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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Personifications| ▸ |Foresight||View Options:  |  |  | 

Providence (Providentia)

Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D.

Click for a larger photoGordian IIIGordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D.
Providentia is the personification of the ability to foresee and to make provision for the future. This ability was considered essential for the emperor and providentia was among the embodiments of virtues that were part of the imperial cult. Cicero said that providentia, memoria (memory) and intellegentia (understanding) are the three main components of prudentia, the knowledge what is good or bad or neither.
SH94301. Gold aureus, RIC IV 23 (R), Calic 3213, Cohen IV 195, SRCV III 8579, Hunter - (p. lxxxiii), gVF, well centered and struck, flow lines, bumps, light scrape on obverse, weight 4.732 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Rome mint, special emission, early 239 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse P M TR P II COS P P (high priest, holder of Tribunitian power for two years, consul, father of the country), Providentia standing left, globe in right hand, transverse scepter in left; scarce; $4700.00 (4230.00)
Gordian IIIGordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D. Gordian IIIGordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D.


Balbinus, 22 April - 29 July 238 A.D.

Click for a larger photoBalbinusBalbinus, 22 April - 29 July 238 A.D.
Providentia is the personification of the ability to foresee and make provision. She was among the embodiments of virtues that were part of the Imperial cult of ancient Rome. Providentia apparently did not favor Balbinus. If he had a little foresight, he would have modified the chain of events that led to his murder after a reign of only 99 days.
SH92614. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 19, BMCRE VI 34, Cohen V 24 (12 fr.), Hunter III 19, SRCV III 8499, Choice gVF, well centered, excellent portrait, squared flan as typical for the period, some light corrosion, tiny edge crack, weight 21.840 g, maximum diameter 31.4 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 22 Apr - 29 Jul 238 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES D CAEL BALBINVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from the front; reverse PROVIDENTIA DEORVM (to the foresight of the gods), Providentia standing half left, head left, wand downward over globe at feet in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking low across field; from the Errett Bishop Collection, ex H. Donald Collection; scarce; $1200.00 (1080.00)
BalbinusBalbinus, 22 April - 29 July 238 A.D. BalbinusBalbinus, 22 April - 29 July 238 A.D.


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

Click for a larger photoCarausiusRomano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.
In The Reign and Coinage of Carausius, Percy Webb wrote that for Carausius, "...the type Providentia appears with some twenty-four varieties of reverse legend, while the joint effect of obverse and reverse variations of legend and type is to produce upwards of eighty varieties of coins dedicated to that divinity."
RA73496. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 364 (S), SRCV IV 13683, Webb Carausius 420, Hunter IV - (p. ccvi), Askew -, Bicester -, Linchmere -, Carausius Hoard -, Burton Latimer -, aVF, well centered, green patina, rough from corrosion, weight 3.096 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 225o, Camulodunum (Colchester, England) mint, 292 - 293 A.D.; obverse IMP C CARAVSIVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, late reign tetrarchic portrait type; reverse PROVID AVGGG (the foresight of the three emperors), Providentia standing half left, staff in right hand grounded between feet and globe on the ground left, cornucopia in left hand, S-P flanking low across field, C in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; scarce; $150.00 (135.00)
CarausiusRomano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D. CarausiusRomano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

Click for a larger photoCarausiusRomano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.
In The Reign and Coinage of Carausius, Percy Webb wrote that for Carausius, "...the type Providentia appears with some twenty-four varieties of reverse legend, while the joint effect of obverse and reverse variations of legend and type is to produce upwards of eighty varieties of coins dedicated to that divinity."
RA73503. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 152 (R2), SRCV IV 13697, Webb Carausius 178, Bourne 33, Askew 183, Hunter IV - (p. ccii), aVF, good portrait, mottled green patina, tight flan, rough, pitting smoothed to remove corrosion, weight 3.526 g, maximum diameter 21.9 mm, die axis 180o, Londinium (London, England) mint, 292 - 293 A.D.; obverse IMP C CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PROVIDEN AVGGG (the foresight of the three emperors), Providentia standing left with baton and cornucopia, globe at feet left, S - P across fields, MLXXI in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; rare; $150.00 (135.00)
CarausiusRomano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D. CarausiusRomano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

Click for a larger photoCarausiusRomano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.
In The Reign and Coinage of Carausius, Percy Webb wrote that for Carausius, "...the type Providentia appears with some twenty-four varieties of reverse legend, while the joint effect of obverse and reverse variations of legend and type is to produce upwards of eighty varieties of coins dedicated to that divinity."
RA73262. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 347, SRCV IV 13679, Webb Carausius -, Hunter IV - (p. ccvi), Bourne Carausius -, Linchmere -, Burton Latimer -, Bicester -, VF/F, choice obverse - well centered and nice portrait, weak reverse, green patina, light corrosion, weight 3.601 g, maximum diameter 23.1 mm, die axis 180o, Camulodunum (Colchester, England) mint, c. mid 292 - early summer 293; obverse IMP C CARAVSIVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, middle/tetrarchic portrait; reverse PROVID AVG (the foresight of the Emperor), Providentia standing left, grounded staff in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S-P in fields, C in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; $145.00 (130.50)
CarausiusRomano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D. CarausiusRomano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.

Click for a larger photoCaracallaCaracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.
Providentia is the personification of the ability to foresee and to make provision for the future. This ability was considered essential for the emperor and providentia was among the embodiments of virtues that were part of the imperial cult. Cicero said that providentia, memoria (memory) and intellegentia (understanding) are the three main components of prudentia, the knowledge what is good or bad or neither.
RB92486. Bronze as, RIC IV 519 (S); Hunter III 83; BMCRE V p. 412, 259; Cohen IV 533, SRCV II -, VF, nice style, corrosion, small edge splits, weight 9.631 g, maximum diameter 25.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 211 - 213 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right; reverse PROVIDENTIAE DEORVM (to the foresight of the gods), Providentia standing facing, head left, baton in right hand held over globe at feet, long scepter vertical in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking low across field; from the Errett Bishop Collection; scarce; $120.00 (108.00)
CaracallaCaracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D. CaracallaCaracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D., EQVITI Series II of Ticinum, Q, SXXI

Click for a larger photoProbusProbus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D., EQVITI Series II of Ticinum, Q, SXXI
Ticinum mint EQVITI series II - click EQVITI to read the NumisWiki article, Coins of Probus with Coded Markings of EQVITI Embedded in the mint mark. The Q on the reverse is the second letter of the codeword EQVITI, referring to the cavalry. The S in the exergue indicates the second officina (mint workshop). Each officina was assigned letter of the codeword EQVITI corresponding to their officina number. With six coins, one coin from each of the six officina, you can spell out the "secret" codeword.
RA92849. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 489, Cohen VI 481, Hunter IV -, SRCV III -, Choice VF, well centered, some silvering remaining, scratches, flan crack, weight 3.260 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 0o, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 281 A.D.; obverse IMP C PROBVS P F AVG, radiate bust left, wearing imperial mantle with Medusa on chest, eagle-tipped scepter in right; reverse PROVIDENT AVG (the foresight of the Emperor), Providentia standing slightly left, head left, globe in right hand, transverse scepter in left hand, Q in left field, SXXI in exergue; $110.00 (99.00)
ProbusProbus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D., EQVITI Series II of Ticinum, Q, SXXI ProbusProbus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D., EQVITI Series II of Ticinum, Q, SXXI


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

Click for a larger photoCarausiusRomano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.
Colchester (Camulodunum) and its wall were rebuilt by the Romans after Queen Boudica led a rebellion in A.D. 60 and destroyed the town. Balkerne Gate in Colchester is the largest Roman arch in Britain. Balkerne Gate Colchester
RA73257. Billon antoninianus, Webb Carausius 416, RIC V-2 358, Cohen VII 261, SRCV IV 13681 var. (S-C), Hunter IV 122 var. (same), VF, green patina, well centered, bumps, marks and scratches, weight 3.224 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 180o, Camulodunum (Colchester, England) mint, c. 292 - early 293 A.D.; obverse IMP C CARAVSIVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, late reign tetrarchic portrait type; reverse PROVID AVG (the foresight of the Emperor), Providentia standing left, globe in right hand, long transverse scepter in left hand, S - P flanking across field at center, C in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; $80.00 (72.00)
CarausiusRomano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D. CarausiusRomano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

Click for a larger photoCarausiusRomano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.
In The Reign and Coinage of Carausius, Percy Webb wrote that Providentia types are very common, but those reading PROVIDEN are rare.
RA73472. Billon antoninianus, Webb Carausius 175 (draped, no cuirass) or 176 (also cuirassed), RIC V-2 149 (S), SRCV IV 13694, Askew 182, Hunter IV -, VF, green patina, well centered on a tight flan, areas weakly struck, bumps and marks, weight 3.155 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 180o, Londinium (London, England) mint, c. late 289/290 - 290/291; obverse IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped (and cuirassed?) bust right, middle reign portrait type; reverse PROVIDENT AVG (the foresight of the Emperor), Providentia standing left, globe in right hand, long transverse scepter in left hand, B - E across fields, MLXXI in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; scarce; $70.00 (63.00)
CarausiusRomano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D. CarausiusRomano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

Click for a larger photoCarausiusRomano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.
The plural AVGGG in the reverse legend refers to Diocletian, Maximian and Carausius in a futile attempt to appease the legitimate mainland rulers.
RA73292. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 347, SRCV IV 13679, Askew 250, Webb Carausius -, Cohen VII -, Hunter IV -, aVF, some silvering remaining, green patina, patina chips, edge chips, weight 2.383 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 180o, Camulodunum (Colchester, England) mint, c. 292 - early 293 A.D.; obverse IMP C CARAVSIVS AVG, radiate and draped right, tetrarchic portrait type; reverse PROVID AVGGG (the foresight of the three emperors), Providentia standing half left, staff in right hand held vertically downward between globe on ground on left and right foot, cornucopia in left hand, S-P flanking low across field, C in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; $60.00 (54.00)
CarausiusRomano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D. CarausiusRomano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.







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Providence