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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Twelve Caesars||View Options:  |  |  |   

Roman Coins of the 12 Caesars
Otho, 15 January 69 - 17 April69 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria

|Antioch|, |Otho,| |15| |January| |69| |-| |17| |April69| |A.D.,| |Antioch,| |Seleucis| |and| |Pieria,| |Syria||as|
Otho ruled for only three months. The imperial mint at Rome did not issue bronze in his name, but two provincial mints did. Alexandria issued bronzes with Greek legends, and Antioch issued bronzes with Latin legends.
RY99147. Bronze as, McAlee 321c; RPC I 4318; cf. BMC Galatia p. 176, 207; SNG Cop -, gVF, excellent portrait, attractive toning with highlighting earthen deposits, flan adjustment marks, especially on rim, obverse edge beveled, weight 14.384 g, maximum diameter 28.0 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 15Jan69-17Apr69A.D.; obverse IMPMOTHO CAES AVG (inwardly, clockwise from upper right), laureate headright, dot (control symbol) behind head; reverse large SC (senatus consulto), within a laurelwreath with eight bunches of leaves, no linear circle, no dot (control symbol) in field; scarce; $900.00 SALE PRICE $810.00

Otho, February - 9 March 69 A.D.

|Otho|, |Otho,| |February| |-| |9| |March| |69| |A.D.||denarius|
The second issue of Otho is characterized by the missing M in the obverse legend and a changed coiffure. This combined with the serene portrait makes this particular die one of the nicest ones available.
SH99261. Silver denarius, RIC I 10 (R3), RSC II 15, BMCRE I 19, BnF III 11, Hunter I 10, SRCV I 2163, F/aF, nice portrait for the grade, toned, scratches, weight 2.976 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, Feb - 9 Mar 69 A.D.; obverse IMP OTHO CAESAR AVG TR P, bare head right; reverse SECVRITAS P R (security of the people of Rome), Securitas standing slightly left, head left, wreath in right hand, long scepter in left hand; very rare; $600.00 SALE PRICE $540.00

Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D., Judaea Capta

|Vespasian|, |Vespasian,| |1| |July| |69| |-| |24| |June| |79| |A.D.,| |Judaea| |Capta||sestertius|
On 14 April 70 A.D. Titus surrounded Jerusalem. He allowed pilgrims to enter to celebrate Passover but this was a trap to put pressure on supplies of food and water; he refused to allow them to leave. On 10 May he began his assault on the walls. The third wall fell on 25 May. The second wall fell on 30 May. On 20 July Titus stormed the Temple Mount. On 4 August 70 A.D. Titus destroyed the Temple. The Jewish fast of Tisha B'Av mourns the Fall of Jerusalem annually on this date. This type celebrates the victory of Vespasian and Titus. Coins commemorating this event are referred to as "Judaea Capta" issues.
SH98839. Orichalcum sestertius, BnF II 490; Hendin 6530 (S); RIC II 159; BMCRE II p. 115, 532 ff., F, centered, rough, corrosion and pitting, weight 24.234 g, maximum diameter 33.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 71 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M TR P P P COS III, laureate bust right; reverse IVDAEA CAPTA, date palm tree in center, male captive on left standing right with hands bound behind his back, Jewess on right sitting right on cuirass propping her head with her left hand in attitude of mourning, shields flanking them, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; from an Israeli collection, ex Elsen auction 143 (7 Dec 2019), lot 376; scarce; $500.00 SALE PRICE $450.00

Judaea, Pontius Pilate, Roman Prefect Under Tiberius, 26 - 36 A.D.

|Pontius| |Pilate|, |Judaea,| |Pontius| |Pilate,| |Roman| |Prefect| |Under| |Tiberius,| |26| |-| |36| |A.D.||prutah|
Pontius Pilate is chiefly known for the part he played in the trial and crucifixion of Jesus.
JD72795. Bronze prutah, Meshorer TJC 333g; Sofaer 49; Hendin 6371d, Fair, rough, reverse edge beveled, weight 1.966 g, maximum diameter 15.2 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem (or unofficial?) mint, 29 - 31 A.D.; obverse TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC (retrograde, counterclockwise), lituus (augural wand) curving left (reversed from the normal); reverse LIϖ in wreath; very rare; $450.00 SALE PRICE $405.00

Judaea, Valerius Gratus, Roman Prefect Under Tiberius, 15 - 26 A.D.

|Valerius| |Gratus|, |Judaea,| |Valerius| |Gratus,| |Roman| |Prefect| |Under| |Tiberius,| |15| |-| |26| |A.D.||prutah|
Grapes, the vine and wine were an important part of the ancient economy and ritual. Grapes were brought to the Temple as offerings of the first-fruits and wine was offered upon the altar. The vine and grapes decorated the sacred vessels in the sanctuary and a golden vine with clusters of grapes stood at its entrance.
JD98803. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6365 (S); Meshorer TJC 326; Sofaer 23; RPC I 4963; BMC Palestine p. 254, 27 & pl. XXVII, 15, VF, well centered, ragged edge, pit on reverse, applied/enhanced patina, weight 1.925 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 135o, Jerusalem mint, 17 - 18 A.D.; obverse IOYΛIA (Greek: Julia), tendrils, leaf, and small bunch of grapes on branch; reverse amphora with scroll handles flanked by date L - ∆ (year 4 of Tiberius); from an Israeli collection; scarce; $350.00 SALE PRICE $315.00

Judaea, Valerius Gratus, Roman Prefect Under Tiberius, 15 - 26 A.D., Unofficial Imitative or Counterfeit

|Valerius| |Gratus|, |Judaea,| |Valerius| |Gratus,| |Roman| |Prefect| |Under| |Tiberius,| |15| |-| |26| |A.D.,| |Unofficial| |Imitative| |or| |Counterfeit||prutah|NEW
This specimen is so crude it seems unlikely that even a complete illiterate wouldn't notice it was a bit strange.
JD98801. Bronze prutah, cf. Hendin 6364a, Meshorer TJC 321a; Sofaer 18; SNG ANS 344; BMC Palestine p. 253, 16; RPC I 4961 (none this crude and blundered), VF, extremely crude, barbaric, irregular, weight 1.719 g, maximum diameter 15.2 mm, die axis 0o, unofficial mint, c. 16 - 20 A.D.; obverse IOY/ΛIA (blundered illegible Greek: Julia) in two lines within wreath, closed with an annulet at top; reverse three formal lilies in bloom springing from a single base, L - Γ (year 3 of Tiberius, Γ blundered) divided across field; this is the most barbaric crude specimen of the type known to FORVM; very rare; $300.00 SALE PRICE $270.00

Judaean Kingdom, Herod Agrippa II, c. 49 - 95 A.D., for Domitian

|Agrippa| |I|, |Judaean| |Kingdom,| |Herod| |Agrippa| |II,| |c.| |49| |-| |95| |A.D.,| |for| |Domitian||full| |unit|
We use the dating provided by RPC Online, which adopts 60/61 A.D. for year 1 of the era used by Agrippa II. This solves a number of issues with previous dating schemes, but adds the oddity of a large number of issues of posthumous coinage for Vespasian and Titus. This coin struck for Titus, for example; dated year 30 using this era is 89/90 A.D. Titus died in 81 B.C.
JD98847. Bronze full unit, Hendin 6328 (RR); RPC Online II 2296; BMC Palestine p. 243, 56; SNG ANS 315; Meshorer TJC 179; Sofaer p. 268 & pl. 218, 260, gF, rough, corrosion, scrapes, uneven strike, edge cracks, weight 12.238 g, maximum diameter 26.3 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea Paneas (Banias, Golan Heights) mint, 94 - 95 A.D.; obverse AYTOKPA ∆OMITIA KAICAP A ΓEPMANI (Emperor Domitian Caesar Germanicus), laureate head of Titus right; reverse Tyche-Demeter standing slightly left, head left, stalks of barley in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, ETOY - EΛ BA / AΓPI-ΠΠA (year 35, King Agrippa) in two lines divided across the field below center; from an Israeli collection; rare; $270.00 SALE PRICE $243.00

Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Neapolis, Samaria, Syria Palestina

|Judaea| |&| |Palestine|, |Domitian,| |13| |September| |81| |-| |18| |September| |96| |A.D.,| |Neapolis,| |Samaria,| |Syria| |Palestina||AE| |21|
Neapolis, Samaria, the biblical Shechemis, is now Nablus, Israel, the site of Joseph's Tomb and Jacob's well. Jesus spoke here to a Samaritan woman. The city was refounded as Flavia Neopolis after the Jewish Revolt. Nablus is home to about half the remaining worldwide Samaritan population of 600.
SL98111. Bronze AE 21, Sofaer 4 (same dies); RPC Online II 2220; BMC Palestine p. 46, 9 ff.; Rosenberger III 5; SNG ANS 962 -3; Lindgren-Kovacs 2430, NGC Ch VF, strike 4/5, surface 2/5, repatinated (6157926-004), weight 6.997 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 180o, Neapolis (Nablus, Israel) mint, 82 - 83 A.D.; obverse AVTOK ∆OMI-TIANOΣ KAIΣAP ΣEBAΣTOΣ (Emperor Domitian, caesar, augustus), laureate head right; reverse date palm tree with two bunches of fruit, ΦΛA-OVI / NEA-ΠOΛI / ΣA-MA / L - AI (Flavia Neapolis, Samaria, year 11) in four lines across field divided by trunk of palm; ex Menashe Landman Collection, NGC| Lookup; $250.00 SALE PRICE $225.00

Nero, 13 Oct 54 - 9 Jun 68 A.D., Ephesos, Ionia

|Ephesos|, |Nero,| |13| |Oct| |54| |-| |9| |Jun| |68| |A.D.,| |Ephesos,| |Ionia||AE| |16|
Nero (15 Dec 37 - 9 Jun 68) was the fifth Roman emperor and the last emperor of the Julio-Claudian dynasty, reigning from 54 until his suicide in 68. He was adopted by the Roman emperor Claudius at the age of 13 and succeeded him to the throne. Nero seems to have been popular with the members of his Praetorian Guard, and with lower-class commoners in Rome and the provinces, but was deeply resented by the Roman aristocracy. Most contemporary sources describe him as tyrannical, self-indulgent and debauched. After being declared a public enemy by the Roman Senate, he committed suicide aged 30.
RP97584. Bronze AE 16, RPC Online I 2625 (8 specimens); Imhoof-Blumer KM p. 59, 63; Karwiese MvE 5 74; SNG Cop -, BMC Ionia -, F, dark brown patina, highlighting earthen deposits, small edge chips, scattered porosity, inscriptions weak, weight 2.368 g, maximum diameter 16.3 mm, die axis 0o, Ephesos mint, as caesar under Claudius, c. 49 - 50 A.D.; obverse E-ΦE divided low across field, bare-headed, draped bust of young boy, Nero caesar; reverse KOYΣINIOΣ TO ∆ (Kousinios, episkopos for the 4th time), Cult statue of Artemis Ephesia standing facing, with arm supports, wearing kalathos and veil, all within wreath; ex Naumann auction 91 (05 July 2020), lot 848; rare; $240.00 SALE PRICE $216.00

Judaea, Marcus Ambibulus, Roman Prefect under Augustus, 9 - 12 A.D.

|Marcus| |Ambibulus|, |Judaea,| |Marcus| |Ambibulus,| |Roman| |Prefect| |under| |Augustus,| |9| |-| |12| |A.D.||prutah|
Marcus Ambibulus was Roman Prefect of the province of Judea and Samaria. Originally a cavalry officer, he succeeded Coponius in 9 A.D. and ruled the area until 12 or 13 A.D. when he was succeeded by Annius Rufus. Josephus noted his tenure in Jewish Antiquities 18.31.
JD98807. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6358; Meshorer TJC 313; RPC I 4955; Sofaer, pl. 219, 3; BMC Palestine p. 248, 9, VF, applied patina, weight 2.130 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 315o, Jerusalem mint, 9 A.D.; obverse KAICAPOC (of Caesar), head of barley curved right; reverse eight-branched date palm tree, bearing two bunches of dates, L - ΛΘ (year 39) across field divided by trunk; from an Israeli collection; $225.00 SALE PRICE $203.00


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