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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Gods, Non-Olympian| ▸ |Kore||View Options:  |  |  |   

Persephone (Kore)

Persephone, also called Kore, is the daughter of Zeus and the harvest goddess Demeter, and queen of the underworld; she was abducted by Hades, the king of the underworld.


Syracuse, Sicily, Agathokles, 317 - 289 B.C.

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Although Agathocles was brutal in pursuit of power, afterward he was a mild and popular "tyrant." His grandest goal was to establish democracy as the dominant form of government for the world. He did not want his sons to succeed him as king and restored the Syracusan democracy on his death bed.
SH54900. Silver tetradrachm, SNG Lloyd 1494; M. Ierardi, Tetradrachms of Agathokles of Syracuse, AJN N.S. 7-8, 1996, 238, choice gVF, weight 16.445 g, maximum diameter 25.4 mm, die axis 180o, 305 - 295 B.C.; obverse KOPAΣ, head of Kore left, wreathed in grain; reverse AΓA[ΘOKΛEIOΣ], Nike standing half right raising trophy, hammer in right, triskeles at feet left; ex Tom Cederlind, ex MŁnzen Und Medaillen List 260 (1965), #17; rare with head left; SOLD


Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D., Stobi, Macedonia, The Rape of Persephone

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Beautiful Persephone lived a peaceful life far away from the other deities, a goddess within Nature herself before the days of planting seeds and nurturing plants. She was innocently picking flowers when Hades, god of the Underworld, burst through a cleft in the earth and abducted her. While Demeter searched desperately for her daughter she neglected the earth and caused nothing to grow. Zeus, pressed by the cries of hungry people, determined to force Hades to return Persephone. However, Hades had tricked Persephone into eating pomegranate seeds, and because anyone who consumed food or drink in the Underworld was doomed to spend eternity there, she is forced return to the underworld for a period each year. Explaining the seasons, when Demeter and her daughter are reunited, the Earth flourishes with vegetation and color, but for the months each year when Persephone returns to the underworld, the earth becomes barren.
RP55006. Bronze AE 26, Josifovski 153, Varbanov III 3934, Mionnet Supp III 691, AMNG III -, SNG Cop -, aVF, weight 9.766 g, maximum diameter 26.3 mm, die axis 180o, Stobi mint, obverse IVLIA AVGVSTA, draped bust right; reverse MVNICIPI STOBEN, Hades driving quadriga right, Persephone in right hand, scepter in left hand; scarce; SOLD


Syracuse, Sicily, Agathokles, 317 - 289 B.C.

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With an army of mercenaries, through deceit, and after banishing or murdering some 10,000 citizens, Agathocles made himself master of Syracuse and later most of Sicily. Machiavelli wrote of him, "It cannot be called prowess to kill fellow-citizens, to betray friends, to be treacherous, pitiless, and irreligious" and cited him as an example of "those who by their crimes come to be princes." According to the historian Justin, very early in life Agathocles parlayed his remarkable beauty into a career as a prostitute, first for men, and later, after puberty, for women, and then made a living by robbery before becoming a soldier and marrying a rich widow.
GB26692. Bronze AE 16, SGCV I 1195, nice gVF, weight 2.826 g, maximum diameter 16.3 mm, die axis 45o, Syracuse mint, 317 - 289 B.C.; obverse ΣYPAKOΣIΩN, head of Kore left, wreathed with grain; reverse bull butting left, Λ? below; tight flan, minor pitting, excellent style, attractive patina; SOLD


Syracuse, Sicily, Hiketas, 287 - 278 B.C.

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Hicetas was the tyrant of Syracuse for about nine years. The only recorded events during his rule are his victory over Phintias, tyrant of Agrigentum, and his defeat to the Carthaginians at the river Terias. He was expelled from Syracuse by Thynion shortly before Pyrrhus arrived in Sicily.
GB66880. Bronze AE 23, Calciati II p. 263, 125; SGCV I 1209, EF, weight 11.121 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 0o, Syracuse mint, 287 - 278 B.C.; obverse ΣYPAKOΣΩN, head of Kore left, wreathed in grain; reverse Nike diving biga right, whip in right, reins in left; SOLD


Syracuse, Sicily, Agathokles, 317 - 310 B.C.

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With an army of mercenaries, through deceit, and after banishing or murdering some 10,000 citizens, Agathocles made himself master of Syracuse and later most of Sicily. Machiavelli wrote of him, "It cannot be called prowess to kill fellow-citizens, to betray friends, to be treacherous, pitiless, and irreligious" and cited him as an example of "those who by their crimes come to be princes." According to the historian Justin, very early in life Agathocles parlayed his remarkable beauty into a career as a prostitute, first for men, and later, after puberty, for women, and then made a living by robbery before becoming a soldier and marrying a rich widow.
SH52068. Bronze hemilitron, Calciati II p. 215, 96 Ds14 R12; BMC Sicily p. 193, 356; SNG ANS 561; SGCV I 1195 var. (grain kernel on obv, NI on rev), VF, chipped, weight 10.908 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 195o, Syracuse mint, 317 - 310 B.C.; obverse ΣYPAKOΣIΩN, head of Kore left, wreathed with grain, star behind; reverse bull butting left, dolphin above and below, AI below upper dolphin; ex D.F. Grotjohann, Munich with their tag priced at 350 Euros, nice glossy black patina; SOLD


Kyzikos, Mysia, c. 98 - 117 A.D.

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In the religions of the Orphics and the Platonists, Kore is described as the all-pervading goddess of nature who both produces and destroys everything, and she is therefore mentioned along with or identified as other such divinities including Isis, Rhea, Ge, Hestia, Pandora, Artemis, and Hecate. The Orphic Persephone is said to have become by Zeus the mother of Dionysus, Iacchus, Zagreus, and the little-attested Melinoe.
GB89729. Bronze AE 24, RPC Online III 1497 (13 spec.); BMC Mysia p. 40, 168; SNG BnF 520; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -, VF, attractive style, broad flan, areas of mild corrosion, tiny edge crack, weight 5.904 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 195o, Kyzikos (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, time of Trajan, c. 98 - 117 A.D.; obverse bust of Kore Soteira (the savior maiden) right, wreathed with grain, all within a wreath of grain and poppies; reverse flaming torch, a stalk of grain and a stalk of poppy emerging from the top flanking each side of the flame, K-Y/Z-I in two divided lines across field; very rare; SOLD


Syracuse, Sicily, Hiketas, 287 - 278 B.C.

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Persephone (Kore) was the embodiment of the Earth's fertility, Queen of the Underworld, daughter of Demeter and Zeus and the consort of Hades.
SH58642. Bronze AE 23, Calciati II p. 259, 123, VF, weight 11.375 g, maximum diameter 24.0 mm, die axis 135o, Syracuse mint, 287 - 278 B.C.; obverse ΣYPAKOΣIΩN, head of Kore left, wreathed in grain, stalk of grain behind; reverse Nike diving biga right, whip in right, reins in left, star above; SOLD


Syracuse, Sicily, Hiketas II, 287 - 278 B.C.

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Persephone (Kore) was the embodiment of the Earth's fertility, Queen of the Underworld, daughter of Demeter and Zeus and the consort of Hades.
GI76953. Bronze litra, SNG ANS 763 var. (obv. control torch); Calciati II p. 259, 123 var. (rev. controls not listed); SNG Cop 806 var. (head right, torch); HGC 2 1466 (S), VF, tight flan, die wear, weight 9.131 g, maximum diameter 24.2 mm, Syracuse mint, 287 - 283 B.C.; obverse ΣYPAKOΣIΩN, head of Kore left, wreathed in grain, star of eight rays above, stalk of grain (control symbol) behind; reverse Nike diving fast biga right, whip in right, reins in left, star above, YE ligature (control symbol) and X (control letter) in exergue; rare variant; SOLD


Syracuse, Sicily, Agathokles, 317 - 289 B.C.

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In 311 B.C., Agathocles, the tyrant of Syracuse, invaded the Carthaginian holdings on Sicily and laid siege to Akragas. Hamilcar led the Carthaginian response, and by 310 controlled almost all of Sicily and laid siege to Syracuse itself. In desperation, Agathocles secretly led an expedition of 14,000 men to Africa, hoping to save his rule by leading a counter-strike against Carthage itself. Carthage was forced to recall Hamilcar and most of his army from Sicily. Agathocles was eventually defeated in 307 B.C., but he escaped back to Sicily and negotiated a peace which maintained Syracuse as a stronghold of Greek power in Sicily.
SH55999. Bronze AE 16, Calciati II p. 239, 110 Ds11 Rl 38 (astragalus); SNG Cop 762 (astragalus?); SNG MŁnchen 1245 (lion head), gVF, scratches, weight 3.442 g, maximum diameter 16.3 mm, die axis 0o, Syracuse mint, c. 317 - 310 B.C.; obverse head of Kore-Persephone left, wreathed in grain, astragalus (or lion's head left) right behind; reverse ΣYPAKOΣIΩN (in exergue), bull butting left, E/Λ monogram above; SOLD


Syracuse, Sicily, Hiketas, 287 - 278 B.C.

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Persephone (Kore) was the embodiment of the Earth's fertility, Queen of the Underworld, daughter of Demeter and Zeus and the consort of Hades.
GB63739. Bronze AE 23, SNG ANS 763; Calciati II p. 259, 123 var. (controls), Nice VF, glossy "Tiber" patina, weight 8.261 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 0o, Syracuse mint, 287 - 283 B.C.; obverse ΣYPAKOΣIΩN, head of Kore left, wreathed in grain, stalk of grain (control symbol) behind; reverse Nike diving fast biga right, whip in right, reins in left, star above, YE ligature (control symbol) and X (control letter) in exergue; rare variant; SOLD




  




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Persephone (Kore)