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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Greek Imperial| ▸ |Hispania||View Options:  |  |  | 

Roman Provincial Coins from Hispania

Hispania was the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula and its provinces. Roman armies invaded the Iberian peninsula in 218 B.C. and used it as a training ground for officers and as a proving ground for tactics during campaigns against the Carthaginians, the Iberians, the Lusitanians, the Gallaecians and other Celts. It was not until 19 B.C. that Augustus was able to complete the conquest. Under the Roman Republic, Hispania was divided into two provinces: Hispania Citerior and Hispania Ulterior. During the Principate, Hispania Ulterior was divided into two new provinces, Baetica and Lusitania, while Hispania Citerior was renamed Hispania Tarraconensis. Subsequently, the western part of Tarraconensis was split off, first as Hispania Nova, later renamed "Callaecia" (or Gallaecia, whence modern Galicia). From Diocletian's Tetrarchy (A.D. 284) onwards, the south of remaining Tarraconensis was again split off as Carthaginensis, and probably then too the Balearic Islands and all the resulting provinces formed one civil diocese under the vicarius for the Hispaniae (that is, the Celtic provinces). Aqueduct of Segovia

Iberia / Hispania, c. 200 - 1 B.C., Lot of 11 Bronze Coins

|Greek| |Bulk| |Lots|, |Iberia| |/| |Hispania,| |c.| |200| |-| |1| |B.C.,| |Lot| |of| |11| |Bronze| |Coins||Lot|
The following list was provided by the consignor and has not been verified by FORVM:
1) Carteia, Spain, AE20, Neptune standing left, RPC I 122, F, ex RBW
2) p2338) Carteia, Spain, AE17, dolphin / rudder, RPC I 119, aVF, ex RBW
3) Obulco, Spain, AE35, SNG BM Spain 1405, F/Fair, punch on rev.
4) Turiaso, Spain, c. 150 BC, head right / horseman right, F-VF
5) Castulo, Spain, AE26 (12.69g), bare male head right / sphinx right, SNG Cop 211, VF, deep split or cut
6) Carteia, Spain, AE17, turreted head of Tyche right / D D winged figure on dolphin right, RPC I 116, F, ex RBW
7) Another, also ex RBW
8) Castulo, AE29, sphinx right, F, porous
9) Ulia, Spain, AE29, female head right, crescent below, palm before / VLIA framed by branches, Burgos 1977, F, edge chip
10) Gades, AE16, head of Melqart left / dolphin right, F
11) Spain, AE34, male head right / helmeted griffin or sphinx, Fair
LT96155. Bronze Lot, Lot of 11 Bronze Coins from Iberia / Hispania, c. 200 - 1 B.C., unattributed to type, no tags or flips, the actual coins in the photograph, as-is, no returns, 11 coins; $135.00 SALE PRICE $122.00


Carthago Nova, Iberia, c. 237 - 206 B.C.

|Hispania|, |Carthago| |Nova,| |Iberia,| |c.| |237| |-| |206| |B.C.||AE| |24|
In order to force Hannibal to retreat from Italy, Scipio Africanus attacked Carthaginian Spain and took Carthago Nova in 209 B.C. References most often identify this type as Punic, struck before 209 B.C., but they also note that the head is "Roman style." Some authorities believe, as we do, that this type may have been struck after 209, under Roman rule. Carthaginian coins sometimes depicted Barcid generals. This coin possibly depicts the Roman general Scipio Africanus.
GB50947. Bronze AE 24, Villaronga-Benages 609 (R2), Villaronga MCH 282, Villaronga CNH 69, Burgos 552, SNG BM Spain 127 - 128, VF, green patina, earthen deposits, weight 11.793 g, maximum diameter 23.9 mm, die axis 0o, Carthago Nova (Cartagena, Spain) mint, perhaps Roman Occupation, 209 - 206 B.C.; obverse bare male head (Scipio Africanus?) left; reverse horse standing right, palm tree in background center on far side of horse; SOLD


Urso (Osuna), Hispania Ulterior, 150 - 100 B.C.

|Hispania|, |Urso| |(Osuna),| |Hispania| |Ulterior,| |150| |-| |100| |B.C.||AE| |27|
Urso is today Osuna near Seville in southern Spain. The battle of Munda, the last battle won by Julius Caesar in person, was probably fought outside of Osuna.
GB53986. Bronze AE 27, SNG BM 1527 - 1528, aVF, weight 12.438 g, maximum diameter 26.8 mm, die axis 180o, Urso mint, 150 - 100 B.C.; obverse VRSO, helmeted male head right; reverse MARC Q, bear squatting right; excellent for the type; very rare; SOLD


Carthago Nova, Iberia, c. 237 - 206 B.C.

|Hispania|, |Carthago| |Nova,| |Iberia,| |c.| |237| |-| |206| |B.C.||AE| |26|
In order to force Hannibal to retreat from Italy, Scipio Africanus attacked Carthaginian Spain and took Carthago Nova in 209 B.C. References most often identify this type as Punic, struck before 209 B.C., but they also note that the head is "Roman style." Some authorities believe, as we do, that this type may have been struck after 209, under Roman rule. Carthaginian coins sometimes depicted Barcid generals. This coin possibly depicts the Roman general Scipio Africanus.
GB60656. Bronze AE 26, Villaronga-Benages 609 (R2), Villaronga MCH 282, Villaronga CNH 69, Burgos 552, SNG BM Spain 127 - 128, VF, Green patina, edge splits, weight 9.765 g, maximum diameter 25.7 mm, die axis 0o, Carthago Nova (Cartagena, Spain) mint, perhaps Roman Occupation, 209 - 206 B.C.; obverse bare male head (Scipio Africanus?) left; reverse horse standing right, palm tree in background center on far side of horse; SOLD


Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.

|Augustus|, |Augustus,| |16| |January| |27| |B.C.| |-| |19| |August| |14| |A.D.||denarius|
"The Julian Star" appeared in the sky during the funeral games for Julius Caesar in July 44 B.C. It was a comet and the Romans believed it was a divine manifestation of the apotheosis of Julius Caesar.
SH48877. Silver denarius, RIC I 37b, RSC I 97, BMCRE I 326, SRCV I 1607, aVF, banker's marks, toned, weight 3.562 g, maximum diameter 21.0 mm, die axis 180o, Caesaraugusta (Zaragoza, Spain) mint, 19 - 18 B.C.; obverse CAESAR AVGVSTVS, head of Augustus right, wearing oak wreath (Corona Civitas); reverse comet of eight rays, a central dot and flaming tail upwards, DIVVS - IVLIVS horizontal divided flanking across the field at center; SOLD


Caligula, 16 March 37 - 24 January 41 A.D., Caesaraugusta, Hispania Tarraconensis

|Caligula|, |Caligula,| |16| |March| |37| |-| |24| |January| |41| |A.D.,| |Caesaraugusta,| |Hispania| |Tarraconensis||provincial| |dupondius|
Caesaraugusta is today Zaragoza, Spain. It began as Salduie, a village settled by the Sedetani, an Iberian tribe. Augustus founded Caesaraugusta on the site to settle army veterans from the Cantabrian wars. The city did not decline significantly during the last centuries of the Roman Empire and was captured peacefully by the Goths in the 5th century.
SH58654. Orichalcum provincial dupondius, RPC I 370, SNG Cop 561, aVF, porosity, weight 10.267 g, maximum diameter 28.4 mm, die axis 270o, Caesaraugusta (Zaragoza, Spain) mint, obverse G CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS IMP, Laureate head left; reverse LICINIANO ET GERMANO II VIR, around large C C A; rare; SOLD


Castulo, Hispania Ulterior, c. 165 - 80 B.C.

|Iberia|, |Castulo,| |Hispania| |Ulterior,| |c.| |165| |-| |80| |B.C.||AE| |28|
After a local princess named Himilce married Hannibal, Castulo allied with Carthage. In 213 B.C., Castulo was the site of Hasdrubal Barca's crushing victory over the Roman army with a force of roughly 40,000 Carthaginian troops plus local Iberian mercenaries. Soon after the Romans made a pact with the residents and the city became a foederati (ally) of Rome.
GB55458. Bronze AE 28, Villaronga p. 335, 38; SNG BM Spain 1323 ff.; SNG Spain II 243 ff.; SNG Cop 205; Burgos 543, VF, weight 12.229 g, maximum diameter 25.8 mm, die axis 270o, Castulo (near Linares, Spain) mint, c. 165 - 80 B.C.; obverse diademed head right, hand before; reverse helmeted sphinx walking right, star before, KASTILO in Iberic script below exergual line; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

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