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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Personifications| ▸ |Democracy||View Options:  |  |  | 

Democracy (Demos - The People)

The image of Demos, the personification of the People, was used on ancient coinage as early as the 5th century BC. In Roman times, many towns under Roman domination struck pseudo-autonomous coinage depicting either the bust or head of Demos, or showed him standing with the emperor, Boule, or the Demos of another city. Here we will also include coins that depict personifications of the Senate, citizens councilman (boule), and elders (gerousia), and any coin that depicts voting.

Cotiaeum, Phrygia, c. 235 - 238 A.D.

|Other| |Phrygia|, |Cotiaeum,| |Phrygia,| |c.| |235| |-| |238| |A.D.||AE| |21|
This type is apparently unpublished and perhaps unique. Hermaphilos struck at Cotiaeum as first archon for the second time under Maximinus (see BMC Phrygia p. 172).
RP94282. Bronze AE 21, Apparently unpublished, RPC Online -, ISEGRIM -, BMC Phrygia -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, VF, great portrait, dark brown tone, central depressions, weight 4.396 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 0o, Cotiaeum (Kütahya, Turkey) mint, c. 235 - 238 A.D.; obverse ∆HMOC (Demos), bearded bust of Demos right, slight drapery; reverse EΠI EPMAΦIΛOY APX B (under authority of Hermaphilos archon for the second time), Cybele enthroned left, kalathos on head, phiale in extended right hand, left arm resting on tympanum, lions flanking throne, KOTIAEΩ/N in two lines in exergue; the only specimen of the type known to Forum, ex Numismatik Naumann auction 81 (1 Sept 2019), lot 314; $150.00 (€123.00)
 


Daldis, Lydia, 69 - 79 A.D.

|Other| |Lydia|, |Daldis,| |Lydia,| |69| |-| |79| |A.D.||hemiassarion|
The Zeus who was worshiped at Laodicea was a Hellenized form of the old native god, Mên. Mên had been the king and father of his people. When Greeks settled in the area they continued to worship the god whose power was supreme in the district, but they identified him with their own god Zeus. Thus at Sardis and elsewhere in the region the native god became Zeus Lydios.
GB96503. Bronze hemiassarion, GRPC Lydia 4; RPC Online II 1325 (12 spec.); BMC Lydia p. 70, 2; SNG Cop 110, F, green patina, tight flan cutting off much of legends, legends weak, earthen deposits, weight 3.818 g, maximum diameter 16.5 mm, die axis 0o, Daldis (near Narlïkale, Turkey) mint, time of Vespasian, 69 - 79 A.D.; obverse ΘEON CYNKΛHTON, draped bust of the Senate right; reverse EΠI TI ΦΛA YΛA ΦΛA KAICAP ∆AΛ∆I (struck under Titus Flavius Hylas [at] Flaviocaesaria Daldis), Zeus Lydios standing left, wearing long chiton and himation, eagle in right hand, scepter in left hand; rare; $150.00 (€123.00)
 


Hermokapelia, Lydia, c. 117 - 138 A.D.

|Other| |Lydia|, |Hermokapelia,| |Lydia,| |c.| |117| |-| |138| |A.D.||AE| |16|
Hermokapeleia was east of Pergamon. Hermokapelia has never been officially excavated except for a surface survey. Little is known of the city and the coinage is rare.
RP97869. Bronze AE 16, BMC Lydia p. 100, 11, RPC III Online 1879 (14 spec.); SNG Cop 167; SNGvA -, VF, dark green patina, highlighting red earthen deposits, high points flatly struck, weight 2.994 g, maximum diameter 15.6 mm, die axis 180o, Hermokapelia (near Suleymanköy, Turkey) mint, c. 117 - 138 A.D.; obverse EPMOKAΠHΛITΩN, turreted and draped bust of Roma right, monogram lower right; reverse ΘEON CYN-KΛHTON (N's retrograde), young, draped male bust of the Senate right; rare; $90.00 (€73.80)
 


Pergamon, Mysia, 114 - 116 A.D.

|Pergamon|, |Pergamon,| |Mysia,| |114| |-| |116| |A.D.||AE| |18|
Pergamon, Mysia was the church that needed to repent (Revelation 2:16). According to Christian teaching and tradition, Pergamum is where Satan dwells, where his throne is, and the first bishop of Pergamon, Antipas, was martyred there c. 92 A.D. (Revelation 2:13)
RP97862. Bronze AE 18, RPC Online III 1725; BMC Mysia p. 135, 216; SNGvA 1387, F, dark patina, broad flan, scratches, rough, weight 3.535 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 180o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, strategos Ti. Cl. Meilatos, 114 - 116 A.D.; obverse ΘEON CYNKΛHTON, draped bust of the Roman Senate right, (magistrate's monogram) lower right; reverse ΘEAN PΩMHN, turreted and draped bust of Roma right; $60.00 (€49.20)
 







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REFERENCES|

Kurth, D. Demos|, The Personification of the People. (2010).
Martin, K. Demos, Boule, Gerousia: Personifikationen städtischer Institutionen auf kaiserzeitlichen Münzen aus Kleinasien. (Bonn, 2013).


Catalog current as of Wednesday, June 23, 2021.
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