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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Byzantine Coins| ▸ |Byzantine Mints| ▸ |Antioch||View Options:  |  |  | 

Byzantine Antioch / Theoupolis (c. 512 - 610)

The ruins of Antioch on the Orontes lie near the modern city of Antakya, Turkey. Founded near the end of the 4th century B.C. by Seleucus I Nicator, one of Alexander the Great's generals, Antioch's geographic, military and economic location, particularly the spice trade, the Silk Road, the Persian Royal Road, benefited its occupants, and eventually it rivaled Alexandria as the chief city of the Near East. Antioch is called "the cradle of Christianity,” for the pivotal early role it played in the emergence of the faith. It was one of the four cities of the Syrian tetrapolis. Its residents are known as Antiochenes. The Antioch mint reopened after Anastasius' reform of 498 to assist the metropolitan mint at Constantinople in issuing the new denominations of copper coinage. The city was renamed Theoupolis after it was nearly destroyed by an earthquake on 29 November 528. Antioch was the first major mint lost in the slow decline of the Byzantine Empire. The last coinage was issued during the reign of Phocas and the city was lost to the Arabs in 636. Once a great metropolis of half a million people, it declined to insignificance during the Middle Ages because of warfare, repeated earthquakes and a change in trade routes following the Mongol conquests, which then no longer passed through Antioch from the far east.6th Century Antioch

Byzantine Empire, Justinian I, 4 April 527 - 14 November 565 A.D.

|Justinian| |I|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Justinian| |I,| |4| |April| |527| |-| |14| |November| |565| |A.D.||follis|
In 529, Justinian I closed down the philosophical schools in Athens; the impact on the city is much debated, but is generally taken to mark the end of the ancient history of Athens.
BZ88956. Bronze follis, DOC I 206a, Wroth BMC 277, Tolstoi 247, Ratto 648, Morrisson BnF I 4/An/AE/2, Hahn MIB I 130, SBCV 214, Sommer 4.81, VF, choice obverse, scratches, weight 17.165 g, maximum diameter 34.6 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch as Theoupolis (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 529 - 533 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINI-ANVS P P AVG, Justinian enthroned facing holding long scepter in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand; reverse large M (40 nummi), cross above, star left, crescent right, A (1st officina) below, THEuP in exergue; ex Ephesus Numismatics; scarce; SOLD

Byzantine Empire, Justinian I, 4 April 527 - 14 November 565 A.D.

|Justinian| |I|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Justinian| |I,| |4| |April| |527| |-| |14| |November| |565| |A.D.||pentanummium|
The war with the Vandalic Kingdom of Carthage in 533 - 534 was the first of Justinian I's wars of reconquest of the lost Western Roman Empire. The Vandals had occupied Roman North Africa in the early 5th century and established an independent kingdom. The Byzantine expeditionary force landed on the African coast in early September 533. The Vandal king Gelimer met the Byzantine army at the Battle of Ad Decimum, near Carthage, on 13 September. His elaborate plan to encircle and destroy the Byzantines came close to success, but Belisarius forced a Vandal retreat and occupied Carthage. Gelimer withdrew, gathered his remaining strength, and in December advanced towards Carthage and met the Romans at the Battle of Tricamarum. Gelimer was defeated and fled to a remote mountain fortress, where he was blockaded until he surrendered in the spring. Belisarius returned to Constantinople with the Vandals' royal treasure and the captive Gelimer to enjoy a triumph. Africa was formally restored to imperial rule as the praetorian prefecture of Africa. The new province faced war with the Moors and military rebellions, and it was not until 548 that peace was restored and Roman government firmly established.The Vandalic War in 533-534
BZ93502. Bronze pentanummium, DOC I 270, Morrisson BnF I 4/An/AE/88, Wroth BMC 153, Tolstoi 467, Ratto 569, Hahn MIB I 161, SBCV 243, Sommer 4.111, Choice gVF, perfect centering, nice dark green patina with highlighting earthen deposits, light marks, edge cracks, weight 2.196 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch as Theoupolis (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 556 - 561 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTIN-IANI P P A, diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse large E (5 nummi) with cross at the center, smaller OY monogram right; from the Errett Bishop Collection; SOLD

Byzantine Empire, Justinian I, 4 April 527 - 14 November 565 A.D.

|Justinian| |I|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Justinian| |I,| |4| |April| |527| |-| |14| |November| |565| |A.D.||follis|
In 538, the Persians led by Khusro I sacked the city of Antioch.
BZ57478. Bronze follis, DOC I 210c, Wroth BMC 273 - 276, Morrisson BnF I 4/Cp/AE/14 - 16, Ratto 645, Hahn MIB I 126, SBCV 216, weight 16.301 g, maximum diameter 33.0 mm, die axis 165o, 3rd officina, Antioch (Theoupolis) mint, 533 - 537 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINIANVS P P AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse large M (40 nummi) between two stars, cross above, Γ below, +THEu°p+ in exergue; SOLD




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