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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Byzantine Coins| ▸ |Byzantine Mints| ▸ |Antioch||View Options:  |  |  | 

Byzantine Antioch / Theoupolis (c. 512 - 610)

The ruins of Antioch on the Orontes lie near the modern city of Antakya, Turkey. Founded near the end of the 4th century B.C. by Seleucus I Nicator, one of Alexander the Great's generals, Antioch's geographic, military and economic location, particularly the spice trade, the Silk Road, the Persian Royal Road, benefited its occupants, and eventually it rivaled Alexandria as the chief city of the Near East. Antioch is called "the cradle of Christianity, for the pivotal early role it played in the emergence of the faith. It was one of the four cities of the Syrian tetrapolis. Its residents are known as Antiochenes. The Antioch mint reopened after Anastasius' reform of 498 to assist the metropolitan mint at Constantinople in issuing the new denominations of copper coinage. The city was renamed Theoupolis after it was nearly destroyed by an earthquake on 29 November 528. Antioch was the first major mint lost in the slow decline of the Byzantine Empire. The last coinage was issued during the reign of Phocas and the city was lost to the Arabs in 636. Once a great metropolis of half a million people, it declined to insignificance during the Middle Ages because of warfare, repeated earthquakes and a change in trade routes following the Mongol conquests, which then no longer passed through Antioch from the far east.6th Century Antioch

Byzantine Empire, Justin II, 15 November 565 - 5 October 578 A.D.

|Justin| |II|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Justin| |II,| |15| |November| |565| |-| |5| |October| |578| |A.D.||follis|
In 572, the Byzantine Empire was at war with Persia and was attacked by the Visigoths from Spain.
BZ97796. Bronze follis, DOC I 152b, Wroth BMC 197, Morrisson BnF 5/An/AE/02, Sommer 5.38.2, SBCV 379, Tolstoi 159, Ratto 895, Hahn MIB II -, F, dark brown patina, attractive highlighting colorful earthen deposits, weight 15.036 g, maximum diameter 32.5 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Theoupolis (Antioch) mint, 571 - 572 A.D.; obverse Justin II seated on left and Sophia seated on right facing on double throne, both are nimbate, holding together large cross on globe, blundered nonsense legend; reverse large M (40 nummi) between ANNO and u/II (year 7), cross above, Γ (3rd officina) below, THEUP' in exergue; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00


Byzantine Empire, Maurice Tiberius, 13 August 582 - 22 November 602 A.D.

|Maurice| |Tiberius|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Maurice| |Tiberius,| |13| |August| |582| |-| |22| |November| |602| |A.D.||follis|
Tiberius II and Maurice each issued folles of this type. The only difference is Tiberius has a cross on his crown; Maurice has a trefoil ornament.

The obverse legend on this coin is completely blundered illiterate nonsense, as is typical for the type.
BZ93512. Bronze follis, DOC I 155, Wroth BMC 89 (Tiberius II), Ratto 964 (Tiberius), Tolstoi 61, Hahn MIB II 95b, SBCV 532, Sommer 7.62.2, Morrisson BnF -, F, light scraping, minor porosity, die shift on reverse, weight 12.330 g, maximum diameter 32.3 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch as Theoupolis (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 585 - 586 A.D.; obverse nTINOC - [...]PPIV (blundered), bust facing, crown with trefoil ornament, consular robes, mappa in right, eagle-tipped scepter in left; reverse large M (40 nummi) between A/N/N/O and II/II (regnal year 4), cross above, THEUP' in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $50.00 SALE PRICE $45.00


Byzantine Empire, Maurice Tiberius, 13 August 582 - 22 November 602 A.D.

|Maurice| |Tiberius|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Maurice| |Tiberius,| |13| |August| |582| |-| |22| |November| |602| |A.D.||follis|
Antioch was renamed Theoupolis after it was nearly destroyed by an earthquake on 29 November 528.

Maurice Tiberius, a successful general, was selected by Tiberius II Constantine as his successor. He achieved a favorable peace with Persia and stemmed losses in Italy and Africa, much of the Balkans were lost. Focas, a junior officer, revolted. Maurice and Theodosius, his son and co-emperor, were captured and murdered.
BZ97888. Bronze follis, DOC I 165b; Wroth BMC 181; Morrisson BnF 7/An/AE/35; Hahn MIB 96c; Tolstoi 168; Ratto 1135; Sommer 7.63.1; SBCV 533, aVF, black patina, earthen deposits and encrustations, weight 12.010 g, maximum diameter 28.9 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Theoupolis (Antioch) mint, 594 - 595 A.D.; obverse D N mAUΓI-CNPAUT, bust facing, crown with trefoil ornament, consular robes, mappa in right, eagle-tipped scepter in left; reverse large M (40 nummi) between A/N/N/O and X/III (regnal year 13), cross above, Γ (officina 3) below, THEUP' in exergue; $50.00 SALE PRICE $45.00







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