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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Byzantine Coins ▸ Byzantine Mints ▸ NikomediaView Options:  |  |  | 

Byzantine Nicomedia, Bithynia (498 - 627)

The Nicomedia mint reopenned after Anastasius' reform of 498 to assist in issuing the new denominations of copper coinage and closed in 627. Situated on the roads leading to the capital, Nicomedia was a major military base, important in the Byzantine campaigns against the Caliphate. By the 9th century much of the city, except for a hilltop citadel, was abandoned and in ruins. Nicomedia was twice blockaded by the Ottomans (in 1304 and 1330) before finally succumbing in 1337.


Byzantine Empire, Justinian I, 4 April 527 - 14 November 565 A.D.

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Justinian increased the weight of the follis, changed the traditional profile bust to a facing portrait and added the regnal date on the reverse. These massive coins must have given their users a solid assurance of value.
BZ82685. Bronze follis, DOC I 117a, Morrisson BnF I 4/Ni/AE/12, Wroth BMC 190, Sommer 4.64.2, Tolstoi 171, Ratto 584, SBCV 201, Hahn MIB I 114, Berk 228, Choice gF, dark brown patina, nicely centered on a huge flan, weight 22.322 g, maximum diameter 44.4 mm, die axis 195o, 2nd officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 539 - 540 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINIANVS P P AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust of Justinian facing, globus cruciger (cross on orb) in right hand, shield ornamented with horseman on left shoulder, cross in right field; reverse large M (40 nummi), A/N/N/O left, X/II/I right (regnal year 13), cross above, A (1st officina) below, NIK in exergue; from an American collector, ex Rudnik Numismatics (San Jose, CA); $120.00 (Ä102.00)


Byzantine Empire, Justin I, 10 July 518 - 1 August 527 A.D.

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A major earthquake on 24 August 358 caused extensive devastation to Nicomedia and was followed by a fire which completed the catastrophe. Nicomedia was rebuilt, but on a smaller scale. In the sixth century under Emperor Justinian I the city was extended with new public buildings. Situated on the roads leading to the capital, the city remained a major military center, playing an important role in the Byzantine campaigns against the Caliphate. From the 840s on, Nicomedia was the capital of the thema of the Optimatoi. By that time, most of the old, seawards city had been abandoned and is described by the Persian geographer Ibn Khurdadhbih as lying in ruins. The settlement was restricted to the hilltop citadel. In the 1080s, the city served as the main military base for Alexios I Komnenos in his campaigns against the Seljuk Turks, and the First and Second Crusades both encamped there. The city was held by the Latin Empire between 1204 and c. 1240, when it was recovered by John III Vatatzes. It remained in Byzantine control for a further century, but following the Byzantine defeat at the Battle of Bapheus in 1302, it was threatened by the rising Ottoman beylik. The city was twice blockaded by the Ottomans (in 1304 and 1330) before finally succumbing in 1337.
BZ82687. Bronze follis, DOC I 28b, Morrisson BnF I 2/Ni/AE/01, Wroth BMC 53, Ratto 417, Hahn MIB I 35, Sommer 2.26, Berk 65, SBCV 83, Tolstoi -, gF, well centered, very dark green patina, highlighting red earthen deposits, edge split/crack, weight 13.231 g, maximum diameter 32.4 mm, die axis 180o, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 518 - 522 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINVS P P AVG, diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse large M (40 nummi) between two stars, cross above, B (2nd officina) below, NIKM (Nicomedia) in exergue; from an American Collector; $70.00 (Ä59.50)


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.

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In 614, a Sassanid Persian and Jewish army (26,000 men) led by by Shahrbaraz captured and sacked Jerusalem after a 20-day siege. Somewhere between 57,000 and 66,500 citizens were slain; another 35,000 were enslaved, including the Patriarch Zacharias. Many churches in the city (including the "Church of the Resurrection" or Holy Sepulchre) were burned, and numerous relics, including the True Cross, the Holy Lance, and the Holy Sponge, were carried off to the Persian capital Ctesiphon.
BZ77962. Bronze follis, DOC II part 1, 159b.4 (same dies); Morrisson BnF 10/Ni/AE/07; Wroth BMC 242; Tolstoi 270; Ratto 1436; Hahn MIB 175a; SBCV 834; Sommer 11.73, F, overstruck on a large flan, small edge cracks, strong undertype effects, weight 13.375 g, maximum diameter 31.2 mm, die axis 195o, 2nd officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 613 - 614 A.D.; obverse Heraclius on left, Heraclius Constantine on right, both stand wearing crown and chlamys with globus cruciger in right hand, cross between heads, obscure blundered legend; reverse large M (40 nummi) between A/N/N/O and II/II (regnal year 4), cross above, B (2nd officina) below, NIK (Nicomedia) in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $60.00 (Ä51.00)







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Catalog current as of Monday, July 23, 2018.
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Byzantine Nicomedia