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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |History| ▸ |Diodochi||View Options:  |  |  | 

The Diadochi - Successors of Alexander

Alexander the Great, undefeated in battle and one of the greatest military commanders of all time, through conquest created one of the largest empires in ancient history. He died, unexpectedly, at only 32 years of age. After a night of heavy drinking which continued into the following day, he developed a fever, which grew steadily worse until he died 12 days later, on 10 or 11 June 323 B.C. According to Diodorus, when Alexander was on his deathbed, his companions asked to whom he bequeathed his kingdom; his laconic reply was, "to the strongest."

The Diadochi (from the Greek diadoxoi = successors) were the strongest, the men in power that controlled and fought over Alexander's Empire following his unexpected death. The struggle would be ruthless and began almost immediatly. Alexander's family and his military leaders split the empire, and the quarreling, murder, and war lasted for decades, for as long as the Diadochi lived. Even after their deaths, their descendants, the Seleucid and Ptolemaic kings continued sporadic fighting until the 2nd Century B.C. In the end, only the Pax Romana would end the violent struggles of Alexander's successors.

Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312 - 281 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Seleukos| |I| |Nikator,| |312| |-| |281| |B.C.||tetradrachm|
The erased control marks from the previous issues (SC 69.4-6) are visible in the left field. This specimen appears to be the only example known with these control marks.
SH26069. Silver tetradrachm, Houghton 938 (this coin), Houghton-Lorber I 69.7, aEF, weight 16.743 g, maximum diameter 26.1 mm, die axis 270o, Babylonia, uncertain mint, 305 - 281 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean lion scalp headdress; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY, Zeus seated left on throne, right leg drawn back, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, Π left (engraved over erased AΣT, anchor and MB monogram), A under throne; ex Houghton Collection; extremely rare; SOLD

Kingdom of Thrace, Lysimachos, 305 - 281 B.C., Portrait of Alexander the Great

|Kingdom| |of| |Thrace|, |Kingdom| |of| |Thrace,| |Lysimachos,| |305| |-| |281| |B.C.,| |Portrait| |of| |Alexander| |the| |Great||tetradrachm|
Lysimachus, a bodyguard for Alexander the Great, was made a strategos (general) after Alexander's death. He became one of the diadochi (successors) of Alexander who divided the empire and continually allied and warred with each other. In 305, he took the title of basileus (king), ruling Thrace, Asia Minor and Macedonia. He was killed in battle against Seleucus.
SH11222. Silver tetradrachm, Müller 321, SGCV II 6814 var, VF, weight 16.54 g, maximum diameter 30.0 mm, die axis 0o, Ionia, Magnesia ad Maeandrum (near Tekin, Turkey) mint, 297 - 281 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Alexander the Great wearing the horn of Ammon; reverse Athena Nikephoros enthroned left, Nike crowning name in extended right hand, left arm rests on grounded round shield decorated with Gorgoneion, transverse spear against right side, BAΣIΛEΩΣ (king) downward on right, ΛYΣIMAXOY (Lysimachos) downward on left, monogram left, Φ inner left; SOLD

Macedonian Kingdom, The Interregnum, 288 - 277 B.C.

|Macedonian| |Kingdom|, |Macedonian| |Kingdom,| |The| |Interregnum,| |288| |-| |277| |B.C.||AE| |14|
An unusual variety with only four sets of crescents on the obverse and ∆ below on the reverse
GB80404. Bronze AE 14, cf. SNG Cop 119 (uncertain control), SNG Alpha Bank 821 var. (no control), HGC 3.1 956, VF, weight 4.704 g, maximum diameter 14.4 mm, obverse Macedonian shield, thunderbolt in center, four sets of double arcs over a crescent and four groups of five pellets alternating around; reverse crested Macedonian officer's helmet facing, flanked by B - A (BASILEWS ALEXANDROU, King Alexander), ∆ (control) below; SOLD


The Diodochi

Phillip III Arrhidaeus Ptolemy I Soter Seleukos I Nikator Demetrios Poliorketes Lysimachos
Catalog current as of Tuesday, September 21, 2021.
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