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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Gods, Non-Olympian| ▸ |Osiris||View Options:  |  |  | 

Osiris

Osiris was the Egyptian god of the afterlife, the underworld and the dead. Osiris was also associated with the cycles of nature, in particular vegetation and the annual flooding of the Nile. He is classically depicted as a green-skinned man with a pharaoh's beard, partially mummy-wrapped at the legs, wearing a distinctive crown with two large ostrich feathers at either side, and holding a symbolic crook and flail. Osiris was the oldest son of the Earth god Geb, and the sky goddess Nut, the brother and husband of Isis, and father of Horus. The Kings of Egypt were associated with Osiris in death - as Osiris rose from the dead they would, in union with him, inherit eternal life through a process of imitative magic. By the New Kingdom all people, not just pharaohs, were believed to be associated with Osiris at death if they incurred the costs of the assimilation rituals.

Egyptian Faience Ushabti, 30th Dynasty - Ptolemaic Period, c. 380 - 200 B.C.

|Shabtis|, |Egyptian| |Faience| |Ushabti,| |30th| |Dynasty| |-| |Ptolemaic| |Period,| |c.| |380| |-| |200| |B.C.|
AB31059. 11 cm (4 1/4") high, turquoise faience, Osirian form, holding pick and hoe, seed basket over left shoulder, back pillar, uninscribed, Choice, SOLD


Egyptian Faience Ushabti Inscribed "The Osiris, Hemka Nefer," 30th Dynasty to Ptolemaic Period, c. 664 - 100 B.C.

|Shabtis|, |Egyptian| |Faience| |Ushabti| |Inscribed| |"The| |Osiris,| |Hemka| |Nefer,"| |30th| |Dynasty| |to| |Ptolemaic| |Period,| |c.| |664| |-| |100| |B.C.|
Smaller ushabtis are often inscribed "the Osiris" followed by the name of the deceased. Hemka literally means priest and Nefer means good or perfect. Osiris is called "Osiris Hemka" in a sacred text where he begets a son with Isis (who is flying over him as a hawk while he reclines on a lion couch). The inscription may read, "The Osiris, the perfect priest" or more likely reads, "The Osiris" followed by the name of the desceased, "Hemka Nefer."
AW31071. Aquamarine faience, Osirian form, holding pick and hoe, back pillar; a bit carelessly made, 8.4 cm (3 1/4") high, Choice, SOLD


Egyptian, Late Period - Ptolemaic Period, Bronze Figure of Osiris, 664 - 30 B.C.

|Amulets|, |Egyptian,| |Late| |Period| |-| |Ptolemaic| |Period,| |Bronze| |Figure| |of| |Osiris,| |664| |-| |30| |B.C.|
Osiris is the god of fertility, agriculture, the afterlife, the dead, resurrection, life, and vegetation in ancient Egyptian religion. He was classically depicted as a green-skinned deity with a pharaoh's beard, partially mummy-wrapped at the legs, wearing a distinctive atef crown, and holding a symbolic crook and flail. He was one of the first to be associated with the mummy wrap. When his brother Set cut him up into pieces after killing him, Osiris' wife Isis found all the pieces and wrapped his body up, enabling him to return to life. Osiris was widely worshiped until the decline of ancient Egyptian religion during the rise of Christianity in the Roman Empire. Through the hope of new life after death, Osiris began to be associated with the cycles in nature, in particular the sprouting of vegetation and the annual flooding of the Nile River, as well as the heliacal rising of Orion and Sirius at the start of the new year. He became the sovereign that granted all life, "He Who is Permanently Benign and Youthful." Some Egyptologists believe the Osiris mythos may have originated in a former living ruler possibly a shepherd who lived in Predynastic times (55003100 BC) in the Nile Delta, whose beneficial rule led to him being revered as a god. The accoutrements of the shepherd, the crook and the flail, support this theory.
AS30995. Egyptian, Osiris Amulet; cf. Malloy Amulets 157b, Malloy Egyptian 57; height 7 cm (2 3/4"), Collectible condition, original patina, 664 - 30 B.C.; bronze figure of the god Osiris in mummified form wearing Atef-crown with Uraeus, braided beard curved at the tip, holding the royal regalia crock and flail; one-sided (flat reverse); SOLD







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