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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Mints| ▸ |Cologne||View Options:  |  |  |   

Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany)

Colonia Agrippinensis established a mint under Postumous and struck for the subsequent Romano-Gallic usurpers.


Gallic Empire, Marius, May - August or September 269 A.D.

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SH45447. Billon antoninianus, Schulzki 6b (R3), Cohen VI 20, RIC V-2 18 var. (R, bust), Elmer 636 var. (same), Hunter IV 10 var. (same), SRCV III 11122, VF, nice dark sea-green patina, excellent portrait, weight 2.950 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 180o, Mogontiacum (Mainz) or Treveri (Trier) mint, May - Aug/Sep 269 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR MARIVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTO-RI-A AVG, Victory advancing right, raising wreath in right hand, palm frond in left hand; rare; SOLD


Gallic Empire, Marius, May - August or September 269 A.D.

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A blacksmith by trade, Marius worked his way up through the ranks until he was an officer in the Gallic Empire army under Postumus. Upon Postumus' death, Marius seized power but his reign was very short, perhaps only two or three days. He was murdered by his own officers, possibly with a sword of his own manufacture.
RA87328. Billon antoninianus, Schulzki 7b, RIC V-2 17, Hunter IV 9, Cohen VI 21, Elmer 638, SRCV III 11123, VF, excellent portrait, brown patina, areas of light corrosion/porosity, weight 2.879 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, 268 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR MARIVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder; reverse VICTORIA AVG (the victory of the Emperor), Victory walking left, wreath in right hand, palm against left shoulder in left hand; scarce; SOLD


Gallic Empire, Marius, May - August or September 269 A.D.

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A blacksmith by trade, Marius worked his way up through the ranks until he was an officer in the Gallic Empire army under Postumus. Upon Postumus' death, Marius seized power but his reign was very short, perhaps only two or three days. He was murdered by his own officers, possibly with a sword of his own manufacture.
SH65289. Billon antoninianus, Schulzki 7b, RIC V-2 17, Hunter IV 9, Cohen VI 21, Elmer 638, SRCV III 11123, VF, reverse weakly struck with worn die, weight 2.712 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 0o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, 268 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR MARIVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder; reverse VICTORIA AVG (the victory of the Emperor), Victory walking left, wreath in right hand, palm against shoulder in left; from the Scott Collection; scarce; SOLD


Gallic Empire, Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.

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A skilled general and administrator, Postumus rebelled against Gallienus, uniting Gaul, Spain, and Britain into a Gallic-Roman Empire. Successful against the Germans, he kept his empire secure and prosperous. He was assassinated by his own troops after he refused to allow them to sack Moguntiacum (Mainz).
SH66364. Bronze double sestertius, Bastien Postume 87, RIC V-2 143 (Lugdunum), Cohen VI 177, VF, weight 13.981 g, maximum diameter 30.7 mm, die axis 0o, Colonia Agrippinensis or Treveri mint, 261 A.D.; obverse IMP C M CASS LAT POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse LAETITIA AVG (the joy of the Emperor, AVG in exergue), galley left, four rowers and steersman; SOLD


Gallic Empire, Marius, May - August or September 269 A.D.

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The reverse legend anounces the beginning of a new happy fortunate age. Happiness and fortune wouldn't last for Marius. According to the ancient written sources, Marius was began his military career as a blacksmith and he was killed by a sword of his own manufacture after a reign of only two or three days. However, based upon the number of coins he issued, a more accurate length for his reign would be at least two or three months.
SH41597. Billon antoninianus, Schulzki 4b, Zschucke 188, RIC V-2 10 (S), Hunter IV 6, Cohen VI 13, SRCV III 11120, VF, ragged flan, light corrosion, weight 2.449 g, maximum diameter 21.1 mm, die axis 180o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, obverse IMP C MARIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SAEC FELICITAS, Felicitas standing half left, caduceus in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; scarce; SOLD


Salonina, Augusta 254 - c. September 268 A.D.

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Based on this coin it is very likely that the Salonina erected a temple to the goddess Segetia, who before that had only an altar in the Circus Maximus. Segetia presided over the crops when the seeds germinated and seedlings rose up from the soil. Prayers and sacrifices would have been made to her at the time of planting.
RS92201. Billon antoninianus, GŲbl MIR 902c, RSC IV 36, RIC V-1 J5, Hunter 21, Cunetio 731, Elmer 96, SRCV III 10631, Choice gVF, nice white metal, some luster, well centered, flow lines, some die wear, small punch obverse center, weight 3.966 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 0o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, c. 259 - 260 A.D.; obverse SALONINA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane, hair in ridges and in plait looped below ear up the back of head, crescent behind shoulders; reverse DEAE SEGETIAE, statue of goddess Segetia standing facing in tetrastyle temple, nimbate, crescent on her head, both hands raised; ex Roma Numismatics; scarce; SOLD


Gallic Empire, Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.

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Pax, regarded by the ancients as a goddess, was worshiped not only at Rome but also at Athens. Her altar could not be stained with blood. Claudius began the construction of a magnificent temple to her honor, which Vespasian finished, in the Via Sacra. The attributes of Peace are the hasta pura, the olive branch, the cornucopia, and often the caduceus. Sometimes she is represented setting fire to a pile of arms.
RA26706. Silver antoninianus, Cunetio 2450 (296 spec.), RSC IV 215b, RIC V-2 318, Schulzki AGK 52a, Hunter IV 72, Elmer 565, SRCV III 10966, Choice EF, near perfect centering, mint luster, nice style, and boldly struck with sharp fresh dies, weight 3.840 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 225o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, 5th emission, 268 A.D.; obverse IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PAX AVG (the peace of the Emperor), Pax standing left, raising olive branch in right hand, scepter in left hand; SOLD


Gallic Empire, Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.

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"This refers to the importance of naval power in the Gallic Empire and perhaps even to an imperial visit to Britain in the early years of Postumus' reign" -- Roman Coins and Their Values III by David Sear.
SH25933. Silver antoninianus, RIC V-2 73, RSC IV 167a, Mairat 18, Schulzki AGK 41, Elmer 186, SRCV III 10958, Choice aEF, nice portrait and reverse type, near full circle centering, small flan cracks, weight 3.212 g, maximum diameter 23.8 mm, die axis 180o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, c. 261 A.D.; obverse IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse LAETITIA AVG (the joy of the Emperor), war galley left over waves, four rowers and steersman; SOLD


Gallic Empire, Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.

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Ptolemy Soter wanted to integrate the Hellenistic and Egyptian religions by finding a deity that could win the reverence of both groups. The Greeks would not accept an animal-headed figure, so a Greek-style anthromorphic statue was chosen as the idol, and proclaimed as the equivalent of the highly popular Apis. It was named Aser-hapi (i.e. Osiris-Apis), which became Serapis, and was said to be Osiris in full, rather than just his Ka (life force).
RA26705. Silver antoninianus, RSC IV 360a; Schulzki AGK 90; Hunter IV 92; RIC V-2 329; Cunetio 2437 (56 spec.); Elmer 383; SRCV III 10992, nice EF, nicely centered and struck with good dies, weight 4.173 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 180o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, c. 267 A.D.; obverse IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from the front; reverse SERAPI COMITI AVG (to Serapis companion of the Emperor), Serapis standing left, raising right hand, long transverse scepter in left hand; SOLD


Gallic Empire, Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Ptolemy Soter wanted to integrate the Hellenistic and Egyptian religions by finding a deity that could win the reverence of both groups. The Greeks would not accept an animal-headed figure, so a Greek-style anthromorphic statue was chosen as the idol, and proclaimed as the equivalent of the highly popular Apis. It was named Aser-hapi (i.e. Osiris-Apis), which became Serapis, and was said to be Osiris in full, rather than just his Ka (life force).
RA26709. Silver antoninianus, RIC V-2 329, Schulzki AGK 89, Cunetio 2421 (24 spec.) RSC IV 358a, Hunter IV 91, Cohen VI 358, Elmer 382, SRCV IV 10992, EF, weight 4.375 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 180o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, 266 A.D.; obverse IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SERAPI COMITI AVG (to Serapis companion of the Emperor), Serapis standing left, kalathos on head, raising right hand, holding transverse scepter in left hand, vessel left in background on left; SOLD




  




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Colonia Agrippinensis