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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Mints| ▸ |Samosata||View Options:  |  |  | 

Samosata, Commagene, Syria (Adiyman Province, Turkey)

Samosata was an ancient city on the right (west) bank of the Euphrates whose ruins existed at the modern city of Samsat, Adiyaman Province, Turkey until the site was flooded by the newly constructed Atatürk Dam. The founder of the city was Sames, a Satrap of Commagene who made it his capital. The city was sometimes called Antiochia in Commagene and served as the capital for the Hellenistic Kingdom of Commagene from c. 160 BC until it was surrendered to Rome in 72. A civil metropolis from the days of Emperor Hadrian, Samosata was the home of the Legio VI Ferrata and later Legio XVI Flavia Firma, and the terminus of several military roads. Seven Christian martyrs were crucified in 297 in Samosata for refusing to perform a pagan rite in celebration of the victory of Maximian over the Sassanids. It was at Samosata that Julian II had ships made in his expedition against Sapor, and it was a natural crossing-place in the struggle between Heraclius and Chosroes in the 7th century. Imperial mint dates of operation: c. 253 - 258 A.D. Mintmarks: none.

Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.

|Gallienus|, |Gallienus,| |August| |253| |-| |September| |268| |A.D.||antoninianus|
Oriens is Latin for "east." Literally, it means "rising" from orior, "rise." The use of the word for "rising" to refer to the east (where the sun rises) has analogs from many languages: compare the terms "Levant" (French levant "rising"), "Anatolia" (Greek anatole), "mizrahi" in Hebrew (from "zriha" meaning sunrise), "sharq" in Arabic, and others. The Chinese pictograph for east is based on the sun rising behind a tree and "The Land of the Rising Sun" to refers to Japan. Also, many ancient temples, including the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem, were built with their main entrances facing the East. To situate them in such a manner was to "orient" them in the proper direction. When something is facing the correct direction, it is said to have the proper "orientation."
RS93268. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 1698b2 (Samosata), RSC IV 705a, Hunter IV 71, SRCV III 10298 (uncertain Syrian mint), RIC V-1 J445 (S, Antioch), gVF, toned, flow lines, obverse well centered, reverse slightly off center, weight 3.934 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Syrian mint, 259 - 260 A.D.; obverse IMP C P LIC GALLIENVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind, pellet below back; reverse ORIENS AVG (the rising sun of the Emperor), Oriens and Gallienus standing facing, heads turned confronted; Oriens on left, wearing turreted crown, offering wreath to Gallienus on right, spear vertical in left hand, wreath above; $85.00 SALE |PRICE| $76.50
 


Quietus, Fall or Winter 260 - Late 261 A.D.

|Quietus|, |Quietus,| |Fall| |or| |Winter| |260| |-| |Late| |261| |A.D.||antoninianus|
Samosata was the walled capital of the Commagene Kingdom founded in 69 B.C. The town remained a regional center under Rome, and until the Ottoman period. The old town of Samsat and all its history were flooded behind the Atatürk Dam in 1989. The new town was built beside the new waterline by the government to house the displaced residents.
SH70589. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 1728n, RSC IV 4a, RIC V-2 3 (R2), SRCV III 10819, Hunter IV - (p. lxxvi), VF, porous, weight 3.628 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain Syrian mint, obverse IMP C FVL QVIETVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse APOLINI CONSERVA (to Apollo the protector), Apollo standing left, radiate, nude but for cloak on shoulders and draped behind, branch downward in right, left rests on grounded lyre, star upper left; rare; SOLD


Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D.

|Valerian| |I|, |Valerian| |I,| |October| |253| |-| |c.| |June| |260| |A.D.||antoninianus|
In 253, Valerian split the Roman Empire in two; Gallienus took control of the West and his father ruled the East, facing the Persians.
RL74574. Silver antoninianus, Göbl MIR 1682e (Samosata), RIC V-1 294 (Antioch), SRCV III 9996 (uncertain Syrian mint, 255- 256), RSC IV 280, Choice VF, well centered and struck, porous, weight 3.181 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 0o, Samosata (Adiyman Province, Turkey) mint, 253 A.D.; obverse IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from front; reverse VOTA ORBIS (vows (prayers) for the world), two Victories standing confronted, both holding a shield inscribed S C between them with both hands, hanging the shield on a palm tree; SOLD







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