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NEW Otho first appears as one of the most reckless and extravagant of the young nobles who surrounded Nero. This friendship was brought to an end in 58 A.D. At her insistence, Otho introduced his beautiful wife, Poppaea Sabina, to the Emperor. Poppaea soon became Nero's mistress, divorced Otho, and had Nero send Otho away as governor to the remote province of Lusitania. Otho remained in Lusitania for the next ten years, administering the province with a moderation unusual at the time. When in 68 A.D. his neighbor, the future Emperor Galba, the governor of Hispania Tarraconensis, rose in revolt against Nero, Otho accompanied him to Rome. Resentment toward Nero may have impelled him to this course, but he was soon inspired by personal ambition.RS97221. Silver denarius, RIC I 8 (R2), RSC II 17, BMCRE I 18, BnF III 10, Hunter I C3807, SRCV I 2162, VF, nice portrait, light scratches, die wear, tight flan, weight 2.552 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, Feb-Mar 69 A.D.; obverse IMP M OTHO CAESAR AVG TR P, bare head right; reverse SECVRITAS P R (security of the people of Rome), Securitas standing slightly left, head left, raising wreath in right hand, long scepter in left hand; ex Leu Numismatik auction 12 (30 May 2020), lot 1077; rare; $1100.00 SALE |PRICE| $990.00
Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D.
Providentia is the personification of the ability to foresee and to make provision for the future. This ability was considered essential for the emperor and providentia was among the embodiments of virtues that were part of the imperial cult. Cicero said that providentia, memoria (memory) and intellegentia (understanding) are the three main components of prudentia, the knowledge what is good or bad or neither.RB95780. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC II-3 260 (S), BMCRE III 1203, Hunter II 358, SRCV II 3625, Cohen II 1207 var. (no drapery), Choice aEF, dark patina, light deposits, spots of corrosion, weight 27.215 g, maximum diameter 35.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 119 A.D.; obverse IMP CAESAR TRAIANVS HADRIANVS AVG P M TR P COS III, laureate bust right, bare chest, slight drapery on left shoulder; reverse PROVIDENTIA DEORVM (to the foresight of the gods), Hadrian standing facing, togate, lituus (or scroll?) in left hand, head left looking at eagle flying right with scepter held in talons, extending right hand to receive scepter from eagle, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field; scarce; $990.00 SALE |PRICE| $891.00
Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D.
NEW In 36 A.D., Herod Antipas suffered major losses in a war with Aretas IV of Nabataea, provoked partly by Antipas' divorce of Aretas' daughter. According to Josephus, Herod's defeat was popularly believed to be divine punishment for his execution of John the Baptist. Tiberius ordered Vitellius, the governor of Syria, to capture or kill Aretas, but Vitellius was reluctant to support Herod and abandoned his campaign upon Tiberius' death in 37.RS97220. Silver denarius, Giard Lyon, group 6, 154; RIC I 30 (C); BMCRE I 60; RSC II 16a; SRCV I 1763, VF, excellent portrait with high relief for this type, marks, reverse a little flatly struck, off center,, weight 3.086 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 180o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, c. 36 - 37 A.D.; obverse TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, laureate head right, laurel wreath ties fall stiffly, Tiberius features are older and have become caricatures; reverse PONTIF MAXIM (high priest), Pax (or Livia as Pax) seated right on chair with decorated legs, a single line below, long scepter vertical behind in her right hand, branch in left hand, feet on footstool; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 88 (5 Apr 2020), lot 602; $550.00 SALE |PRICE| $495.00
Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D.
NEW Curtis Clay suggests that this issue was struck in preparation for Commodus' proposed visit to Alexandria, prior to his assassination.RS96923. Silver denarius, Bickford-Smith p. 54, note 7; RIC III -; MIR -; BMCRE -; RSC -, aVF, well centered on a tight flan, toned, small edge cracks, weight 2.588 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, late 192 A.D.; obverse IM COMM ANTONINVS PIVS TR P II, laureate head right; reverse LIB AVG P M TR P XVIII COS VII P P, Libertas standing slightly left, head left, pileus (freedom cap - worn by freed slaves) in right hand, vindicta (rod) in vertical in left hand, star upper left field; very rare; $500.00 SALE |PRICE| $450.00
Macrinus, 11 April 217 - 8 June 218 A.D.
Macrinus was Praetorian Prefect for Caracalla but arranged Caracalla's assassination and seized power. He and his son were accepted by the senate. The Syrian legions, inspired by Julia Maesa, Caracalla's aunt, revolted after he concluded an unfavorable peace with the Persians. He was defeated and executed.SL92493. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 121 (S), BMCRE V 113, Cohen IV 79, SRCV II 7391, Hunter III -, NGC F, strike 4/5, surface 1/5, scratches (577028-007), weight 19.150 g, maximum diameter 30.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 11 Apr 217 - 31 Dec 217 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right, from the front; reverse PONTIF MAX TR P P P (high priest, holder of Tribunitian power, father of the country), Felicitas standing facing, head left, long caduceus in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, drapery over left arm, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field below center; from the Errett Bishop Collection; NGC| Lookup; $290.00 SALE |PRICE| $261.00
Roman Republic, Anonymous, 211 - 206 B.C.
NEW The Roman denarius was introduced in 211 B.C., initially weighing about 4.5 grams. The word denarius is derived from the Latin deni "containing ten," as its value was 10 asses, although in the middle of the 2nd century B.C. it was revalued to 16 asses or four sestertii. The denarius was the most common Roman coin for centuries but was slowly debased in weight and silver content until its replacement by the double denarius, called the antoninianus, early in the 3rd century A.D.RR93653. Silver denarius, cf. Crawford 53/2, Sydenham 270, Russo RBW 192, RSC I 2, SRCV I 38,, VF, old collection toning, obverse well centered, reverse slightly off center, weight 3.542 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, 211 - 206 B.C.; obverse head of Roma right, wearing winged helmet with a three piece peaked visor and ornamented with a griffin head, single drop earring and necklace, X behind, border of dots, griffin tufts widely spaced; reverse Dioscuri on horseback rearing right, wearing pilei with two stars above, holding couched spears, chlamys flying behind, ROMA in exergue within a linear frame (no line below), all within a linear border; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $250.00 SALE |PRICE| $225.00
Roman Republic, L. Postumius Albinus, 131 B.C.
NEW In 131 B.C., the tribune Gaius Papirius Carbo passed a measure allowing the use of secret ballots in legislative assemblies.RR97229. Silver denarius, Crawford 252/1, Sydenham 472, RSC Postumia 1, BMCRR Rome 1129, Russo RBW 1035, SRCV I 128, Choice VF, bold high relief (normal for this issue), well centered, light tone on some luster, weight 3.940 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 270o, Rome mint, 131 B.C.; obverse head of Roma right, wearing winged helmet with three-piece peaked visor and griffin head ornament, triple drop earring and necklace, hair falling in three locks, apex (priest's cap) behind, X (XVI monogram, mark of value) below; reverse Mars driving galloping quadriga right; wearing military garb, trophy in right hand; shield, spear, and reins in left hand; L•POST•ALB (ALB ligate) below, ROMA in exergue; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 90 (7 Jun 2020), lot 390; $250.00 SALE |PRICE| $225.00
Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D.
Julia Domna was born in Emesa (now Homs), Syria in 170 A.D. She was the youngest daughter of high-priest Julius Bassianus, a descendant of the Royal House of Emesa. Emesa was famous for its Temple of the Sun, the center of worship for the ancient pagan cult El-Gebal (or Elagabal). El-Gebal, worshiped in the form of a conical black stone, was the Aramaic name for the Syrian Sun God and means God of the Mountain. Emesa was also the birthplace of three other Roman empresses, Julia Maesa, Julia Mamaea and Julia Soaemias, and one emperor, Julia Domna's nephew, Elagabalus.RS92345. Silver denarius, RIC IV S627 (S); RSC III 103; BMCRE V p. 104, 418; SRCV II 6591, F, off center, minor encrustations, edge cracks, weight 3.225 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180o, Emesa (Homs, Syria) mint, 194 - 195 A.D.; obverse IVLIA DOMNA AVG, draped bust right; reverse LIBERAL • AVG, Liberalitas standing slightly left, polos or kalathos on head, counting board in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; only one sale in the last two decades recorded on Coin Archives (an ex Forum coin!); rare; $240.00 SALE |PRICE| $216.00
Herennius Etruscus, Early 251 - First Half of June 251 A.D.
The reverse legend dedicates this coin to the Prince of Youth, Herennius Etruscus. When Augustus ruled Rome, he was not called emperor or king, he was the Princeps, the "first of men." In the empire, the designated successors to the emperor were named caesar and also given the title Princeps Juventutis, the "first of youths." This is the origin of the English word prince, meaning the son of a monarch.RB95775. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV Decius 171a (R), Cohen V 28, Banti 6, Hunter III 22, SRCV III 9534, aVF/F, excellent portrait, attractive mottled patina, porosity, rough areas, squared flan, reverse legend mostly obscure or off flan, weight 18.297 g, maximum diameter 27.9 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, as caesar, 250 - early 251 A.D.; obverse Q HER ETR MES DECIVS NOB C, bare-headed, draped bust right, from behind; reverse PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS (to the Prince of Youth), Herennius standing left in military dress, rod downward in right, transverse spear in left, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking low across field; rare; $225.00 SALE |PRICE| $203.00
Roman Republic, M. Cipius M.f., 115 or 114 B.C.
NEW In 115 - 114 B.C., Gaius Marius was praetor in Rome and was sent to govern Hispania Lusitania where he defeated local tribes. In 114 B.C., the first temple of Venus was built in Rome.RR97225. Silver denarius, Crawford 289/1, Sydenham 546, BMCRR Italy 522, RSC I Cipia 1, Russo RBW 1118, SRCV I 166, VF, attractive style, light tone, flow lines, light marks, weight 3.863 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 115 or 114 B.C.; obverse M CIPI M F, head of Roma right in winged helmet, X behind; reverse Victory in biga right, raising palm frond tied with a ribbon in right hand, reins in left hand, rudder with tiller to right below horses, ROMA in exergue; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 90 (7 Jun 2020), lot 395; $220.00 SALE |PRICE| $198.00
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