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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Byzantine Coins| ▸ |Byzantine Mints| ▸ |Antioch||View Options:  |  |  | 

Byzantine Antioch / Theoupolis (c. 512 - 610)

The ruins of Antioch on the Orontes lie near the modern city of Antakya, Turkey. Founded near the end of the 4th century B.C. by Seleucus I Nicator, one of Alexander the Great's generals, Antioch's geographic, military and economic location, particularly the spice trade, the Silk Road, the Persian Royal Road, benefited its occupants, and eventually it rivaled Alexandria as the chief city of the Near East. Antioch is called "the cradle of Christianity, for the pivotal early role it played in the emergence of the faith. It was one of the four cities of the Syrian tetrapolis. Its residents are known as Antiochenes. The Antioch mint reopened after Anastasius' reform of 498 to assist the metropolitan mint at Constantinople in issuing the new denominations of copper coinage. The city was renamed Theoupolis after it was nearly destroyed by an earthquake on 29 November 528. Antioch was the first major mint lost in the slow decline of the Byzantine Empire. The last coinage was issued during the reign of Phocas and the city was lost to the Arabs in 636. Once a great metropolis of half a million people, it declined to insignificance during the Middle Ages because of warfare, repeated earthquakes and a change in trade routes following the Mongol conquests, which then no longer passed through Antioch from the far east.6th Century Antioch


Byzantine Empire, Justinian I, 4 April 527 - 14 November 565 A.D.

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The ruins of Antioch on the Orontes lie near the modern city of Antakya, Turkey. Founded near the end of the 4th century B.C. by Seleucus I Nicator, one of Alexander the Great's generals, Antioch's geographic, military and economic location, particularly the spice trade, the Silk Road, the Persian Royal Road, benefited its occupants, and eventually it rivaled Alexandria as the chief city of the Near East and as the main center of Hellenistic Judaism at the end of the Second Temple period. Antioch is called "the cradle of Christianity, for the pivotal early role it played in the emergence of the faith. It was one of the four cities of the Syrian tetrapolis. Its residents are known as Antiochenes. Antioch was renamed Theoupolis after it was nearly destroyed by an earthquake on 29 November 528. Once a great metropolis of half a million people, it declined to insignificance during the Middle Ages because of warfare, repeated earthquakes and a change in trade routes following the Mongol conquests, which then no longer passed through Antioch from the far east. 6th Century Antioch
BZ89930. Bronze pentanummium, DOC I 271, Wroth BMC 157, Morrisson BnF I 92, Tolstoi 468, Ratto 570, Sommer 4.112, Hahn MIB I 161, Berk 255, SBCV 244, VF, dark green patina, centered on a broad flan, light scratches, weight 1.996 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 270o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 551 - 560 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINIANVS P P AVG, diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse large E (5 nummi) with cross at center made with center horizontal, star right; scarce; $45.00 (39.60)


Byzantine Empire, Maurice Tiberius, 13 August 582 - 22 November 602 A.D.

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The ruins of Antioch on the Orontes lie near the modern city of Antakya, Turkey. Founded near the end of the 4th century B.C. by Seleucus I Nicator, one of Alexander the Great's generals, Antioch's geographic, military and economic location, particularly the spice trade, the Silk Road, the Persian Royal Road, benefited its occupants, and eventually it rivaled Alexandria as the chief city of the Near East and as the main center of Hellenistic Judaism at the end of the Second Temple period. Antioch is called "the cradle of Christianity, for the pivotal early role it played in the emergence of the faith. It was one of the four cities of the Syrian tetrapolis. Its residents are known as Antiochenes. Antioch was renamed Theoupolis after it was nearly destroyed by an earthquake on 29 November 528. Once a great metropolis of half a million people, it declined to insignificance during the Middle Ages because of warfare, repeated earthquakes and a change in trade routes following the Mongol conquests, which then no longer passed through Antioch from the far east.6th Century Antioch
BZ92372. Bronze follis, DOC I 168a (officina letter A also with unusual form); Hahn MIB 96c; Sommer 7.63; SBCV 533; Wroth BMC -, Morrisson BnF -, Tolstoi -, Ratto -, F, highlighting earthen deposits, scrapes, scratches, corrosion, obv. a little off center, edge splits, weight 9.882 g, maximum diameter 28.6 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Theoupolis (Antioch) mint, 597 - 598 A.D.; obverse dN MAVP... (or similar, blundered), bust facing wearing consular robes, crown with trefoil ornament, mappa in right hand, eagle-tipped scepter in left hand; reverse large M (40 nummi) between A/N/N/O and Ξ/YI (regnal year 16), cross above, A (1st officina) below, THEUP' (Theoupolis) in exergue; from a New England dealer; $30.00 (26.40)


Byzantine Empire, Justinian I, 4 April 527 - 14 November 565 A.D.

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In 529, Justinian I closed down the philosophical schools in Athens; the impact on the city is much debated, but is generally taken to mark the end of the ancient history of Athens.
BZ88956. Bronze follis, DOC I 206a, Wroth BMC 277, Tolstoi 247, Ratto 648, Morrisson BnF I 4/An/AE/2, Hahn MIB I 130, SBCV 214, Sommer 4.81, VF, choice obverse, scratches, weight 17.165 g, maximum diameter 34.6 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Theoupolis (Antioch) mint, 529 - 533 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINI-ANVS P P AVG, Justinian enthroned facing holding long scepter in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand; reverse large M (40 nummi), cross above, star left, crescent right, A (officina letter) below, + THEuP in exergue; ex Ephesus Numismatics; scarce; SOLD







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Catalog current as of Wednesday, October 23, 2019.
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Byzantine Antioch