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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Mints| ▸ |Thessalonica||View Options:  |  |  |   

Thessalonica, Macedonia (Salonika, Greece)

King Cassander of Macedonia founded Thessalonica in 315 B.C. He named it after his wife Thessalonike, a half-sister of Alexander the Great. The Romans made Thessalonica the capital of the Roman province of Macedonia 168 B.C. In 50 A.D., the Apostle Paul founded the second Christian church on the European continent at Thessalonica and sent it his "Epistles to the Thessalonians." In 379 when the Roman Prefecture of Illyricum was divided between the East and West Roman Empires, Thessaloniki became the capital of the new Prefecture of Illyricum. The city remained important in the Byzantine Empire. [Dates of operation: 298 or 299 - c. 460 (closed during the reign of Leo I, 457 - 474). Mintmarks: COM, COMOB, OES, SMTS, TE, TES, TESOB, TH, THES, THS, THSOB, TS, T Christogram E.


Julius Caesar, and Augustus, Thessalonica, Macedonia, After 14 A.D.

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RPC tentatively dates the type to the reign of Augustus but notes it may have been struck as late as the reign of Domitian.
SH47891. Bronze AE 23, RPC I 5421 var. (rev legend placement), gF, weight 7.565 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 225o, Thessalonika (Salonika, Greece) mint, c. 14 A.D.; obverse ΘEOC, bare head of Julius Caesar right; reverse CEBACTOY ΘE, bare head of Augustus right; SOLD


Theodosius II, 10 January 402 - 28 July 450 A.D.

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In Spring 429, the Vandals, led by King Genseric invaded North Africa with a force of 80,000 men including Alans and Germanic tribesmen, with their families from the Iberian Peninsula. The Vandal fleet raided the coasts of the Mediterranean Sea and blockaded the grain and oil supply to Italy.
SH05311. Gold solidus, RIC X Theodosius II 362, Choice VF, weight 4.27 g, maximum diameter 21.1 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 424 - 430 A.D.; obverse D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, helmeted bust facing, pearl diademed, cuirassed, spear in right over shoulder, shield decorated with a horseman riding down an enemy on his left arm; reverse GLOR ORVIS TERRAR, Theodosius standing facing holding standard and cross on globe, star left, TESOB in exergue; bold strike, full circle centering on both obverse and reverse, some scratches; rare; SOLD


Maximian, 285 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.

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SH32813. Silver argenteus, RIC VI Thessalonica 15b, Choice EF, weight 3.004 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 195o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 302 A.D.; obverse MAXIMIANVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse VIRTVS MILITVM (courage of the soldiers), campgate with three turrets, TSΓ in exergue; full circles strike; rare (R4); SOLD


Maximian, 285 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.

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SH34717. Silver argenteus, RIC VI Thessalonica 15b, Choice EF, weight 3.004 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 195o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 302 A.D.; obverse MAXIMIANVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse VIRTVS MILITVM (courage of the soldiers), campgate with three turrets, TSΓ in exergue; full circles strike; rare (R4); SOLD


Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 May 305 A.D.

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In 302, Diocletian began passing laws against Christians and a policy of religious oppression in Antioch.
SH63407. Silver argenteus, RIC VI Thessalonica 15a (R4), RSC V 520d, cf. SRCV IV 12618 (Serdica), Hunter V -, VF, nice metal for the type, toned, some scratches, weight 3.192 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, c. 302 A.D.; obverse DIOCLETI-ANVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse VIRTVS MILITVM (courage of the soldiers), campgate with three turrets, TSA in exergue; ex Forum (2006); rare; SOLD


Jovian, 27 June 363 - 17 February 364 A.D.

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The labarum, was a type of Roman cavalry standard, a vexillum with a military ensign marked with the Christogram (Greek monogram of Christ). It was an object of religious veneration amongst the soldiers, who paid it divine honors.
SH34261. Bronze double maiorina, RIC VIII Thessalonica 235 or 238, gVF, weight 8.038 g, maximum diameter 29.7 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 27 Jun 363 - 17 Feb 364 A.D.; obverse D N IOVIANVS P F AVG, laurel and rosette diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIA ROMANORVM (the Roman victory), Jovian standing facing, head right, holding Victory on globe and Chi-Rho standard, TESA in exergue; rare; SOLD


Valentinian I, 25 February 364 - 17 November 375 A.D.

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References examined list only the first officina (TESA) striking this extremely rare type at Thessalonica. We know of examples from each of the first four officianae (A, B, Γ, ∆). There are only four examples of this type from Thessalonica on Coin Archives and only one of the four was struck by the second officina.
RL85726. Billon double maiorina, RIC IX Thessalonica 15 (R4) var. (officina), LRBC II 1701 var. (same), SRCV V 19398 var. (same), Cohen VIII 20 var. (mint), Hunter V -, gVF, well centered and struck, sharp detail, light corrosion, weight 8.389 g, maximum diameter 27.3 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 25 Feb 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse RESTITVTOR REIPVBLICAE, emperor standing facing, head right, labarum in right, Victory on globe offering wreath in left, TESB in exergue; extremely rare; SOLD


Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 May 305 A.D.

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In 302, Diocletian began passing laws against Christians and a policy of religious oppression in Antioch.
RS84480. Silver argenteus, RIC VI Thessalonica 15a (R4), RSC V 520d, cf. SRCV IV 12618 (Serdica), Hunter V -, VF, light iridescent toning, excellent centering and strike, scratches and marks, some light marks, edge crack, weight 2.948 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, c. 302 A.D.; obverse DIOCLETI-ANVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse VIRTVS MILITVM (courage of the soldiers), campgate with three turrets, TSB in exergue; rare; SOLD


Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Thessalonica, Macedonia

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Under Roman rule, the importance of Thessalonica grew until it became the Roman administrative center for all of Greece. Its location at the nexus of both the East-West trading route and the North-South route was ideal.
SH59996. Bronze AE 23, RPC I 1557; BMC Macedonia p. 116, 70; SNG Cop 396; SNG ANS 829; Varbanov III 4137 (R4), gVF, weight 8.264 g, maximum diameter 23.1 mm, die axis 0o, Thessalonika (Salonika, Greece) mint, c. 27 - 23 B.C.; obverse KAIΣAP ΣEBAΣTOΣ, laureate head of Augustus right; reverse ΘEΣΣAΛO/NIKEΩN in two lines within laurel wreath; SOLD


Vetranio, 1 March - 25 December 350 A.D.

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The reverse of this coin is dedicated to harmony with the army. Nothing was more important to Vetranio. The soldiers had made him emperor; yet, as had been proven time and again, an emperor was always at risk that his soldiers would betray and assassinate him.
SH26416. Billon maiorina, RIC VIII Thessalonica 132 (S), LRBC II 1658, Voetter 1, SRCV V 18904, Cohen VIII 1, nice VF, weight 5.125 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 1 Mar - 25 Dec 350 A.D.; obverse D N VETRANIO P F AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM (harmony with the soldiers), emperor holding two standards decorated with Chi-Rho, star above, A in left field, B in right, TSA in exergue; scarce; SOLD




  




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Catalog current as of Thursday, November 14, 2019.
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Thessalonica