Verria) in honor of Alexander the Great and the Roman emperor.
SH58198. Bronze AE 24, Varbanov 3052; BMC Macedonia p. 28, 156; SNG Cop 1342; SGICV 1541; Lindgren 1366, gVF, weight 8.349 g, maximum diameter 24.3 mm, Thessalonica(?) mint, obverse KAICAP ANTWNINOC, laureate head right; reverse KOINON MAKE∆ONWN, winged thunderbolt; SOLD


Koinon of Macedonia, Reign of Severus Alexander, c. 222 - 231 A.D., Alexander and Bucephalus

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Plutarch tells the story of how, in 344 B.C. Philonicus the Thessalian, a horse dealer, offered a massive wild stallion to Alexander's father, King Philip II. Since no one could tame the animal, Philip was not interested. Alexander, however, seeing that the horse was afraid of his own shadow, promised to pay for the horse himself should he fail to tame it. He was given a chance and surprised all by subduing it. Alexander spoke soothingly to the horse and turned it towards the sun so that it could no longer see its shadow. Eventually, Bucephalus allowed Alexander to ride him. Embarrassed, Philip commented, "O my son, look thee out a kingdom equal to and worthy of thyself, for Macedonia is too little for thee." Alexander named the horse Bucephalus because the horse's head seemed "as broad as a bull's." Bucephalus died of battle wounds in 326 B.C., in Alexander's last battle. Alexander gave Bucephalus a state funeral and founded the city of Bucephala (thought to be the modern town of Jhelum, Pakistan) in memory of his wonderful horse.
SH58444. Bronze AE 29, cf. SNG Cop 1357 (club below bust); BMC Macedonia p. 26, 135 (2 neokorie, Elagabalus), aF, weight 15.695 g, maximum diameter 29.2 mm, die axis 45o, Macedonia, Beroea(?) mint, c. 222 - 231 A.D.; obverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, diademed head of Alexander the Great right; reverse KOINON MAKE∆ONΩN, [NEΩ?], Alexander standing right, nude but for cloak flowing out behind him, taming Bucephalus who rears left; fantastic "story coin" type; scarce; SOLD


Koinon of Macedonia, Reign of Severus Alexander, c. 231 - 235 A.D., Portrait of Alexander the Great

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The Macedonian Koinon (community) was the political organization governing the autonomous Roman province of Macedonia and was responsible for issuing coinage. The individual cities, as members of the Koinon, sent representatives to participate in popular assembly several times each year.

The high point of the year was celebrations and matches in honor of Alexander the Great and the Roman emperor held in Beroea (modern Verria) located about 75 km west of Thessaloniki. This was the provincial center of the emperor cult, with the appropriate temple and privileges, first granted to the Koinon by Nerva. The title Neokoros, or "temple guardians" was highly prized and thus advertised on coins. Under Elagabalus, the Koinon received a second neokorie, indicated by B (the Greek number two) or rarely DIC (double in Greek). The title was rescinded but later restored by Severus Alexander, probably in 231 A.D.

SH66818. Bronze AE 28, AMNG III 511; cf. BMC Macedonia p. 24, 113 (1 Nekorie); SNG Cop 1353 (NE not ligate, no star); SNG Hunterian 742 (same, time of Gordian III), VF, excellent centering and strike, weight 12.080 g, maximum diameter 27.9 mm, die axis 225o, Macedonia, Beroea(?) mint, c. 231 - 235 A.D.; obverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, diademed head of Alexander the Great right; reverse KOINON MAKE∆ONΩN B NE (NE ligate), Athena seated left, helmeted, Nike in right hand, spear in left hand, resting left arm on shield behind, star right; ex Gitbud - Naumann Auction 4, lot 231; rare; SOLD


Macedonian Kingdom, Philip V or Perseus, 187 - 168 B.C.

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Philip and Perseus were the last Antigonid kings of Macedonia. Their reigns were both principally marked by unsuccessful struggle against the emerging power of Rome. After losing the Battle of Pydna on 22 June 168 B.C., Macedonia came under Roman rule.
SH60644. Silver tetrobol, SNG Cop 1290, SNG Ashmolean 3286, AMNG III 23, Nice VF, weight 2.165 g, maximum diameter 11.9 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain Macedonian mint, 187 - 168 B.C.; obverse wreathed head of Maenad right; reverse MAKE/∆ONΩN, stern of galley sailing left, two crewmen standing on deck; scarce; SOLD


Koinon of Macedonia, Reign of Severus Alexander, c. 231 - 235 A.D., Alexander and Bucephalus

Click for a larger photo
Plutarch tells the story of how, in 344 B.C. Philonicus the Thessalian, a horse dealer, offered a massive wild stallion to Alexander's father, King Philip II. Since no one could tame the animal, Philip was not interested. Alexander, however, seeing that the horse was afraid of his own shadow, promised to pay for the horse himself should he fail to tame it. He was given a chance and surprised all by subduing it. Alexander spoke soothingly to the horse and turned it towards the sun so that it could no longer see its shadow. Eventually, Bucephalus allowed Alexander to ride him. Embarrassed, Philip commented, "O my son, look thee out a kingdom equal to and worthy of thyself, for Macedonia is too little for thee." Alexander named the horse Bucephalus because the horse's head seemed "as broad as a bull's." Bucephalus died of battle wounds in 326 B.C., in Alexander's last battle. Alexander founded the city of Bucephala (thought to be the modern town of Jhelum, Pakistan) in memory of his wonderful horse.
SH58823. Bronze AE 25, AMNG III 423; BMC Macedonia p. 23, 104; Lindgren 1379; SNG Hunterian 735 var. (no star); cf. SNG Cop 1372 (2 neokorie); SNG Bar -, VF, weight 12.181 g, maximum diameter 25.1 mm, die axis 225o, Macedonia, Beroea(?) mint, c. 231 - 235 A.D.; obverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, head of Alexander the Great right, as Herakles, clad in Nemean lion scalp headdress; reverse KOINON MAKE∆ONΩN NEΩ, Alexander riding his horse Bucephalus right, cloak flying behind, couched spear in right hand, reins in left, star below; SOLD


Koinon of Macedonia, Reign of Severus Alexander, c. 231 - 235 A.D., Portrait of Alexander the Great

Click for a larger photo
Zagreus, a son of Zeus and Persephone (who Zeus seduced in the guise of a serpent) was a god of the Orphic Mysteries, the "first-born Dionysos." Zeus armed child god with lightning bolts and set him upon the throne of heaven. The Titans, inspired by jealous Hera, crept into Olympus, tempted Zagreus with toys into setting aside his lightning bolts, and then dismembered him with knives. Zeus recovered the child's heart, made it into a potion, and fed it to his love Semele. From the drink she conceived the younger Dionysos, as a reincarnation of the first. The Cabeiri were the dwarf-like sons of the god Hephaistos and famed metal-workers. The Cabeiri recovered the phallus of Zagreus.
SH72856. Bronze AE 26, AMNG III 334 var. (NO not mentioned), Lindgren -, BMC Macedonia -, SNG Cop -, SNG Hunterian -, VF, perfect centering, weight 14.747 g, maximum diameter 25.6 mm, die axis 180o, Macedonia, Beroea(?) mint, c. 231 A.D.; obverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, diademed head of Alexander the Great right, N behind, O below neck; reverse KOINON MAKE∆ONΩN OMONOIA, helmeted Athena seated left, Kabeiros in her right hand, spear vertical behind in her left hand, back leg of the seat is in the form of a lion leg, Kabeiros in her hand is standing facing with uncertain object (phallus of Zagreus?) in his right hand and hammer in left; extremely rare; SOLD


Koinon of Macedonia, Reign of Severus Alexander, 231 - 235 A.D., Alexander and Bucephalus

Click for a larger photo
Plutarch tells the story of how, in 344 B.C. Philonicus the Thessalian, a horse dealer, offered a massive wild stallion to Alexander's father, King Philip II. Since no one could tame the animal, Philip was not interested. Alexander, however, seeing that the horse was afraid of his own shadow, promised to pay for the horse himself should he fail to tame it. He was given a chance and surprised all by subduing it. Alexander spoke soothingly to the horse and turned it towards the sun so that it could no longer see its shadow. Eventually, Bucephalus allowed Alexander to ride him. Embarrassed, Philip commented, "O my son, look thee out a kingdom equal to and worthy of thyself, for Macedonia is too little for thee." Alexander named the horse Bucephalus because the horse's head seemed "as broad as a bull's." Bucephalus died of battle wounds in 326 B.C., in Alexander's last battle. Alexander founded the city of Bucephala (thought to be the modern town of Jhelum, Pakistan) in memory of his wonderful horse.
RP67764. Bronze AE 26, AMNG III 374a; BMC Macedonia p. 25, 124 var. (2 neokorie, etc.); SNG Hunterian 735 var. (no thunderbolt, obv leg arrangement); SNG Cop -, gF, weight 15.263 g, maximum diameter 26.0 mm, die axis 225o, Macedonia, Beroea(?) mint, reign of Severus Alexander, 231 - 235 A.D.; obverse AΛEΞAN∆POY (OY ligate), diademed head of Alexander the Great right, thunderbolt below neck; reverse KOINON MAKE∆ONΩN NEΩ, Alexander galloping his horse Bucephalus right, wearing armor, cloak flying behind, javelin in right, reins in left, star below; rare; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES

Burnett, A. & M. Amandry. Roman Provincial Coinage II: From Vespasian to Domitian (AD 69-96). (London, 1999).
Head, B. British Museum Catalogue of Greek Coins, Macedonia, etc. (London, 1879).
Gaebler, H. Die antiken MŁnzen von Makedonia und Paionia, Die antiken MŁnzen Nord-Griechenlands Vol. III. (Berlin, 1935).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins: European Mints. (San Mateo, 1989).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Macdonald, G. Catalogue of Greek Coins in the Hunterian Collection, University of Glasgow. (Glascow, 1899).
RPC Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XII, The Hunterian Museum, University of Glasgow, Part 1: Roman Provincial Coins: Spain-Kingdoms of Asia Minor. (Oxford, 2004).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Greece, Volume IV, Numismatic Museum, Athens, The Petros Z. Saroglos Collection, Part 1: Macedonia. (Athens, 2005).
Varbanov, I. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, Vol. III: Thrace (from Perinthus to Trajanopolis), Chersonesos Thraciae, Insula Thraciae, Macedonia. (Bourgas, 2007).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, May 21, 2019.
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Koinon of Macedonia