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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Greek Imperial| ▸ |Hispania||View Options:  |  |  | 

Roman Provincial Coins from Hispania

Hispania was the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula and its provinces. Roman armies invaded the Iberian peninsula in 218 B.C. and used it as a training ground for officers and as a proving ground for tactics during campaigns against the Carthaginians, the Iberians, the Lusitanians, the Gallaecians and other Celts. It was not until 19 B.C. that Augustus was able to complete the conquest. Under the Roman Republic, Hispania was divided into two provinces: Hispania Citerior and Hispania Ulterior. During the Principate, Hispania Ulterior was divided into two new provinces, Baetica and Lusitania, while Hispania Citerior was renamed Hispania Tarraconensis. Subsequently, the western part of Tarraconensis was split off, first as Hispania Nova, later renamed "Callaecia" (or Gallaecia, whence modern Galicia). From Diocletian's Tetrarchy (A.D. 284) onwards, the south of remaining Tarraconensis was again split off as Carthaginensis, and probably then too the Balearic Islands and all the resulting provinces formed one civil diocese under the vicarius for the Hispaniae (that is, the Celtic provinces). Aqueduct of Segovia

Iberia / Hispania, c. 200 - 1 B.C., Lot of 11 Bronze Coins

|Greek| |Bulk| |Lots|, |Iberia| |/| |Hispania,| |c.| |200| |-| |1| |B.C.,| |Lot| |of| |11| |Bronze| |Coins||Lot|
The following list was provided by the consignor and has not been verified by FORVM:
1) Carteia, Spain, AE20, Neptune standing left, RPC I 122, F, ex RBW
2) p2338) Carteia, Spain, AE17, dolphin / rudder, RPC I 119, aVF, ex RBW
3) Obulco, Spain, AE35, SNG BM Spain 1405, F/Fair, punch on rev.
4) Turiaso, Spain, c. 150 BC, head right / horseman right, F-VF
5) Castulo, Spain, AE26 (12.69g), bare male head right / sphinx right, SNG Cop 211, VF, deep split or cut
6) Carteia, Spain, AE17, turreted head of Tyche right / D D winged figure on dolphin right, RPC I 116, F, ex RBW
7) Another, also ex RBW
8) Castulo, AE29, sphinx right, F, porous
9) Ulia, Spain, AE29, female head right, crescent below, palm before / VLIA framed by branches, Burgos 1977, F, edge chip
10) Gades, AE16, head of Melqart left / dolphin right, F
11) Spain, AE34, male head right / helmeted griffin or sphinx, Fair
LT96155. Bronze Lot, Lot of 11 Bronze Coins from Iberia / Hispania, c. 200 - 1 B.C., unattributed to type, no tags or flips, the actual coins in the photograph, as-is, no returns, 11 coins; $170.00 SALE PRICE $153.00


Carmo, Hispania Ulterior, c. 200 - 150 B.C.

|Hispania|, |Carmo,| |Hispania| |Ulterior,| |c.| |200| |-| |150| |B.C.||AE| |33|
Carmo, Hispania Ulterior (modern Carmona), is 33 km east of Seville. It belonged to the Turduli tribe and appears to have been a municipium, appearing in Agrippa's account as oppidum civium romanorum or latinorum. Surprisingly, while Caesar called it one of the most important towns in Baetica, it is not mentioned by Mela and Pliny. Its early remains are buried in the area extending from the present Ayuntamiento to the Plaza de Abastos, where there is a large dolmen. Some graves from the Carthaginian period, with rich grave goods, have been discovered. The name of a certain Urbanibal, of Carthaginian descent, who lived during the Roman period, is preserved on a funeral urn discovered in the Roman cemetery and today in the Carmona museum. Remains of the Roman period include part of the wall, a large temple, the Roman cemetery containing underground tombs, and an amphitheater which is partly cut out of the rock and dates from the last quarter of the 1st century B.C. Sculptures and inscriptions have been found in the town and in the necropolis.
GB98534. Bronze AE 33, Villaronga-Benages ACIP 2382 (R1); Villaronga CNH p. 382, 2; SNG BM Spain 1573 ff.; SNG Lorichs 202 ff.; SNG Cop VIII 138, aVF, porous, reverse off center, light earthen deposits, weight 21.446 g, maximum diameter 32.5 mm, die axis 270o, Carmo (Carmona, Seville) mint, c. 200 - 150 B.C.; obverse helmeted male head right, myrtle wreath border; reverse CARMO, between two horizontal lines, grain ear right above, another grain ear right below; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00


Iberia, Bronze Bar Ingot, c. 1st Century B.C.

|Iberia|, |Iberia,| |Bronze| |Bar| |Ingot,| |c.| |1st| |Century| |B.C.||Bar| |Ingot|
In La Moneda Hispanica, desde sus origenes hasta el siglo v, Fernando Alvarez Burgos lists a wide variety of metal objects that were used in trade as money in Iberia from the 10th century B.C. to the 1st century A.D. These objects include small silver, copper (bronze), and lead bar ingots dated from the 1st century B.C. to the 1st century A.D. He lists the following bar ingot types:
P32. Silver, 20g
P33. Copper, 9 - 9.7g
P34. Copper, 9.5 - 15.6g
P35. Copper, 22.6 - 29.0g
P36. Lead, 18.2g
GA90254. Bronze Bar Ingot, cf. Alvarez-Burgos P34 - P35, weight 16.797g, length 30.8mm, c. 1st century B.C.; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00


Iberia, Bronze Bar Ingot, c. 1st Century B.C.

|Iberia|, |Iberia,| |Bronze| |Bar| |Ingot,| |c.| |1st| |Century| |B.C.||Bar| |Ingot|
In La Moneda Hispanica, desde sus origenes hasta el siglo v, Fernando Alvarez Burgos lists a wide variety of metal objects that were used in trade as money in Iberia from the 10th century B.C. to the 1st century A.D. These objects include small silver, copper (bronze), and lead bar ingots dated from the 1st century B.C. to the 1st century A.D. He lists the following bar ingot types:
P32. Silver, 20g
P33. Copper, 9 - 9.7g
P34. Copper, 9.5 - 15.6g
P35. Copper, 22.6 - 29.0g
P36. Lead, 18.2g
GS90255. Bronze Bar Ingot, cf. Alvarez-Burgos P34 - P35, weight 17.261g, length 32.8mm, c. 1st century B.C.; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00


Lastigi, Hispania Ulterior, 150 - 100 B.C.

|Roman| |Hispania|, |Lastigi,| |Hispania| |Ulterior,| |150| |-| |100| |B.C.||quadrans|
After its defeat in 201 B.C., Carthage ceded Iberia to Rome. In 197 B.C., the peninsula was divided into Hispania Citerior (Nearer Hispania) and Hispania Ulterior (Further Hispania). Hispania Ulterior consisted of what are now Andalusia, Portugal, Extremadura, Castilla y Len, Galicia, Asturias, Cantabria, and the Basque Country. There was peace in the region until 155 B.C. when the Lusitanians attacked. The area was largely conquered by 138 B.C., but war continued until 19 B.C. when Agrippa defeated the Cantabrians in Hispania Citerior and Hispania finally was completely conquered. That same year, Augustus divided Hispania Ulterior into Baetica (modern Andalusia) and Lusitania (modern Portugal, Extremadura, and part of Castilla-Len). Hispania Citerior, which now included Cantabria and Basque country, was renamed Hispania Tarraconensis.
GB93425. Bronze quadrans, Villaronga-Benages 2374 (R3), SNG BM Spain 1569 - 1571, Villaronga 4, SNG Cop 165, aF, dark tone, porous, weight 3.504 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 270o, Lastigi (Sancular la Mayor, Sevilla, Spain) mint, 150 - 100 B.C.; obverse helmeted male head right, laurel wreath border; reverse LAS within laurel wreath border; from the Errett Bishop Collection; rare; $60.00 SALE PRICE $48.00


Caligula, 16 March 37 - 24 January 41 A.D., Caesaraugusta, Hispania Tarraconensis

|Caligula|, |Caligula,| |16| |March| |37| |-| |24| |January| |41| |A.D.,| |Caesaraugusta,| |Hispania| |Tarraconensis||provincial| |dupondius|
Caesaraugusta is today Zaragoza, Spain. It began as Salduie, a village settled by the Sedetani, an Iberian tribe. Augustus founded Caesaraugusta on the site to settle army veterans from the Cantabrian wars. The city did not decline significantly during the last centuries of the Roman Empire and was captured peacefully by the Goths in the 5th century.
SH58654. Orichalcum provincial dupondius, RPC I 370, SNG Cop 561, aVF, porosity, weight 10.267 g, maximum diameter 28.4 mm, die axis 270o, Caesaraugusta (Zaragoza, Spain) mint, obverse G CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS IMP, Laureate head left; reverse LICINIANO ET GERMANO II VIR, around large C C A; rare; SOLD


Castulo, Hispania Ulterior, c. 165 - 80 B.C.

|Iberia|, |Castulo,| |Hispania| |Ulterior,| |c.| |165| |-| |80| |B.C.||AE| |28|
After a local princess named Himilce married Hannibal, Castulo allied with Carthage. In 213 B.C., Castulo was the site of Hasdrubal Barca's crushing victory over the Roman army with a force of roughly 40,000 Carthaginian troops plus local Iberian mercenaries. Soon after the Romans made a pact with the residents and the city became a foederati (ally) of Rome.
GB55458. Bronze AE 28, Villaronga p. 335, 38; SNG BM Spain 1323 ff.; SNG Spain II 243 ff.; SNG Cop 205; Burgos 543, VF, weight 12.229 g, maximum diameter 25.8 mm, die axis 270o, Castulo (near Linares, Spain) mint, c. 165 - 80 B.C.; obverse diademed head right, hand before; reverse helmeted sphinx walking right, star before, KASTILO in Iberic script below exergual line; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

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American Numismatic Society Collections Database (ANSCD) - http://numismatics.org/search/search.
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