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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Sicily| ▸ |Punic Sicily||View Options:  |  |  | 

Carthagians in Sicily
Sicily, Siculo-Punic, 4th Century B.C.

|Punic| |Sicily|, |Sicily,| |Siculo-Punic,| |4th| |Century| |B.C.||tetradrachm|
"The types too are generally considered to be Carthaginian, especially that of the horse's head by itself, which is taken as a reference to the myth recounted by Vergil, that the companions of Dido on her expedition to found Carthage 'dug up a horse's head at the spot indicated by Juno.' Moreover, according to Stephanus, Carthage was also called KAKKABH, a word that in Punic means 'the head of a horse'." -- Eckhel, Doctrina I (1792), pp. 229-230. Eckhel himself has some hesitation about accepting this explanation of the type, however, because of the appearance of a similar horse's head type on early Roman didrachms with the inscription ROMA.
SH08966. Silver tetradrachm, Müller Afrique p. 76, type 23; SNG Cop (Zeugitania) 86; SNG Cop (Sicily) 982, EF, extraordinary high relief, superb style, some mint luster, weight 16.84 g, maximum diameter 26.1 mm, die axis 180o, Sicilian mint, c. 320/315 - 300 B.C.; obverse head of Kore-Tanit left, wreathed in barley, wearing triple-pendant earring, and necklace, four dolphins around swimming clockwise; reverse horse's head left, date palm behind, Punic letter M below; SOLD


Carthage, Zeugitana, North Africa, Siculo-Punic, "Questor" Series, c. 300 - 289 B.C.

|Punic| |Sicily|, |Carthage,| |Zeugitana,| |North| |Africa,| |Siculo-Punic,| |"Questor"| |Series,| |c.| |300| |-| |289| |B.C.||tetradrachm|
"The types too are generally considered to be Carthaginian, especially that of the horse's head by itself, which is taken as a reference to the myth recounted by Vergil, that the companions of Dido on her expedition to found Carthage 'dug up a horse's head at the spot indicated by Juno.' Moreover, according to Stephanus, Carthage was also called KAKKABH, a word that in Punic means 'the head of a horse'." -- Eckhel, Doctrina I (1792), pp. 229-230. Eckhel himself has some hesitation about accepting this explanation of the type, however, because of the appearance of a similar horse's head type on early Roman didrachms with the inscription ROMA.
SH15387. Silver tetradrachm, Jenkins Punic IV, Series 5b, EF, weight 16.251 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, die axis 90o, c. 300 - 289 B.C.; obverse Melkart-Herakles head right wearing lion's skin knotted at neck; reverse horse head left, palm behind, Punic inscription below; fantastic eye appeal, toned; SOLD


Carthage, Zeugitana, North Africa, c. 325 - 300 B.C.

|Carthage|, |Carthage,| |Zeugitana,| |North| |Africa,| |c.| |325| |-| |300| |B.C.||tetradrachm|
At the height of its prominence, Carthage's influence extended over most of the western Mediterranean. Rivalry with Rome led to a series of conflicts, the Punic Wars. The Third Punic War ended in the complete destruction of the city, annexation by Rome of all Carthaginian territory, and the death or enslavement of the entire Carthaginian population.
SH14068. Silver tetradrachm, SGCV II 6438, Jenkins 314, SNG Cop 89, ICG EF45, weight 16.48 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, die axis 315o, military camp mint, obverse Melkart-Herakles head right wearing lion's skin knotted at neck; reverse horse head left, palm behind, Punic inscription (People of the Camp) below; rarely this well centered, beautifully toned, fantastic eye appeal; SOLD


Carthage, Zeugitana, North Africa, c. 310 - 290 B.C.

|Carthage|, |Carthage,| |Zeugitana,| |North| |Africa,| |c.| |310| |-| |290| |B.C.||stater|
In 311 B.C., Agathocles, the tyrant of Syracuse, invaded the Carthaginian holdings on Sicily and laid siege to Akragas. Hamilcar led the Carthaginian response, and by 310 controlled almost all of Sicily and laid siege to Syracuse itself. In desperation, Agathocles secretly led an expedition of 14,000 men to Africa, hoping to save his rule by leading a counterstrike against Carthage itself. Carthage was forced to recall Hamilcar and most of his army from Sicily. Agathocles was eventually defeated in 307 B.C., but he escaped back to Sicily and negotiated a peace which maintained Syracuse as a stronghold of Greek power in Sicily.

Jenkins and Lewis report that Group V is 55% - 60% gold.
SH57451. Electrum stater, Jenkins and Lewis group V, 266 (same dies), Alexandropoulos 12, SNG Cop 136, gVF, marks, weight 7.532 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 0o, Carthage (near Tunis, Tunisia) or Sicilian mint, obverse head of Tanit left, wreathed in grain, wearing necklace and triple-drop earring, pellet before neck; reverse horse standing right on exergual line, nearer legs back, two pellets below; nicely centered and struck, marks in the fields; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

Alexandropoulos, J. Les monnaies de l'Afrique antique: 400 av. J.-C. - 40 ap. J.-C. (Toulouse, 2000).
Calciati, R. Corpus Nummorum Siculorum. The Bronze Coinage, Vol. I - III. (Milan, 1983 - 1987).
Gabrici, E. La monetazione del bronzo nella Sicila antica. (Palermo, 1927).
Jenkins, G. Coins of Punic Sicily. (Zürich, 1997).
Jenkins, G "Coins of Punic Sicily, Part 1" in SNR 50 (Bern, 1971), pp. 25 - 78, pls. 1 - 24.
Jenkins, G. "Coins of Punic Sicily, Part 3, Carthage Series 1" in SNR 53 (Bern, 1974), pp. 23 - 41, pls. 1 - 7.
Jenkins, G. "Coins of Punic Sicily, Part 3, Carthage Series 2 - 4" in SNR 56 (Bern, 1977), pp. 5 - 65, pls. 1 - 22.
Jenkins, G. "Coins of Punic Sicily, Part 4, Carthage Series 5 - 6" in SNR 57 (Bern, 1978), pp. 23 - 41, pls. 1 - 24.
Jenkins, G. & R. Lewis. Carthaginian Gold and Electrum Coins. Royal Numismatic Society Special Publication No. 2. (London, 1963).
Hoover, O. Handbook of Coins of Sicily (including Lipara), Civic, Royal, Siculo-Punic, and Romano-Sicilian Issues, Sixth to First Centuries BC. (Lancaster, PA, 2011).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins: European Mints from the Lindgren Collection. (1989).
Müller, L. et. al. Numismatique de l'ancienne Afrique. (Copenhagen, 1860-1862).
Poole, R. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Sicily. (London, 1876).
Rizzo, G. Monete greche della Sicilia. (Rome, 1946).
Salinas, A. Le monete delle antiche città di Sicilia descritte e illustrate da Antonino Salinas. (Palermo, 1871).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Vol. 1: Europe. (London, 1978).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Vol. 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 1: Italy - Sicily. (West Milford, NJ, 1981).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 8: Egypt, North Africa, Spain - Gaul. (1994).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, München Staatlische Münzsammlung, Part 6: Sikelia. Punier in Sizilien. Lipara. Sardinia. Punier in Sardinien. Nachträge. (Berlin, 1980).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain IV, Fitzwilliam Museum, Leake and General Collections, Part 2: Sicily - Thrace. (London, 1947).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain X, John Morcom Collection. (Oxford, 1995).
Viola, M. Corpus Nummorum Punicorum. (Milan, 2010).

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