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Herodotus (vii. 125 sq.) relates that while Xerxes was marching from Acanthus to Therma his camels were set upon by lions, and he proceeds to state that all these northern regions, west of the river Nestus, abounded with lions and wild bulls with gigantic horns.SH38434. Silver tetradrachm, Goldberg 42 lot 19; BMC Macedonia -; Desneux -; SNG ANS -; apparently unpublished swastika variety, gVF, porous, weight 13.949 g, maximum diameter 25.1 mm, Akanthos (Ierissos, Greece) mint, obverse lion springing upon bull, swastika above; reverse AKANΘON around raised quadripartite square, all within incuse square.; rare; SOLD
Galepsos, Macedonia, c. 400 - 348 B.C.
Galepsos was on the Strymon Gulf, about 20 kilometers east of Amphipolis, not far from the island of Thasos. No example of its coinage appears in any of the major collections and the town is not even mentioned in most publications on Greek coins. There may still be less than a dozen coins known for this city.SH56551. Bronze chalkous, V. Demetriadi, Galepsus in Chalcidice: A Newly Discovered Mint, NomKhron 3 (Athens, 1974), pp. 32-33, b, SNG ANS -; SNG Cop -; AMNG -; BMC Macedonia -, aVF, weight 1.958 g, maximum diameter 12.7 mm, die axis 180o, Galepsos mint, c. 400 - 348 B.C.; obverse wreathed head of young Dionysos left; reverse ΓAΛHΨIΩN, forepart of goat left, head turned back right; extremely rare; SOLD
Chalkidian League, Macedonia, 432 - 348 B.C.
In 432 B.C. Olynthos broke away from Athens and, with several other cities, formed the Chalkidian league. In 393, Amyntas III of Macedonia temporally transferred territory to Olynthos when he was driven out of Macedonia by Illyrians. When he was restored and the league did not return his lands, he appealed to Sparta. Akanthos and Apollonia, also appealed to Sparta, claiming league membership was not voluntary but enforced at the point of a sword. After a long war, in 379 these cities were made "autonomous" subject allies of Sparta. Weakened by the division, the league was destroyed by Philip II of Macedon in 348 B.C.SH58584. Silver tetrobol, SNG ANS 517; SNG Cop 238; BMC Macedonia p. 68, 15; SGCV I 1425, Choice VF, weight 2.414 g, maximum diameter 14.0 mm, die axis 90o, Olynthos mint, c. 430 - 420 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo left, ∆ behind; reverse XAΛKI∆EΩN, kithara, squared legend around, all within a linear square border inside a shallow square incuse; ex Ralph Demarco; scarce; SOLD
Macedonia, Roman Rule, Quaestor Aesillas, 95 - 70 B.C.
This type was apparently intended to encourage Macedonian pride by portraying the legendary national hero of the Macedonians, and at the same time clearly communicate Roman authority with name and symbols of the Roman quaestor.SH82660. Silver tetradrachm, Bauslaugh Group III (O15A/R85, 13 spec.), SNG Lockett 1542, SNG Fitzwilliam 2346, Dewing 1223 (all same dies), gVF, beautifully toned, slightest double strike, some minor flatness, die wear, tiny edge cracks, weight 16.855 g, maximum diameter 29.6 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain mint, 95 - 70 B.C.; obverse MAKE∆ONΩN counterclockwise below, head of Alexander the Great right with horn of Ammon and flowing hair, reversed B behind; reverse AESILLAS above money-chest (cista) on left, club in center, and Q over quaestor's chair (sella curulis) on right, all within laurel wreath tied at the bottom; ex Leu Numismatics, web auction 3 (25 Feb 2018), lot 212; ex De La Tour Collection; ex Hess-Divo, auction 314 (4 May 2009), lot 1093; ex A. Weil, fixed price list (Sep 1985), lot 12; SOLD
Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander the Great, 336 - 323 B.C.
Struck under Kassander, Philip IV, Antipater, or Demetrios I Poliorketes.SH58892. Silver tetradrachm, Price 514, VF, weight 17.054 g, maximum diameter 28.8 mm, die axis 270o, Uranopolis mint, c. 300 - 290 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, forepaws tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus Aëtophoros enthroned left, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back, star on cone over X on left, Π under strut; SOLD
Skione, Macedonia, Greece, c. 480 - 450 B.C.
The apotropaic eye was painted on Greek drinking vessels to ward off evil spirits while drinking. Fishing boats in some parts of the Mediterranean still have stylized eyes painted on the bows. This coin would have served both as currency and as a talisman to ward off evil. SH17300. Silver tetrobol, cf. SNG ANS 708 for obverse and 707 for reverse (obverse left); BMC -, SNG Cop -, Choice aVF, weight 2.273 g, maximum diameter 12.3 mm, die axis 90o, Skione mint, c. 480 - 450 B.C.; obverse youthful male head right (hero Protesilaos?); reverse Σ−K−I−O, apotropaic human eye in incuse square; rare; SOLD
Thraco-Macedonian Tribes, c. Mid-5th Century B.C.
Monkeys were kept as pets in antiquity. We know of only two ancient coin types depicting monkeys. One is this very rare type, with the monkey squatting either left or right. The other is an electrum hemihekte from Kyzikos, Mysia with fewer than five known specimens.SH52084. Silver tetartemorion, Tzamalis 67, VF, weight 0.206 g, maximum diameter 6.1 mm, uncertain mint, c. Mid-5th century B.C.; obverse monkey squatting left; reverse round shield within incuse square; very rare; SOLD
Neapolis, Macedonia, 424 - 350 B.C.
Neapolis, Macedonia (Kavala, Greece today), was founded by settlers from Thasos near the end of the 7th century B.C., to exploit the rich gold and silver mines of the area. At the end of the 6th century B.C. Neapolis ("new city" in Greek) claimed its independence from Thasos and struck its own silver coins with the head of Gorgon. A member of the Athenian League, Neapolis was besieged by the allied armies of the Spartans and the Thasians in 411 B.C., during the Peloponnesian War, but remained faithful to Athens. The Apostle Paul landed at Neapolis on his second and third missionary journeys.SH69904. Silver hemidrachm, SNG ANS 444 (same dies); SNG Cop 227; SNG Berry 41; BMC Macedonia p.85, 17; SGCV I 1417, aVF, slightly grainy, nice style, weight 1.663 g, maximum diameter 13.1 mm, die axis 270o, Macedonia, Neapolis mint, 424 - 350 B.C.; obverse facing head of Medusa (gorgoneion) tongue protruding; reverse N−E−O−Π (clockwise from upper left, diademed female (nymph?) head right; SOLD
Olynthos, Chalkidian League, Macedonia, 432 - 348 B.C.
SH14413. Silver tetrobol, BMC Macedonia p. 68, 13; SNG ANS 537, SNG Cop 235; SNG Dreer 266, SNG Berry 22, nice VF, weight 2.261 g, maximum diameter 15.0 mm, die axis 90o, Olynthos mint, c. 410 - 401 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, circle of dots around; reverse XAΛKIAEΩN around lyre with seven strings, all within incuse; scarce; SOLD
Akanthos, Macedonia, 424 - 380 B.C.
A bull was a popular type on ancient Greek coins. Many communities would sacrifice a bull on special occasions. Some parts of the bull were burned for the honored god, but the rest was consumed by the people. Consuming the meat was considered part of the sacrifice and a religious duty. At Athens a vegetarian could not be a citizen. Every citizen was expected to eat to ensure the continued good fortune of the community. These gatherings were also a time for trade. In earlier times, at some communities, coins were probably only struck at the time of these gatherings. The bull on some coins probably commemorated the sacrifice.SH35443. Silver tetrobol, SNG Cop 17; SNG ANS 41; BMC Macedonia p. 35, 33; SGCV I 1369, gVF, weight 2.451 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, Akanthos (Ierissos, Greece) mint, obverse forepart of kneeling bull left, head looking back, swastika above; reverse shallow quadripartite incuse square; SOLD
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