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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Mints| ▸ |Laodicea ad Mare||View Options:  |  |  | 

Laodicea ad Mare (Latakia), Syria

The Laodicea mint, like that at Emesa, operated for Septimius Severus' family, from 195 to 202 A.D.

Laodikea ad Mare, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria, c. 34 - 33 B.C.

|Laodicea| |ad| |Mare|, |Laodikea| |ad| |Mare,| |Seleucis| |and| |Pieria,| |Syria,| |c.| |34| |-| |33| |B.C.||AE| |18|
Laodicea ad Mare prospered thanks to the excellent wine produced in the nearby hills and was also famous for its textiles, both of which were exported to all the empire. A sizable Jewish population lived in Laodicea during the first century. Under Septimius Severus the city was fortified and was made for a few years the capital of Roman Syria: in this period Laodicea grew to be a city of nearly 40,000 inhabitants and even had a hippodrome. Christianity was the main religion in the city after Constantine I and many bishops of Laodicea participated in ecumenical councils, mainly during Byzantine times. The heretic Apollinarius was bishop of Laodicea in the 4th century, when the city was fully Christian but with a few remaining Jews. An earthquake damaged the city in 494 A.D. Justinian I made Laodicea the capital of the Byzantine province of "Theodorias" in the early sixth century. Laodicea remained its capital for more than a century until the Arab conquest.
GB93767. Bronze AE 18, SNG Cop 326 (same dies), SNG München 862 (same), RPC I 4407, HGC 9 1413 (R1), aF, rough, porous, reverse inscription weak, weight 4.486 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 0o, Laodicea ad Mare (Latakia, Syria) mint, 34 - 33 B.C.; obverse turreted and veiled head of Tyche right; reverse Nike advancing left, raising wreath in right hand, palm frond in left hand, IE ([Caesarian era year] 15) downward inner left field, IOYΛIEΩN/TΩN KAI in two downward lines on the left, ΛAO∆IKEΩN, downward on the right; from the Errett Bishop Collection; very rare; SOLD

Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.

|Septimius| |Severus|, |Septimius| |Severus,| |9| |April| |193| |-| |4| |February| |211| |A.D.||denarius|
Laodikea ad Mar (Latakia, Syria) has been inhabited since the second millennium B.C. It was renamed by Seleucus I Nicator in honor of his mother, Laodice, and was a major port for the Seleukid Kingdom. Pompey created the new Roman province of Syria in 64 B.C. The Romans modified the name to Laodicea-ad-Mare.
RS66573. Silver denarius, RIC IV 459 note, RSC III 331a, BMCRE V 384 var. (obv. legend), cf. SRCV II 6413 (same, Emesa), VF, weight 3.014 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 0o, Laodicea ad Mare (Latakia, Syria) mint, 194 A.D.; obverse L SEPT SEV PERET AVG IMP - II, laureate head right; reverse MONET AVG, Moneta standing left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left; rare; SOLD

Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.

|Septimius| |Severus|, |Septimius| |Severus,| |9| |April| |193| |-| |4| |February| |211| |A.D.||denarius|
In 193, Laodicea was sacked by the governor of Syria, Pescennius Niger, in his revolt against Septimius Severus. In 194, Septimius Severus reorganized Syria into five new provinces. One of these, Coele-Syria, including all of northern Syria, briefly had its capital in Laodicea before reverting to Antioch. Septimius sought to punish Antioch for having supported Pescennius Niger. Septimius Severus endowed Laodicea with four colonnaded streets, baths, a theater, a hippodrome, numerous sanctuaries and other public buildings in the city. The city was a key strategic seaport for Roman Syria.
RS90503. Silver denarius, RIC IV 511(a), RSC III 4 55a; BMCRE V p. 294, 712; SRCV II -, Choice aEF, bold full circles strike on a broad flan, weight 3.231 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 0o, Laodicea ad Mare (Latakia, Syria) mint, 198 - 200 A.D.; obverse L SEPT SEV AVG IMP XI PART MAX, laureate head right; reverse P MAX TR P VIII COS II P P, Fides standing half left, raising a basket of fruits in right, two stalks of grain in left; SOLD


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