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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |History| ▸ |Diodochi||View Options:  |  |  | 

The Diadochi - Successors of Alexander

Alexander the Great, undefeated in battle and one of the greatest military commanders of all time, through conquest created one of the largest empires in ancient history. He died, unexpectedly, at only 32 years of age. After a night of heavy drinking which continued into the following day, he developed a fever, which grew steadily worse until he died 12 days later, on 10 or 11 June 323 B.C. According to Diodorus, when Alexander was on his deathbed, his companions asked to whom he bequeathed his kingdom; his laconic reply was, "to the strongest."

The Diadochi (from the Greek diadoxoi = successors) were the strongest, the men in power that controlled and fought over Alexander's Empire following his unexpected death. The struggle would be ruthless and began almost immediatly. Alexander's family and his military leaders split the empire, and the quarreling, murder, and war lasted for decades, for as long as the Diadochi lived. Even after their deaths, their descendants, the Seleucid and Ptolemaic kings continued sporadic fighting until the 2nd Century B.C. In the end, only the Pax Romana would end the violent struggles of Alexander's successors.

Kingdom of Thrace, Lysimachos, 305 - 281 B.C.

|Kallatis|, |Kingdom| |of| |Thrace,| |Lysimachos,| |305| |-| |281| |B.C.||AE| |13|
Lysimachus, one of Alexander the Great's personal bodyguards, was appointed strategos (general) in Thrace and Chersonesos after Alexander's death. He became one of the diadochi (successors of Alexander) who were initially generals and governors, but who continuously allied and warred with each other and eventually divided the empire. In 309, he founded his capital Lysimachia in a commanding situation on the neck connecting the Chersonesos with the mainland. In 306, he followed the example of Antigonus in taking the title of king, ruling Thrace, Asia Minor and Macedonia. In 281, he was killed in battle against Seleucus, another successor of Alexander.
GB92902. Bronze AE 13, Müller pl. XLII, 14, SNG Cop 1168, SGCV II 6822, VF, dark green patina, scratches, earthen deposits, a few patina, weight 2.733 g, maximum diameter 12.8 mm, die axis 180o, Kallatis (Mangalia, Romania) mint, c. 297 - 281 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right clad in Nemean Lion's scalp headdress; reverse BAΣI/ΛYΣI within a wreath of grain; $90.00 (€82.80)
 


Kingdom of Thrace, Lysimachos, 305 - 281 B.C.

|Kingdom| |of| |Thrace|, |Kingdom| |of| |Thrace,| |Lysimachos,| |305| |-| |281| |B.C.||AE| |20|
Athena is the Greek goddess of wisdom, courage, inspiration, civilization, law and justice, strategic warfare, mathematics, strength, strategy, the arts, crafts, and skill. She was believed to lead soldiers into battle as the war goddess Athena Promachos. The Parthenon on the Athenian Acropolis was dedicated to her, along with numerous other temples and monuments across Europe, West Asia, and North Africa. Her usual attribute is the owl and Nike is her frequent companion.
GB87740. Bronze AE 20, SNG Cop 1164, Lindgren I 908, Müller 13, HGC 3.2 1755 (S), VF, nice glossy green patina, bumps and scratches, small edge split, weight 4.968 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain W. Anatolian mint, 301 - 281 B.C.; obverse male head right, wearing Phrygian helmet; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, trophy of captured arms, arranged to resemble Athena Parthenos standing left, with helmet, shield, and spear; scarce; $65.00 (€59.80)
 


Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312 - 281 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Seleukos| |I| |Nikator,| |312| |-| |281| |B.C.||tetradrachm|
The erased control marks from the previous issues (SC 69.4-6) are visible in the left field. This specimen appears to be the only example known with these control marks.
SH26069. Silver tetradrachm, Houghton 938 (this coin), Houghton-Lorber I 69.7, aEF, weight 16.743 g, maximum diameter 26.1 mm, die axis 270o, Babylonia, uncertain mint, 305 - 281 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean lion scalp headdress; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY, Zeus seated left on throne, right leg drawn back, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, Π left (engraved over erased AΣT, anchor and MB monogram), A under throne; ex Houghton Collection; extremely rare; SOLD







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The Diodochi

Phillip III Arrhidaeus Ptolemy I Soter Seleukos I Nikator Demetrios Poliorketes Lysimachos
Catalog current as of Saturday, December 5, 2020.
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