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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Mints| ▸ |Sirmium||View Options:  |  |  |   

Sirmium, Pannonia (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia)

Sirmium (modern Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) was founded in the 3rd century B.C. by Illyrians or Celts, and conquered by the Romans in the 1st century B.C. It was the economic capital of Roman Pannonia and the birth-place of the emperors Probus, Maximianus, Gratian and Aurelian. During the tetrarchy it was the capital of the emperor Galerius, one of the four capital cities of the Empire (the other three being Trier, Mediolanum, and Nicomedia). Sirmium was the capital of the prefecture of Illyricum from 318, when praetorian prefectures were established, until 379, when the western part of Illyricum became part of Praetorian prefecture of Italia. Dates of operation: 320 - 326, 351 - 364, 379 and 393 - 395. Mintmarks: SIR, SIRM, SIROB, SM.


Honorius, 23 January 393 - 15 August 423 A.D.

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In 1972, a construction worker at Sremska Mitrovica (ancient Sirmium) accidentally broke into an old Roman pot, about 2 meters deep. Inside, in a leather pouch, were 33 Roman gold coins minted at Sirmium. The pot was inside a Roman house wall and probably held the hidden savings of a wealthy Roman family. Ironically, the worker's name was Zlatenko (meaning Golden or Golden Man in Serbian).
SH43076. Gold solidus, RIC IX Sirmium 14d, aVF, holed, wavy, weight 4.370 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 180o, 7th officina, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, 23 Jan 393 - 17 Jan 395 A.D.; obverse D N HONORIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIA AVGGG Z (victory of the three emperors, 7th officina), Honorius standing right, holding standard and Victory on globe, treading down captive, S-M across fields, COMOB in exergue; SOLD


Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.

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The common belief which identifies the bull with the Apis bull is probably wrong. An interesting passage from Dio Chrysostom compares a good ruler to a bull. Also, Julian was most likely born in May, in the sign of Taurus. The stars are probably the two important star clusters in Taurus, Pleiades and Hyades. Taurus or Apis, this bull is pagan and this coin was the last pagan coin type issued by the Empire.
SH53305. Billon double maiorina, RIC VIII Sirmium 107, LRBC II 1622, SRCV V 19153, Cohen VIII 38, EF, beautiful, extraordinary sharp portrait, weight 8.192 g, maximum diameter 28.5 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, summer 361 - 26 Jun 363 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, pearl diademed draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SECVRITAS REIPVB (security of the Republic), bull standing right, two stars above horns, *ASIRM and palm frond in exergue; SOLD


Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.

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Apparently from a hoard kept sealed and protected from the elements. Rather than over-cleaned with the patina stripped to bare metal as might be expected, this coin appears to be entirely uncleaned. Flow lines remain sharp in the fields. In recessed areas, where the metal has less exposure to air, there are small areas of bright mint fresh copper. A very unusual coin.
SH50130. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII Sirmium 108, LRBC II 1619, SRCV V 19172, Cohen VIII 151, Uncirculated, weight 2.694 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, summer 361 - 26 Jun 363 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, helmeted and cuirassed bust left, spear in right, shield in left; reverse VOT / X / MVLT / XX in four lines within wreath, BSIRM in exergue; ex Davidsons' 25 July 1995; an old hand-written tag with price $210; SOLD


Kingdom of Gepidia, c. 493 - 518 A.D., In the Name of Anastasius

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Long attributed to the Ostrogoths, Metlich corrected attribution of this type to Gepidia. The Gepids were an East Germanic tribe, closely related to the Goths, first recorded in the 6th-century as having been allied with Goths invading Dacia in c. 260. In the 4th century, they were under the hegemony of the Hunnic Empire. Under King Ardaric, the Gepids united with other Germanic tribes and defeated the Huns at the Battle of Nedao in 454. The Gepids then founded the Kingdom of Gepidia, which reached its zenith of power after 537, settling around Singidunum (today's Belgrade). For a short time, Sirmium (today's Sremska Mitrovica) was the center of the Gepid State. In 552 the Gepids suffered a disastrous defeat to Alboin, king of the Lombards, after which Alboin had a drinking cup made from the skull of the Gepid King Cunimund. Remnants of the Gepids were conquered by the Avars later in the 6th century. Erythrai_amphitheater
BZ86482. Silver quarter siliqua, Hahn MIB I 46 (Theoderic), Kraus 63 - 64 (Theoderic), BMC Vandals ?, MEC I ?, Metlich ?, VF, well centered and struck on a broad flan, toned, light marks, small edge crack, weight 0.885 g, maximum diameter 13.8 mm, die axis 180o, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, c. 493 - 518 A.D.; obverse D N ANASTASIVS P P AVC (Byzantine Emperor Anastasius, 11 Apr 491 - 1 Jul 518), pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse INVIT-A ROMA D M, (monogram of Ostrogothic King Theoderic, 454 - 30 Aug 526), cross above and star below, both dividing legend; SOLD


Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.

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Sirmium (modern Sremska, Serbia) was originally inhabited by Illyrians and Celts. Conquered by the Romans in the 1st century B.C., it became the capital of the Roman province of Lower Pannonia. Under Diocletian's Tetrarchy, Sirmium was made one of the four capitals of the Empire. From 318 to 379, which includes the time when this coin was struck, Sirmium was the capital of the Praetorian prefecture of Illyricum.
SH24800. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII Sirmium 108, LRBC II 1619, SRCV V 19172, Cohen VIII 151, EF, weight 3.547 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, summer 361 - 26 Jun 363 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, helmeted and cuirassed bust left, spear in right, shield in left; reverse VOT / X / MVLT / XX in four lines within wreath, ASIRM in exergue; SOLD


Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.

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The only known unexcavated Roman Hippodrome in the world is in Sirmium. A colossal building about 150 meters wide and 450 meters long lies directly under the Sremska Mitrovica town center, beside the old Emperor's Palace. In early 1970s American archaeologists sponsored by the U.S. Government made an offer to the citizens of Sremska Mitrovica to completely rebuild the town on another location so Sirmium could be excavated. The request was refused and there are still no plans to excavate the arena, which would require the removal of the entire present town center.
RL70843. Bronze centenionialis, RIC VIII Sirmium 108, LRBC II 1619, SRCV V 19172, Cohen VIII 151, weight 3.194 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, 361 - 26 Jun 363 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, helmeted and cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield; reverse VOT / X / MVLT / XX in four lines within wreath, BSIRM in exergue; from the Sam Mansourati Collection; SOLD


Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.

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Sirmium (modern Sremska, Serbia) was originally inhabited by Illyrians and Celts. Conquered by the Romans in the 1st century B.C., it became the capital of the Roman province of Lower Pannonia. Under Diocletian's Tetrarchy, Sirmium was made one of the four capitals of the Empire. From 318 to 379, which includes the time when this coin was struck, Sirmium was the capital of the Praetorian prefecture of Illyricum.
RL71707. Bronze centenionialis, RIC VIII Sirmium 108, LRBC II 1619, SRCV V 19172, Cohen VIII 151, Choice aEF, weight 2.721 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, summer 361 - 26 Jun 363 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, helmeted and cuirassed bust left, spear in right, shield in left; reverse VOT / X / MVLT / XX in four lines within wreath, ASIRM in exergue; SOLD


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

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VOTIS XXX MVLTIS XXXX abbreviates Votis Tricennalibus Multis Quadragennalibus advertising that Constantius had completed his vows (prayers) to thank God for the 30th anniversary of his rule and made more vows to God that he might help him successfully rule to his 40th anniversary.
RS32717. Silver siliqua, RIC VIII Sirmium 19, gVF, toned, flan cracks, weight 3.167 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 180o, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, 357 - 3 Nov 361 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VOTIS XXX MVLTIS XXXX in wreath, SIRMē in exergue; rare; SOLD


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

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The Alamanni were Germanic tribes living along the Rhine. In French, Germany is "Allemagne."
RL68705. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Sirmium 50, SRCV V 17146, Cohen VII 50, Choice EF, weight 3.442 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 0o, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, as caesar, 324 - 325 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB CAES, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse ALAMANNIA DEVICTA (Alamannia vanquished), Victory stepping left on bound captive seated left, trophy of captured arms in right, branch in left, ēSIRMē in exergue; rare; SOLD


Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.

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The celebration for a reign anniversary typically began a year before the actual anniversary and lasted the entire year. The actual celebratory events were likely at the beginning and end of this year-long period. This means that coins celebrating an anniversary were often struck from up to a year before that anniversary. Julian was named Caesar by Constantius II in 355 and used this as the date of the beginning of his reign, not 360 when he was named Emperor by his troops in Gaul, nor 361 when Constantius died and he was acknowledged Emperor throughout the Empire. Thus the celebration of Julian's decannalia, or tenth anniversary of reign, was to begin in 364. In late 362, when Julian needed extra coinage to prepare for his Persian War, what better type to strike than a vota coinage? He really should not have used X for the Soluta, or vows completed, for two more years but it served as great propaganda. He was informing the populace that he will still be around in two years when the war is over.
RL85650. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII Sirmium 108, LRBC II 1619, SRCV V 19172, Cohen VIII 151, Choice EF, well centered and struck, dark patina, weight 3.393 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, summer 361 - 26 Jun 363 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, helmeted and cuirassed bust left, spear in right, shield in left; reverse VOT / X / MVLT / XX in four lines within wreath, BSIRM in exergue; SOLD




  




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